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The Southern Farm Gazette.
Established 1S95, at Starkville, Mis#. A FARM AND HOME WEEKLY FOR MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA. ARKANSAS AND LOUISIANA. ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING BY The Southern Farm Gazette Gompanu. CHARLES M. SCHERER. • CLARENCE H. POE. , Editor*. Prof. W. F. MASSEY. Associate Editor. OFFICES: RALEIGH, N. O. STARKVILLE, MISS. To either of which Communication* rtfirdint Advertising or Subscription* mar he Addre«*rd. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: On# Year,II.OO; Ml# Mont'* Wrent*. Three Month*. *3 rent*. I anything else for the recent spread of prohibition so that Itev. John E. White was probably right when ho recently declared: "If tho negro is in Georgia to stay, then prohibition Is in Georgia to stay.” THE PANIC PASSES. With cotton at twelve cents—and Hull Sully active once again—It looks as If the panic were over in the South, and the same is true of other sections. The New York Post, for Instance, says: ‘‘Saturday’s statement of the New York banks showed, for the first time since the panic began with the Knickerbocker failure on October 22nd. a surplus over the 25 per cent ratio of cash re serve to deposits required by law. In advance of this return to a surplus basis, tho New York banks had resumed full cash payments to de positors; the currency premium had disappeared ten days ago; drafts on Now York by banks of other cities are being met In cash; Chicago. Pittsburg, and Philadelphia banks nro calling In for redemption the wage checks' issued during the currency famine All this proves that the pe riod of suspension of payments, complete or par tial. is at an end." 4 4 are the reasons why we cannot have a parcel? post. J* Why? Their business would be lnterferred with. The work that a parcels post would do Is very profitable to the express companies with their high rates for small service. Our Congress men. who love us all so much before election, go on to Washington, and some way they forget all about how they love us voters. They spend much time pitying the poor express companies and thinking what a pity It would be If the Govern ment would serve the voters In the same line that the express companies now serve them. It is up to the voters to Insist that they be given a parcels post, to write so many letters to their Representatives and Senators that they will un derstand that the voters want to be loved a little now as well as before election. J« This country is far behind others in the matter of a parcels post. It costa sixty-four cents to pend a four-pound package a single mile by mail Thr tUtlr opposite jour name ot) Ibr latsrlor » r»i i» r shows ■ hen your subscription r*pter» W> ■rw«f the txiirr to ro*i«>n«4b}e *ub*r rite r» until n«'t:fi<d t>y letter to discontinue; and all arrearages must i« when |<*prr ts ordered ^topped M Set* VNWinf •whsrriystioM alway* sa> • briber it isn-rw «-r renewal and If renewal give initials and names * tartly as the, appear on your label or explain ■ hj you ehan*-r tf dab on your lat*-! is not chan«-c*d within three we. is afie, )o\l remit, please notify u» at oorr A'aferesf at Hal* ich lms‘ t.SJor as second class tr.ail matter fetlert fnr I'tthlintlintt should Hr ft.Idresse«| -,i -starlit Mississi[J.; | >y WHat’s the Newi? ^ A IHRDK-KYK VIKW. Congress la doing little but talk; the dally pa pers are again Insulting their readers by airing afresh the atale filth of the Thaw trial; the panic I* giving way but Mr. Cor tel you is •fill In trouble about bis bond Issue. Democrat# are wondering If Governor Johnson, of Minnesota, can beat llry an for their Presidential nomination, and Repub lican* are wondering If Hughes can beat Taft for theirs- and It looks a# If neither can. and the South !• going Into general prohibition as stead.l) and even more rapidly than It went Into negro disfranchisement ten years ago This D about all the new#. Jl J« STATU PROHIBITION IN THU SOUTH. Like Israel of old, the South is "a peculiar peo ple” and there Is about our people, too. not only I peculiarly (In its better sensei but solidarity also When the South move* It mores as fine man So it was with secession forty years ago. so it was I with negro disfranchisement ten years ago. #« It was with bucket shops a year or two ago. so It It is now with prohibition. Kven Oklahoma, the newest of States, already keeps step with her sis ters of Dixie or even goes a Utile ahead of them: so that Oklahoma on the extreme west has now Just adopted prohibition. while North Carolina on tho extreme east and Mississippi In the exact cen tre are dropping Into line with military precision. So rapidly doeo public sentiment crystallite, once the process start*, that thousands to whom Stale prohibition was yesterday a debatable question now see it as the logical and Inevitable Southern policy. Within bounds the policy of local self government In Just and right, but It cannot be for gotten that no community llveth to Itm-if. and that no community has a right to make Itself a centre of pollution and contagion for tho sur roundlng country. The rotten apple h;»s no right to stay in the barrel if it endangers five hundred sound apples. And three things: ( 1 j the absence of a large drluking foreign element, ( 2) the pre dominance of Christian aud church influences in the South, and (3) the necessity for keeping liquor from negroes of the baser sort—these things mako State prohibition in the South more certain of permanency and of enforcement than anywhere else In the country. The Atlanta race riot Is probably more largely responsible than — I A NKKHKU HANKING HFFoHM. In connection with tJhe_statomont Just quoted, however, Tho P»»*t makes a most timely and per tinent criticism on our banking policy and it* re- i sponsibillty for panic condition* Hero is the! trouble a* The Post tees it: "Of tho 6.544 national bank* In tho Hold last autumn. 