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Southern Farm Gazette.
THE GAZETTE PUBLING COMPANY. I Incok»*o* \tki> , STARKVILLE. MISS. G. H. ALFOhD. .... Editor TERMS: Advertising Kates for large space furnUhed upon application, j SUBSCRIPTION: cent* in advance. Entered at Postoffiice at Starkville as *e©ond*ciass mail matter. CHANCE: In changing your post office address. send your old nd-‘ dress as wc«l as the new address. RENEWALS: Always state whether your subscription is a new one or a renew al; renew by the same name and initials as address on paper, or else exlain why change. DISCONTINUANCE: Subscriber* w ill continue to receive this jour nal until the publishers are notified by letter to discontinue, when nil arrear age must be paid. f RECEIPT. T he'receipt of the <• S/.I5T rr is sufficient notification that the money ha* t*cen received. fl^Adilmii all letters to SOUTHERN FARM GAZETTE. STAFlKVILLE. MISS. shorl-titr.e. small advertisement*: Ten cent* |vr rv>up.irlel line each in* serlion. payable in advance. Un line* I in ■ We ask our readers t<* please j be sure aod mention this paperj when writing to our advt rtiscrs.j Turnips and rutabager** are valuable as feed for ^tock. He sure and sow an abttn lant crop of each. It you don't know bow much you are due us ju*»* send fb a dcilar. We wi 1 g'adlv credit vour account for two years. Large number of immune Short*Horn cattle will be sold to the highest bidders at S.»n Anto nia, Texas Tuesday Oct. 27, 1‘m.V Write to David Harrell. Libertv lit!!, Texas for a catalog. An agricultural lair will br held in Calhoun La. on No\ 4,5. .and b. Good premiam*arc*dL r ed for ail kinds of stock and otn er exhibits. V* rite to S. diiuin for catalog. Members of the Dallas t.ounty Poultry Kaisers Association are making final arrangements for the best poultry show that has ever been held in Dallas or the southwest. Catalog will be ready by Nov , 1. That H is possible to improve the quality and quantity of crops by carefully selecting s. ed there is oo gainsaying. This being true, we ought to he very careful iu selecting our seed for next years crops. I If vou are in need of anything advertised in this Journal write for prices on same. Out adver tisers .»rc hM ptrfcc’ly rr’ulde We have noget rich-quick or hum bug ad v cr’is.vn nt* A fair is 3 foster m • her to th« live stock interests a state. No insirnm ntaiitv is m rrv p - t-nt in the improved)'nt of live stock than a state lair. N »thiny *viM up ift the farmers .»( a *tato quicker than the keeping «»f tb^r ougbbred stock. Then why can’t Mississippi have a state fair' We btleivc that our next legislature will make an ippro pi iati««n for a fair. 1 he farmers of M issMsippi are studying their business a* never before. Tbev arc cultivating their minds and fertilizing their brains. This means that tbev will >|uit buy.ng .uc..t am! corn This means that they vviii p?0 due rice, tobacco, syrup, hay. fruits, and vegetables for home use and to sell. We are receiving *.ubscriber* daily from every part of tbecouo-1 try. 1 bis proves that our read ers are speaking kind -vords for this Journal. Let tin good work goon. Send us list of names to '•end sample copies and other- ! wise assist us in making this the paper it ought to be. Our suggestion to establish a “good road department" at the \ & M. college is being favorably commented on by the Press of the state. Let everybody agitate this question until our people are educated on the benefits to bode rived from goed roads and aiso know how to buid the best roads for the least money. Scientific road builders are now in great demand in every part of the coun try. Let us prepare our voting men to make goods for us and also to bold lucrative positions in other states. Kapid progess has been made toward organizing a Board of Trade. It's a plain, simple busi ness proposition and in conse quence appeals to business men. Everyone so far *ccn is in favor of the movement, and a sufficient number of names to e fleet organ ization will be secured early next week. After tb;il it is only a question of days until tber: will be "something doing "in Laurei*s interests. Intelligent work and sutlicicu fund* will bring big re sults to this city, and no time better than the present could be selected t«« begin this work.— Laurel Ledger. •* • • mmm* N«* man'can say how a soil should »c plow* d unless he knew* tlie i \* t condition* of that soil. Differ, nt *oiis on the sime farm require different treatment at the plowman's baud, there art ! however a few facts that will guide every farmer m any part jf the country and on any kind of land to the proper preparation of the soil in order to secure the b. »t r« suits. Th. *e facts were g«»eit m ih; - .1 mrn.ii orT S. pt., j. bui»t i. necessary t* restate 1 them. "I he *od is comp’sed «»i \ery “inali grams. i he**o g ,iins are Arranged among themselves so as to form minute cappilary tubes, j These tubes Conner l the bottom layer* of the soil with the top lay. i'Ts. i he Mater in the roil passes up through these tubes to the surface w here it is evaporated. Plant* take up food only in solu tion. Kvery grain of soil is sur rounded by a thin film of water. This film of water disolves the plant food in that grain of soil. A root hair must come in contact vyitb the film of water around the if rain of soil before it can obtain the plant food in that grain. Now the only logical conclusion that can be drawn from a study >1 the above facta is simply this ! the soil must be in such a me chanical condition as to fuiy ad mit of being penetrated by root and water. Light loams ought to be worked as near as possible with a surface cultivator. This will keep the grains sufficient!; close to prevent the fertilizer from going down outof the reach of the roots. Tbe ordinary stiff soil requireg radually deepening But it is not advisable to increase the depth of the soil more than one inch at a time. Stiff soils with a hard pan or extra stilt subsoil ought to be subsoiled This is beat done by turning tin surface in tbe usual manner and by using a second plow in tbi furrow to irnert the subsoil The “shallow preperation," th. “deep plowingMand the “subsoil cranks are out of date* We now. adapt our selves to condition*. The Fair. The fair was a great success. Thousand- were admitted at the gate to sec the magnificent dis play of cattle, horses, sheep, swine, poultry, mules and farm implements. The groat display of U-» year was excelled aud many more people visited the fair. It was .»ne of the best fairs ever hel*: >n Miss ssippi Just enough r.un tell Monday night p* lav the du-t and i'hursday and Friday ’.he weather could not have been better suited to the ncca-ioo. And as a result the ground planned for large crowds was taxed to handle the people in a satisfacto ry manucr. * »n tbi* first day Governor ■elect Vardaman was present; He was i-ivgii a rousing reception *»v the manv visitors and i.ix> A. M. college nova.* A salute of sev enteen guns was fired from the two large cannons at the college. T<»e Governor made a great speech. Much good * ill no doubt result from his excellent advice The live stock on exhibition was otjual to the best show stock in »his country. There are no better fancy cattle, horses, hogs, poultry and sheep than wen shown at this fair. W. S. Turn er, Jr.o. NI. White, A. W. Halbert, J. K. Gladney, W W. lloyd and many others proved to meu who have visited fairs in every part of this country that there is no difference between thoroughbred stock in Mississippi and Iowa. The race track is the best one