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t k A Sek;-Honthly Journal for Farmers. Stock-Raisers.anotheir Families. OL. 8. NO. 24 STARKVILLE. AMNOVEMBER 1 1903. <;o CENTS A VEaR. ILccrt tctttttttt f »( »»**t*tt tf c pARM. DEPARTMENT. I —- z The Kuit< r of thi» Dfpartirfnt in*it«*v <)ueationn in regard to * e*erv |*h.t»e of Practical and Scientific Agriculture i!c will glad- * ljr annwrer all Quentiunn in thrw ('oluiiuu. j I. I'SIItw*i 111>**i »«»v tisblit* story docs not record such irr country as the South racing as it doe*. *11 the cli s of the world; poxc^ingj th of mineral store*; ao a) incxaustiole suppir ol every of wood; a population which events every ciulitation on jlobe. it ha* no equal on I jo South is the country of rvifiCHtjou, ior diversifica’ioo * I by di/er*. dication. Hut !• \v e hundred* «»f industries in rorld arc not f< ! towed in this on. The lumber industry «. f ie and Mi. higan, the mining ’ennsylvan'.a and California, mnufacturiug of New Kng anij the fi*b< ri:s ol New idluftd are profitable indus berc. ie climate of the South is so :d that the farm products of y country in the world can | rolitable produced within her era. The Southern farmer does ft'-t l;<e «>n t. . wheat 01 toe West, the corn of the North, the sugar ot France, the tobacco of Cuba. »b* fmits nf Central -a ! South America, or the* rice of China. lie live* uo hi* home product*. Cotton ha* been and willdotib* lc*s be for year* tocome the mo t oy crop of the average farmer it, the South But he doe* not need trer> much money. ’ He can pro duce every loodxtuff that he. need* on hi* farm. lie can ex change surplus Jarni product* tor nothing to wear and for imple ment* with which tu till ’he so,l. Wheat, corn. r>r, oats, barley, cow pea*, sweet potatoes, rice, sugar cane, pindars. a r lie bo jus, sugar beet*, sorg bum, kafiircorn, velvet hems, vetch, alt kinds of grasses and every kind of fruit and vegetables are grown. The que .’.ion with the farmer is not “What can be grown?” but “what pays beet?” The farmer can have green pastures every oouth in the year. All kind* of grasses grow in the j spring, summer and fall. hive, . iKits and vetch arc excellent win ter grazing crops, llermuda, orch ard grass, meadow grass, red clo ver, rescue grass, critnsan clover sorghum, alfalfa, milldotus, blue grass and cow peas cotnhine to make pastures w bich *re the won der ol visile rs from every part of 19c Wmld. '*1[mc* <*VT * rouch as ten torn* of dry lor ejr ran be produced per acre in mevef. Turf <x.ts and hair\ vet h planted in November can be cut the last of tbe following May; cow p. as planted the first of June 'can be harvested the first «f Au igii**, sorghum planted in August is ready lor housing the la*t of j October. I ms three forage v.roi»s uu he g re wn on the same hand in one vear. Twocropsout I • *f lh»* three are *»n;l improvers; jlhnefore, the fertility of the land i*» incr .»s. d while barns ur*. filled with forage. Green pastures ^t all seasons, cheap f. dstntT?.and a delight 1 ul c'inialc make it possible to keep live stock cheaper in the South than in any other part of this country; thus the fanner bos meat of ail kinds, milk, butter and eggs fur home use and to sell. Diversification makes it pop si blc tor the farmer to fare suiotu* ously every day in the year. He ban plenty of fresh vegetable?, fruits from the tree, chickens eggs, rice and the many other farm product- • > eat. iJiverMficat: n necessitates ro tation and the keeping of live : stock. Rotation changes a non. productive into a fertile soil. The ! fertile soil yields abundant har vest. 'The money obtained from #*9***# Iff** -lock, theincrec ik ing fertility of the land, the boun tiful harvests and the great vari ety of food for human consump tion bear witucss to the fact that Diversification is the stronghold of the South. The earnings of Southern rail roads furnish the best index of the prosperity of the SoutU The jincrease in traffic shows than the country tributary to the «oud is prosperous. The rail road is a powerful factor ia de? elnping tha resources in the re gion through which it runs, and unless those resources are devel *»pcd the ’’ailroads and the coun try :ts*-lf can’t do a thriving busi ness. So it comes to pass that the railrods and the couutrv me mu tually dependent upon each other. The prosperity of the one means the prosperity of the other. More than c»'),ut)0 barrels of Irish potatoes were shipped from Hastings KU. within a pe riod of six weeks last spring. More than twice that quantity will be shipped this season.