6.1 7s were the so called 'country banks'j which by law are allowed to deposit with bank* In other cities three-fifth* of their 15 per cent re- j quircd reserve Hank* In tho larger cltle* bid for these 'country-bank reserve*' by pa>lng inter-! c*l on them .The result, a* shown In the national bank report* Just before the panic. w3* that, out of the reserve of these 6,178 country bank* 1420.ooo.000 wa« placed in more or le«* distant cities and only 1201.000.000 kept on hand In c3*h, * here It could be used to meet, at a mo- j UJent's notice, the demands of a run of depos- i itor* “ The bare statement itself I* all the argument needed for remedying such condition* a* The post set* forth Ho long as they eilst, Ju»t *.> long will the country be in danger of *illy panic* ! such a* we have Just experienced J« Jl THK FAIIMKIIK’ UNION ANII Pol.lTIO*. The National Farmers' Union ha* done a great many excellent thing*, but It ha* never done a wiser, nor taken any action more calculated to strengthen it in the estimation of the country. '■ than when it adopted this resolution at It* Na I lional meeting a few da>* ago: ^ "lUwolved. that any man holding office in the* Farmer*' Union, who desire* to run for any po litlral Office, either county. State, or National. ? •hall first resign hi* office In the Farmer*' Union • 2. I h»t any man now holding an office in the Farmer*' I'nlon, and at the name time holding a political office, shall be asked to give up his politi cal office or resign his office In the Farmers* f nlon." The I’nlon also did Itself everlasting credit by spurning tho Congressional free seed graft. Per- j haps our Solon* will yet come to «.,« that farm- j ers are loo sensible and too Independent to be favorably Influenced by this hoary fraud literally paternalism run to seed. And the I’nlon also did w« || to declare for the parcels post and the pus- ; tal savings hank of which we have more to say In another column. WHY WB HAVE NO PARCELS I*omt. A gonitis for expressing truths pat has de cleared that there are four reasons why this coun try has no parcels post They are very strong* reasons. They are so strong that no way has yet been found for the people of the country to get around them. The man who mentioned these four reasons had a high position In the Postal Do partmeut and stood well as a business man; so it can he assumed that he knew what be was say lug He said the four reasons are the four large express counmnlr* opwatlng In thti country. They j In this country; but tho same package could be sent to Germany for forty-eight cent* from any pout-office In thla country. In the latter caae our Postal Department Is trying to do buslnesa on something of a parity with the way tho Postal Department of another government does IL But iho four reasons that bavo been mentioned will not grant tho voters tho right to bo served as * ell b> our Postal Department. If all tho service is in our own country. The present Postmaster* Ueneral recommends that Congress glvo tho Dw partment the right to raise the weight of pack age* that may be carried to eleven pounds at the rate of twelve cents per pound In tho United States; and he reoornmond* the following charges for packages weighing less than one pound: tine ounce, one cent; over one and not over ihree ounces, two cents; over three and not over four ounces, three cents, etc.; over six and not i»ver eight ounces, six cents; over eight and not i%er twelve ounces, nine cents; over twelve and Hot over sixteen ounces, twelve cents. jl The four reasons why we cannot have a parcels post- the express companies -have worked very • kllfully on the local merchants to get them to support the four reasons, saying that the big •tores would drive the local merchant out of busi ness, Hut tho Postmaster-General recommends » law that will favor the local merchant, by allow ,nR «*ni. aions *ltii olnem, to it«nd a pound pack *«o by rural delivery for five cent* for the flr*t l-ound and for two cents for each additional pound up to the eleven-pound limit, and for nominal barges fur package* of less than oue pound. The ><h«1 merchant could send a eleven-pound pack* '#• tor twenty five cents, while the distant city merchant would have to pay $1.32. That ought io satisfy the local merchants, even If It doe* not »atlsfy the four reasons the express companies. 1 he local merchant 1s not likely to be offered a more favorable law; and It would seem that he »hoiild unite with the rest of the voter* to get *hat the express companies have refused to let is have a parcels jnist that will carry small pack* <«es at practical rate*. A 1‘HETTY HUNCH or 1'HOKIT MAKKK.N