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The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, November 01, 1906, Image 2

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1906-11-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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Ya/.oo Did Well
Km i ok f* Azi-. i ri::
Wc have closed our trade and
carnival week, also a very good
county fair, the first thing of the
kind wc have had for a long time.
'The live stock exhibit surprised
us all. There were about 250
animals entered, and some of
them of very fine quality. We
are glad to sec our people taking
interest in live stock. There
were entered one herd of cattle
consisting of a thoroughbred
Hereford bull, two cows and six
grade heifers: and a herd of
Short Horns consisting of one
bull, two cows and several year
lings. These were entered as
herds of beef cattle. One herd
took the prize. One of our local
butchers had bought 14 fat
steers and entered them as a
herd of beef cattle. Was he en
titled to consideration by the
judges.' Please answer the
question in your next.
1 »X3C K 1 I 1 IlKOS ,
Yazoo Pity, M iss.
Reply by editor: Such an ex
hibition is the right kind of
start, but it shou’d be consider
ed only a start. The surround
ing territory should supj»ort a
fair that would yearly grow in
:_._ i. i_ __i
lUi • • % na.'* Ml II » * y m vi |
vantages for stock raising. The
catalogue or whatever was used
to make announcements of
premiums that would be given
should determine whether the
steers in question were entitled
to compete for a pri/e. Doubt
less they added interest to the
fair, but it would seem that a
lot of steers should not be put
in the same class with .1 herd of
cattle that could be used for
breeding purposes. It is diffi
cult and unsatisfactory to com
pare unlike things, but some op
portunity should be given for
fat steers to win premiums. As
a matter of public policy — and
fairs ought tube conducted so
as to induce development the
breeding of thoroughbred cattle
should be encouraged more
than the buying of steers. The
management of a fair and the
judges who award the premiums
have a difficult and usually
thankless task at the best, and
cannot hope to get through their
work without many kiiks and
complaints. In the present case
it is evident there is much for
which they deserve credit, since
they succeeded in securing many
tine exhibits. May they do it
again with growing success.
The Vetches
Jas. T. Ciardincr, Augusta, <».«.
The number of questions ask
ed me and inquiries made in the
Agricultural Journals recently
about the vetches, show a lively
and commendable interest a
mong the farmers of the South
in these valuable forage plants.
As there never has been to my
knowledge any article on this
subject of a satisfactory nature.
I will give in part my experience
as a grower and dealer in this
hay. If this will be a benefit to
even a few, I will not regret the
time taken to write it.
The Moore farm, Augusta,
(•a., of which I am manager, was
the pioneer in introducing vetch
some twenty-five years or more
ago. and ever since then has
continued to grow them, making
a specialty of vetch hay. This
industry with a modest begin
ning of a few acres has grown
now to several thousand acres
on the grass farms around Au
gusta, both in Georgia and
South Carolina. Our farmcrsarc
now recoirnvinir the great im
provctncnt in the soil after * few
crops of vetch, to say nothing of
the profit over other grasses in
the crop when made into first
class bay, since usually the price
paid for vetch hay is from $2 to
$4 a ton more than lor the John
son grass and other native hays.
There arc forty-t wo known and
classified varieties of vetch,
but for our purpose only three
need be considered, namely
Vicia Angustifolia, locally called
our Augusta native vetch; Vicia
Sativa. known sometimes as
Knglish, and sometimes as win
ter vetch; and Vicia Villosa.
known as hairy or sand vetch.
It is impossible, however, to ob
tain by purchase commercially,
the seed of Augustifolia; and as
a vetch it is fast losing out in
competition with the heavier
: yielding (by two or three times
and more profitable Sativa. NVe
therefore need not consider it.
