Southern Farm Gazette.
THE GAZETTE PUBLING COMPANY. I
, STARKVILLE. MISS.
G. H. ALFOhD. .... Editor
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SOUTHERN FARM GAZETTE.
shorl-titr.e. small advertisement*: Ten cent* |vr rv>up.irlel line each in*
serlion. payable in advance. Un line* I in ■
We ask our readers t<* please j
be sure aod mention this paperj
when writing to our advt rtiscrs.j
Turnips and rutabager** are
valuable as feed for ^tock. He
sure and sow an abttn lant crop
It you don't know bow much
you are due us ju*»* send fb a
dcilar. We wi 1 g'adlv credit
vour account for two years.
Large number of immune
Short*Horn cattle will be sold to
the highest bidders at S.»n Anto
nia, Texas Tuesday Oct. 27, 1‘m.V
Write to David Harrell. Libertv
lit!!, Texas for a catalog.
An agricultural lair will br
held in Calhoun La. on No\ 4,5.
.and b. Good premiam*arc*dL r
ed for ail kinds of stock and otn
er exhibits. V* rite to S. diiuin
Members of the Dallas t.ounty
Poultry Kaisers Association are
making final arrangements for
the best poultry show that has
ever been held in Dallas or the
southwest. Catalog will be ready
by Nov , 1.
That H is possible to improve
the quality and quantity of crops
by carefully selecting s. ed there
is oo gainsaying. This being
true, we ought to he very careful
iu selecting our seed for next
If vou are in need of anything
advertised in this Journal write
for prices on same. Out adver
tisers .»rc hM ptrfcc’ly rr’ulde
We have noget rich-quick or hum
bug ad v cr’is.vn nt*
A fair is 3 foster m • her to th«
live stock interests a state.
No insirnm ntaiitv is m rrv p -
t-nt in the improved)'nt of live
stock than a state lair. N »thiny
*viM up ift the farmers .»( a *tato
quicker than the keeping «»f tb^r
ougbbred stock. Then why
can’t Mississippi have a state
fair' We btleivc that our next
legislature will make an ippro
pi iati««n for a fair.
1 he farmers of M issMsippi are
studying their business a* never
before. Tbev arc cultivating
their minds and fertilizing their
brains. This means that tbev
will >|uit buy.ng .uc..t am! corn
This means that they vviii p?0
due rice, tobacco, syrup, hay.
fruits, and vegetables for home
use and to sell.
We are receiving *.ubscriber*
daily from every part of tbecouo-1
try. 1 bis proves that our read
ers are speaking kind -vords for
this Journal. Let tin good work
goon. Send us list of names to
'•end sample copies and other- !
wise assist us in making this
the paper it ought to be.
Our suggestion to establish a
“good road department" at the
\ & M. college is being favorably
commented on by the Press of
the state. Let everybody agitate
this question until our people are
educated on the benefits to bode
rived from goed roads and aiso
know how to buid the best roads
for the least money. Scientific
road builders are now in great
demand in every part of the coun
try. Let us prepare our voting
men to make goods for us and
also to bold lucrative positions in
Kapid progess has been made
toward organizing a Board of
Trade. It's a plain, simple busi
ness proposition and in conse
quence appeals to business men.
Everyone so far *ccn is in favor
of the movement, and a sufficient
number of names to e fleet organ
ization will be secured early next
week. After tb;il it is only a
question of days until tber: will
be "something doing "in Laurei*s
interests. Intelligent work and
sutlicicu fund* will bring big re
sults to this city, and no time
better than the present could be
selected t«« begin this work.—
•* • • mmm*
N«* man'can say how a soil
should »c plow* d unless he knew*
tlie i \* t condition* of that soil.
Differ, nt *oiis on the sime farm
require different treatment at
the plowman's baud, there art !
however a few facts that will
guide every farmer m any part
jf the country and on any kind of
land to the proper preparation of
the soil in order to secure the
b. »t r« suits. Th. *e facts were
g«»eit m ih; - .1 mrn.ii orT S. pt., j.
bui»t i. necessary t* restate 1
"I he *od is comp’sed «»i \ery
“inali grams. i he**o g ,iins are
Arranged among themselves so as
to form minute cappilary tubes, j
These tubes Conner l the bottom
layer* of the soil with the top lay.
i'Ts. i he Mater in the roil passes
up through these tubes to the
surface w here it is evaporated.
Plant* take up food only in solu
tion. Kvery grain of soil is sur
rounded by a thin film of water.
This film of water disolves the
plant food in that grain of soil. A
root hair must come in contact
vyitb the film of water around the
if rain of soil before it can obtain
the plant food in that grain.
Now the only logical conclusion
that can be drawn from a study
>1 the above facta is simply this !
the soil must be in such a me
chanical condition as to fuiy ad
mit of being penetrated by root
and water. Light loams ought
to be worked as near as possible
with a surface cultivator. This
will keep the grains sufficient!;
close to prevent the fertilizer
from going down outof the reach
of the roots. Tbe ordinary stiff
soil requireg radually deepening
But it is not advisable to increase
the depth of the soil more than
one inch at a time. Stiff soils
with a hard pan or extra stilt
subsoil ought to be subsoiled
This is beat done by turning tin
surface in tbe usual manner and
by using a second plow in tbi
furrow to irnert the subsoil
The “shallow preperation," th.
“deep plowingMand the “subsoil
cranks are out of date* We now.
adapt our selves to condition*.
The fair was a great success.
Thousand- were admitted at the
gate to sec the magnificent dis
play of cattle, horses, sheep,
swine, poultry, mules and farm
implements. The groat display of
U-» year was excelled aud many
more people visited the fair. It
was .»ne of the best fairs ever
hel*: >n Miss ssippi Just enough
r.un tell Monday night p* lav the
du-t and i'hursday and Friday
’.he weather could not have been
better suited to the ncca-ioo. And
as a result the ground planned
for large crowds was taxed to
handle the people in a satisfacto
* »n tbi* first day Governor
■elect Vardaman was present;
He was i-ivgii a rousing reception
*»v the manv visitors and i.ix> A.
M. college nova.* A salute of sev
enteen guns was fired from the
two large cannons at the college.
T<»e Governor made a great
speech. Much good * ill no doubt
result from his excellent advice
The live stock on exhibition
was otjual to the best show stock
in »his country. There are no
better fancy cattle, horses, hogs,
poultry and sheep than wen
shown at this fair. W. S. Turn
er, Jr.o. NI. White, A. W. Halbert,
J. K. Gladney, W W. lloyd and
many others proved to meu who
have visited fairs in every part
of this country that there is no
difference between thoroughbred
stock in Mississippi and Iowa.
The race track is the best one
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