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The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, July 18, 1908, Image 11

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1908-07-18/ed-1/seq-11/

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I ^ I LIVE STOCK AND DAIRY. j yi
How to Succeed With Pure-Bred Hotfa.
T^err - » « ,o M,ke Then, TVM IV,,., FV.um. Th« ,h, ,^„r
IWk lUil split,„ Kind. fU^r'
Why crow well-bred bogs7 That
t* a question those who have not
tried 'hem ask. and it is right th«v
sbou'd ask :t One would be making
for the poor-house if he did not make
it a rule to ask what he was to gain
by par rc with his money, a man
recently wrote to me. complaining
that he bought a pair of registered
pig? had bred them, and now found
it impossible to sell two p{g> for
what he had given for one His
trouble was that ho seemed to im
agine -hat registered pigs are raised
only *o sell to some other breeder
and that would-be breeders will start
act on a still hunt and keep going
til! they 2nd registered pigs. Th*
man he had bought from advertised
the fact that he had registered pigs
for sa> and sold the pair mention
ed to th« complaining buyer and sold
many more to other men.
The God \dTerfjw-r Finds Good
Bsfrr*
Men fear* rained registered hog* a
large part of :h«*ir 3:rev and made
rood money selling them for breed
leg purpose*. Without erer selling
one la their own neighborhood. May
be they had neighbors who scoffed
at the raiser of registered star It for
being so foolish as to want* hi*
money that way, and then tried to
trad* hog* with him. On their part,
the breeders wisely spent a little
money for advertising; and sold all
th# registered hog* they could grow,
and sold ‘hem at price* ‘hat paid
them well for their progressive idea*
and for the care given ?h«m. They
knew their neighbor* well enough to
know that 'he* did not appreciate
the advantage* well bred hoc* give
a man. They also knew that the**
are aiwav* willing buyer* of really
good live »*ork and that the way to
find them is to advertiss in some
practical paper that reach*# that
claim
Advertising i« not the difficult
th;cg It Is sometime* supposed to
he Any agrlcufturs! paper that 1*
liberal minded enough *o do business
tn a business-tike war understands
that it must ge* it* advertiser* busi
ness oy they will sot continue to *4
ver’tse. and the paper will have
some person to aid those who are jn
evperenced with advertising The
would-be seller, of coarse must have
awocgh nJaatioB to writ* an Intastl*
gwtst inter Is r***pos*® to thon® who
as*w«*r bis adrwrtt^mrc’i: but that
ia shout aU ’hat ** required If
ir.-irh stork Is to b<» sold. ewut<lrr
ah1** information about It ran b® «mt
out !u prin'od form This re 1 ;re*
th*» amount of writing that woo’d
ft! fcr-r w ; *M« h*t S ®ra»»a r V.
Why • stagb II<ht w*-IU
i<w mm Marti a* a Farm.
It would b«* a swrtoa# mi*take to
Imagine *hat fha only thing rag-:*
tarrd hog* arw good for Is to se’l to
othrr s.*-n for bre*-ding parpftw*
The fart that a hog Is registered In
a responsible registry aaaoeJaUon
• hows 'hat !t ha* good ancestry aad
tha* st Ss reasonable to soppoa® that
1 hr b- g to be purrhaurd will hat**
•hr qualities of it* alienator*. Kaefc
p«*srr:i*i' a possessing good qualities
that go bark from the last hog
make* it surer that th* last on® will
bar*, gonij qualities SonstImM w#
find a h(>g that Is very good indi
vidually that 1* a half-breed; but
hss tTrprlng may fake after hi*
*r~ ' :inr«sitoni or after his ancestor*
of a *o-l TuaM’J®#, as-i it i® only by
smftJng good «»rewtor* on both side*
**** * for many generation* <*>.11 we
ran be certain that our chance* are
jm'fable of getting pig* that will d«
, ^ 111,0 *l‘*mething good. We can
b-k at a bog and —e what pork
nuku»« qnalltie* it pnw*e**r*. h*.r we
cannot b*»>k at it and *ee wfiat inn*,
tor* it ha*; ami till we .!« know what
ancestor* it ha*, we cannot do more
tlian gue** wfiat poorer it ha* of
tran*mitting it* good quaii'ie* to it*
offspriug. We may gne** right ami
«e may »ot
T-rt ffw>d qualities a registered
hog haa individually and the long
Hoe of ancestors possessing the good
qualities it has { which is but anoth
er way of stating what chances it has
of transmit tfng good qualities) often
make a single hog sell for as much
*a a good farm. The men who pay
these big prices are the one* who
hare given much time to breeding
superior hog* and who are in a posi
tion to appreciate what a hog’s
chance# of transmitting its good
qualities are. The fact that they
back their Judgment and experience
with their own money ought to be
good evidence for the Inexperienced,
that others win no* go far wrong in
following such example* as far as
warranted by their Individual circum
stance*.
