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Growing More Oats
Director J. F. Duggar, of the Alabana Polytechnic Institute,; after experimenting 10 years has prepared a bulletin on oats that every Alabama farmer should send for. To present a general idea of the main points contained therein, the following summary of the bulletin is giv en. The oat may be made a much more profitable crop than it now is provided farmers will make the two following innova* tions: (1) Sowing in the early or middle fall. (2) Applying nitrate of soda as a lop dressing • m m m • m . in oiarcn, or sowing on land where a soil-improving crop like cow peas has recently grown. The tests showed little differ ence in the yicldsof Ked Kust Proof, Appier, and Culbertson when sown in fall. Sown after Christmas, the Burt or May oats averaged 7 per cent, less grain than did the Ked Kust Proof variety. Turf or Grazing oats sown in November atforded only 5'* per cent, as much grain as Ked Kust Proof oats. The or der of ripening of the principal * < varieties sown in the fall was Burt, Ked Kust Proof, and Turf. Ked Kust Proof rosy be dis tinguished from other varieties commonly grown in the South by the long beards which arc usually present on both grains, by the brownish yellow color, by the plumpness of the grain, and still more positively by the _a_i ___ l _ t * t_:_ P^iCaivi k:ij^ tu v/« i h v umi n or bristles at tbe base of tbe lower grain. Fed K’ust Proof .and related varieties (Appier and Culbertson) constitute tbe best general purpose type of oats for this region, being suita ble for cither fall or February sowing and having stifTcr straw and greater rust-rc*istancc than any other variety tested. Tbe Hurt oat (synonym May oat) is chii fly valuable lor its carlincss, and hence for sowing rather late in spring. When sown in No vember it was almost complete ly winter killed the severe win ter of l'H)4-05, but was uninjur ed the mild winter of P.MJ5 <H». Winter killing may be greatly reduced and the crop almost in sured against ordinary winters; bv using one or more of the fol ^ lowing methods: < 1 j Sowing in B deep drills. (2) Sowing in October. (3) Sowing with a grain drill. (4) Using a roller after the plants have been heav ed and their roots exposed. (5) using Turf oats in the northern part of the cotton belt. The average of experiments of seven years shows that Kcd oats sown in November produc 'd 11.3 bushels more p.cr acre-j than when sown in February, j This is 73 per cent, in favor of fall sowing, a profit of $5.«*5 ex tra per acre. October is ad vised for fall sowing, the first few days of February for spring sowing in this latitude. Oats sown in deep furrow* about two feet apart yielded 3 2 bushels per acre more than broadcast sowing when the furrows were only partly filled. 2 3 bushels when the furrows were almost completely filled. Deep furrows only partially tilled arc advised for only well drained soils. Smut of oats can be entirely prevented by moistening the seed in a mixture of one ounce of formalin and three gilons o( water. Nitrogenous fertilizers were much more profitable than phos phate or potash on sandy and loamy soils, but it is recom meodedthat on such soils at least t*K) pounds of acid phosphate be applied at the time of sowing. A dollar invested in nitrate of soda was more effective than in other uitrogenous fertilizers, and somewhat more effective in cottonseed meat than in cotton seed. Apply cotton seed or cot * a _ « . < i _ * * luim-i-u iutdi ujc lime oi sow ing if u*ed, bui nitrate of soda is most useful when used in March a Her growth begins. lUrnyard manure increased the yield of the crop to which it was applied and exerted some elfect on the next crop. In one experiment it required 43.1 pounds of ni trate of soda and 103 pounds of acid phosphate (costing together $1.03) to afford the same in crease as one ton of tine, fresh,, unlcachcd horse manure. In 13 experiments with nitrate of soda the yield and total protit per acre increased with the a mount of nitrate applied up to 200 pounds per acre, though the smaller applications were more economical. The cost of nitrate of