The Southern Farm Gazette.
Established 1S95, at Starkville, Mis#.
A FARM AND HOME WEEKLY
FOR MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA.
ARKANSAS AND LOUISIANA.
ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING BY
The Southern Farm Gazette Gompanu.
CHARLES M. SCHERER. •
CLARENCE H. POE. , Editor*.
Prof. W. F. MASSEY. Associate Editor.
RALEIGH, N. O. STARKVILLE, MISS.
To either of which Communication* rtfirdint
Advertising or Subscription* mar he Addre«*rd.
On# Year,II.OO; Ml# Mont'* Wrent*. Three Month*. *3 rent*.
anything else for the recent spread of prohibition
so that Itev. John E. White was probably right
when ho recently declared: "If tho negro is in
Georgia to stay, then prohibition Is in Georgia to
THE PANIC PASSES.
With cotton at twelve cents—and Hull Sully
active once again—It looks as If the panic were
over in the South, and the same is true of other
sections. The New York Post, for Instance, says:
‘‘Saturday’s statement of the New York banks
showed, for the first time since the panic began
with the Knickerbocker failure on October 22nd.
a surplus over the 25 per cent ratio of cash re
serve to deposits required by law. In advance of
this return to a surplus basis, tho New York
banks had resumed full cash payments to de
positors; the currency premium had disappeared
ten days ago; drafts on Now York by banks of
other cities are being met In cash; Chicago.
Pittsburg, and Philadelphia banks nro calling In
for redemption the wage checks' issued during
the currency famine All this proves that the pe
riod of suspension of payments, complete or par
tial. is at an end."
are the reasons why we cannot have a parcel?
Why? Their business would be lnterferred
with. The work that a parcels post would do Is
very profitable to the express companies with
their high rates for small service. Our Congress
men. who love us all so much before election, go
on to Washington, and some way they forget all
about how they love us voters. They spend much
time pitying the poor express companies and
thinking what a pity It would be If the Govern
ment would serve the voters In the same line
that the express companies now serve them. It is
up to the voters to Insist that they be given a
parcels post, to write so many letters to their
Representatives and Senators that they will un
derstand that the voters want to be loved a little
now as well as before election.
This country is far behind others in the matter
of a parcels post. It costa sixty-four cents to
pend a four-pound package a single mile by mail
Thr tUtlr opposite jour name ot) Ibr latsrlor » r»i i» r shows
■ hen your subscription r*pter»
W> ■rw«f the txiirr to ro*i«>n«4b}e *ub*r rite r» until n«'t:fi<d t>y
letter to discontinue; and all arrearages must i« when
|<*prr ts ordered ^topped
M Set* VNWinf •whsrriystioM alway* sa> • briber it isn-rw «-r
renewal and If renewal give initials and names * tartly as the,
appear on your label or explain ■ hj you ehan*-r
tf dab on your lat*-! is not chan«-c*d within three we. is afie,
)o\l remit, please notify u» at oorr
A'aferesf at Hal* ich lms‘ t.SJor as second class tr.ail matter
fetlert fnr I'tthlintlintt should Hr ft.Idresse«| -,i -starlit
| >y WHat’s the Newi? ^
A IHRDK-KYK VIKW.
Congress la doing little but talk; the dally pa
pers are again Insulting their readers by airing
afresh the atale filth of the Thaw trial; the panic
I* giving way but Mr. Cor tel you is •fill In trouble
about bis bond Issue. Democrat# are wondering
If Governor Johnson, of Minnesota, can beat llry
an for their Presidential nomination, and Repub
lican* are wondering If Hughes can beat Taft for
theirs- and It looks a# If neither can. and the
South !• going Into general prohibition as stead.l)
and even more rapidly than It went Into negro
disfranchisement ten years ago This D about all
STATU PROHIBITION IN THU SOUTH.
Like Israel of old, the South is "a peculiar peo
ple” and there Is about our people, too. not only I
peculiarly (In its better sensei but solidarity also
When the South move* It mores as fine man So it
was with secession forty years ago. so it was I
with negro disfranchisement ten years ago. #« It
was with bucket shops a year or two ago. so It
It is now with prohibition. Kven Oklahoma, the
newest of States, already keeps step with her sis
ters of Dixie or even goes a Utile ahead of them:
so that Oklahoma on the extreme west has now
Just adopted prohibition. while North Carolina on
tho extreme east and Mississippi In the exact cen
tre are dropping Into line with military precision.
So rapidly doeo public sentiment crystallite, once
the process start*, that thousands to whom Stale
prohibition was yesterday a debatable question
now see it as the logical and Inevitable Southern
policy. Within bounds the policy of local self
government In Just and right, but It cannot be for
gotten that no community llveth to Itm-if. and
that no community has a right to make Itself a
centre of pollution and contagion for tho sur
roundlng country. The rotten apple h;»s no right
to stay in the barrel if it endangers five hundred
sound apples. And three things: ( 1 j the absence
of a large drluking foreign element, ( 2) the pre
dominance of Christian aud church influences in
the South, and (3) the necessity for keeping
liquor from negroes of the baser sort—these
things mako State prohibition in the South more
certain of permanency and of enforcement than
anywhere else In the country. The Atlanta race
riot Is probably more largely responsible than
A NKKHKU HANKING HFFoHM.
