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A Winter House for Your Laying Hens.
How to Make One That Will Help Your Hen* to lay in Cold Snowy Weather. Kars that arc solid from tip to Vwtt. Kvcry grain plump and heavy anti rich. That is the common record when a worn &uil is properly treated with POTASH |/l u« wf»l y«*i <Hir Fr*-** •• fWtnt /W It i« a tcirnliAc diton li<m «4 ttw 4grHt*lt«ral pr>»t4<-m. »n4 i* t!*«»f..»ighl»- •imj4'- arwl practical. It will abt*w )<«i b*'» t » *J‘«i!4>' tb»* cilir <4 a <*tl! Writ*- M it t»».*tajr. A*l*lr**# OERMAN KALI WORKS. 93 Nassau Street. New York Ckkafo Moilawk H«IUk»f AlkMMt Ow -1144 Clrihf ttwiMIng J Messrs. Editors: There is one thing I wish you would do, write more about the be.st Southern mode of raising chickens on the farm. We Southern farmers do not want hot house fowls. We let them run at large, because there is so much the> can get around our stables and yards What, then, Is the advantage ol housing them or confining them Ir a pen? I have the Harred Plymouth Hocks, and last year or winter goi very few- eggs. I had them In a good house, but let them run out In the day-time. The negroes on my place, with common fowls that slept In trees and where they pleased, had two eggs to my one. I>o we require so close a house so far down South’ J. G. VIHDKN. Editorial Answer: IasI winter was unusually mild and more than commonly favorable to laying b> hens that slept outdoors. Maybe the tenants were better gatherer* of egg* than the man who got fewer egg* than thev Acnln mnthe his hen* down In severe weather. It will keep snow- out. also most of the rain, and will let an abundance of puro air In I Open on Sooth Hide. It Is scarcely necessary to say that the open side of the house should be the south side, na the winds from that direction are milder than from other directions. Sometimes It will be advisable to have another curtain to lot down Just In front of the roosts. Those who do not like to let their fowls bo in cold air will prefer this second curtain as a compromise The curtains should be so hung that they can be hooked up to the roof when not In use I»o not oil the cur tain cloth, since oil or paint would stop the minute hole* and keep the gasea from passing through as they ought to. Three Hide* Air-Tight. Make three sides of the ben-house air-tight, by tacking building papet all over the walls Old newspaper* will do very well If several thick nerses are put on Tacking lath* or the broad headed n»|!» such a# are used for putting composition roofing on with, will keep the paper from tearing around the lark heads When were pampered too much, and did not have to exercise enough for good health and heavy laying The arratrh Ing shed. In which the layer# mm scratch their grain feed out of litter so they get exercise enough, very of ten serve# a good purpose for the farm flock In winter The flock that did not lay well may have been given too much starchy feed, like corn which dm*# not supply the element* needed for making many eggs May be the house In which the hen* #lept was so tight that they did not have Rood air while on the roo*t. lilve Your Poultry Fresh Air. Fn-ah air for poultry is cheap, and II will give In proportion to |ta cost a thousand times the return* that ran be go| from anything else supplied bens—water included in the other thing*. Air supplies oxygen to purify the blood- If the house is closed up tight, the oxygen Is soon used out of the air that I# in the building; and the fowls cannot go on purifying their blood every time a breath l* drawn, as nature intended they should When pile* of tilth are lying about in the building, the air Is to that extent made more Injurious Give them plenty of air. and let It be Just as pure a# the winds carry over the wide field* This doe# not mean that hens should sleep in trees or that draft# should blow over them Poultry House for the Houlh. Make three side# of the house so light that a draft cannot get through I>0 not leave even a nail-hole for the wind to whistle through. Hurh a drt.fi t.« I Vi t. I Is* for worse I tv a n I Vv« wind* that strike a h«*n sitting on a high, unprotected lltnb. A draft d» velops a cold much quicker. If the house Is a long one, do not make all the open side open, or drafts may result by the wind being driven In one end. whirled about Inside the house and forced out the other end There will be times In winter when the open side should have a curtain over It. The curtain should he stretched on a frame, so that the opening In the side of the house can he closed tip as neatly as a door lit* In Its casing The curtain may he made of any cheap cloth of the qual ity of sheeting, or even something cheaper If that cannot be ufforded Old fertilizer or bran sacks cnn be used with some success If not lit tig else Is at hand, by sewing the sacks together till a piece Is formed large ^^enough to cover the frame. When ^Hhis Is done, the curtain can be let warm *c»tner come*, open up at least one other side of the poultry house Having ail side* open, as one »ee» in so many sections of the South is excellent for warm weather At that season the heat from the bodies of the fowls should be allowed to pass off as quickly a» possible, and brecres blowing through over the roosts will be advantageous Ifcon't l *e IV ns t'nirws V«»v* Xeed Them. Tens for fowls are an abomina tion. unle*.