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Southern Farm Gazette.
SOUTHERN FARM GAZETTE COMPANY. (iKCOKrOHATKD) STARKVILLE, MISS. CHAS M. SCHEMER, . . . Editor. TERMS: Advertising Kates for large space furnished upon application. SUBSCRIPTION: SO cents in advance, or $1 in advance for three years all in advance Hack subscriptions must be paid in every case before the threc-vear rate can be taken advantage of. CHANCE: In changing your j»ost office address, send your old ad dress as well as the new address. RENEWALS: Always state whether your subscription is a new one or a renewal; renew by the same name and initials as address on paper, or m la* *V*\1 *k i n is« K »• e Vs in trs DISCONTINUANCE: Subscribers will continue to receive this jour nal until the publishers arc notified by letter to discontinue, when all arrear age must be paid. RECEIPTS for subscription are not sent out. The fact that a sub scriber receives the paper 1* sufficient notice that the money hs* been re ceived. The date on which the subscription expires will lie found-on the wrapper inclosing the paper, if a wrapper is used; if no wrapper is used, the date will be on the first page of the tiarclte. This date my not appear m •ithcr of these places till the second issue after the remittance is made. #^Do not address lettets to individual*. Address all letter* to SOUTHERN FARM GAZETTE, f "T* A t 1 f r • m m ^ __ Sample Copies. A sample copy of this paper should be considered an .nu tation to subscri!**. Kaaminc it Closely, as there is something in it ot special interest t<> you. The subscription price is only 50 cents a year. If the paper saves the lives of two old h<-ns. that pays vour subscription If it enables you to raise <<nc more bushel of fruit or vegetables, that pays for your . subscription Three NEW su i»ri i ption s will I be given foi fl reunited at one time. If vou get two friends to subscribe you gr* your subscrip tion. if a new mic. free No other agricultural pajnr is published j in your territory, u<» other < an meet your needs am! local i**n dtt ions. In the next issue the prize winners in the subscription con test will he announced. The more vegetable matter there is in soil, the better the re sults arc from commercial fer tilizer. ■ .. ■— Note whatever time poultry or live stock has scant food <his year and plan to have ^reen food fjrowinK at that tune next year, j . 1 hvery foot ol the ^.uden that is not growing a crop should be planted in peas now. Later plant bur clover or vetch if de sired. <»et the *oil ru h enough to yield abundantly with a com paratively small amount of work. ■ I JI Aim V iLLt, mi NO, No home is a success till it has fruit growing every year. A variety is helpful in making crops surer and in giving more good food. A good tall garden will make you glad to go to the table. It will require some work, but you’ll not fee! sorry when it's time to cat. Have you thought ot seeding vetch this fall' It will make tine pasture when most grasses arc not growing and will enrich the soil at the same time. Hon’t let grass grow to keep the soil from washing, but grow some nitrogen gathering winter crop. 'I hen the soil will be fed so it i an support a crop of corn, cotton, or anything else at small cost next year. This is tbc year to prepare for gfKxl crops in 1 bi>7 Plant cow peas. (»et the soil well stocked with vegetable matter. Peas will also gather high-priced ni trogen from the air and reduce the need of buying fertilizer. Burn up the old stalks of all vegetables grown in the garden. Many insects will be killed.their eggs will be destroyed, and the germs of a number ot plant dis eases will be reduced in number. It will be better to get vegetable matter for the soil from other sources than to harbor garden pests in old stalks grown in the j g a r (bn. jThc time for planting corn i* about passed. Rush planting il it is to be done. Kallir corn will mature in less time than corn and an experiment with it is ad visable. It too ought to be in the ground just a* soon as it car be got in. The farmer who docs not be gin a long while before planting time to get his land ready for a crop will not have to work hi* mules hard to haul his crop to market. Many work for the good of the crop only, while it is necessary to work for the g<*od nf dll' wni I n n it.-h li ft-./* .rnii iii». pends. Crops and animals should be kept growing without serious checks^ Tjiis requires pian ning ahead, getting ready, bring master of the situation. Any body will meet with disappoint ment occasionally, but the num ber of disappointments can be kept small bv good manage ment. Peas will root deep into the soil and prepare it somewhat for growing alfaila, besides smoth cring out many weeds and much grass. Work like a man. but a wise man will not work when he can make one crop work for a later one in addition to making itself an immediate profit for him. When a farmers’ mstitutr comes vour way, be on hand with a lot of questions on prac tical farm work. Think them out beforehand It may help you and will certainly add inter est to the institute work. Time will be orccious. HO rnntinc f hr. question* to matters of practical value. Too many of that kind can't be asked at an institute. Arc you preparing anything to exhibit at your local or the state fairDo it, just to see what a g«K>d farmer you are. You can produce and exhibit something fine as well as other*. It will also help you to improve all such crop* or animals in the future. You'll think more of yourself and have a right to when you've made a really fine exhibit. I'.'on it you don't win a premium, trying for it will head you toward success. Work up enthusiasm in the boys by en couraging them to prepare an exhibit. Money from Pests The Gazette’s tavoritc motto continues to be, Save labor. Labor is the most expensive part of farming and labor is be coming more difficult to secure. The man who makes tnone v I from farming will simply Go compelled to resort to every means he can to save labor. In this matter the Gazette desires farmers to help each other, k’e pjrts are wanted on the experi ence of practical men in usinif any kind of livestock or poultrv v S K inrl V 4 tl w miovu iimui » U’ the crop. It matters not wheth j cr it is sheep, goat*, hogs, larger animals, or any kind of poultry, ! what can they be relied on to do in keeping down grass or weeds without injuring the crop too much* It will also he to the punt to report how well any kind of poultry has kept down insect ; pests. Whatever will enable the farmer to make money out of grass or weeds or bugs that are detrimental to the crops he cultivates is worthy of his con sideration. and traxettc readers will he interested in all such re* . I i .S' t m » i'' UMl «>C CUiC'CU. tl posts can be made a source of income we want to know it, and they will b«* just as often as we can convert them into meat. C«ct Heady The statement has often been made that the bo!! weevil will sooner oi later cross the Mis sissippi river in its march east ward. It will probably be in Mis sissippi within twelve months. At that time it will be necessary to produce a cotton crop early. The weevil multiplies very fast as the season advances, and the only way to make a crop is to make it before the pest becomes numerous. When the wce\i! ar rives most cotton growers will hr nnnrriiirril fnr it ...4 _n have to begin to grow another variety of cotton to get a crop that matures earlv enough. Hut a farmer who is m the habit «>f selecting his seed bv marking the most desirable stalks to take seed from can be preparing for the weevil now by marking such stalks as mature a large part of their yield the very earliest of all. Tins will help, but when tho