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Southern Farm Gazette.
w. C. WELBORN, Editor. 60c- PER YEAR IN ADVANCE Entered at the Post t flfice at Starkville, Miss., as second-class mail matter. Advertising Rates. See card elsewhere in this issue. These rates are — net and will be uniformly adhered to. •T'Unless specifically instructed, all ?ds will be run and charged for un i. ordered out. 49"A11 transient and short-time advertisements payable in advance. gj*T~Address all communications and make all remittances payable to SOUTHERN FARM GAZETTE, STARKVILLE, MISS. ADVERTISING RATES. 1 Time 1 Month 2 Months 3 Months 6 Months 12 Months 1 Inch S 1.00 * 2.00 $ 3.50 $ 4.75 $ 8.00 $ 12.00 « Inches 1.50 3.00 4.50 5.75 11.00 20.00 3 Inches 2.00 3.55 5.50 7.75 14.00 25.00 6 Inches 3.00 5.00 8.50 15.00 25.00 45.00 Larger spaces quoted on application. IT CIRCULATES AMONG AN INTELLIGENT AND WELL-TO-DO CLASS OF PEOPLE AND NO LIST OF SOUTHERN PAPERS FOR ADVER TISING PURPOSES IS COMPLETE WITHOUT THE . SOUTHERN FARM GAZETTE, STARKVILLE. MISS. Send us a few new subscribers just tor a Xmas present. The Gazette wishes all its read ers and friends a happy Christ mas. The price of cattle and hogs have declined very greatly for the last month or mere. All grains and food stuffs are like wise cheaper. From the scarcity and high price of eggs, we judge that many fellows will go without their egg* nogg this Xmas. Order your Christmas Whis kies and Brandies from J. H. Woolley, Cherryville, N. C. See ad on page 6. j. ue areaueu 1001 anu inuuiu disease is among the cattle in the New England States, and is said to have been introduced there in hides shipped from South Amer ica. The government is making every effort* to stamp out the disease. Mr. C. R. Smith, of Astesia, Miss., one of the leading planters and stock raisers of this section, carried a carload of hogs of his own raising to New Orleans last week that netted him about 6% cents a pound. Butter prices are higher then they have been before in ten years. There is certainly good prospects foe men who v\ ill em bark in small farm dairies and manage them well. There is no place in the South for large creameries or miner laciones. We have" a most interesting letter from Prof. Ferris, director of the Pine Woods Experiment Station at McNeill, Miss. This station is destined to do great work fof South Mississppi. Cer tainly the amount of work done so far and that in progress, as related by Frof. Ferris, will strike all as being enormous, con sidering the short time he has been there. So far the winter has been very mild indeed. We have seen oats well, headed out the middle of December and millilotus plants in full bloom. All winter pasture plants have done their very best. Small grain has probably become so well rooted there will be little danger of winter killing, unless early planted oats may attempt to joint. Pasturing will prevent trouble of this kind, and pastur ing in moderation will not hurt any small grain crop. See the poultry ad. of W. A. Ellis, Rosa, Ala., before buying. Hon. Frank A. Critz, of West Point, Miss., in announcing bis candidacy for Governor, proposes that Mississippi should have a commissioner whose duties should be to promote Agricul" ture, Immigration, Manufactures and Fisheries. Most states have commissioners of agriculture or agriculture and immigration. It would seem quite a step forward to have a man to study the ad vantages, the various points that might offer for the location of factories of different kinds, and thus induce capital as well as im migration. We are well convinced that an acre fish pond with the proper knowledge as to stocking and handling, can be made as pruuucuvc ui iuuu as an acre oi the richest garden or orchard. In most localities the fish pond can be established and maintain ed at less expense than the or chard or garden. For agricul ture too much cannot be done. Much as.our College and Stations are doing their work could be greatly supplemented, strength ened and made more effective by such a department in* our State government. We go enough out of our usual course to commend this suggestion in the direction of constructive statesmanship as being decidedly more promising of good than most of the issues already being brought forward. If our cotton farmers will ob serve how the clean cotton land is cut and washed by the heavy —_: • i a. i i_ _ • i ICUUOj uuu vuvu ovv UUVY u ICV1J soil covered with winter crops is held together and protected, it will certainly cause new year res olutions to be