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;;j)airy Department: -4V ;l
■j Devoted to the Dairying Interests of the Southern States. t! (We invite and solicit contributions from those interested in this line ffl ^ j/ ^ . of industry. ^ Dairy Notes. Sell two of 3'our poorest co.vs and purchase the very best thor oughbred bull calf or yearling of a first class butter famih with a record for butter making. Nebraska has made the follow ing standard for milk and cream which are sold to the pulic: Milk must not taste less than 3 per cent butter fatand cream not less than 15 per cent. It is the sensitive, highly or ganized cows that yield the most profit and will respond quickly to good care and kind treatment, and they likewise sillier most from abuse and starvation. The export of butter to the old country this year shows a very satisfactory trade this season, and Canadian butter has met with great favor in the English market. So great has this favor been that the Danes are taking alarm. Give the heifer careful atten tion. She is not a full grown an imal and needs more food than the mature cow. The first sea sons milking is a severe strain on her, and must not be allowed to run down and become thin and weak. Have you any “dead beat bor ders’’ in your dairy herd? It is poor policy to keep a herd of cows without knowing what each one is doing, Might as well keep ' half a dozen hired men and allow two of them to pretend to w'ork, 1 the work really being done by the other four. Justas sensible. There is really no way to get [ dissolved dirt out of milk. No | strainer we have ever seen will do this. The only thing left to do is to keep the dirt fiom get , $ng into the milk. The only ^ay to have clean milk is to be Meanly about the milking. Inso 1e matter may be strained out 'at which hasoncedissolved i ' to stay. ritish Journal is announc eath of a famous milker. croes-bred Shorthorn y. She was in her ninth ,-n she died. Some idea alue may be known from t that the 10J4 months co her death she had pro d at the rate of 1,500 gallons milk per year. On the day ,eforf> her death she gave M> 1 bs. of milk. A cow that gives 16 quarts of milk per day is worth 2 that give 8 quarts each, for the reason that she will occupy but one stall, while the others require two. One cow will incur less expense to the owner for shelter, and also for labor and care, consequently she gives more profit notonly by reason of greater product, but also because she is less expen sive than the unprofitable cows. A dispatch from Fosben, New I York, says: “In the stomach of a cow killedatSamuel Sylvester's farm today the butcher found a \ necklace of gold medallions lost lastsuir. mer by Kathryn Lam son, a niece of Mr. Sylvester. After a merr\ “hay load” came home • one summer night she missed the ned lace, and Anny Jenson the hired man was accused of stealing t and was discarged. Organisms that decompose farmyai d manure and thus cause a bad ocior will also ferment milk and cream. In order to prevent this difficulty it will be in order to remo ealldecayingsubstances from, the vicinity of the dairy pails u-ed in milking. The drains should alsobelookedafter. Sour milk should never be left near pure milk or cream, as they fend to form a breeding ground orthe same sort of organisms *bat later on taint the products the dairy. Send The (Iazkttk your sub riptton today. Only 50c a year. DAI KYI Nil ON HIGH PRICED LAND. It is a truism that that branch of agriculture which requires the most pains taking work is the most profitable when the work is well done. Dairying in any of its branches belongs to that branch of farm ing as does truck farming. These two branches arc about the only ones which can be suc cessfully conducted on the high priced lands in many sections. We do not often find the owner or renter of laud valed at Slop or $150 per acre, dependingon corn, hogs or beef for his income. But we can find the dairymen doing bu‘iness on lan valued at these high prices. If the ^ dairyman can make a profit on land so high priced that the beef man cannot do business, how much more profitable would it be on land so low in price that the beef man can afford to farm it?—Dairy and Creamery. In speaking of profits in dairy ing a writer in Practical Farmer says: A fairly good dairy cow will produce 5,000 pounds of miik pe r year, which, sold at 5 cents per pound, the prevailing price makes $150 per year. From a given ration she will consume —and we will charge the cow for full ra tion for 30)5 days—two and a third tons of cowpea hay, valued at $28; five tons of ensilage, at $10; two tons of corn stover, val ued at $10, and one-third ton cottonseed meal, valued at $8, a grand total of $5<> for cost of food lor one cow that produces $150 worth of milk. Beside this you have cowpea hay, which you have sold for $12 per ton, corn ensilage at $2 and corn stover at $5 a ton in the form of milk. And then the manure! All of it but $5.