In connection with tJhe_statomont Just quoted,
however, Tho P»»*t makes a most timely and per
tinent criticism on our banking policy and it* re- i
sponsibillty for panic condition* Hero is the!
trouble a* The Post tees it:
"Of tho 6.544 national bank* In tho Hold last
autumn. 6.1 7s were the so called 'country banks'j
which by law are allowed to deposit with bank*
In other cities three-fifth* of their 15 per cent re- j
quircd reserve Hank* In tho larger cltle* bid
for these 'country-bank reserve*' by pa>lng inter-!
c*l on them .The result, a* shown In the national
bank report* Just before the panic. w3* that, out
of the reserve of these 6,178 country bank*
1420.ooo.000 wa« placed in more or le«* distant
cities and only 1201.000.000 kept on hand In
c3*h, * here It could be used to meet, at a mo- j
UJent's notice, the demands of a run of depos- i
The bare statement itself I* all the argument
needed for remedying such condition* a* The
post set* forth Ho long as they eilst, Ju»t *.>
long will the country be in danger of *illy panic* !
such a* we have Just experienced
THK FAIIMKIIK’ UNION ANII Pol.lTIO*.
The National Farmers' Union ha* done a great
many excellent thing*, but It ha* never done a
wiser, nor taken any action more calculated to
strengthen it in the estimation of the country. '■
than when it adopted this resolution at It* Na I
lional meeting a few da>* ago:
^ "lUwolved. that any man holding office in the*
Farmer*' Union, who desire* to run for any po
litlral Office, either county. State, or National. ?
•hall first resign hi* office In the Farmer*' Union
• 2. I h»t any man now holding an office in the
Farmer*' I'nlon, and at the name time holding a
political office, shall be asked to give up his politi
cal office or resign his office In the Farmers*
The I’nlon also did Itself everlasting credit by
spurning tho Congressional free seed graft. Per- j
haps our Solon* will yet come to «.,« that farm- j
ers are loo sensible and too Independent to be
favorably Influenced by this hoary fraud literally
paternalism run to seed. And the I’nlon also did
w« || to declare for the parcels post and the pus- ;
tal savings hank of which we have more to say
In another column.
WHY WB HAVE NO PARCELS I*omt.
A gonitis for expressing truths pat has de
cleared that there are four reasons why this coun
try has no parcels post They are very strong*
reasons. They are so strong that no way has yet
been found for the people of the country to get
around them. The man who mentioned these
four reasons had a high position In the Postal Do
partmeut and stood well as a business man; so it
can he assumed that he knew what be was say
lug He said the four reasons are the four large
express counmnlr* opwatlng In thti country. They j
In this country; but tho same package could be
sent to Germany for forty-eight cent* from any
pout-office In thla country. In the latter caae our
Postal Department Is trying to do buslnesa on
something of a parity with the way tho Postal
Department of another government does IL But
iho four reasons that bavo been mentioned will
not grant tho voters tho right to bo served as
* ell b> our Postal Department. If all tho service
is in our own country. The present Postmaster*
Ueneral recommends that Congress glvo tho Dw
partment the right to raise the weight of pack
age* that may be carried to eleven pounds at the
rate of twelve cents per pound In tho United
States; and he reoornmond* the following charges
for packages weighing less than one pound:
tine ounce, one cent; over one and not over
ihree ounces, two cents; over three and not over
four ounces, three cents, etc.; over six and not
i»ver eight ounces, six cents; over eight and not
i%er twelve ounces, nine cents; over twelve and
Hot over sixteen ounces, twelve cents.
The four reasons why we cannot have a parcels
post- the express companies -have worked very
• kllfully on the local merchants to get them to
support the four reasons, saying that the big
•tores would drive the local merchant out of busi
ness, Hut tho Postmaster-General recommends
» law that will favor the local merchant, by allow
,nR «*ni. aions *ltii olnem, to it«nd a pound pack
*«o by rural delivery for five cent* for the flr*t
l-ound and for two cents for each additional pound
up to the eleven-pound limit, and for nominal
barges fur package* of less than oue pound. The
><h«1 merchant could send a eleven-pound pack*
'#• tor twenty five cents, while the distant city
merchant would have to pay $1.32. That ought
io satisfy the local merchants, even If It doe* not
»atlsfy the four reasons the express companies.
1 he local merchant 1s not likely to be offered a
more favorable law; and It would seem that he
»hoiild unite with the rest of the voter* to get
*hat the express companies have refused to let
is have a parcels jnist that will carry small pack*
<«es at practical rate*.
A 1‘HETTY HUNCH or 1'HOKIT MAKKK.N
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