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The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, August 01, 1903, Image 1

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1903-08-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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! emi-Monthly Journal for Farmers.
Stock-Raisers.and their Families.
..*»»»»*«»»„» .f>
: FARM DeparTMENT. 5
* *
* «*
* ♦
* <*■
* I he K«»it«»r <rf thin Pepat tmcnt imilr* .(notion* m tc^.u*! to *»
* ncrj pb.t*c «•* Practical an.! 'xrnhfif Agriculture He .. tl! K«S. J
* P a«»»wcr all • *uotton» ;n the*c (Viliimm, *
* 41
1 he Best Kiml «»f l'ertili/er. |
1 crtilizers arc divided into two i
.i-scs. natural and artifi ial. (
1 o the first class belong the con* ’
■'titiients found in sous in a state j
• >f nature, these having been)
( present in the original rock from j
w-h vh sojls were formed, in an* I
! lion to s.jcb suppply as has
■ t« n introduced through the]
I ‘. <! tin <il vcgitalion during past1
. • • .r es. All vegetable matter)
■ *. ,*• produced on a soil and!
n restored to it in the form <
• i.unurc might also Ik classi* i
.«s ,i natural fertilizer. In
' s lass <>ur Varnvard manure
• :: shes the largest supply al* j
. • I
rn n viinr instances \cgei
.h put back into the soil bv
• ng under green crops The
• natural fertilizer is taken
. the atmosphere through the
iin of plants belonging to
< gume family, being stored
:: '.lie resits of these plants in
• I m of nitrogenous com* |
;. 15
* the artificial class belongs
nnu ri ial coinjmiuiicIs that j
; plied to the soil because
h constituents or nitro
h they supply, these in
n iirfiling soils on account
of their humus making materials.
S<-iU ihat have been run down
by constant cropping mav be
benefited by the application of
such fertilizer, but their appli
cation should not be depended
upon as the sole source of fertil
ity from year to year. When
used it should be to assist in the
growth of legumes, while these
in turn will store nitrogen in the
soil and also added to it liberal
supplies of vegetable matter,
(•cncratlv speaking, it is adws
able for one to make the most
out of natural fertilizers be foie
the puri base of artificial is made
nrciss.tr v.
To keep soils m a productive
condition when only natural fer
tilizer is used it is m*i cssary to
grow a legume crop at intervals
of five or six years. Where soils
have become imuh run down if
will usually p.iv to introduce
them even oftener than this. A
rotation consisting of corn, fol
lowed by oats, seeded to clover,
this followed b\ a meadow from
v. hi h one to t wo crops are taken
after which it is again plowed for
corn, " ill build the soil up rapid
ly, providing some feeding is
done on the farm and assistance
given to the clover in the matter
of building up the supply of fer
1 tility by the application of farm
yard manure to the soil at inter
vals. Ground can scarcely be
made too rit h ior corn or grasses,
hence the ad visibility of applying
the manure as a top dressing on
meadows or to be plowed under
tor the corn crop. Wc feel that
the mattei of holding steadfastly
i to the use of legumes cannot be
emphasized too strongly, because
practi al experience has demon
strated that these crops, in ad
dition to supplying the much
| needed element of nitrogt n, gives
body t<> a soil that makv-s it high
ly productive, no matter what
crop s grown. If we will only
stand by the natural fertilizers
: that are at our command, the day
\ will not come in this generation
when heavy outlay will be neces
sary for artificial fertility to keep
up the productive ability of our j
• oils.
Mother Marti) as a Restora
In the old tirecian mythology
was a faille relating that a cer
tain giant, when he wished tore
new his strength, came down
| from the clouds and retouched
j mother earth. A story is told in
, these modern da v s o! .1 mail w ho.
I w henever he j^ot sick, would dig
a trench in his garden, lie down
in it. and have his wife cover him
with fresh earth as far up as his
chin. He would remain there
for an hour or two, and then get
| up in line spirits. In keeping
! w ith this idea, it is averred that
no wild animal ever lias the
rheumatism until it reached cap
tivity and was kept oft the earth.
You never heard of a horse, these
advocates insist, that had rheu
matism until it was kept oft the
earth by iron shoes. The dog, it
| seems, never knows rbeumat sm
| until he becomes a household
pet and is pampered away from
his native sou. Wearing shoes
was the beginning of rheumatics
with the Pacific Islamlers and
African heathens and other un
tutored son-, of the soil. All of
which goes toshow, it true, that
the boys should be turned out to
grass as soon as possible and al
lowed to g.) barefooted. — The
Am. Farmer.
Is it profitable to feed cows cm
pasture, a grain ration? If so,
how much and which of the fol
lowing at prices given: Corn
meal, wheat bran and old process
oil. i-ach 1 crnt ni*r ftivinH
• I
Hudson. Mich- C. A. J.
When pastures are at their
best, cows need practically no
grain, but pastures are not at
their best except for a very few
weeks. The amount of grain to
be fed depends altogether upon
the condition of the pastures,
(•round corn or middlings if they
were not so concentrated, would
maKcan idealsupplement u >rt
pastures. We console, t Ik r
to mix bran with t! r
middlings, equal pa; ts bv weight,
and feed enough to keep up a
normal flow of mnk. Kvcn when
pastures are at *hei" best, a very
small feed of ; . a et*c, r-ges
the cows to report for duty on
time Hoard's l>aii ; Kan.

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