(>0 returned tovoursoil. If dairying does not pay now. it is because the machines are worthless— that is. the cow which takes the raw material (as corn stover, cowpea hay. etc.)to make into a finished products as milk and butter, is worthless. Use a good bull, then, to breed up to dairy stock, and as soon as this is done dairy stock will improve and dairying will become the the most profitable industry in the middle south—more profitable than cotton growing or cotton manufacturing. Your Reputation. Learn to be a man ot your word. One of the most disheart ening of all things is to be com pelled to do business wit' i per son whose promise is nto be depended upon. There are plenty of people in this world whose promise is as fragile a a a spider’s web. Let your ; . . en word be as a hempen choid, a chain of wrought steel, which will bear the heaviest strain. It will go far in making a man of you, and a real man is the no blest work of (lod. The man who does sot honorably meet his promises is not only' dishonest but is also a coward. The man who does not meet his obligations in good faith can frame no other excuse but cowardice. Young man, have character. Do not be a lump of moist putty, to be molded and shaped bv influence and impression of those whom you last met. Your reputation is made up by your conduct. Cultivate force, energy force, self-reliance and be a postive quantity' that can be calculated upon at all times and in all places. He a man whose word is worth a hundred cents on a dollar and your reputation will be as gold as gold.—Wai.kkk Nkwman, in Ex. Sows,after farrowing, should be fed n moderation, and especi ally sweet,succulent food. The Tougaloo Strawberry. Wlnle gathering up strawberry notes, we quote the following from a Mississippi correspon dent: For years the Tougaloo berry hasbten the queen of the spring strawberry market throughout the Southwest and South, and. in recent years, it has been ship ped largely to Chicago. This berry is not a distinct variety, but may near anyone of the dozen well-known variety names. It may be a “Klondike”or an “Kv celsior,” a "Lady Thompson,” or a “Mitchell,” a “Cloud,” or a “Hoffman,” but if raised in the Tougaloo district its size and fla vor are unsurpassed by the pro duct of any locality known to any early strawberry niakot Perhaps von cannot find Toug aloo on the map? Well, thecross roads station bearing that name is not much to see. perhaps, but you will know its products when yon go there—that is if \ou go at the right time in thespring when they are ripe. What is known to strawberry growers as the Tougaloo district lies north of Jackson. Miss., ex tending * cross the border of Hinds county into the ad joining* county of Madison, and north ward for eight or ten miles. The important shipping point for the the famous berries is not—cur iously enough Tougaloo itself, but one of the two points just north of iton the railroad Ridge land. the depot of a Northern col __ _.1 m.. .1: ...11 :11 « C11JV4 (l .'Ilium \ The variety name of one of the favorite berries raised in this dis trict is the “Klondike” berry— well named, for its cultivation is a veritable gold mine, with far surer yield than many a “claim” secured with much labor in froz en Alaska. This strawberry is said to have originated in Geor gia about three years ago, and has since been extensively pro pagated in the South. It yields under intensive culture the larg est berries known even in the land of the “Tougaloo,” and is further valued because it is so easy to pick—ti e entire bunch maturing at the same time. It is of a deep red color, with firm Mesh, and packs and cart ies well. It is self-pollenizing, and ripens among the earliest specimens. Obviousalv it is the berry for the South, being perfectly adapt ed to the climate. Other varie ties, better known than this else where, that thrive in highest per fection in this locality, need not be described. The first week in April is usu ally the beginning of the straw berry season in this locality, though it has occasionally been known to be earlier, and in un usually backward seasons, may be somewhat lately. Then, for three weeks the effort of every occupant of the fruit farms near Madison, Ridgeland and Touga loo is bent toward the task of get ting the berries off to market. All tlir* mmnlnt inn Klor«Lr it-hito and tan, with intermediate shades are called to the task. Ancient aunties and pickaninnies alike are at work between the long rows of vines, nicking strawber ries. And such berries! Enor mously large, often over three inches in circumference, of a rich dark red, or brilliant scarlet, de lighting the sense of smell with their aroma, and captivating the taste with their exquisitely de licious flavor! There is no describing the fla vor of a Tougaloo berry—it must oe sampled to be understood. It is fruit, wine, and nectar combin ed in on delicious whole. Doubt less the giver of all good gifts might improve upon it, but he never has done so. The secret of the flavor of the of the Tougaloo berry has never been discovered. Perhaps it is caught from thesoftearly spring airs of the region where it grows or from the ardent sun that rip ens the fruit. More probably the system of intense culture, enriching the soil with an over abundance of good plant food, has brought it into being; or, most probable of all, the secret lies in the original marly nature of the soil, which renders it re ponsive to the methods of intelli gent cultivation.