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J u P Cjk--—_—— --- ournal for Farmers. Stock-Raisers.and their Families. VOL 11. NO. 1. STARKVILLb, MISS. NOVEMBER 1?. IVOC ?0 CENTS A YEAR. More About the Home Or chard *“*“*""** " Horticulturist, A. II. M.Kav. Agri cultural OHefr. Mis*. In my last article, suggestions were otTered as to bow to make a selection of varieties, where to • obtain trees, the manner of pre paring soil, and the time to be gin planting. The following list contains a good assortment of varieties, named about in the order of ripening: 1'cachcs: Sneed. Japan Flood, Alexander, Triumph. Mamie Rons, Carman. Mt. Rose. Yellow St. John, Amelia. Roster, Tbur bcr. Crawford's Karlv. Family Favorite. Gcorgie Belle. Klberta. F.mma, Chinese (’ling. Wheatlv. C»en. Lee. Crawford’s Late, old Mixon Free. Globe, Lemon Cling, Orange. Heath Cling. Piojuett's Late. I’luti.*: Red Line or Red Nagatc, Milton, i .on/ales. C li max. Abundance or Sweet Botan Wild Goose, Burbank, America, < hal>ot. Apples: Yellow* Transparent. Karly Harvest, Red Astrachan, Red June. Carolina Wat non, Day, Horse, t'art'-r s Blue, Buncombe, Buckingham, Roxbury Russet, Arkansas Black, Black Twig, Vales. Bears: Garber, Bartlett, Duchess d’Angouleme, Scekle, K eider. Oumces: Orange or Apple, Chaiupi , Meech's Prolific. Fig-*: Brown Turkey, Cries* tial. Lemon, Lrunswick. Possibly not all of the varie ties mentioned may be found in any one nursery catalogue. Very likely the orohardists may not wish so many kinds; but. in ease he should, his nurserymen can generally substitute other good varieties. With tnc inexperienced, the notion prevails that the older the tree is when transplanted to the orchard, the quicker it will grow off and the sooner it will bear paying ciops of fruit. Of the two extremes, choose the smaller anil younger, rather than the larger and older, tree. With peaches and plums, trees three to four feet high, with smooth, straight, bodies and but lew sole branches, are best. If from seed never order the two-year tree, if the one-year-old can be f»a»l. If budded trees with but few exception budded trees are wanted . order th- three to four foot June bud, or what is termed the onc-vcar *»udded tree, three to four feet hi^h. With apples and pears, sei urc two-year trees if well jfrown one-year trees can not be had. Well rooted litf and j'juincc tree# cither one or two years old will answer. If the soil is not in condition for planting upon the ai ri\al of the trees, trench or bury the roots in loamy soil at once, tak ing care to pack the earth and to cover a little deeper than trees stood in nursery row. As iiuiicatcd two weeks atfo, it is better to set »ruit trees short Iy alter the leaves have fallen, than to defer planing until mid winter or until early spring. The sooner now the better. ■ Planted during November and early December, the sod can be * put in the finest condition; there ; is no danger of having trees hurt in transit by cold weather; the soil settles nicely around the roots with the first winter rains; the werk of planting is all over before tnc busy spring season root growth begins at once and. in consequence, a good root sys tem is developed and ready lor business before the foliage Marts in spring. An early spring drouth is hard on newly set trees. Pall and early winter bi>tf mifa are .Mm »» » ra f fti*l v better able to endure an extend ed dry spell. The distance between trees will vary with the soil and with the kind planted. On soil that will pioducc something like three-quarters of a bale of cot tun. peach trees should be placed at least twenty feet apart each way; plums and dwarf pears, about eighteen feet each way; apples and standard pear trees, twenty-live to thirty feet be tween trees. Soil of medium fertility is considered best for peaches and plums. The rich est soil may be given to apples, pears, quinces and tigs. K'g and quince trees are usually planted about the yard or gar den, the tig trees usually being given sunny exposures in posi tions sheltered from the cold winds. Air drainage is about as im portant as soil drainage tor iruit trees; hence, an elevated loca tion is to l»c dc-ircd for the or chard. Having thoroughly pepared the soil, make openings with the ! plow or spado sufficiently large to receive the roots without bending or twisting them out of their natural position. Just be fore planting each tree, careful ly examine the larger roots for borers; turn with a sharp knife, shorten the roots to not more than five or six inches in length, taking care to make smooth cuts and to leave no bruised or man gled root ends. Having thus pruned the roots, stand the tree in the opening and with the hand work in among the roots finely pulverized top soil. When the roots are well covered, add more soil and pack well over the roots and about the base of the tree. When planted, the tree should stand a little deeper in the soil than it did in the nursery row and on a slightly elevated ridge or bed. • • # • • -^0 -- - >1 Bargain Three new subscriptions for one year will be given to the (Ja zette for $1, or the paper will be sent three years to one address for $1 if all the time is in ad vance. No one owing back sub scription can have three years for $1 till the arrearage is paid. Subscribe for the (Iazkttk.