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A Semi-Monthly Journal for Farmers*
Stock-Raisers.amotheir Families. VOL 8. NO. 19. STARKVILLE. MISS., AUGUST 15.190}. 50 CENTS A YEAR. 5 farm department. | j-| • The Euitor of thl* Department invite* question* in regard to $ ^ every phaaeof Practical and Scientific Agriculture He will glad* 2 * ly anawcr all Question* in theme Column*. J Letter From Professor Welborn. Hong Koog. Chios. July 1,1903 Southern Farm Gaiette:—! have bad some chance to see something of Japan and Japanese agriculture since I wrote, as I left my ahip at Yokohama and went to Tokioaod then by rail to an exposition at Osaka catching the ship again at Kobe, thus giv ing me somthing like 400 miles tarvel in the interior- One thing impressing me on every band was the irreat pressure of popu *tion and the extreme necessity of utilizing to the utmost every available foot of land. Japan is quite a mountainous country and much of it incapable of being cul tivated at all, but every valley however small is cultivated, a crop of barley or wheat first be ing uken and then the land is flooded, and the rice plants which have been started like potato slip», are transplanted ou the wheat and barley land. They arc so careful of the land that mo*t of the small levees for bold ing the water on the rice are made too narrow to walk on and then a little row of beans is planted on the 4 inch ridge of dry soil. Where the land begins to be* come steep as it approaches the mountains the land terraced per* fectly so as to bold «»:rr oo each terrace. As these terraces reach higher and higher and the land gets still steeper a bam'*oo lad derbastobe used to get from one piece of land up to ths n«.xt Sometimes these terraces reach clear over a moun'.v*. lam sure that in many cases 51,000 would not pay for the labor that has gone into terracing this land per acre, if paid for at our rate of Very few animals are kept in Japan. Land is too scarce to • pare roads, and too many peo ple have to be fed to keep many animals. Kvcn the streets of cities are so narrow that a little vehicle called the ginrickshaw about 3 feet wide and like the front wheels of a light buggy and pulled by a man is used in place of carriages. I think there are 40 of these 'rickshaws to every back or carriage seeking busi ness in our towns and cities. A Jap can trot all day with you in one of these 'rickshaws. The first ride 1 took over the city of Yokohama my cooley went too fast for me to view the sights well enough. I sought to slow him down, but he understood me to say go faster. Like Napoleon's drummer boy who had never been taught to brat a retreat but could beat an advance to make the dead rise, this Jap had never known bow to go slow. After awhile we flew by a policeman and I motioned wildly at him to slow my Jap do’vn. but be teought I wanUu to catch a train andstart* ed my Jap at still a still wilder rate of speed. I've been in many runaways, but for awhile this promised to be the worst. In the city of Tokio with 1,500, i>hi people they have some streets that cat riages can be used on, and I saw a good many horses, and strange to say every horse was a stallion, not a marc in the city that I saw. The horses were perfectly quiet. I after ward learned that horses are used in certain sections exclu sively and marcs in other sec tions, and that there was at one time in the Hast laws against castration. A Jap never rides a horse and never rides on a dray. He leads his horse and the horse pulls the load. I wish my ne groes at home could take a les son from the Japs. In the Southern part of the country I saw a good many cat tle pulling curious plows made out of forked traes etc., and here I was surprised to see nearly all of these were cows and heifers. The other sex had either gone for beef or were working in an other part of the country, I sup pose. Vegetables and fruits and flowers grow in great profusion in Japan. The climate seems much like that of the southern half of the United States. There are many kinds of dwart trees and shrubbery. Jt is a curious sight to see a pine tree growing in a vase or tub, the tree being over 100 yoars old and not over a foot high. 1 have not had time to see much of Chinese farming, yet I am told and have other reason to believe John Chinaman the thrift iest man on earth. Wifi be in Manila in two days. With best wishes, W. C. Welborjt. Country Boys* Advan tages. The country boy has a wonder ful familiarity with nature. The things he has learned about ani mals, birds and trees: the lore of the fields and the woods, and the streams—all these may be of great practical use to him. Con nect this with what other stu dents of nature have found out, and easily this boy's knowlege of the world about him may broad en and deepen. School will then become to him a place where be may learn things which will add pleasure and new interest to the planting of seed or the milking of cows.—A. C. Trub.