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I VOL •). NO. 1M STARK\ !LLt. WIS5 . ALuLSI 1. t')o4. >0CENTS A YEAR.
: FarH DeparT.HEXT. \ • m m m • • s • * ■ - , , • <•»*»* » ' P" . ‘ i i .• '• ■’ < ' * :r * , ! m • Iv t«« ■ e* .* > ‘ :c»* --■* .n * *<• »«• ■ . .T-i, ® I Soil (A»n dition* Plant I feeding By C K. y. •' « K.;r.t A r; J There are three p ant !»« d * nccessa* y for the product.on of an v crop potash. phosphor .c acid and n;tr< gen Tbev m *t be present n the s« >d or art U 4 • i v h u p p e cl And that there should be an e*pj;h*>r ..m of p ant Pod :s tne • as.c pr n :plc »f prohta i.e agr c uitnre la* * getting to to* letter understood bjr our p**- g^ess. ve farmer* A — 4 * t * 1 farmer. t tie *ui. c**. a.. *u«> coder * ‘.a nd *, He *ot. 0(1'.;* O'* d every acre *o b:* !ar*r. a">d w .jat coontiturnt* of plant :<*< <i are •cce**arv for the proper pro duction •;! p ant :<*. for w t iout tbe*r aw I ant can if row A *oi. can be ter med ter* e un.r w hen it contain* a. tbr materia * nred ed for the nutrition of p ant* :n lie rr'i i red ^.lantitv and pr p 4 er form i'ant* are ov.njf. or I faoic wemif* n cd;n* our proper I care and a .ndant f«»o<f t » prod I uce *at.*’a torv rc*u.t*. Tbev | COOttltUtr the Jfetah.c m I -poo wb.' h tb<* wbo.c hituin I acd an.n.a. .n .v a'e «.ct>t from I from *tar atiwn. I*be dower*. 1 Ware*, fruit* an J %i w* n proportion to the presence of P-481 f «ui. A weak p.AOt s’iows | that the sou :n '.v;m :i .! s jjrown s devo-.d of soot • or the ne ess* 4' • fi«)t!s V Wean '• 4|f«• fid a*rs p«v>r fo <f :Q *he so r the atmosphere - not g n« ?s Qitr fe» S i t er*. deform ed rr ts, an l ;m;e*’e. t seeds, mav be taken as ;o<i;ui;ons o! at? infert e so?’.. N.trogen can »<• s-.;pp ed t>!*h< s. n the heap* i s? and nu s’ cd: cat wav hv growing the U'jfumes. s h as over and cow peas. Thev ha r the rower >: craving n.tr .yen from the a r and aan^ *. nto form** of Hujlatite plant food But n otder to tfet a .'.x .r an: growth, and conne juently more n:tr< ui-n. the leiu inu* niiou.d *e nupp.icd with the vhem.wa. plant i.xjdn a** they Iraw on the nod tor tbcnc a)1;*' tucntn. We hear and read aiKJUt the rohrtenn oi 'he allu v al «*oi.** of the a .tvs. iae wasiimu down from the bdi sidrs, the fcrt.lity of the hill mids. vet w hen we take nto con , deration the unba an ed ration of p.ant food oi the alluv a. *010, ice wash nif down -d the ierto tv of the h. In proven no met men more of a detriment than a 'den mnif Lant vear i fiud the j .casure o: rui n* on horseback thrcugb a cotton plantation on the Arkan sas river, during picking season. The cotta stalk*. jfrowinif as hiifh as the horse's head, were extreme 1. luxuriant as to growth o: weed, vet I ioubt ;! the crop w J u e-aifc over three-fourths oT a ale to the acra. There was : Ki :r. h n the soil, and , n t en u;»h of pota *h and phos phoric .... d to counteract the ex l cess ot n:tr» ifen. or. in other word*, there was not a properly balanced ration of plant food. There are other so! s :n this ■state w .ere there is such an ex es-. nitrogen that the cotton ■ matures its f - • rise ;ent • mere ; s a threat loss cenera. spca»irif. of what «. . ns red t pi its . or :ac cost <n prouuc non. h soi 1 s shou'd be planted to - >ps ttiat rt . u.re a arye amount .i? n frozen. >r else supply these «%.»t’s with a balanced ration, and some of the progressive tarmers are d< mif this bv applvmif from 2 oo to is** pounds of potash acid, '.o p,«r cent avail* >!e phosphoric a. d and * per cent of potash. and arc <et t:nif ifood results bv a larger v old o: lint and early maturi'v I)ir<• t.v opp«•' te these condi tions there s a mountain s.ope n the same S’ate Arkansas one thousand feet above the eve. of the sea. where the soil conditions 4-e such in texture that it docs not wash, «»nd where t.1 ei c is h ail epuiiibriutn of plant food that enormoOs crops are urown without seetnlnulv anv need of ^rup rotation. I hese wood.t'ons cannot be explained under any otber* hypothesis than the natur al fertility of the soil is in such condition that it gives us its plant fo Hi n the required form and , uantitv to the needs of the grow hg crops; that is. they get w e 11 - b a 1 a need rations. Farming is getting to be a scientific pursuit. New me th us are taking the place of the Id. Agricultural education ts working the change. Our agri cultural colleges and experiment state ns are making systematic and mtei'.gent progress. They are teaching the oest means to tiltc ate and feed the soil, that the so; tmtii it’s a mndance may teed us with tue necessaries of reeding ,s a subject tc. .: should receive the 'attention or everv tu.er or the son. i be fa, .l.ties are within the reach of a . in the wav of text books and bulletins fr m the experiment stations, ami especially the work •n p.ant food published by the experiment farm at Southern P nes. North Carolina: it should e .n the hands of every farmer and i" ma.led free to any one who applies tor it. The fact of knowl edge concerning the principles of plant feeding, with the aver age farmer, ha" led me to write this article to show these soil conditions, believing that the ".une conditions can be found in other localities, and that better result" can be obtained by fol lowing the proper .principles ot plant feeding. Send us vour Job Printing.