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5 dairy department. |i ;: are irvitcd to contribute their c^ncncc to thU B 4 f,Mr,;7;': ^c.tn.n.r^H^to.UDy *.,**«„,„* pn,luc- fj f ** * rCCC,'C " hrn *cnt to Da.ry DcpartL nt * --. _ • I jr. ’ I Cleansing the Mik Vessels. Fresh mi‘k is easily removed from a surface but if it is allow ed to dry rn and become sour, erperhaps decayed, hard work is required to gel it off. 1‘ndcr tbe best conditions it is difficult enough to .lean datrv utensils but when they arc allowed to be come <lr\ before cleaning, the iabor is greatly increased. If it is imfs>Hs bic to fully clean a mik vessel soon after use. it should at least be filled w ith wa ter, and then it can be easily cleaned .aur. fcvcrv part of an article that comes m contact with milk should be cleaned with a brush or be in p ain * icw w hen cleaned. A cream sc pc ra tor * an not be properly cleansed bv running water through it, and such an ef fort n, rarely made, but fre quently the aparatus is not taken ..it * s ft t e I ** * at V. . . ? ft 1 •» •• ^ » ■**# ■*» »»l uv« | Bv mean* of long-handled or ; ftrv stna.l brushes, every part should be reached. *pc* u< care be*rg taken to use the brush thmit all seams ,*nd otnt*. Md*-- should al wav she rm*ed ft 0*11 t f u«*cik before ibev arc I Maided. If this t* n«t done. ) I the albumen of the milk will be i coagulated by the heat and ad » here to the tudm. making it* re* mo.a. difficult It i* impirtant. therefore, not to have the first wash-.cater too hot. C’oM water j »* sometime* rccotnmended, but & this is si'-t ncvcmury. a* it may he <|u:ie wo rm without changing the .« edition of the albumen. Th«- to-st fra* ti.'C i* t*» rinse the i *eswCj., u.tth cold **r warm water, then wjsh n hot water by the I aid • i s. tie • leaning prepara* j Ittoa thi n i ,n-i- cirtfoil} and Bough to remove a 1 -oap. saS*o« r da, or other cleaning material, and finallv sterilize in a steam chest, exposing them to live! •team a lout three minute* The mdh<«:» generally u*cd in washing milk vessel* are very imperii t 1 he ve-sri* ,»rc of ten arclessiy mired with cold I water, ti,( n one i- filled with hot water and cleaned with a cloth, the same water being made to nerve for other vessels succcs Hivclv, being turned from one to another, and by the time the last is reached, the water is m* long er hot and is decidcdiy milky. When water is not hot. the grease is not removed, but sini plv smeared over the tin. Two wash sinks should be close to gether, one for the general cleaning and the other contan »ng clean, hot water in which each article is rinsed as soon as it is washed Most utensils silv dry after being steamed, but if they do not they may be put in a drying room or wiped with a clean cloth. 1'hey should be placed in pure air. and »n sun shine if convenient, though this is not necessary, if well cleaned and thoroughly stenli.cd. Tans and pales for carrying milk should be used for no other purpose. It is well to have the Cans cleaned and sterdi ad ai tn« factory, where there arc special facilities for this work. In m un cases this is done for the patron** free, while in other* a small charge is made. Milk cans and pail* should never be allowed to stand in the stable before they arc needed there (or use. Myr iads of bacteria arc constantly boating about in the air of the stable, especially when dust is rising by feeding and milk uten sils should not be unnecessarily exposed to them. Tbcv should be kept in a dean place with covers off, surrounded by pure air. and should always be rinsed with dear water just before milking tunc. Milk coolers arc apt to l*i bad ly neglected, often because they are used in or near the stable, and it is not convenient to tak< them to the dairy, house or kilch en to be cleaned. So they are 4impiY rinsed off with cold wa ter and allowed to remain where thev are used. In cases where they are arid for in this way, their effects on the milk is worse than if they were not used at all. K. A. 1*1 IHSUV, 1>4* Not l sc Their Itrains * 1 hat was a power tail v sutj kr*'stive article written