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The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, August 01, 1904, Image 14

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1904-08-01/ed-1/seq-14/

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Poland China Nogs.
(not rtf;>tered
B. I*. Pucks, B. Lan^shar.^*, fine
Pit Games, Hen cjtko t> lor 30.
F ifty j ps fer sa'.e.
Will appreciate your orders.
Tpootr B*os
Route No. f. Watertc wn. Tern
4.000.000 PEACN TREES.
«ni-irv*li %e •»»» ;**.
!*« 7 - a *» Ird t»4t dirwrt le [..an
t*r» at vka^alr (f .w. A («.let»,j 'r*» !n«t
l***" ar.< tfw t* r,a«r.»-. S> !» tot >'atal>euf.
mm3 er-*r« t*•- *» paejn* »< _r »•*.!#;»
W»rmraM»> <«r»t.«» tr hn trw to stM-Iatf
•st pNkt r.arwi .ts tt» «.» «t. Ai:<-*»»
J. C. MALI4 IWInchtttir, Ttn^
• a. «
.. Stock ..
S5sssrPbpu.:« Farm
Breeder of Registered Pot and
China Hog*, most fashionable
Registered S<>r ; hik>wn Shcej
with imported ram at bead of
Registered English and Ken
tucky Fox Hounds.
Also Registered Trotting Stal
lion Roya. Coat $n,*»52, 2:1
R. M. SMITH prop.
Red Rust Proof Oats very
Ltspede/a Striata Seed.
Mules and fine horses.
Several farms and limber
Laurel Hill, La.
Feeding Beef Calves
: i From an address of Mr. H. W. Crew.
Before the Ternefsee Farmers
' on*ention .
As good breeding and good
feeding are inseparable essen
tials in the production of
choice beef before taking up the
question of their feed. Scrub
catt-e or cattle receiving scrub
treatment never top the leading
markets or win rosettes at the
international. The w nners.
without exception have woven
through their carcasses and
stamped on their exteriors the
expression “well bred and well
fed.” hortunately the term well
bred from the feeders standpo.nt
does not mean pure bred, as the
Jarmer* os the corn belt, who
produce most of the high priced
beef, depend almost entirely up
' on grade cattle for the feed lot
I fcc first step in grading up
from a herd of common cows is
the use of a pure bred sre be
longing to one of the beef breeds.
The choice of a breed demands
careful consideration, not that
therein so n.ucb differentc in the
merit* of the Shorthorn, Angus,
Hereford and Hallow ay. but be
cause no change can be made
afterward without losing gain al
ready made. None but good
milkers, cows able cc good
grass or other teed tc produce
from three to five gallons of milk
per day for a period of at least
six months rai h year, should be
scltt ted in starting a grade herd.
and the sires used must be out
of heavy milking dams as well a*
of the proper beef form and size
The fact that tt seems easier t<
meet thc*c conditions with the
Shorthorns is the basts for the
writers preference for the "red
white and roans.,*
It will soon be noticed that
some of the cows used for foun
dation stock produce calves of
i better beef form and fleshing
1 qualities than the others. These
and their heifer calves may be
retained w bile the issuer ones
arc sent to the block. In d cid
mg which ones are to be kept to
produce the future hero the size
of the calves when dropped need
not be considered. It is better
to defer judgement till it can be
based on their development. It
takes about ten years of select
ior, weeding out, .ind constant
use of pure bred sires of onr
breed, w ithout inbreeding, to cs
l I
tablish a good grade herd.
March, April and May is the
best season for the main ca.i crop
but some mav come in January
and February if warm, roomy
sheds or box stalls can be iurn
ished. It is desirable to have a
few come late in summer in or
der to have at all times a cow cr
two giving a full flow of milk.
The cal* should suck its dam
within an hour of its arrival. Do
ing assisted by the herdsman if
necessary, but it is usually bet
ter to defer the milking of the
cow till the calf is five or ten
hours oid. However, if the ud
der is \erv full of milk, it may be
emptied as soon as the calf has
I m
had bis fill, and it is sometimes

necessary to milk the cow once
daily for a few days prior totall
ing to prevent excessive infiama
lion of the udder. Durinir cold
weather the youngsters sbou.d
be kept with their dams in warm,
clean box stalls for the first two
weeks except for a few hours
during the warmest part of the
dav, when the cows mav be turn*
it! out and the calves given a
-ucn.ng bv themselves out ot
•‘ight of the cows, in nice wrath
tr it is better to separate the
tie calves from the cows aftet
two days and let them suck all
they wart three times a day for
• ■ic first week or two and then
twice a dav until they are about
s x months old, If some do not
i:ct about all the milk they wart
trorr. their dams they mav be a!
lowed to finish other cows giving
a surplus that have calves ibo:i
the same age. To keep up the
, milking qualities of the herd it
s necessary to strip the cows
twice a da\ after the calves have
had their fill, and wh« n there are
there are fresh cows throughout
he year the family's supply of
nils can be obtained in this way,
Itbough it mav be a limited sup
piv at times. When calves or
different ages are fed together
they learn to eat grain when
rom three to six weeks old and
• >r be*t development, re«jurc a l
they will clean up twice a day.
It is t est to feed the grain before
the cows are taken to the barn
as they will not care for it when
, ie time draws near for their
milk ration and will be too full to'
rat after sucking their dams.
They must be divided enough
to prevent the older ones
rom crowding the little ones
awav or all be chained to separ
ate places. I prefer chairing H
them, as the feeder c«n thCQ
know just how much .aHn one
will clean up with relish and
sooner detect any I ttle indispo
sition. Equal parts bv weight
of ground oats, corn meal and
bran mixed form one of the
ground feeds and the very best
best whole grain mixture is shell
ed corn and oats. Sudden chan
ges much be avoided, but as they
so^n tire of one ration it ^
to make frequent siignt changes
changing the preportion of the
mixture a little, changing from
an exclusive ground gram ration
to ground gram m the morning
and whole grain at n;gbt. mixing
the whole grain with the groaod,
etc. Hood grazing rractieall*
the year around i* very desirt
blc and great!? relished by the
youngster*. H!ue gra*% and
white clover form one of the bett
permauent pastures for use at
ail season* C rimson clever is
f.nc for spiog use, and cow peas
broadcasted, or soja beans is
dr:.Is fu'nish the summer acd
pas’ure Soja bean* ;r. rows
will be harvested by calve* with
out waste o! leaf or pod War®,
c .ran and well ventilated tjuarttflh
should be provided for nights
and bad days during winter asd
co»i, dark sheds as escape ‘'0®
the sun and fhes during the mid
d.e of the day in summer.
CTbc best mi ted gras* and do*
ver or pea vine h.iv should be
used during the season wbes
thev have not an abundance of
.... •
instead or carrvicg
c I ves through thv.r first twelve
months at the least possible ei*
pense I believe it profitable to io*
d'-.i c the® to eat to tbc;r utmost
fi**. 1' rcc access to pure water
is an essential At „bout a * '
tnuntbs o! age they may be
vradua.lv weaned, at least one
m »ntb being taken for the pur
poac and then Kept out of sight
o. their dams. During this
weaning period estr., cure s'oud
be taken to furnish tbt m all they
want of tnc choicest reeds espec
ially feeds neb in protein, tiood
rv, .'4,ie<i raised in this way
"ill gam srom seventy five to 100
pounds per montn until seven
months old. weighing from 500 !
to pounds at that age, and
will consume about *5 worth of
grain. !• rum weaning time on
|ftry require more feed but can
Lc ,Kauc to gam from 50 to 75

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