soda required to produce one additional bushel of oats was 14.5 cents from the use of 63 pounds per acre; 1"«" cents when nitrate was applied at the rate of 10O pounds; and 21.1 cents when 200 pounds of nitrate of soda was used per acre. The smallest application afforded a profit over the cost of fertilizer of2t‘*pcr cent.; the use of 1*H) pounds of nitrate per acre re turned a profit of 2o«. per cent, on the cost of the fertilizer, while the heaviest application resulted in a net profit of 140 per cent. The three different amounts of nitrate of soda jfavc profits per acre of $4.73 for the It^ht application, $<».r* for the 100-pound application, $S40 for the 2o0 pound application. It is recommended to apply »*»» to 10o pounds ot nitrate oi sona as a top dressing to oats in March. No nitrogen need be purchased for oats, provided they arc sown after a crop of cow peas, velvet beans, peanut1- or soy beans, all of which crops, whether only the stubble or the entire growth was plowed under for fertilitcr. afforded inincrcase in the suc ceeding oat crop of from «» 2 to 55.t» bushels per acre. From 5 to 15 bushels increase in Jhc succeeding oat crop is consider ed au average result of the use of the stubble or vines of legy minous crops employed as fer tilizer. For Id years ending with 1'hh the average yteld of corn in Alabama was 12.7 bushels, the average of oats being 15 '• bush els—714 pounds of shelled corn and 445 pounds of oats per acre. In that state 14 bushels of corn aas raised to one of oats, which ought not to be, sn view of the case with which the oat ycicld can be doubled or trcbblcd at very slight expense. In \ mu1 fi f nri>ui>nt . n.l n ^ J-— — ww « pcctivc agricultural condition* there i* urgent need for a very great extension of the area de voted to oat*. A decreasing supply of labor call* for an in* creasing proportion of crop* that, like oat*, can be bandied by machinery, and that require little labor per acre. The con tinual improvement of the soils of the Southern State* argue* for the more general introduc tion of crop* that will improve the soil. This improvement can be eifected universally by I the growing of cow pea*, but most cotton farmer* will not grow any considerable area of' Fine hardy p.gs subject to registra tion. Service boars chca;i for next 30 days. I need the room. W. M. Ellis. Starkvillc. V,,,. Poland China Pigs : I- *W» K ‘ t!| ►i/r ami -jwaliiv. tn» Itnlin*- .f. liOrr if* W ^-ramt cha*|'ST*i. .MsriiVf. . • y .. . M|tf^ Mjii.I H. I '<fr\|.-f. Ih* t* *** f. t ^ . iji •*> January 4r»»J M-mh 1- a -.(tiar. <!«•*; an.! -aI.-Ij. II. O. A \ KXT, Mii'M ».»■■** T- v. HELP IS OFFERED TO WORTHY YOUNG PEOPLE tv A nrrv*tl!r stt yiXirg |wrw,-. ij’ jw.-*. l.tmlni iKrir »*■ •»li*rat».r.. » v» • * r.M»in a J>>orwttxH bawwi tnunm* and r •• • * <» n. j.» »n<«* bjr flr*« mail for i*<f irmai i,*if r»i« otter. £»*•»«■*«. lmlin*Bd»af x>i! tiitilaKV f rtu.'.o ai- (#«i»ni«nl. Jlwt'! ikky. Wril*i«Uf. Tlw U.-AU. IuImm Callrgr. Macon. C». I onrfo ^mProvcJ and unun LdllUU proved in the most fertile and healthy section of Central Louisiana. Write for literature. lNaqueminc Real | Instate Co., Pla«jucminc, La. [‘‘Cut 1 lit Out”| ■ says many a .tor to hts I fl lady patient* because he ■ ■ doesn't know of any medi- fl fl cine that will cure female fl fl troubles except the sur- fl I (eon's knife. fl fl That such a medkine I ■ exists, however,is proved by fl | fl thousands of cures made by fl • CAR III fl Cures Womb ■ fl Disease I ^B |B fl It U* saved the Bvee ef aany fl fl »» skk women and rescued ct!>- fl fl -*•* • lifetime of ehrooic sick- fl fl nr*». it wtu cur* you tf you wfl fl fl only jive U a ckanca. Try K, I fl Sold by aU drujjisto and deal* fl fl are to ft .00 bottles. ■ I OAVK UP SUPPOSTDL fl fl "I a ore a supporter tm four fl fl years, to ksep up my *rcauk,w fl ■ writes Mrs. 3. J. Chrlamaa. at ■ fl MannsvUle.N.Y. "MydoctoruM fl fl no medi jne would help mm. After fl fl taking Gardul I jive up ay mp fl fl portaraod an new well. ' fl JOHN SCHMIDT, Egypt, Mu*., tlRKKOKk or Rsgistsrsd Tunis Shssp, the beat breed (or early lamb raising ami to rant two crop* of lamb* per year.