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iJ U N I i A I? ROWLAND
JACKSON MISS K P Look at the date with your address either just above this or on the wrapper around your paper if your piper comes in a wrapper. That date shows the last paper you have paid for. Please remit in time. Always vour name aud address ;ust as we print it or explain why not. ournal for Farmers. Stock-Raisers, andtheir Families. VOL. 12. NO. •>. STARKV1LLK. MISS. MARCH IV. 1907. ?0 CENTS A YEAR Apple and Pear Blightj J. W flay, > rT»ta! •'jiring*, Wm After reading after Mr. L). C. Mooring in vour last issue. I de sire to add ray mite on tbe pear and apple blight What he says m true but he didn't say quite enough to make it effectual. 1 ive years ago I net out a nice apple orchard of 1*4 trees. 1 took extra < arc of my pet apple, the l»av apple and expected to makr the finest orchard of its n.ic m the state. Hut, O, bow U3.«ny disappointment* await us. I dug large holes with a |>o*t hole digger, some > feel deep and 12 inches square, setting th. trees 2* by 21 feet apart. ! filled tne holes with rich earth rr. i 11* J uf ith BttrH I did this because ths* piece i* very rich bottom land, overrun' some two feet deep with clay from the bills, and is black as a crow below tbi* clay stratum. To make this orchard a grand tucce^s to my notion of doing it. I hauled on this piece about 20 big loads of stable manure and about the same amount of well i. t.jff rotted .anc chews. Then all was well plowed and about a ton of high grade commercial fer tilizer per acre was well worked $ to, and t:ie land was sowed to rad she*. This was kept up for three years and it is more than ltkeij that lucie never was ?>ucb a growth of apple tree* any where, as some of them were * inches m diameter and IS feet high when set three year* But. ala*' the third year the pear or twig bi ght found them from some trees 1 bad some one fourth o!a mile away, carried, of course, bv insects on their bill* or feet. By fall, if a fire bad swept through that orchard, it would not have looked worse A* I was carrying on some ex periments for the government, 1 naturally appealed to them for help. They sent me a bulletin on pear or twig blight on ap ples, which was worth many dollar* to me. but bad I known three year* sooner what this UMUt. tiU CUM V4B *UU U » » S hwmmi saved a good portion of tnv trees being badly disfigur ed, besides avoided some deaths among my trees. Following the instructions of the bulletin, I eradicated the blight, doing it as follow* < .o m winter or before sap rises and cut of! ail infested limbs or twigs some *» inches below a well defined ring between dead and live wood. Carry off and burn all cut limbs. Cut all bog; haw and crab apple trees down in a 4uarter of a mile of your orchard, as they too are subject to blight and insects may carry it from them to your orchard Now, fur the critical time, iu and just alter the bloom, when the ter m.nai buds arc tender, i: there is any blight left, it will show on these tender terminal »ad«. In three or four dat aller they arc inoculated with the boght bactersa. these tender shoots will Wilt, and bv the fourth or lifth dav will turn brown. Kind them if possible. When you see them wilt, cut them tavk 6 inches be'ow, and the parts cut oif carry away in a basket aud burn them. Watch the tree closely two or three weeks, and you will soon get the blight out of >our orchard. It takes a man about an hour to irec*» once a week to look o^cr the twigs. If the trees t -a- ^ ^ « U.M i 1 « ,4 ,1 A - *» t V ' « i ^ V » M AMM < M v* W V I Kvcry twig destroyed early in the season will save wk) the en tire season if the season is damp, as the bacteria loves iots of moisture and a severe drought is death to them. In the light of my experience I would not push apple and pear trees too fast, and after five or six years one plowing and one harrowing is ail 1 would do each spring. I will say in conclusion, watch close for the first appear ance of blight in blooming trees and cut it away; and you can get rid of it. unless your near neighbors are too careless. Teb other* about the Guctir. When to Fertili/-• Km row t»v/.t rtk: Which ia the better way to use commercial fertilizer, drill it m and bed oo it, or wait and put it in when ion lay by the crop' I»k. S. ii. Lwvhi \VK, Uenela, Miss. Answer by editor I ulrss one in trying some special plan, such as the Williamson corn cul ture. commercial fertilizer is rightfully put iu the ground at tbe time of planting or before. Nitrate of soda would be mostly .lost if put into tbe ground long before a growing crop was ready to use it, but that is au exception to the rule. Hy being in the ground some days ahead of the crop seed, most fertilizing elements undergo a beneficial * change before the crop needs feeding, and the crop starts off more vigorously. AU crops should not be treated alike as regards the time of applying : fertilizer or the kind used; and as no special crop was mention ed, no definite reply can be gtv ed. Kvery kind of crop and every type of soil presents a problem unlike any other does. The largest amount of good pork for the least cost of feed is the proper aim of the swtut breeder.