How a (rood fv«r Msk<w Money for
111* t rr.
Suppose » man wants to cet better
blood In his *w!tse h^rd, and that hr
pay* fto or ISO for a boar If the
tj*m» of «!jch a boar ahoutd put tbs
«Etr» Tain** of ac!v |j tnto each of
the pic* he would fwt. how Ion*
would It take him to yield a rood
profli* Suppose that each litter ha*
only 2*e p!c*. that mak« a r*ln of
|5 for each Utter. Each plr will bo
worth mors a* pork than scrub ptr«
would be, a"d each flit will be worth
more tor breed! nc purpose* than
scrub gilts would be. A a extra rafue
of 91 ?«*r pic wb#»n it Is developed Is
certainly a rerr low estimate, and
therefore ail conclusions hawed cm
such an assumption mast be very
eonservatim
Mann PnaiiMr Mistake*.
Posartbly somebody may recall That
no me body clue did not succeed !a
making money by raising well-bred
bog*, by*- it doe* not follow that It
was the fault of the good breeding
Maybe the hog* were fed from the
crib ?<w> much while they should hare
been harvesting other pork-making
crop* 'hat would have *ar«*d corn
Maybe the trouble was that no corn
was fed A very large part of a
hog h development should come from
elrcwhere than the corn crib, while
?h« best market condition, or the
finish for market, should come from
the ertb Maybe th«* reason the man
failed with well-bred bogs is that
the pigs were not farrowed at a time
•hat would enable 'hem To develop on
cheap pork-making crop*, but the
good breeding would not be to blame
Maybe failure ranie from pampering
the well-bred bogs too much, shut
ting *h«-m up in smell pens where
they could not get Cterctse or a va
riety of feed and giving them too
much corn till thetr general health
suffered and small lifers of weak
pigs revolted but that would not be
• be fault of the good blood
Maybe failure came from not
rushing the development of the hogs
along rapidly to market size and sell
tog them before they passed the
stag* where gains in weight can be
made economically. Tbe manage
ment. each day forms one link in the
chain that takes the hog to the block
i -~«*f»l,y. If any link is weak the
hain must be weak, and the hog is
not ***** to the block with much
j success, if scrub hogs are a!M»d and '
an® developed on farm-raised prod
ucts not most—it is unreasonable
to suppose that good pork can be
raised »o cheaply. The pure-Dred
stock has born with it the decided
• endency to make much choice pork
fmm a sriven amount of feed, and:
*h:s is what the purchaser of high
priced hogs pays for when he gives
big prices for breeders.
1 -e a Pure-Blood Boar, Not a Grade.
If take* much time and money to
develop excellence In a herd and then
fix it as part of that herd's type ao
***** ** "HI *»e reproduced with much
certainty in the offspring, and no
man should begrudge the good prices
glTcn the breeder who han the pati
ence and Skill to develop quality_
really create It and fix it ao others
can benefit by it. After that excel
lence lias been so fixed that the herd
_a_ m -_
— inir, Alimwi AflyrKKIJ
r** multiply that excellence merely
by growing more animals of that
Wocai. This latter work la the kind
the average farmer can do srtth most
•uceesa. He can emdly grade up bis
herd so that for mere pork produc
tion the members of the herd will do
practically as well as the pare-breds.
If a man la fitted by his personal
qualities and by the circumstance*
under which he work* to breed pure
bred hog*, he will find It profitable;
but it must be connected with adver
tising in order to make sales to men
who will pay good prices for good
hogs Still, the average farmer will
do better to use pure-blood boars to
grade op bis herd He should resist
the temptat i«*a to w*e a nice looking
grade after a year or two. instead of
a pwer-hlood hoar, ft can he demon
strated as certainly as the rules of
addition are right, that an Inferior
pure-blond |« better for breeding pur
P°us than a fine looking grade bog.