Vicia Sativa is imported (as is
also Vicia Villosa) by the I'nitcd
States seed trade from Russia,
from which country we obtain
our best seed. The states of
Oregon and Washington, in the
United States, arc extensive
growers of Sativa for both hay
and seed purposes; but the high
trans-continental freight rates
keep this north-western seed
wholly out of the Southern and
Kastern market. This North
western States vetch, too, islargc
ly mixed with wheat, which can
not be separated from the vetch
by the fan mills. The hay pro
duct from the vetches in these
two North-western States ranks
high as a forage for all animals.
While most of our legumes are
summer legumes, vetches on the
contrary arc winter legumes.
This gives them special value.
Vetch legumes add nitrogen to
the soil in proportion to the
crop grown and add immensely
to Tts permanent fertility; and
I being harvested easily enough
in the spring to be followed by
! cow peas, two crops of legumes
can thus be grown on the same
land in the twelve months. The
vetches I know will be of more
benefit to our soil than is a crop
j of clover grown on the ground
for the same length of time in the
North. In fact, if all conditions
are favorable, the tonnage of
hay from the vetch and pea vine
crops will greatlv .exceed the
clov cr; besides. tnc feeding val
ue is greater —indeed, the net
amount in dollars and cents will
total more by half to two-thirds
than the two clover crop*. It is
a common saying with us that if
| you make your land rich enough
for a maximum crop of vetch,
the \ctch will* keep it perma*
; ncntly rich enough for every
thing else.
The soil best suited to it*
growth is one well drained. A
j loamy one is of course best,
though soi> with some c^ay is
j preferred to an excess of sand.
Land that will make the best
pea crops will also make the
I vetch, though the first crop with
j one inoculation will not be near
ly so much as the second crop.
As a fertilizer we use .too pounds
per acre of 10x4 phosphate and
potash as top dresser in March.
On the Moore farm, we plant
LS pounds of Vicia Sativia with
two ((Hurts of rcclcancd oats per
acre, the latter to help hold the
former up, putting both in with
disc grain drill after first going
over the land two ways with the
disc harrow; and more if on hard
sod fields, getting in the seed
about one inch deep Kor the
Fine fhardy pig*
subject to registra
tion. Service hours cheap for n*xt
30 days. I need the room.
W. M. En.is. Stark\il'e, Mi.ss.
We Meerilr *11 >’•>'>< *« m*«t»-r
W»e» limiln) (hnr fmrt#*\a nr eluriHrm. » K ■ *bH 1<i
rhuin • !hnmi(h »rv} *<*»l t-»«*
lm. lit irftl* lit fie#* (mil fee w.if |*e«( he!f-e»«e
«4«». Iail>v««iilrlwrt*l [*e<tlt«hlr f tlul*
•ra (VWtMrel. (fel l >l«kr Weilf lu!«r.
Tkt C*.»AI*. ImImm C*IU#*. IU(«a. U.
mmmmf n im#. -.1 in ■ wnmw-t. ■ 7 .
I anno lmProvcd and unim
LdllUO proved in the roost
fertile and healthy section of
Central Louisiana. Write for
literature. Plaqucroinc Real
Estate Co., I*la«juemine, La.
About The South.
"Atx»ul the South*' I* the name of a
M-pagr illustrated pamphlet Issued
»»)• the Passenger Department of the
Illinois Control R.R, Co.
in which im|H>rtant questions are
tersely answered in t.ricf ai tides
about Southern Farm Lands. .Missis
sippi Valley Cotton Lands. Truck
Farming. Fruit Growing, Stork lUis
mg. Dairying, Grasse* and Forage.
Holts. Market Facilities and Southern
Immigration along the lines of the
Illinois Central and Yaroo and Missis*
sippi Valley railroad*, in the State*
Kentucky, Tennessee. Mississippi and
Louisiana, including the famou*
of Mississippi
scnd for a free copy to J. F. Merry.
A. G. P. A., 1. i . K R., Dubuque, la
Information concerning rate* and
train sen ice to the South via the till
non Central . an he had of agents of
I« oiiuri ting line*, or hi addressing
j A. II, IUnson, g. p, \ , < |,ic.igo. 111.

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