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Corn WitHout Fertilizer or Stunting.
How Mr. Davidson Made Dig Yields by G<*>d Farming and Frequent Shallow Cultivation. Messrs. Editors: Seeing so much recently in your columns and in oth er Southern farm papers, relatlvo to the Williamson Method of growing corn, we cannot longer forbear offer ing our view along this line. Permit me to say in the outset that we think the stunting process as advocated is all wrong and will prove detrimental to the corn-growing interests of the South, which should be Increased rather than diminished. This is. however, with all due regard with the opinions of others to the con trary. Here, In West Tennessee, the stunting process has booh practiced this year almost exclusively not. however, from a matter of choice, but frpm the fact that weather con ditions have been such that the crop could not be worked. The result Is. we have the sorriest prospect for a corn crop, since the great drouth of 1R74. To my mind, the Idea of stunting young corn in order to uiaist; a |uuu »» tuiiim*; iv good sound reasoning. If this the ory of stunting corn Is correct, why not stunt every other plant, or the colt. calf. pig. lamb, and kid. for the best results? Here, our soil being naturally rich, we use no commercial fertilisers; and I know corn given rapid, shallow cultivation wilt make far greater yields than when It Is stunted; and we feel sure that If those who are practicing the Wil liamson Plan In the South would prepare a field, divide It. treating one-half by the Williamson Plan and giving the other half rapid, shallow cultivation, using the same quantity of fertiliser on each. It would take hut one trial to convince them that the latter method la far the best Owing to the continued rain* there waa not a htll of corn planted on the CloverdaJe Stock Farm this year until May 13th. and planting was not completed until June isith The first planted ha* been cultivated up to thl* date. June 29th. five time*; and missed one cultivation owing to being so wet; and will he cultivated one time more. All the working has been with harrow and spring-tooth cultivators, working the ground at no time over two and one half Inches deep; and the corn looks fine now. but what the yield will be cannot yet be foretold. Last season corn planted May 2 3rd and given similar cultivation made a yield of over seventy-five bushels per acre; and with our years of similar experience, we are pretty well estab lished In the belief that thorough preparation and rapid, shallow culti vation Is the proper way to make corn—not only In Tennessee, but wherever corn Is grown; and we should have to be cited very strongly before we could be converted to the stunting method of corn growing Success to The (taxrtte, which Is one of the very best farm papers that comer- to our desk. II. C. DAVIDSON*. Obion. Tenn. KdltnrlaJ Comment: Those who think they are wasting time by put ting so much work on corn when they cultivate it only two or three times should note that the corn planted on Cloverdale Stock Farm Mny 13th had been cultivated five m t .. S * — _ n o « k. •*»- k _ m a 4k — !• M» •* M M” ft •’Ml I II it k ««* lltr ilmw In forty-eight day* from plant ing. nr about once for every nine and one-half day* since planting It may be noted, further, that because It had been ?oo wet one cultivation had Wen missed In these forty-eight day* With *>i cultivation*, the number that would have Wen given, if po**!b]e. in forty-eight day* from planting, it would hate been at the average rate of one cultivation for every eight day* since planting Thl* corn I* going to be cultivated one time more In tht* connection. It *hou!d be considered tha! corn plant ed on thl* same farm May 23rd of l**t year, and given similar cultlva t|on. made a yield of over seventy five bushel* per acre without fer tiliser That the land wa* good goes without saying, and. a* might W eg peeled, thl* yield wa* «n a thriving stock farm One m«r*» point: All the working *»• done with a harrow and spring tooth cultivator that did not at any time work the ground over two and one half Inch*** deep We must conclude that the William •on stunting scheme i* not necessary to good yield and that many* Ineg penslve working* of the crop will carry corn to rapid and fruitful de ! velopment. How to Make a Good Pasture. Mr. Kaumlmi In Thl» Article Am«m Krtmtl teller* Which Were (fell* ed Forth hjr m l*iwlmi* Article Atom! III* I’aMurr A'rar M*rk»lllc. Messrs, Editors: Since you pub lished your article In your paper aotne time ago about my pasture, 1 have had so many letters In regard to pasture tbut 1 kindly ask space In your columns, as It Would be Impos sible for me to answer all the letters As summer Is on. 1 do not care to hire a stenographer to do this The first thing to be considered In a pas ture is It* convenience. Th*- second thing to be considered I* that the lund planted to pasture should he permanent, for no one can have a pasture by changing his land. The third thing to he considered Is that In the lower Boulh the foundation should he Bermuda grass. Two <»<nm1 Way* to Mart a I'asttire. There are two ways of getting It started. One Is by plowing up sod. with u shovel, throwing It In your wagon, hauling It to the land to In* planted, with say u turning plow laying the laud off In three-foot rows, driving your wagon In the field, dropping the sod about three feet upurt, pressing on It with your f«Kit to make It firm. You can do thin In wet weather wh«m you rann<>t do anything else, and at any *ea*»n when It l« wet and the weather la not cold <>r. second, you can sow the land with the Meed, If you will make a nice need bed and plant from the middle of May to the middle of July 1 would prefer ntiout June Oral You can get need and learn the amount to now per acre from your seed man A HUH Hotter Way I think a better Idea in either of the above plana would be to make rows about