Their ancestors make the difference
in their value as breeders. That
point thonld never be forgot. But
do not use a scrubby looking pure
bred for breeding purposes. Use a
good one.
Another thing the average farmer
should remember i3 that he shoud
not mix breeds, but keep grading up
by getting new blood of the pure
breed be starts to breed up with in
the first place. Thi3 will be better
for him; and in the end it will be
better for breeders of pure-blood
stock, since It makes the purchaser
prosper In a way almost any farmer
can afford. All who buy pure-bred
bogs must prosper pretty generally,
even those who buy pure blood to
raise grades, before the breeder of
registered bogs can hope to prosper.
Seven Rales in Hog Raising.
To sum up. I would say:
(1) Let those who have the neces
sary qualities and the right exterior
circumstances breed registered stock.
/ <1 \ "TU *_#__ V m
' •* f « aav^crsT i«n* uarrl 3 ** UtJ 1UI AUy
reason cannot do thaT, let them
grade up their herds by the use of
pure-blood sires every year for all
business; and stick to the pure breed
they first start with, never crossing
with another pure breed.
(31 The breed alone will not bring
success; proper feeding -and care
must go with good blood for really
superior results.
(i > Keep expenses down In all
other matters, but do not try to save
too much money by baying cheap
breeding stock.
(5) Do not attempt too much at
the outset, but increase the business
cautiously and not till one s own ex
perience has shown the wisdom of it.
(S) Expect to have up* and downs
in the hog bu*ine*s. Just as In rais
ing cotton or com; but expect on ?%e
whole to net better profit* from if.
(7) Vm the corn crib for little
more than to finish the hogs off with,
and 1>« sure to finish them off if they
are to go on a discriminating mar
ket. Local butchers do not always
discriminate in the quality of pork.
How Shall 1 Change My Dairy Herd to
a Beef Type?
Messrs. Editors: The following In
quiry come* to me for answer
*T would like an article comparing
j ’he milking qualities of the Short
horn and Aberdeen Angus breeds of
rattle. Which la the superior?
Which bull would you choose
between the two to breed to grade
i Jerseys, with :be aim la view of
changing your herd to a beef type*"
I am always reluctant to answer
a question of this sort that has to
do with different breeds of beef
cattle as my reader# all know 1
breed Aberdeen Angus cattle and
they may think from this fact that
my answer Is not without prejudice,
but I will try to be fair.
Replying to the fore part of the
question, I believe taking the two
breeds as a whole that the Short
horn is somewhat the better breed
for milk because of the fact that
there are throughout the country a
great many so-called old-fashioned
Shorthorns that have been bred for
many generation# for milk produc
•ion. But If we are allowed to com
pare the lately improved type of
Shorthorn with the Aberdeen Angus
we will say that our observation
leads us to believe there is little dif
ference as regards milk production.
\mong individual animals of either
breed we find those that are most
egcellent milkers and a great many
also that are very poor milk pro
ducers Thus we would pay atten
tion to the milking qualities of the
1
dam of the bull we were selecting
rather than put much dependence on
breed.
To the latter part of the question
1 would answer that in my judg
ment the Aberdeen Angus sire will
give the better results. The Angus
bull is known to be very prepotent
and the best specimens of best breed
ing transmit their beef qualities with
a good deal of certainty. The uni
form black color will be a very
pleasing characteristic of the off
spring of the Angus sire also and
this uniformity of color will bring
dollars when the steers go to mar
ket. The Angus-Jersey cross is re
ceiving commendable attention from
dairymen who want to raise their
bull calves for steers. First-class
steers must not be expected from
the first cross, but fair Bteers may be
produced In this wav, very much su
perior to Jerseys as feeders. Some
dairymen are using the Angus sire
and making beef of the entire pro
duce of the herd both male and fe
male. Then every few years breed
the best of the old cows to a first
class Jersey sire and keep up the
number in the herd by saving the
female produce resulting.
Any honest breeder of Angus or
Shorthorn should be able to supply
bulls from good milking dams. Good
results will not be obtained by the
above method unless the bull select
ed is of the low blocky. strictly beef
type. A. L. FRENCH.
R. F. D„ Byrdvllle, Va.

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