promulgated. Our lands are not made poor by crop ping. It is by washing and leach ing and by the rotting out of the humus, or half decayed vegeta ble matter. Winter crops will obviate all these troubles and afford good food for live stock at the same time. • Capt. J. F. Merry, Assistant General Passenger Agent of the I. C. R. R. issues four circulars of such surprising interest and value that the Gazette proposes to publish them in full in the next four issues of the paper. They are entitled, Southern Farm Lands, Mississippi Valley Cotton Lands, Truck Farming in the South, Fruit Growing in the South. The reading of the truths about our own country as set fourth by Capt. Merry will cause us to appreciate our country more, talk its advantages more, and bring ptople and cepital to develop it. The Louisiana State Board of Agriculture, under the direction of its Commissioner of Agricul ture and immigration, has issued a pamphlet describing and adver tising six and a half million acres for sale. This work of the De partment is said to be bearing much fruit in the way of bring ing in money to invest in land. Land values are coqsequently rising aud taxable values increas ing. We can think of no greater service that could be rendered the peopleof Louisiana or Mississippi for that matter, than to induce buyers to invest in the surplus lands and develop them. Every piece of landsold in a community, especially if made at a good price and for cash, raises the selling value of every other piece of land in that community. Land values are rising all over the United States. Fifty per _A •_ • X1_1_X Xl_ lvui iuvK,anv. iu tuv. laav iui cv years would probably not be over-estimating the case forjill the productive land of the coun try. Timbered lands have en hanced even more. For Missis sippi this boom has been confin ed to the Southern and western parts. Land values have doubled in three years in the long leaf pine section, and a great flow of capital to the delta has propably done nearly as much for that sec tion, A succession of four crop years has even depressed values in the prairie belt, but with the splendid stock and grass possi bilities of the prairies, values must soon increase and very materially. Editor Gazette—The Miss issippi Poultry and Pet Stock Association will hold a score card show at Aberdeen, Miss., Jan. 13 to 17 1903. The Judge selected will be one from our State to be decided on as soon as we find out which one will serve. This show at this early date promises 10 De me largest m me south. Enough entries promised now to ensure 500 to 1000 chick ens and pet stock. Premium list will be out by Dec. 15. Will be pleased to send one to all who will drop us a card, We hope every breeder of fancy fowls and pets will send their stock. J. R. Young, Sectv. Aberdeen. Miss. Editor Gazette—I have been thinking of feeding some cattle, and in conversation with Mr. W. S, May, he suggested that 1 write you, as you were thorough ly posted on this question. I have a general mixture to feed— from two years old to ten—just in ordinary condition from the ran^e. I expect to feed on cot ton sebd meal and bulls, and wonia oe giao to nave you advise me the best proportion to feed, and about how long it will take to feed them. Any information that you can give me along this line will be very much apprecia ted. Yours very truly, B. F. Thompson, Ruston, La. Mix one part by weight of meal to 5 parts bulls and feed all they will eat. Try and contract with a local butcher at 1 cent a pound gross weight above what thin cattle cost. Feed 75 to 100 days, or if you contract feed ’till butcher is satisfied to take animal It is a dangerous busi ness to feed “all sorts” as you speak of, and make anything by shipping. w. c, w. Editor Gazette—Since m\ last shipment of Shorthorn and Red Poll cattle to your State, 1 have received so many inquiries from those wanting improved cattle that I have about decided to ship a car of bull and heifer calves and yearlings to some point in your State and there hold a private sale. My present intentions are to ship to Vicks burg sbout Jan. 1st, 15 bulls and 20 heifers. Red Polls and Short horns. These cattle to be all high grades and good ones. I I am using some of the best Registered sires I could buy. I have one Shorthorn bull sired b} Mr. W. P. Harned’s great bull “Godey.” Probably the purest Cnnckshank bull doing active service living today. I am also using a bull sired by “Gallant Knight” owned by T. K. Tom son & Son, whose value and rec ord as a sire are well known by all who breed the red, white and - T 1_ • « n . • vu“* uavt IU SCI VILC d i\eu Poll bull from the herd of Capt. 