nine feet apart of Ber muda: then In the fall make two bed« between. Mowing on one bed white clover and on the other bur clover. To tItlH In the lime land belt of MImhIhmIppI I would add blue graMM. I want to ItllpreMM all who may read thin article, not to over-paature their land, and not to expect too much un til the pasture in fully Met, I make the (uuM-rtlon that there |h no land that will pay' mi well In MIhnIhhIppI as good puHlure land well cared for and pastured with the proper kind of stock. I have no patience with the man who says, "I want a pas ture"; and turns out the poorest he has. does not give this a dog’s chance, never plants a seed of grass, opens his mouth wide nnd says; "Stock-raising will not pay In the South.” More Pasture. Live Stock, and I*and> Itullding Needl'd. Suppose you would turn out n piece of land, and say you wanted a cotton of corn crop, and never plow and never plant a seed; what kind of a crop would you expect? I make the assertion. Mississippi has not one sheep where she should have one hundred, ami not one hog where she should have four; but that she has one hundred dogs where she should not have one. Wo need more pas ture. better pasture; more cattle, better cattle; more sheep, better sheep; more hogs, better hogs; more »<*d mares to bring good mute colts; more stout horse* to puli the plow deeper in preparing our crops; fewer rare horse* to gamble on and eat up the corn that the animal should get that produce* it, w» mra to come to a common-sense »|ew of the mat ter: build up our land*, inatead of wa«hing them away; have more and belter lice stock, that dm* not wall to hear the 7 o’clock whistle blow and b»#e one-fourth the day picking It* ear* to hear the 6 o'clock whistle With the better pasture, this stock will hate done a d»>’» work for It* master ere the 7 o'clock whistle blows, lie down In ease, and bid It* master do the same and not worry about labor trouble*, while his land grows richer and richer Try It Keep books on it. know what you sre doing; snd don't guess al It %**d Kverjr f armer Hhonld Help Hi* terminale the (kltlc Tick. Meanwhile, unite with those who are working to get rid of the Texas feter tick Mississippi ha* al last swung Into line with the 1‘nlted State* Department of Agriculture and other Southern State#, by enact ing a law for the eradication of tho tick. While it wii! take a long time to do it, it can In’* done, and certain ly all stork men should aid the con stituted authorities In all ways pos sible With better pasture, better stock, and the tick eradicated, we sill |je more prosperous and happier . tJ A SAUNDBUfl. Starkrille. Mis* WImI Is (hr Ikst llsjr I’lsuC for Tine Woods Und? Messrs. Kdltora, Wo have some pine woods clay land that wo have been considering for planting In some kind of grass for hay. We would tlko to plant It In timothy, but if we could gel some other kind of grass that would pay better, we would plant that. We want to plant for commercial purpose*, to bale and sell it. and would very much like your opinion a* to wTmt is the best grass How is it best planted, what kind of fertiliser Is heal and lu what quantities should It he put d0Wn, p T. B. Summit], Miss. Kdltorlnl Answer: Ton for ton Bermuda has as much feeding value as tho best timothy. It Is more suit able to pine woods land. It Is usual ly propagated by transplanting the roots, which can be done almost any time except during the coldest months. This method is not more expensive than using seed, which are high In price. Sod Is shaved off one or two inches thick, cut In pieces ibout an Inch square, and one piece Is dropped about two feet each way. Knch piece is stepped on and crowd* ed Into the soft ground as dropped. The soil will have to be fairly soft to make this method practical. When the ground Is bard, one man cat make smalt holes with one stroke of a hoe, while a second drops the bits of sod nnd covers them with his foot. One mnn can drop and cover with his feet enough to plant at acre per day. If the land is It the right condition It is needless to ■*« thiil the land should he worked down smooth, so that bay-making machin ery ran he used. If Bermuda sod cannot lx' got near home. It would !k> advisable to advertise (or soma one who would supply the sod. It is likely that growing Japaa clover (lespedesa) along with tha Bermuda would Improve the soil more cheap than would the appli cation of fertiliser, and Japan clover makes very good hay. Bur clover, which grows during the mol periods of the year, would also Improve the soil, hut is not a good hay plant It the vine* were left on the land, they might reduce the value of the hay. ff there were stock enough to ant of moat of the bur clover, the clover would give good returns In that way i and would enrich the soil for the hay ! plants, by storing atmospheric nltro <en In the soil. I ipp Nothing in excess: all things de* j pend on due proportions.—Chtlo. A. MA aAZINt ? ]FREE wut io jjs%.%rsu.h2rs 7 «»on. Ii wdl iftMlioyaaM mattac whara yon art Of sssi.w.iasjas !Kr§S§siil .1 asgsg Do yoa wort^JK} r% gg&T. tokaraHauuS%»« or kaaacM sdriStUa-XS* ?to paooia wbo ctva aa tb» w formation It yon «iBj> buy n (aria or bualnaaa afl£ . . wbora. If yon da*Ira to BOP A air mo to aaoutar atata ord|y.tW» at one* and tall ua wear Itcoitsyoa rssittrviv;;.' our alafant Macaitn*. w«W gr.‘uJiggfettSg I ^°A°u haul them to the dfjKit, sell them at ten I H to fifteen dollar* per ton, buy the meal at twenty I ■ to twenty-five per ton and give away your hull* I tn the trade? Why not make your meat and hulls at I *" *'ui this enormous loaaT ♦ . 9 "• hulld a line of plantation cotton seed hulleraand ■ Q^m Separators, (* to 18 ton* dally capacity), that can OS ■ run in connection with any win or saw mill and will ■ ffm trrind your a.«*l |nta> meal and huila aa they rutnefnS* ■ the »ln. They are fully guaranteed and are in auccea* ■ ful operation all ever the South. Write for retaken* ■