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A Semi-Monthly Journal for Farmers. > Stock-Raisers.and their Families. NO. 21 STARKVILLfc. MISS.. OCTOBER 1 1901. SO CENTS A YEAR. - : M DEPARTMENT. : * Hit Kuitof of thi* Dcpaitmcni imt*.r** qsc*ttem* in regard t».» * r r-y j i iMSof Practical and Agriculture. He « iil glad* * * h an»«c: all QtteMiont io thcac Column*. J TU VNS-MISSIS SIPPI CONGRESS. intUH\i« n of Itctter Roads ; CuiiHidcrcd for the 1 list Time. \ '! r»H-Mi»*is*ippt Com* I i'jAn^H. whit i held its ■j I session ;t Seattle, Augusi 20th, and 21 -»t, t «tU up the su wet <»f g* >d roads for consideratBn for the fir*t time. It was a noli.taid fact that w-hat-j ever differ Ace of opinion tiler. ! might hav<-l»ccna* to other ques tions untie lron*Kler.«tio!i, tlicre was a If‘-oh it I Unanimity prevail ing a*- to good road*quc-hTn, and the Jftcssily fora, general co-opt o^reion between the Tinted St:'J0un<\ the different State*, -of civil sub-divisious thereof, to hasten the improvement, The subject was thoroughly dissenss cd by K. W. Richardson, Ksq of Omaha, Neb., Mr. James W. Abbott, of Denver, Colo*. H»»n Martin Dodge, Director of the Office of Public Road Inquiries Washington, D C., ami many delegatees from the different States ami Territories. Director Dodge has just re turned to his desk in Washing • too. Iu an interv. v. aitU a rep resentative of the press, Mr. Dodge had the following to say regarding the sentiment for bet ter roads at the Truns*Mississip pi v’oogress: "The point was clearly made that many <»f the interior States and Territories, especially in the mountain districts, have no nav* igatable rivers and harbors, and that, therefore, they receive oniv remote and indirect benclit* from the exspenditureof the vast sum -of money appriated for the improvement of rivers and harbors, and th«» it would be just and equitable if the Genera! Government should lend its as sistance to the building and main taining cer tain . public highways through such States and Terri tories. It was not contended that the f nited States Govern ment should bear the total tout of building such roads, but that they should pay a contributory share not to exceed one-half, as provided for in the Hrownlow Hill. This was that to be more just on account of the fact that the burden of raising the enorm ous revenues of the I'nitcd States Government rests as much On the people in the rural States and districts as upon all other classes combined. The revenues of the ; General Govern tnent approximate ten dollars per capita per annum, whereas the revenue of the State tiovernments is only about one* dollar per capita, The revenues of the General Government are *o large and are raised in snch a manner by indirect taxation that there would be neither hardship or inequity if the t'nited States should bear a considerable pro portion of the costs of improving some of the principal highways in the various state* and Terri tories. It would stem that the brat and most equitable method . i would be to require the 1‘nitedj ; States to pay a portion of the ; cost, the State a portion, the [county a portion and the proper j s m im uv mu) uiv | road a portion." After a full discussion of the question before the Convention and tlie Committee on resolutions the following resolution was unanitnomdy adopted both in the committee and by the Conven tion: t “Recognizing that properly [constructed highways are pri marily essential to the highest development and commercial prosperity of Cue Trans-Mississ ippi country, and believing that it is neither feasible nor equitable t«> secure them wholly at the ex pense of the local districts, but that their cost should dc pro rat ed among all interests bcnelitted; therefore be it Resolved by the Trana-Misa issippi Commercial Congress, in I convention assembled in Seattle. That we urgently recommend to the several States that they adopt a system of highway im provement, under competent en gineering supervision embodying the general principles ot the modern plan of State aid now successfully practiced in many of the older States; and that we .favo- the h'.iV f. ether distribu tion of the burden by enlisting I aid of the National Coveruraeut, and request tin* active support |ot our representatives in Con gress for this policy. m Saving Seed Corn. It gives but little trouble, yet results in great profit, for farm ers to go into their corn fields after the corn is ready to gather anti select the very best best cars for seed. Let the quaiit) select ed be as uniform as possible as to the grain. Kars with grains closely set. taken from stalks that have produced two g^ood ears, arc preferrccd. These ears so selected should be hung up in a dry place with the shucks pulled back. l»y making the se lection in the fall much time is saved when the tune of planting comes on; besides, a careful sel ection will result in greatly im proving the quality of the crop. A great many crops of corn are growc in which a do/en (varieties may be found with cveryconceiy able mixture. Pure white cori not too hard or flinty, on large ears and small-cobs, is the best for all purposes of the farm.— Southern Farm Magazine.