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The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, October 01, 1905, Image 2

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1905-10-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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including the great Ax tell at
SlHO.ono; Sunol, H.ralma, Lord
Derby, Alex, Drince Alert, and
the other fast, and high-priced
ones, ranging in price from
$5,ooo to $1( o,i oo. ail valued, vet
the average of the mule is $11
more than that of the horse.
This establishes the fact that
the mule as a class, i*, a more
valuable animal than the horse,
and as the progressive Ameri
can farmer secs this, he will
adopt the mule as the farm ani
mal and motive power.
1* rom repeated «\oeriments
that have conic under my obser
vation in the past 25 years, I
have found that three mules 15
hands high, that were constant
ly worked, consumed about as
rnnch forage as two ordinary
sized horses worked in the same
wav. and while the mule* were
fat the horses vvi c only in good
working order. A though a
mule will live and w*»rk on a very
low fare he also responds as
quickly as any animal t * g<s»d
feed and kind treatment.
True, it js charged that the
mule is vicious, stubborn and
slow; but an experience in
handling mules on the farm has
failed to sustain the charge,
save in few instant es, and in
these propensities were brought
about by bat* handling.
They arc truer pullers than
tU* i» • r»» ntn» » mnt f tjUtl k'
ly under the load. Their hear
ing and vision arc better than
the horse. The writer has used
them in all of the different
branches of farming, from the
plow to the '‘arriage and buggy,
and think they are less liable to
become frightened and start
suddenly; and if they do start,
they usually stop before damage
is done, while the horse seldom
stops until completely freed.
A reliable man tells he once
saw a runaway of s;x teams <n a
cornfield, five <»f them being
mules and the sixth a horse.
The mules ran and capered
until they came to the first
batch of green grass, and there
stopped to regale themselves,
while the horsc ran on, greatly
frighten d. until he stuck the
plow in his back. In less than
in minutes the five mule plows
were going ^without a bolt hr »k
cn, while the plow after the
horse was a wr«-ck, and the
horse ruined for lite. The mule
is more steady while at work
than tlie horse and is not so
li tble to become exhausted, and
often becomes so well instructed
as to drive with one line.
Contamination of Milk
The l niversity of Illinois has
just sent out ;i press bulletin
concerning how the contamina
tion of milk may be prevented.
Kxtracts ftom the bulletin follow.
The question of a pure milk
supply is of the greatest im
portance to .my community.
This is apparent when it is
borne in mind that no other arti
cle of food is so generally used
by all classes of people. Many
infants and invalids subsist
almost, if not entirely upon it.
and there are few people indeed,
who do not use a small quantity
of it daily. No other food is
more nraitniui ana economical
than milk when pure. A quart
of m'lk containing three per
cent of cream, costing five cents,
will furnish about the same
amount of nutrition as three
fourths of a pound of meat, cost
ing anywhere from nine to twen
ty-five cents.
About one-third of all milk
produced by the seventeen
million cows in the Inited
States, is sold for direct con
sumption. and much of it is con
»««••) •*» »♦--» state. Tilt*
methods commonly employed in
its production are faulty. In
many cities anil towns, much at
tention is paid to the water sup
ple, vet in most cities, no atten
tion is given to the quality of
_.it. d_r l ■ i * t
iii ii i m iinwui, " 4iiv ii, iu hi any,
especially to children, is «>f
greater moment than the water
Milk is an ideal medium for
the growth of germs. It is
generally tilled with bacteria,
single cell plants so minute that
several hundred of them placed
closely side by sole, would equal
on v the thickness of ordinary
w riting paper. Of course, many
of these are not pathogenic or
disease bearing germs; yet.
among the many varieties that
ma) be found in the milk, there
arc some which are the most
deadly foes of man, as for ex
ample. the typhoid and diphthe
ria germs.
