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WASHINGTON LETTER, j
From Our Regular Correspondent The great remedy which is to stem the tide and cause produc tion to to exceed population in its increase, lies in the application of scientific principals to agricul-; ture. The details have not all been worked out, but the outlines , have. First there is irrigation, of our millions of acres of unpro ductive western lands. This plan is even now being put to the test. Then there is the advan tage to be gained from the exer cise of more care in conserving the moisture until a time when the growing crops demand it in order to live. This is to be brought about not only by engin ecrmg solutions, but through scientific forestry. While the planting of forests docs not in crease the amount of precipita tion. it does increase the moist ure in the air and it prevents the rapid passing of the snows of winter and the rains of summer, Hut this is not all of this scheme of cultivation. Lands of the worn-out variety such as are com mon in many of the eastern and southern states arc to be reclaim ed anti to be made a** good, yea, better than new. And this ss where I>r. Wiley himself comes in. His bureau has been making a study of soils especially as re gards their chemical composition and where certain elements are lacking the facts become known and the remedy of the difficulty is easy, 1 nder this system the farmer will be saved many hun dreds of dollars, f or lie will not buy some patent fertilizer ton taining many things his farm does not need. He will simply purchase the constituent neces sary to make the soil of his farm productive and thus at a mini mum cost achieve the maximum results, liy means of scientific farming and careful attention to details the wheat crop may be increased enormously. Dr. Wiley says from two or three times. Among other economies of the future ‘''at of proper cattle feed ing 'oik which is n<>t to be over lo> he future soil fertility will incr-.ase, not diminish; the Ba average output of each acre will jP grow. Ha-.ingall these things ir. nr* *' and ig with the possi bilitie- oi yei oin**rs still unborn, I>r. W <:\ dtcl tivsin the face of' the verdict of the Malthusians that “we need not fear a period of world starvation due to the exhaustion of tne food producing ' capacity of the soil.” Astotvbichj is right, time will tell. If there is one thing more than another which is of vital interest to the farmer it is the matter of good seed. And in order that the seed may be good, its vitality must be unimpaired. Last year a systematic effort was begun to determine bow long seed vitality was retained under different con ditions of storage and climate. To this end boxes containing five packages each were sent to dif ferent parts of the country and to the West Indies, and arrange ments made to have them stored. All possible variations of climates were selected for tests and the ^ « I'v i ituvu n • v i wiiuuv i' ed with as much uniformity ^s possible. It is now nearly a year since the seeds were sent out and instructions are being issued di recting that that the first of the five packages be returned to Washington with a statement of the conditions under which it was stored, the temperature varia tions it was subjected to and the relative humidity of the place. Next year the second package of of seeds will be called in and so on for the five years. The seeds after being returned are to be carefully tested toastertam bow well they withstood the condi tions imposed upon them. The results cm not fail to be <d value t*» tbi agricultural world. The suci es of American dried fruits in Carmanv is another triumph over Kuropcan compet ition. Consul Brittain, at Kehl, ’ icrmany, reports that in Kaden and Alsacc-Loraine and other parts of Western t .crm.inv, Cal ifornia prunes and apricots arc rapidly supplanting similar pro ducts from France and Italy. The < altiornia fruit is cheaper, itstlcsh brighter and it is more solid. 