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Ya/.oo Did Well
Km i ok f* Azi-. i ri:: Wc have closed our trade and carnival week, also a very good county fair, the first thing of the kind wc have had for a long time. 'The live stock exhibit surprised us all. There were about 250 animals entered, and some of them of very fine quality. We are glad to sec our people taking interest in live stock. There were entered one herd of cattle consisting of a thoroughbred Hereford bull, two cows and six grade heifers: and a herd of Short Horns consisting of one bull, two cows and several year lings. These were entered as herds of beef cattle. One herd took the prize. One of our local butchers had bought 14 fat steers and entered them as a herd of beef cattle. Was he en titled to consideration by the judges.' Please answer the question in your next. 1 »X3C K 1 I 1 IlKOS , Yazoo Pity, M iss. Reply by editor: Such an ex hibition is the right kind of start, but it shou’d be consider ed only a start. The surround ing territory should supj»ort a fair that would yearly grow in :_._ i. i_ __i lUi • • % na.'* Ml II » * y m vi | vantages for stock raising. The catalogue or whatever was used to make announcements of premiums that would be given should determine whether the steers in question were entitled to compete for a pri/e. Doubt less they added interest to the fair, but it would seem that a lot of steers should not be put in the same class with .1 herd of cattle that could be used for breeding purposes. It is diffi cult and unsatisfactory to com pare unlike things, but some op portunity should be given for fat steers to win premiums. As a matter of public policy — and fairs ought tube conducted so as to induce development the breeding of thoroughbred cattle should be encouraged more than the buying of steers. The management of a fair and the judges who award the premiums have a difficult and usually thankless task at the best, and cannot hope to get through their work without many kiiks and complaints. In the present case it is evident there is much for I which they deserve credit, since they succeeded in securing many tine exhibits. May they do it again with growing success. The Vetches Jas. T. Ciardincr, Augusta, <».«. The number of questions ask ed me and inquiries made in the Agricultural Journals recently about the vetches, show a lively and commendable interest a mong the farmers of the South in these valuable forage plants. As there never has been to my knowledge any article on this subject of a satisfactory nature. I will give in part my experience as a grower and dealer in this hay. If this will be a benefit to even a few, I will not regret the time taken to write it. The Moore farm, Augusta, (•a., of which I am manager, was the pioneer in introducing vetch some twenty-five years or more ago. and ever since then has continued to grow them, making a specialty of vetch hay. This industry with a modest begin ning of a few acres has grown now to several thousand acres on the grass farms around Au gusta, both in Georgia and South Carolina. Our farmcrsarc now recoirnvinir the great im provctncnt in the soil after * few crops of vetch, to say nothing of the profit over other grasses in the crop when made into first class bay, since usually the price paid for vetch hay is from $2 to $4 a ton more than lor the John son grass and other native hays. There arc forty-t wo known and classified varieties of vetch, but for our purpose only three need be considered, namely Vicia Angustifolia, locally called our Augusta native vetch; Vicia Sativa. known sometimes as Knglish, and sometimes as win ter vetch; and Vicia Villosa. known as hairy or sand vetch. It is impossible, however, to ob tain by purchase commercially, the seed of Augustifolia; and as a vetch it is fast losing out in competition with the heavier : yielding (by two or three times and more profitable Sativa. NVe therefore need not consider it. Vicia Sativa is imported (as is also Vicia Villosa) by the I'nitcd States seed trade from Russia, from which country we obtain our best seed. The states of Oregon and Washington, in the United States, arc extensive growers of Sativa for both hay and seed purposes; but the high trans-continental freight rates keep this north-western seed wholly out of the Southern and Kastern market. This North western States vetch, too, islargc ly mixed with wheat, which can not be separated from the vetch by the fan mills. The hay pro duct from the vetches in these two North-western States ranks high as a forage for all animals. While most of our legumes are summer legumes, vetches on the contrary arc winter legumes. This gives them special value. Vetch legumes add nitrogen to the soil in proportion to the crop grown and add immensely to Tts permanent fertility; and I being harvested easily enough in the spring to be followed by ! cow peas, two crops of legumes can thus be grown on the same land in the twelve months. The J vetches I know will be of more benefit to our soil than is a crop j of clover grown on the ground for the same length of time in the North. In fact, if all conditions are favorable, the tonnage of hay from the vetch and pea vine crops will greatlv .exceed the clov cr; besides. tnc feeding val ue is greater —indeed, the net amount in dollars and cents will total more by half to two-thirds than the two clover crop*. It is a common saying with us that if | you make your land rich enough for a maximum crop of vetch, the \ctch will* keep it perma* ; ncntly rich enough for every thing else. The soil best suited to it* i growth is one well drained. A j loamy one is of course best, though soi> with some c^ay is j preferred to an excess of sand. Land that will make the best pea crops will also make the I vetch, though the first crop with j one inoculation will not be near ly so much as the second crop. As a fertilizer we use .too pounds per acre of 10x4 phosphate and potash as top dresser in March. On the Moore farm, we plant LS pounds of Vicia Sativia with two ((Hurts of rcclcancd oats per acre, the latter to help hold the former up, putting both in with disc grain drill after first going over the land two ways with the disc harrow; and more if on hard sod fields, getting in the seed about one inch deep Kor the Fine fhardy pig* subject to registra tion. Service hours cheap for n*xt 30 days. I need the room. W. M. En.is. Stark\il'e, Mi.ss. HELP IS OFFERED TO WORTMT YOUNG PCOFLC We Meerilr *11 >’•>'>< *« m*«t»-r W»e» limiln) (hnr fmrt#*\a nr eluriHrm. » K ■ *bH 1<i rhuin • !hnmi(h »rv} *<*»l t-»«* lm. lit irftl* lit fie#* (mil fee w.if |*e«( he!f-e»«e «4«». Iail>v««iilrlwrt*l [*e<tlt«hlr f tlul* •ra (VWtMrel. (fel l >l«kr Weilf lu!«r. Tkt C*.»AI*. ImImm C*IU#*. IU(«a. U. « mmmmf n im#. -.1 in ■ wnmw-t. ■ 7 . I anno lmProvcd and unim LdllUO proved in the roost fertile and healthy section of Central Louisiana. Write for literature. Plaqucroinc Real Estate Co., I*la«juemine, La. About The South. "Atx»ul the South*' I* the name of a M-pagr illustrated pamphlet Issued »»)• the Passenger Department of the Illinois Control R.R, Co. in which im|H>rtant questions are tersely answered in t.ricf ai tides about Southern Farm Lands. .Missis sippi Valley Cotton Lands. Truck Farming. Fruit Growing, Stork lUis mg. Dairying, Grasse* and Forage. Holts. Market Facilities and Southern Immigration along the lines of the Illinois Central and Yaroo and Missis* sippi Valley railroad*, in the State* Kentucky, Tennessee. Mississippi and Louisiana, including the famou* YAZOO VALLEY of Mississippi scnd for a free copy to J. F. Merry. A. G. P. A., 1. i . K R., Dubuque, la Information concerning rate* and train sen ice to the South via the till non Central . an he had of agents of I« oiiuri ting line*, or hi addressing j A. II, IUnson, g. p, \ , < |,ic.igo. 111.