1‘ivcn when the milk does not
contain dangerous bacteria of
ibis type the effect of these mi
cro-organistns of the less harm
ful variety is decidedly undesi
rable. The bacteria produce
several changes in the mils*
itself, the most comm >n of these
bring souring. T hey also make
it less wholesome for infants and
invalids and often impart r bad
It was with the thought of
finding out the extent of contami
nation in milk, and of devising
methods to prevent it. that the
Agricultural S'ation at the Fni
vcrsity of Illinois began, some
years ago. a series of in
vestigations in regard t<> a pure
milk supply. These experi
ments have been under the di
rection of Wilbur J. Fraser,
chief in Uairv Husbandry, and
gife the most exact Information
in regard to the subject that is
possessed. 'Idle results arc
destined to prove of great eco
nomic and hygienic importance.
If the methods devised for
keeping the milk pure could be
followed out by ever; .lair, man
in the couutrv, they would re
sult in the saving o{ tnanv mill
ion dollars annually, since milk
could be kept fi<r a mUi h longer
time uithout deteriorating than
it is possible to keep it now
under present unfavorable condi
As ordinarily handled, it is
not in suilaUlt» cuuUiliua l.ir
human foul !• »r longer than from
twelve to for tv-eight hours after
it is drawn, liie time depending
upon the temperature at which
it is held, tieueraliv '•jH- iksnc.
it costs as imu h to de'iver milk
t ) the consumer after it is pro
duced, as it does to produce it.
yet, if tt were perfectly pure,
urge supplies of milk could be
delivered at one tune, and thus
reduce the dclncrv to once a
week, or even less frequently,
which would both increase the
producer's profits and reduce
the price to the consumer.
On the other hand, the health
of the community would be
gicatlv benetitted, and there
tan be little doubt that the mor
tality among infants during trie
summer months would be mirk
cdly decreased under proper
conditions of production.
In order to determine the
amount of bactcrit that develop
in a given quantity of milk after
drawn from the mil* glands of a
healthy cow which are germ
lice, circular glass dishes with
brrrdkk or
Standard Trotters and Pacers,
Berkshire Swine, Fox Terrier
Dogs. Black Fangsbana,
White Fan tail Pigeons,
Pekin Ducks.
Red Poll Cattle
Magowah Meadows
Stock Farm,
near Crawford. Lownds Co. Mitt.
The largest home raised herd
in Miss., guaranteed immune to
tick fever. I have now for sale
several extra good hulls aod
heifers, come and sec them and
make a personal selection of what
you want. The ideal Farmer's
Cow. good for beef, milk & butter
Avid TONS W. S. Turner ]
for Catalogue and Price List.
When needing one addrem
Ur. ^ M. Ui \vfni*oki, (Toroote
Veterinary College graduate)
Phone 2.C Starkville. Miss,
Ch -tee r«-£t*tered bull and hell*
,il*e%, *>f ihr !><■«! breed, lor mI(I
:c.tk-»n.tbtr pri e*. Sired by "tpirklfr,
H 11 N■>. ei’.w rtijhi ST:mi Sb s Dam ti
t>* *t all purj»>»r hue*.
lu r n Nv iliLt Stock Kuu,
f J I i*l.er. Prop, Carthage, Ten.
Poland I'bitu h-»g», >ou!hdo*S
imported ram heads the flock),
P.uglish an»t Kentucky (ui hounds
trotting stallion Koyal Coat H6S3,
2 IP 5. AH are registered.
k M. SMITH. Payette. Mlrt.
Seeds! Seeds!!
Hrard!« ss and Hoarded Harley: Ok.
k vr; A hraf, »*a!s. Appier. Okla , So
K P , Hurt. t»raring; tlrassrs, Of*
• hard Hrnmida: Clover*. Hed and
t fims. u, Iturr Cto»er. Alfalfa. Hairy I
in 5 Augusta Vetch. Johnson tira**.
\U . 'soil In-M ulating Hactcria. 1 acre
pkg *1 ‘.0; 2 acre 12 50: .t acre U, P«‘
paid, f«»r Vetches, Alfalfa, etc.
N I,. W ll.I.K T SKKH CO.. Jobber*.
A r».t st s, l» v.
High-Grad* Bull and Barksklm
One high-grade Red Poll Bull,
and .1 tew thoroughbred (eligible
to registration) Berkshire Pig**
S. S. Scai.ks, Crawford, Mis*»

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