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c - ' - s were a«ed. 1 "dishes were trashcb 1 "ter;. • d. and then covered "‘-erri.vd boullion about < * r t.1 of an inch in depth. 1 " ' eet bouilion fur *»bes the nutr nu-nt material for the g’* vt i of bacteria. If these d - wh.ch were expos ed each ' >r a brief time, were contaminate d dur:ng the process of m * * * C • s 'f 31' wou ul r c a <1 i 1 v leTe'op md the am mint of con taot natmn coul i be d. tcrmined. When the ex; sjres were made i.* th • the open field, fifty percent were stcnle. while, of lb<?se made in the Uarn-rard. oolr tw*-. ,e per cent, were ster uc. i ne resn;ts obtained in barns s'c. a that with a dry and dc-*.\ - r. the .» terial content o' the ;r i- large when the cows are n toe barn, even though ther a'c r t .rushed and no hav !©r ' -d eg ’s used Dust aris ing i n ru»h ng c nvs ;s even a:ore heavily laden wab bacte ria than results from most other tourer s. To a. -id e. - of contamina ti ”. simple .«nd relatively incx I* n-ive me-b wis of handling the m: k may be employed In the first pi ice. the stable and its itirr< uodings should be clean. A yard s oping from the barn and covered w ith gravel or ein d.-rs ;s an important factor in the pr du ti m of clean milk. The stave n cd not be of costly construct n. ut sh aid be ar ranged with a v:cw of cleanli ness and the c >mfort of the cows. \Yb tc Aashmg the stable at least once a vear wi 1 greatly aid in keeping t n a sanitary condition. An abundance of light and fresh a\r s likewise necessary t » the c.noomic pro duction of who -s >me mlk. The imanli t.v- n*civcs must be kept clean. A arge source of contamination omes from the udders. These should t>e washed before milking. The rut. ■■•r of ! ' mesof bacteria dc\e ; ed fr m < x posurcs of ap parent! vc; an, unwashed udders was three times as many as 0? icr the s.ime udders after wa-h-.itg. With soiled or mud i (:•, uc lots s ■ h a* are frequently foun 1 ,n dairies, the benefits de :r n washing udders arc rr; , gr- »* r tnan these results s:i* x. Wub udders that were apparently clean, it was found i ’hat an average of three and a half times as much dirt fell i rorn the unwashed adders as j trom the same udders after they were washed. With soiled ! udders the average was eigh teen, and with muddy udders, ninety times as much d rt from the unwashed as from the w ashed. Cooling the milk to a tempera ture of So degrees Fah'enheit or »>clov*. as soon as it is drawn, checks the action of bacteria. -•k.s adding to the keeping quali ty of milk. Bailing milk at the dairy prevents contamination during delivery and subsequent • v. K very thing in the dairy room must be kept clean, and the door must be damp. I ndcr condition*, germ*, cannot ’about. I he utensils used in the dazrv shoud be washed an i sterilized after each using. The consumer, too, has a responsi bility. The m;.k must be kept cool after delivered and proper ly protected from dust and odors. 1/ these precautions were taken by both consumer and producer, large ‘•urn** of monev woul i be saved annua!!* and the cause of public hygiene greatly promoted. It costs but I tile in care and money; the re sults would be tremendous for good. Cotton square Borer An Oklahoma Experiment Sta tion Bulletin gives detailed infor mation on the cotton-square borer, in part as follows: This little worm is easily rec ognized bv its bright green color, flattened shape, and vci vety appearance. It is less than one-half inch in length, and lies with its head drawn in and under its body, giving it a decidedly oval shape. This worm hatches from eggs laid earlier in the season by a little butterfly about an inch across the wings and with a slaty color above, except for a few black and crimson spot* near the back of the hind wing. Each hind wing of the butterfly has a slender tail which projects backward, giving it a distin guishing mark quite easily rec ognized. This caterpillar has no relation to the cotton boll-worm, or the cotton boll-weevil and ls^not de structive in the same locality^ ^ ear alter vear. It generally appears when the cotton is form ’nST first squares and mav worw considerable damage over a limited space, but never over a very large area. When it does appear it may entirely strip the squares from ten per cent, of the sta.ks in that area. It leeds principally upon the sta.k and squares, boring holes mto the same and feeding upon the soft tissues on the inside, but will to some extent teen upon the leaves before entering the stem and squares. This ‘ast *act makes the use of Pan** «reen partially effective. It is usually not worth while, how ever, to try any remedv for the destruction of the worm, be v- - *a•’gc mi n'iiy are aided by a little fly something like the hou*< llr, and also by a small wasp l-.ke insect. These dies lay their eggs up on the caterpillar, and the mag gots hatching from them bore into the body of the caterpillar and feed upon its tissues, finally kil iog it. Over ninety per cent, of the June brood of caterpillars have thus been killed. But when treatment seems neces sary, Paris green can be dusted upon the fo’iage where it will b eaten by the caterpillar before ;t begins to bore into the stems or squares. The best method is to dust the pure Paris green upon the plants by means of a dnst bag on the entj of a pole. The cotton-square borer is found upon other plants besides cotton, hspecially such plants as hops, beans and cow peas have been found to be used as food by it, with the cow pea even better liked than the cotton This last fact suggests planting a few rows of cow peas near the cotton as a catch crop. Insofar as known, this method has never been tried, but it looks practica ble. in that the butterflies would be attracted to the catch crop and deposit their '*ggs there in stead of upon the cotton plants. Western ranchmen buy im mense numbers of pure bred bulls to raise cattle by cheap methods. This should convince the farmer that he cannot breed from scrubs on the farm and realu* the greatest profit. Cows and bogs make a winning combination on any well con ducted farm. j You Look Yellow The trouble is, your liver's sick* One of its products, “bile," is overflowing into j your blood. ij You can't digest your food, your appetite is poor, you suffer dreadfully from head ache, stomach ache, dizzi ness, malaria, constipation, etc. "What you need is not a dose of salts, cathartic water \ or pills—but a liver tonic Thedford’s Black-Draught This great medicine ids gently on the <a,k liver. It pantiesthe blood, renew* theapprtite. feeds tiie nerves, clears the brain and cures consti pation. It :s a true medicine for sick liver and kidneys, s: d regulates ad the digestive functions. Try it. At ail dwuera In m she clues Is ZSc parages. About The South. “About the South” is the name of a *>■* page illustrated pamphlet issued by the Passenger Department of the Illinois Central R.R.Co. in which important questions are tersely answered In brief articles about Southern Farm Lands. Missis sippi Valiev Cotton Lands,Truck Farm ing, Fruit Growing, Stock Raising. Dairying. Grasses and Forage. Soils, Market Facilities and Southern Immi gration along the lines of the Illinois Central and Yaroo and Mississippi Valley railroads, in the States Ken tuckev, Tennessee. Mississippi and Louisiana, including the famous YAZOO VALLEY of M.sssissippi. Send for a free copy to J. F Merry, A <• P. A., I. C. K K.. Dubuque, la. Information concerning rates anil train service to the South via th#» 111 i noii Central can be hail of agents of connecting lines, or by addressing A. H. Hanson. G. P. A. Chicago. 111. Registered Jersevs. Fresh voting cows and heifers, graml daughters of the noted bull. Stoke Pogis of Prospect Correspondence solicited. Mrs. W. B. Montgomery, Kxecutrix. Surkvillt, Mias.