by Mr. t*eo. K. Scott of (>hio. m the dai r4 man ot last week, on pajfc 417. He strikes ri^ht at the root ot had farming, which has he- n co inK on in Ohio and ail other states tor the last 50 years. In nearly every section u; the coun try,can he Joun . a steady ilccline in the fertility and productive power of the farm- of that sec tion. Mr. S n't s.t; Statistics shown up by I'rof. t haries K. Thorn of i Jhio H\ pentnent Station at \V tHNt o r, show that (nr to iT.ir» fti. r.. h-it been a gradual decrease in yield a*f all the stap e crops grown on our Ohio soil during that period. Hut there is one other fact •vbich confirms irresistibly the truth of tbeaoove statement. I or thirty years there has been a steady decline in the v.il ue of farm .amis m < »hio ami a! of the eastern stales, harms that sool tor fltwi an acre 40 years ago, 1411 be bought for half that price to-day 'l'here has been a « uf of at lea»t so per ent in the se'.c.g value of east in farm umU Why is this' Hoards Hatryman believes it is caused almost w holly by the el. ♦ one Hi fer tiHt y. Whv his fer toil declined' Hecanse of a lack »»; intelligence m the part of theJaimels. I’ll at I ( )y <• Hr t II.. tty > « • ^ 1 v \ . . i * . it that uses bis In .nits, tIt 11 imJu catcs bimn-H. .»s he ought to do. will allow Ins tarm t-* decline :n fertility• l u.it i' proof pox t»ve that be is ignoiant of the 50 in i pics of good farming, or if he refuses to do as well as he i knows. Mi h.utt s»vs 11 ..nothcr pl.lv. I • The few who ai t successful dairymen are busy doing their, own work, and be.iumng wiser n that wo-k. whde the lank and hie are careless a-1d uonie wilfully ignorant, anil, hence, are not improving. Who is it that wastes the fer tility of his farm.' The ignorant farmer. Why is he ignorant.' Ifcvausc he refuses to read, study, think, the only way on earth a man can become intelli gent. Who is it that breeds and pro duces this great army of j»o >r, 1 WJL—ILL tBESSBMHH unprofitable cows that waste the time and feed of the dairyman? The farmers that will not be come intelligent in breeding dai ry cows. Who is it that wastes costly feed, time and oportunity on these poor cows? Tne farm er that will not read and study to Know and do better.—Hoards 1 >AtKYM \ N. Dairy Supplies I loot ,i full line <•*' Kockcr churns '•mi- Hull Davis swing creamery fool power. aII si/••«. in stock. Butter work • ! s. h itler 1) • \cs w ith ice Chamber#, flutter printers, parchment pii|*cr, but tes odor. milk bottles in quart#, pint# •*n«l hall pint- In'tile cap. and Dc laval crc.nn si paratur which I guarantee to s.t\r -oi per c*• w per year. Send me yout outers, i at.iloguc Irtc I A. MADDKN, 1 ;7 Whitehall St. Atlanta, (»a. LOST! \ii dairvtnen who are making butter without a ' ream Separator are toning 1 t>-uml ot butter from each cow every "ecu 'A illfehtp a machine on 1ft dajs trt.u with u guarantee that the Creatli >*-parator will *.oe you that amount. I erm* < i--\. i ataloguc free. 1 A. MADDKK, l T7 Whitehall St., Atlanta. C»h. Si» Head of Durcc-Jersey Pigs, <» »i.. fashionable breeding. Can M! order* for any age or *cx at rean r.abU Pedigree "ill accom* ■iii' «• • ; tug *c*5d. Vi*it our Herd or "rite f«»i price*. L. " HITAKKk a CO.. Mulhcrrt, Tcnu. SEED OATS. • > SushrU <1 genuine ml runt proof c'Mihv extra hear? head*. have <.. e- »ii«k thm «atict\ alone for a i ,.t vc.U" ■'ujHprior to the Ten* .i-u.i" w ili-’.m«lin^ our winter*, can ■••• -own in t ill or -prinjj, I. o. I*, here 51 per bu-hcl. K. M. LOVE. Macon, Min*. JERSEY BULL~ \ iiriuan. 11. K tl845l. noliil fawn. Mm k tongue amt -witch Gentle ami i -ure breeder » jiar* old. nire Com* initiate cf i'opinh II R. 5235.1, dam «\atic Kt-tblv l’oci- I'Wotifj. Price f il). Mk M. G. Ki i hiv. Clinton, Min*. DURHAM BULL. Kill! blood Durham Hull for sale nr exchange to prevent in breeding. I our years old, fine individuality, fully marked. When in good tlesh weighed ' N M • P tlinds. K. H. Knociis, Kernwood, Miss. Buff Leghorn Cockerels. A limited number of the sin gle combi d variety at $1.50 etch. Write, 1\V 1\ Ni\ • Luke Arthur, La.