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: Home department. \
$ « • m ■ • Vne*tio*ui pertaining to the household will be gladly an^-rdl m * S this department, and contribution* by- practical w omen are <-*p,x * • tally desired. Addrc** all commumcat:.»n«. to H u«i»hoid Kd.'or * • Southern Farm («a*ett*, Marktille, M «*. *> Household Helps Set a smaH box of hue in the ytntry and it will help keep it and the air pure. If the bottom crust of a pie is brushed with the white of an egg the juice will not soak into it. Sewing machine oti stains can be removed by dampening with liquid ammonia before washing. Dish towels will be white and soft if borax is added to the water in which they are washed. Window panes are much clear er if ammonia without soap is i <• • W ^ • w# ^Ar m* sii WiMfV Polish with old newspapers. For ventilation open the win dows both at top and bottom. The fresh air rushes m one wav. while the impure air makes its evil from the other. To prevent the bluing from settling in clothes, rub them lightly through the rinsing water. This will whiten them amazingly, particular if ram water is used. Table linen should ne. er be starched. Iron when quite damp with a very hot and heavy iron until dry, and it wili have a beautiful gloss quite superior to starched table linen. A burnt saucepan may be eas ily cleaned by filling it with cold water to which has been added a uuantity of soda and wood ashes. Place over a fire and allow it to come to a boil. From the standpoint of light •ess one rounding teaspoonful of baking powder is equal to the whites of two eggs, but lrom the standpoint of nourishment only the eggs are to be consid ered. Kish may be scaled easily if hot water is poured slowly over them until the scales begin to carl, then scrape quickly. Wash Ml several waters, having the laat cold and well salted so no •lime wdl be left. Iron rust may* be removed with iemon juice and salt. lump en the spot with lemon juice an.i sprinkle with salt and then place in the sun. Kmse well m clear water. If soap is used a bright fellow spot will appear that will be more difficult to remove than the original rust spot. Housekeeper Pr»/es No part of farm work is more t m rvfirf j nf ih an hiit; r. « — — — t • since on it depends the health and comfort of the entire house hold. I’oorlv prepared food causes much indigestion and lu* increased the tendency for man . a man to indulge . n strong drinks. An unsanitary house mav result in untimely graves. It is desired to increase the so tcrest m household work, and ■for this reason, the household editor offers two prices for women and girls. The first prize will be a tbree-vear sub-i sscription to the Gazette. while 1 the second will be a onc-ycar subscription, the paper to be sent to any address designated by the winners. 'The contest ants have only to send to the household editor short practical articles on tbeir experience or to ask questions of general interest to housekeepers. These expe ricnces and juestions wi.i be given equal \alue m winning the pri.*c. The household edit or will decide which experi ences or questions arc of the most general interest, and the exper»cnccs and questions must be sent to the household editor of the Southern h arm < »a *ettc. Starkvdle. Miss, befor- Sep tember 1. I**", In this contest nothing will be valued more than simple household problem?' such as getting more work don< with less labor or doing bcttjr work. Short articles arc just .is valuable as long ones, and usual ly more acceptable. Tell your friends to ask for samples of the Gazette. i Knot !*ccr ) (t \/i in Ho "i ;[os t> Km row: Please give directions for: making California root beer to! serve as a beverage. P. J. Wau v, Pur vis. Miss, California beer is probably a f name given to something known] many plaees bv other names. A) verv good beer ■.s made bv the! so • wng receipt < o»d water,! l<» gal.: boding water, 11 gal.d m i in a barrel, add molasses, JO pound?, or brown sugar, 24 pounds: oil of spruce <>r anx other oil desired tor ilivor, 1 ounce, veast. 1 pint. Id rment and *.n two or three days bottle I’se lump sugar for white spruce beer. For ginger-iVCvor use IT ounces bruised ginger root and a few hops, bob to min utes m t gallons of the water. strain and mix weld let it stand . t two hours and bottle, us ng xeust as bef< re. "mu ier fjuuntities can be made by Using the propor tit ns as stated above. These 1 non-snioxb utmg beers are con sidered very wholesome. Koumiss Kourmss, or'milk bcrr, is an agreeable drink and is especially beneficial to persons who do no; asssm. ate then* food. Chddrer * may also drmk t as freely a* > new- milk. Put into a quart os sew cdlift ooc g •• o fresh bat termnk and three or four lamp* j of wh.te loaf sugar. mix wel ■ until the sugar i* completely dissolved. Let stand m a warm place l<» hours, when it will b« thick. Pour from one ve-sel in to another repeatedly nnti. smooth and of a uniform cm sisuocy. Buttle and keep in a warm pla* e d1 hours corking! the bjttics tightly and tying the cot ks down at tirst. Shake well before opening. Koumiss mav j be made by using a teaspoon ful of yca^t instead of buttermilk. The milk should be unskimmed, and the ru her the milk the bet ter will be the koumiss. k cepi i id, l'omi When ice cannot be procured a well or cistern may be used for keeping food in hot weather * Drive staples upside the well curb and to these lasteu chains | or ropes, which must not be s<»| long as to allow an» ceceptacle to touch the water. Place a snap at the end o; each chain or rope. Tin buckets provided with close covers to prevent the rain from getting inside should be used to place the food ia. The greatest care should be ex ercised t<» prevent particles of r »<• / i i . 1 i* <hi ir' Tii iai.:ug tnvu me w jut, a- it would contaminate it and make it until tor use. A simple method of keeping anything cool that is canned or bottied is to rtli a box with clean sand and bury the food m it. The sand should be kept very damp and set in a ^hady place. V .od so treated over night or even a few hours will become refreshingly cool. McVn-. which are usually too urge to treat bv either oi the foregoing methods, will be as cold a~ though taken from an tee chest if treated tn the follow ing manner Uefore bed time wrap the melons m several thick nesses of cloth an old sheet will answer the purpose and put in to a jfunny sack or p ece of bur ,ap and hanyj out d *jr*» where the wind w iiS strike it. Try thss and s<;e what cold melons you will have tn the morning. ■ *•« «*» • »»>■ Mosquito KciucJn To *jet rid of mcvpaitoe* place pebbles tn one or m< re medium* siced dower pots. Moisten sinui pieces of biottin^ paper sprtokled liberal .* with pyrcth rnrn powder, which can be bought at any dra*ist* and place in the pots on the pebbles. Close the room, .i^ht the paper and let smoulder slowly and the oios.; at toes will be « * crcome by the fumes. Koast with \mkshi e Pudding Prepare the roast and put :t .. • . * . . 01'n V f » t. *» > 1 id t f i* f* Ill VV % »• V. ' s »• • - - ™ of one pint of iniU. four eggs well liCitcDi two v uptuis ot flour, ,»nd a scant te,t>p«>*>niul of salt. Mix thoroughly. Halt ail hour before the rots! is done, pour the batter mt<> the pan under the meat, and !<. t the unco of tin roast drip down upon it. After the roast is placed upon the dish for serving cut the pudding into squares and serve it in a vegeta ble dish or as a garnish tor the meat.