* pen* are necessary to keep them from trespassing on neigh born or to keep them from mixing with other fowls Fence the garden or house yard In. but not the fowls Fence fowls not. not In. should be the rule on the farm la-t them run about and get all the exercise and bugs and waste stuff they can use for food Fine Winter layers and Their Feed A few years ago the writer saw t-eghorn* with large, easily froten combs sleeping In such a house as has been described, where the snow, lay four feel deep outside, and they were shelling out eggs rapidly at Ik Cents a doxen They had Jitter In scratching sheds to exercise In dur ing the day, and all that was between tnem anil tne bad weather was a cJoth curtain Th« Ir comb* were an red a* cherrl*-* and their plumage »»* amooth and ao glossy that It al most aeerned that It must have been oiled Pure air and a variety of feed made their 8ne looks and many fine « ggs Their keeper w»» using clover hay, rahhngi-N and other bulky feeds In the Mouth the green feeds ran for the most part he gathered by the hen* themselves, but cold rain* do hen* no good. Hut If they are not allowed to exercise outside, they should be made to exercise by scratching grain out of Utter In the house. I*at. laxy hen* do not lay well; and old one* do not lay a* well a* younger h« n* or well-developed pullet*. Did you ever hold your nose over the mouth of a bottle that had am monin In It? Pretty bad. wasn't It? Hie* of poultry dropping* throw off ammonia; and If left In the house, the ammonia that passes off In the air Is breathed by the fowl* THREE 5IZB5: for two row* or oo« row —ibr«* hor«M. two bofio* or oo* bon*. Kill th« w**<U. oar - iur* th* root* of growtof pUou. pmirv# noifl turv; uom fall ftlliog of graio: !««*!• JfW4 m. H« ml t*l •» r>KK tiwii* w NitiwOrttmln f.ll-4»•* ~*t HUM »>■«« V* M« *»**•*'• _ InTowt»i»o»»ro .iwm». wrrnoT4.lif.-_ ^uii^ifp<iamu»ii(fUttZttfUUUAUPDQUufi%ao^*^^^g» Uot D« r. Atlin UU. w per ceat Bom Pbospkatc of U«e I As a Soil Builder and you will Double your Crops !| Wilmington, H. C., R. F. D. No. 1, Jaaaary 7/1908. 1 B. F. KEITH: I Daar Sir 1 Sava used yaar Phosphate Lias aa almost all crops, I aad 1 have ne*er found anyth lag that 1 thought arts, equal to It. 1 I coo older It superior ts anything 1 have ever need. B I had rather have It thaa Peruvian guano For fruit trass, aad X for fruiting of all crops, 1 consider It has no equal. V Signed E. T. WADE. I *»• Wo4e to mmm mt «*• Wet Mck la ikto *mU*« »f Dm Sim*. I B. F. Keith Co., Wili ington, N. C. | I’J'AHMkk}* me getting over doing ’ thing* the hard. i!<>m *»» 1 lie '«•*» general u»e id (4tm |>u«rii 1* an r tain ole A* a matter id fai t the farmer ha* a* great tired id a reliable power a* the inn It a nit l *ke the average ham for llluttr at Ion. |a» ate one of rhe *im|>le, dependable I II < g4*<dinc engine*, luili a* i» • hot* It here oul»ide the barndoor. or «* tldn the harn for that matter and what a v* or Id of haid laU.r It Mill tor! You Mill have a power huuto on )out farm. It will a hell the com. grind feed, cut riuilagr turn the fanning mill, pump water iun the errant teparalut. rlrvate hat to the tuuM. and do a dorm other thing* I lie old Mat Ha* to u*e thr hor»e*iua ttrnd jHivvei m on a circular drive la oj»efate a complicated *)*tem ol gear M hre i* I tie t on Ur lice wa* that mo*t of the Itatd power Job* wete hand job*. I If t. engine*, being *o gimple. *o efln lent »o dependable, and finnl»hing abundant power at »o little cost, have A Reliable v <<Power as afarm Help raiabllthed a new order of thing*. Any unc who will < atrfully consider lhr mallet mutt ire that ihr) arc money tnakrtw amt money »«iu< I hey make ihotl. ran plr**an< work ot wlial at* a> » loiWrn haul slow wot k. 'I (try *ave the fatiitri * Sltength. Rave him wage* of liiled men. Rave lone, and enable him to do more wotk ami make mote money out of tun lawn than ever »at jHiRRihle before. I line i« no doubt that on (he average fawn an 1. II C gasoline engine wdt mote than rcoav Itw litwi eo»t each year 'I tie nice adaptation of |he«e engine* to all (atm duties l* one of their moat excellent feature*. I hey ate built in — VKKTICAL. 3 and 3 Hor*« Power HOKJZONTAL (Stationary amt Port able>. 4. ft. M. 1U. 13. i& ami 3U llurse Power. IK ACTION. 10.13. 15 and 30 Horse Power. AIK COOl.Kl>. 1 Hoi we Power. Alwo Rawing. •praying and pumping OUllitR ‘1 here I* an I. II C. engins (or every pur (Hike. It wilt tie to your Iritcrrwt to invewti gate iheae dependable efficient engine* Call »>u ihe Inter national local agent and get catalogue* aud particulai». or W t lie the home other. ■ iniLNDA i iunal HAR.Vt.SThK COMPANY OF ANCKICA. CHICAGO. U. S. A. I