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■' ' . \ i)o V r ! emi-Monthly Journal for Farmers. Stock-Raisers.and their Families. VOL. 8. NO. 18 STARKVILLE. MISS., AUGUST 1. 19oL ^0 CENTS A YEAR. ..*»»»»*«»»„» .f> : FARM DeparTMENT. 5 * * * «* * ♦ * <*■ * I he K«»it«»r <rf thin Pepat tmcnt imilr* .(notion* m tc^.u*! to *» * ncrj pb.t*c «•* Practical an.! 'xrnhfif Agriculture He .. tl! K«S. J * P a«»»wcr all • *uotton» ;n the*c (Viliimm, * * 41 1 he Best Kiml «»f l'ertili/er. | 1 crtilizers arc divided into two i .i-scs. natural and artifi ial. ( 1 o the first class belong the con* ’ ■'titiients found in sous in a state j • >f nature, these having been) ( present in the original rock from j w-h vh sojls were formed, in an* I ! lion to s.jcb suppply as has ■ t« n introduced through the] I ‘. <! tin <il vcgitalion during past1 . • • .r es. All vegetable matter) ■ *. ,*• produced on a soil and! n restored to it in the form < • i.unurc might also Ik classi* i .«s ,i natural fertilizer. In ' s lass <>ur Varnvard manure • :: shes the largest supply al* j . • I rn n viinr instances \cgei .h put back into the soil bv • ng under green crops The • natural fertilizer is taken . the atmosphere through the iin of plants belonging to < gume family, being stored :: '.lie resits of these plants in • I m of nitrogenous com* | ;. 15 * the artificial class belongs nnu ri ial coinjmiuiicIs that j ; plied to the soil because h constituents or nitro h they supply, these in n iirfiling soils on account of their humus making materials. S<-iU ihat have been run down by constant cropping mav be benefited by the application of such fertilizer, but their appli cation should not be depended upon as the sole source of fertil ity from year to year. When used it should be to assist in the growth of legumes, while these in turn will store nitrogen in the soil and also added to it liberal supplies of vegetable matter, (•cncratlv speaking, it is adws able for one to make the most out of natural fertilizers be foie the puri base of artificial is made nrciss.tr v. To keep soils m a productive condition when only natural fer tilizer is used it is m*i cssary to grow a legume crop at intervals of five or six years. Where soils have become imuh run down if will usually p.iv to introduce them even oftener than this. A rotation consisting of corn, fol lowed by oats, seeded to clover, this followed b\ a meadow from v. hi h one to t wo crops are taken after which it is again plowed for corn, " ill build the soil up rapid ly, providing some feeding is done on the farm and assistance given to the clover in the matter of building up the supply of fer 1 tility by the application of farm yard manure to the soil at inter vals. Ground can scarcely be made too rit h ior corn or grasses, hence the ad visibility of applying the manure as a top dressing on meadows or to be plowed under tor the corn crop. Wc feel that the mattei of holding steadfastly i to the use of legumes cannot be emphasized too strongly, because practi al experience has demon strated that these crops, in ad dition to supplying the much | needed element of nitrogt n, gives body t<> a soil that makv-s it high ly productive, no matter what crop s grown. If we will only stand by the natural fertilizers : that are at our command, the day \ will not come in this generation when heavy outlay will be neces sary for artificial fertility to keep up the productive ability of our j • oils. Mother Marti) as a Restora tive. In the old tirecian mythology was a faille relating that a cer tain giant, when he wished tore new his strength, came down | from the clouds and retouched j mother earth. A story is told in , these modern da v s o! .1 mail w ho. I w henever he j^ot sick, would dig a trench in his garden, lie down in it. and have his wife cover him with fresh earth as far up as his chin. He would remain there for an hour or two, and then get | up in line spirits. In keeping ! w ith this idea, it is averred that I no wild animal ever lias the rheumatism until it reached cap tivity and was kept oft the earth. You never heard of a horse, these advocates insist, that had rheu matism until it was kept oft the earth by iron shoes. The dog, it | seems, never knows rbeumat sm | until he becomes a household pet and is pampered away from his native sou. Wearing shoes was the beginning of rheumatics with the Pacific Islamlers and African heathens and other un tutored son-, of the soil. All of which goes toshow, it true, that the boys should be turned out to grass as soon as possible and al lowed to g.) barefooted. — The Am. Farmer. Is it profitable to feed cows cm pasture, a grain ration? If so, how much and which of the fol lowing at prices given: Corn meal, wheat bran and old process oil. i-ach 1 crnt ni*r ftivinH • I Hudson. Mich- C. A. J. When pastures are at their best, cows need practically no grain, but pastures are not at their best except for a very few weeks. The amount of grain to be fed depends altogether upon the condition of the pastures, (•round corn or middlings if they were not so concentrated, would maKcan idealsupplement u >rt pastures. We console, t Ik r to mix bran with t! r middlings, equal pa; ts bv weight, and feed enough to keep up a normal flow of mnk. Kvcn when pastures are at *hei" best, a very small feed of ; . a et*c, r-ges the cows to report for duty on time Hoard's l>aii ; Kan.