1‘runes and apples retail in (iermany at 1J to 15 cents per pound and apricots at Jo cts. Most of the evaporated apples 1 sine from the vicinity of Koch ester, N. \ . In a few cases the apples have rot been sufficiently dried before packing which caus ed them to mold in the boxes. It is found that boxes which arc dovetailed instead of merclv nail ed together »v.wh the market in belter condition and shippers 1 would do well to heed this point. Considerable annoyance ban been experienced at times on account of the delays in transit ten weeks being required in some instan- j CCS. Hot weather is on the road and the farmers are accordingly elat ed. The month of June was cold and in many places quite rainy. The call has been for clear days and higher temperatures almost everywhere east of the Rocky Mountains. Not until the past week have these conditions been realized, but summer has certain-j ly overtaken us at last and the thermometer may be expected to begin its daily climbs towards the fHj degree mark. This m ex ceedingly good news, because warmth and sunshine were great ly needed and their advent at this time puts an cr.d to numberless ~i u .1_.l. ___ ^ * V « U'l MV I | i I II v V • V’1'7* W VI tlie ro*d to maturity. In the Mississippi val'ey corn and wheat have already felt the beneficial effects of the change, and the condition of the corn crop is re ported to be very close to the ten year average while that of spring wheat is spoken of as '‘promis ing.*' Cotton is doing well and in just the condition to profit most by the clear sunshiny day prevailing there during the hit ter part of June and early July. In the middle Atlantic States the weather has been too cold and the reports arc not especially bright. \\ itb ideal conditions now prevalent over the east, affairs will take on a brighter outlook. ••Totni.’* 1'hc kditor lias spent Consider able time in selecting a list of books for the readers of 'ns Journal. He takes pleasure in recommending the following list as suitable to the needs of the farmers of this section. H ■’ i i j•» «, r .* || , How Cro|s Keed . 1 CO I*lie "oil ul tile Karin j no The Peanut Plant Monet m the Garden l 00 The Krult ' < ardcu j ^o I rtd« and Kretting 2 iti I louden'*, The Horae j t„, The New Kgg Kami 1 oo Pr>>fit* m Poultry . j no ItrlgianHare lire* ding. 2s H.-w ti> Kite a llappi l.lfr IS I until » New lire Keeping 1 on l he a lid c books will be sent postpaid lor the price by Sot i in us I-’amm (1 iim n , 1 Starkvillc, Miss Golf 4 Ship Island Railroad nmnwinn in im Quickest and beat. Connects with all trains in all directions at all junctions. Gulfport. Hattiesburg and Jackson Double Daily Service Short line between Jackson, all interior Mississippi point** and the Gulf, making close connections with all trains for ill points at Gulfport. Hatties burg and Jackson. Two Through Trains Daily « No 4 l.» *> 4* a rr, £*« p f.« Ifattambwtf ,0-10 am T I* j* m Arimtkmm b p m Ilf** ji. it j N*. I N - > j 1 A* tl t< a m !«»#> r m At IUilic.l>iir( * l* am * v • a ~t.r litkm «JS5 am : * ■ • ~ These trains arc arranged j with the view of making ai! desirable connections at aj junction points, i'articscar leave Jackson in the afternor. and reach Gulfport, Mobile, and pointson the Gulf Coast, also all Lantern and Northern points via Mobile Through train to Laurcll leaves Jackson '*:UOa. in. ar at Laurel 1:50a.m. to Lumbcrlon and Columbia leave Jackson 4:00 a. m. Ar at Lumberton 10:.l5a. m. Colum bui at 12:4o noon. Can take L. *V N. Southbound Coast j train in the morning and go i interior towns without lying over in Gulf)»ort, or go via flat ticsburg and Jackson to Mem phis, Kansas City, St. Louis, t hicago and ail Northern. Western and Lastern points j also via Maxic to Lumbcrt> n and C olumbia or via Saratog.. to Laurel branch points. iOOOMilc IiCHETS COOO 0*E Yf $25.00 I f lartkuUsc*!) .an f a ! !r> s. d, Boyiston 6en'l Pass Agt. (iulfport. Mu«. ■ For Sale. 1 have a nice lot of Tenno* ■lacks on hand and for sale. J. T. Tt’KNLK (Grenada. Mi* For Sale. •‘Prime White and Red s - lots, $l.So per bushel. St’NNY SOTTH FARM Hay St. Loui*. M - * I Summer School. Athens. Ga.. Ju'> I August 9. 1903. 1* or above occasion. Mohi <. a j t >hio coupon agents will j tickets at rate of one fare p * 25 cents for round trip, agents for particulars.