'V. T. Hills of Delaware, Onio. This bull was sired by “Endy mion,” one of tha best Red Polls ever used in that renowned herd. My cows are large well formed and good milkers. The young calves I will offer have never been pampered or pushed, they have been raised on the open prairie on good grass and water. For the makiug of prime beef or the improvement of your na tive cattle they are the equal of registered animals and will be sold at less than half the price. It takes no more feed or care to raise a yearling worth $50 than it does to raise one worth $5. Your people will come to learn this just as we have in Texas. I propose to make prices on these cattle that will sell them and I know that each sale will make a permanent customer. The prices on yearling heifers _a _ -1 *11 r . auu cam.a i au^c uuui »pou IU $45 and on bull calves and year lings will be from $45 to $60. The cattle will be shipped to your state, your people can see what they are getting. Now I would like to hear from your readers on this subject and would respectfully ask for their advice as to time and place of holding sale, the age and breed of cattle they want and any sug gestions they make will be very thankfully received. Respectfully, C. S. Mitchell, Jr. Dallas, Tex., Nov. 15, 1902. McNeill, Miss., Dec. 1,1902. Dear Professor: Believing the readers of the Gazette will be interested to know the progress of our work at the McNeill Station. I take this opportunity of giving a short ac count of it. we took cnarge oi tne work on tbe 21st of of Match, finding 35 acres of land fenced, about four acres of which was ready for tbe plow though no stump3 had been removed from any of it. We at once set to work to get rid of the stumps before plant ing. This is a difficult job on any land and especially so here where tbe pine trees had been unusually large and close together These stumps were removed largely by blasting witn dyna mite and then burning, though some were burned without blast ing and others pulled out by tbe roots. Our first work was to clean the trash from one acre and plant beans among the stumps. 1 hese beans were fer tilized in different ways and 125 FOR SALE. MISSISSIPPI KING 31,760. 2=24^4 Race Record at Four Years Old —BY— Tennessee Wilkes 2735, Sire of Roan Wilkes, 2:043, . \f, V,el'°n4*- 2:15! Dick' See' 2:1/<4 ; Morelia, 2:1034 ; paui ciiiror.l 2:1434 ; Star Wilkes, 2:15* : andmany others with low records. y First Dam, Bertalda. Sire, Di,-m. tor 113. Sire of Jay-Eve-See, 2 h'.< • bTlow 2:Io.r0tte,'S and CleVen Pacer* Second Dam, Betsey Trotwood; a great brood mare. Sire. Idol, 177 hv Mambrmo Chief. ' Thiril Dam Pilotta. Sire, John, alias Glasgow’s Pilot. He was bv Piilot Jr., sire of the Dams of Maud S. Fourth Dam, Dairy Maid, sire ' orll‘”nt Ulsck Hawk. U^Mississippi King is a horse of 1 cdt power, unusual beauty, fine temper aDd excellent action. He has been driven in 2:12, and is now six years old. Also some brood mares and colts for sale. C. W. HENDERSON, Woodville. Miss. FOR SALE. A good square piano. Rose wood case, second hand instru ment, sweet tone. Will sell CHEAP for cash. Address me at Edwards, Miss. MRS. L. Y. RANCH. For Sale. ’ Blue Barred Plymouth Rock Cockeeels. Richly marked and highlyrpenciled. W. W. BOYD, Osborn, Miss. GRIDE JERSEY COWS. A few choice Grade Jersey springers and fresh milkers. v. m: carpenter, Sessums, Miss. I « l s. KENNEDY, Breeder of BELGIAN HARES j and B P. Rock Chickens West Point, Miss. ! SWEET POTATOES. DO NOT LET THEM EOT. Enclose 50 cents, postage stams good, to Bryan Tyson, Carthage, N. C., and receive full instructions and valuable infor mation for preventing. This information will give any person interested large returns for his money. Plan also good for other vegetables. Please mention "■*’ this paper. For Sale. Mammoth White Holland Turkeys The Stay at Home Turkey. Tho Hardiest of All. My famous flock contain the finest strains to be found in America, m3 young stock are the finest and largest that I ever. raised. Trios $7.00, Pairs $5.00 Single Toms $2.50. Order early and get the choice. • W. R. HOLLIDAY, Prairie, Miss. WANTED. " To Sell some of the finest Berkshire hogs in the south at pork prices. Have them all ages and can furnish trio that are not related. 1 also have several very fine registered Jersey bulls that I will sell at beef prices, These bulls are by my imported bull Golden Lad and out ofcows that have tests. St. Elmo Jersy Farm, O' M. CAWTHON.