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Southern Farm Gazette.
- _BV_ SOUTHERN FARM GAZETTE COMPANY. ( IncobfoBATno) STARKVILLE, MISS. CHAS M. SCHERER, - . . Editor. TERMS: Advertising Rates for large space furnished upon applicntion. SUBSCRIPTION: 50 cents in advance, or fl in advance for three years all in advance Hack nuhACrintinnn must he in evert* ratr tiefnre the three-year rate can be taken advantage of. CHANCE: In changing your post ofP.ee address, send your old ad dress as well as the new address. RENEWALS: Always state whether your subscription is a ne w one j or a renewal; renew by the same name and initials as address on pai*cr, or else explain whv change. DISCONTINUANCE: Subxcoibers will continue to receive this jour nal until th*» publishers arc notified by letter to discontinue, when all arrear age must be paid. RECEIPTS for subscription arc not sent out. The fact that a sub scriber receives the paper is sufficient notice that the money has been re ceived. The date on which the subscription expires will ho found*on the wrapper inclosing the paper, if a wrapper is used; if no wrapper is used, the •late will be on the first page of the Gazette. This date m.»v not appear in either of these places till the second issue after the remittance is made. L>o ni t address letters to individuals. Address all letters to SOUTHERN FARM GAZETTE, l:*t* a o i; \r i i t t* Sample Copies. A sample copy o( this pajnrr should be considered an invi tation to subscribe. Examine it closely, as there is v>mcthing in it ot special interest to you. The subscription price is only 50 cents a year, if the 'pa|*er saves the lives of two old hens, that pays your subscription. If it enables you to raise one more bushel of fruit or vegetables, that pays for your .subscription. Three NEW subscriptions will 1 l*e given for tl remitted at one time. If you get two friends to subscribe you get your subscrip tion. if a new one. free. Nooth**r agricultural paper Is published > in your territory, no other can meet your needs and local con ! iltli/itls II Try at leant one new crop thin year in a small way. It's worth repeating. t.ood implements make good farming cany. They make easy money, too. Dull, rusty hoes and poor tools m.tkc tired muscles and inef ficient workmen, poor results, poverty. If your garden is not good you arc neglecting your duty to your family. Let everybody eating at your table have plenty of fresh vegetables for a whole year once. | -- F Not being ready to do a thing at the right time often eats up *-*'r ■ » <, ivi ■ tjo* the profits. The man who is forehanded with his plans anil work is a winner. What is call ed luck hovers around him. Work that is wed planned is done better and easier. Crops should be so diversified as to give regular work throughout the growing season without it being necessary to neglect any thing needing attention badly. In the plan there must be some allowance for irregularities | caused by unfavorable weather. The man who is always taking! in money and rarely pays out ; anv has little reason to com plain of hard times. A farmer who produces good butter, vegetables, fruits, eggs and poultry, in addition to his main crops, comes as near as anyone to taking in money all the time without often paving out some. Recall the reasons for the fail ures and half success of last year, not fur cause of regrets, but for such management this year as will make regrets tin necessary. Don't blame luck for too much, either. Results have manses. and the latter arc very often controllable by the use of intelligence, industry and the right information. Don't guess that any work is paying pretty well. Know whether it is, and stop what doesn't pay. An effort to find out such thingw causes clear thinking about one’s work and increases the profits. It will show that the use of a pencil is one of the most profitable kinds of work that can be done on a farm. Dollar l'ariuiiiK ( Plus is the seventh of a series of ar* Ik les on Imw to make farming a gram! success. Additional articles will ap pear in early niuci ) (letting grass out of cotton rows and chopping the crop to a stand arc two things that call for much hard work and time when these things arc done in the usual way. All would wel come any practical relief from such drudgery as swinging a hoc all dav, whi ther he wields the hoc himself or whether somebody eisc docs it. It is too expensive to be put up with, l.ast year there was so much published in the Southern harm Gazette on the use of geese to eat grass out of cotton, that it is unnecessary to add anything further now. Kven when geese are used for this purpose, how ever, the crop must be chopped to a stand. Here and there arc a few. very few, who arc successfully planting cotton in checks so it can be cultivated both ways. Of course level land, flat break ing and flat cultivation are favor able to this plan. Land that permits of deep plowing will be almost necessary for success; so the rains can drain into the wic son anu get on me suriacc. A team can pul! a modern culti vator or weeder along a row and cultivate both Rules at a brisk walk all day long, and a little later do the same thing on the cross rows, so that no grass wilj remain to be hoed out. Many who could use that method will not, and many can not lor them some plan is needed for getting the crop to a stand after it is drilled in the usual way. If a drill puts seeds rather close together, it will be feasible to drive across the rows and plow out both the grass and the cotton between the hills that arc to be let stand. Vari ous implements can be used for this purpose. Sweeps have been used, but care is ncccssary to have them of the proper width, else the hills will not be the right distance apart to give the stand desired. In this con nection it should be recalled that various types of land cal! I >r stands of different thickness. A modern cultivator can be used for cutting out cotton to a stand, and enables a man to shift to the right or left the shovels or sweeps on th•' culti vator. so as to pick out the best j stalks to leave. The team should walk slowly and steadily; and the man holding the cultivator handles will have enough to do under the most favorable condi tions if he docs his work well. A good head and two good arms will tic needed. A driver lor the team, so the man holding the i . 1 . I it . I ! j cultivator uanuica < an gi\c mein bis undivided attention, will be •.cry helpful. Some will say this is going to lots of trouble. Yes, but it takes the place of lots of hoeing anti chopping and does it far quicker, maybe better. When land is bedded up, tins cross p’owing will be difficult. The shovels or sweeps will want to jump deeper into the ground here and there than they ought. If one uses one of the cheap cultivators that have no wheels, he may prefer to support the beam by placing under it two crosspieces that rest on two run ners. The runners should be so spaced apart that they will run over the cotton rows where the cotton is to be torn out, not injuring anv that is let stand. Putting cotton to a stand by cross plowing is not as easy as it is to cross plow a crop planted in checks; but the tight man with the right tools and the right team can do it. He will very likely sav his hard work is nrolit. 1 l able, anil be will get out of most, if not all, the hoeing. The man ! who believes tins work cannot be done by these methods cannot do it. When a man says he can’t do a thing, he’s whipped; and maybe in thin ease swinging a hoe will suit him better any way. Perseverance may be both necessary and gainful, how ever, for whoever tries to plow cotton to a stand. What have readers to rcpoi t on their plan of getting cotton to a stand and of plowing out grass' Let us not get wedded to old or to new theories so that we arc afraid to look at any fan one that comes our way If any of these methods have been used unsuccessfully, let La ette readers Know what the cause ol failure was. Somebody else