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The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, November 15, 1905, Image 1

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1905-11-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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* I'l
J u P
Cjk--—_—— ---
ournal for Farmers.
Stock-Raisers.and their Families.
VOL 11. NO. 1. STARKVILLb, MISS. NOVEMBER 1?. IVOC ?0 CENTS A YEAR.
More About the Home Or
chard
*“*“*""** "
Horticulturist, A. II. M.Kav. Agri
cultural OHefr. Mis*.
In my last article, suggestions
were otTered as to bow to make a
selection of varieties, where to
• obtain trees, the manner of pre
paring soil, and the time to be
gin planting.
The following list contains a
good assortment of varieties,
named about in the order of
ripening:
1'cachcs: Sneed. Japan Flood,
Alexander, Triumph. Mamie
Rons, Carman. Mt. Rose. Yellow
St. John, Amelia. Roster, Tbur
bcr. Crawford's Karlv. Family
Favorite. Gcorgie Belle. Klberta.
F.mma, Chinese (’ling. Wheatlv.
C»en. Lee. Crawford’s Late, old
Mixon Free. Globe, Lemon
Cling, Orange. Heath Cling.
Piojuett's Late.
I’luti.*: Red Line or Red
Nagatc, Milton, i .on/ales. C li
max. Abundance or Sweet
Botan Wild Goose, Burbank,
America, < hal>ot.
Apples: Yellow* Transparent.
Karly Harvest, Red Astrachan,
Red June. Carolina Wat non, Day,
Horse, t'art'-r s Blue, Buncombe,
Buckingham, Roxbury Russet,
Arkansas Black, Black Twig,
Vales.
Bears: Garber, Bartlett,
Duchess d’Angouleme, Scekle,
K eider.
Oumces: Orange or Apple,
Chaiupi , Meech's Prolific.
Fig-*: Brown Turkey, Cries*
tial. Lemon, Lrunswick.
Possibly not all of the varie
ties mentioned may be found in
any one nursery catalogue.
Very likely the orohardists may
not wish so many kinds; but. in
ease he should, his nurserymen
can generally substitute other
good varieties.
With tnc inexperienced, the
notion prevails that the older the
tree is when transplanted to the
orchard, the quicker it will grow
off and the sooner it will bear
paying ciops of fruit. Of the
two extremes, choose the smaller
anil younger, rather than the
larger and older, tree. With
peaches and plums, trees three
to four feet high, with smooth,
straight, bodies and but lew sole
branches, are best. If from
seed never order the two-year
tree, if the one-year-old can be
f»a»l. If budded trees with but
few exception budded trees are
wanted . order th- three to four
foot June bud, or what is termed
the onc-vcar *»udded tree, three
to four feet hi^h. With apples
and pears, sei urc two-year trees
if well jfrown one-year trees can
not be had. Well rooted litf and
j'juincc tree# cither one or two
years old will answer.
If the soil is not in condition
for planting upon the ai ri\al of
the trees, trench or bury the
roots in loamy soil at once, tak
ing care to pack the earth and to
cover a little deeper than trees
stood in nursery row.
As iiuiicatcd two weeks atfo, it
is better to set »ruit trees short
Iy alter the leaves have fallen,
than to defer planing until mid
winter or until early spring.
The sooner now the better.

Planted during November and
early December, the sod can be
* put in the finest condition; there
; is no danger of having trees
hurt in transit by cold weather;
the soil settles nicely around the
roots with the first winter rains;
the werk of planting is all over
before tnc busy spring season
root growth begins at once and.
in consequence, a good root sys
tem is developed and ready lor
business before the foliage
Marts in spring. An early
spring drouth is hard on newly
set trees. Pall and early winter
bi>tf mifa are .Mm »» » ra f fti*l v
better able to endure an extend
ed dry spell.
The distance between trees
will vary with the soil and with
the kind planted. On soil that
will pioducc something like
three-quarters of a bale of cot
tun. peach trees should be placed
at least twenty feet apart each
way; plums and dwarf pears,
about eighteen feet each way;
apples and standard pear trees,
twenty-live to thirty feet be
tween trees. Soil of medium
fertility is considered best for
peaches and plums. The rich
est soil may be given to apples,
pears, quinces and tigs. K'g
and quince trees are usually
planted about the yard or gar
den, the tig trees usually being
given sunny exposures in posi
tions sheltered from the cold
winds.
Air drainage is about as im
portant as soil drainage tor iruit
trees; hence, an elevated loca
tion is to l»c dc-ircd for the or
chard.
Having thoroughly pepared
the soil, make openings with the
! plow or spado sufficiently large
to receive the roots without
bending or twisting them out of
their natural position. Just be
fore planting each tree, careful
ly examine the larger roots for
borers; turn with a sharp knife,
shorten the roots to not more
than five or six inches in length,
taking care to make smooth cuts
and to leave no bruised or man
gled root ends. Having thus
pruned the roots, stand the tree
in the opening and with the hand
work in among the roots finely
pulverized top soil. When the
roots are well covered, add more
soil and pack well over the roots
and about the base of the tree.
When planted, the tree should
stand a little deeper in the soil
than it did in the nursery row
and on a slightly elevated ridge
or bed.
• • # • • -^0 -- -
>1 Bargain
Three new subscriptions for
one year will be given to the (Ja
zette for $1, or the paper will be
sent three years to one address
for $1 if all the time is in ad
vance. No one owing back sub
scription can have three years
for $1 till the arrearage is paid.
Subscribe for the (Iazkttk.

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