—Chicago Inter Ocean. Aihoon, Farm .. Jerseys Ov ing ‘o tlu infirmities of age am consequ, sit inability to give the same desired personal supervision of this interest as in the past, I offer inv Jer sey cattle in such sized lots as m.tv be desired by purchasers. Thefound.ttion of this herd was made in 1872. and to il.t\ represents the careful se ection ant! breeding of the past 30 years. The above ottering is not of my own choos ing. f. r thpursuit has been one of both pleasure a:.d of profit. We m ite personal inspection. w. B. MONTGOMERY - Starkville, Miss. 1 RED I’OIJ, 't (>ne Red Poll Bull about S si months old. Inoculated ayainst o l'< xas or Tick Fevers, by the Mate Yeternarim. 'This Bull 3 is from the finest blood in the country. 'This is a rare chance to yet a yood specimen of the yreat farmers breed, or com =• bined milk and beef animal. . W. HALBERT, Starkville. Miss. Thos. Kelly, R, H, Lee, Fred ft, Forsha, Chas Lelly, President 4 General Manager, Vice President, Vice Prest, 4.Kansas City Mgr, Secretary 4 Treas, N A t i A T1 fl 1 LB, OVERSTREET, , liullUIlul Vice Pres, & St. Louis Mgrr, Live Stock Commission Co. Incorporated Chicago, (Capital Stock Paid up $300,000 St. Louis, Annual Sales Exceed $25,000,000. ‘ Kansas City MARTIN This Beautiful BAY STALLION will make the season at STARK \ I LIT. for 1902. He was foaled May 1st. 1893. Ilred at Ewel Farm, Spring tield. Tenn. Martin is one best bred pacing Stallions in the South. His sire, llrown Hal 2:12'.. is the cham pion sire of the world, being the sire of such horses as Star Pointer 1:59‘4, ; Hal Hillard 2:04 '4 . Martin’s colts are [all tine individuals. If. We have room to pasture mares from a distance. j Fee SIS the season with return pri\ : ih-ge should inare fail to get with foal. Services due Nov. 1. l'»02 Phones Nos. 1 and 23. M. B. & G. D. DEAVENPORT (Successors to McDowell «& Kohorn) w. m. kTrbyT Dealer in FANCY SADDLE AND HARNESS HORSES, Umvlmji Green* Ky., will sell jou a nice saddle or trotting Stallion, a nice mare, a pair of nice Carriage Horses, a pair of Speedy Hoad Hoeses. a nice Combination Horse or Mare, a nice Family Horse, or an old-fashioned fox walking plan tation horse at as little money as such can be had and all under a guarantee of what 1 claim for them. Write ine or come to my barn and pick for yourself. Sorghum Cane Seed Valuable to follow grain and truck crops for forage. Soiit ltd'll >(i row n (iennan Millet Seed Produces MOKE AM) BETTER hay th:m <itht»r v;»ri»*tit»«i_ OUR SEED CORN FOIl LATE FLAXTfXO produces a sure crop and large yield. PEANUTS VELVET BEANS. TEOSINTE ami othe- valuable sea sonable seeds Write us for price mention quantity wanted. Send us your orders: tou will re ceive the best prices always consider ing high quality of goods. ALEXANDER SEED CO., .UHU'STA,- <;a. H. F. CASSELL, Successo'" to W. H. Cassell. NURSERYMAN, CANTON, MISS. Fruit and Ornamental trees, Grape Vines, Roses and flow ering Shrubs, Ask about oui new Peaches and Apples. I Catalogue Free. THE DEEP MILKIIB BLOOD OF COMBINATION —through— Brown Bessie The Champion Butter Cow at the World’s Fair, and DIPLOMA ■iire of fifty-four in the list, in cluding Marry Maiden, Diploma left behind him £5 daughters, 54 of which have records—a record un equaled by any bull livmg or dead. Combination left behind him 73 daughters, 25 of which have -ecords. Service bull Dhloma of Mill srook 46123, brother in blood to Merry Malden- Send for his printed pedigree and state what is wanted. J. H. WRIGHT, ; Millbrook Farm. Meridian Miss. FOR SALE. Grade Red Poll Bulls. SOUTH KRN-BK El > SAliul.E AND HARNESS? HORSES, SOUTHERN-BRED MULES. ; Several car-lots of Fine Grade DEVON cows w>th calf by large Grade Red Polled bull. Several Thousand Acres Farm and Timber Land. J. BURRUS McGEHEE, Laurel hill, La. eti writing mention this paper. HEREFORD’S - FORSALE - I an now preparing young Hereford Bulls for the spring trade. They are as pretty as pictuses and will be sold as cheap as quality will permit. \ car load of Angora Nan nies and two registered bucks have just been brought to my stock farm. Will have some choice kids to otter this fall. jno. w. siii i mire. ZACHARY, LA. The prices paid for poultry on the Chicaga market this week are the highest since 1S')3. Dressed fowls bring around 12 cents a pound.