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Wise Economies America Should Learn From Europe
lit tin* Tenth of Hi* fasten* From Abroad, Fditor l*«*e Tell* llm« the Prudent Ways of the old Country Contrast With (hir Pn*dlcal Habit*—“The Wastes of Interim Would Make Furo|*e Rich"—Timber Regarded as a Crop, and Forest l/ond* I ruler Public protection—Fumpean (•overnrm nts More Careful Than Ounr of lluman Fife—Peculation of Factories ami Hail* roads—Torrens System of land Titles Widely Kecocni/ed. .. . There are ho many peaumul and noiaoie place* in Kuropc that 1 could give alt my time In th»**e letter* to mere description* of these Interesting towns, cathedral*, public building*, river*, moun tain*. etc.. If I were so inclined, and If other writer,* had not already written of them In far more entertaining fashion than I could hope to do. Hut until our people come to a greater appreciation of the beautiful that is at our own] doors In America. 1 do not think It worth my j while to take up space in extensive descriptions of Kurope’s far away glories. Besides, it is the common beauties round about us that are most worthy of our attention anyhow fcverj fair day the sunset paints a picture for you more splendid and Inspiring than any artist has ever been able to put upon canvas Kvery night the Heavens "reveal the glory of God and the firmament showeth Ills handiwork** to a greater degree than any other natural scenery in the world 1 like that story of the old Indian in New Mexico who went up the Httie mountain peak every morning lo *« e the »un rlwe and ' take off hla hat to the glor> of the world.** aa he evpre**ed It* ' The m«*an« -t flower that blow*" ha* Interest and meaning, and for every perwoti who love* the true and the beautiful ’ Karlh * crammed with Heaven And every common t»u*h aflre with tb*d *’ ji If our farm* were only a* carefully tilled. If our farm houae* were only a* taatefully built and painted. If there were the aame wealth of • hrub and vine and flower about them, and If we could do away with fam*hacklc cabin* and wcrub by. Ill-fed *tock land put In about Ove time* aa much g*K»d *tock Inateadi. America would b« a* beautiful a* Europe The trouble i* that Aroer lea )» wafttlng opport u III tie* for beauty Ju*t aa It I* wa*tlng It* opport unit lew for a thouaand other thing* Before I left New York I wrrot® that I wa* coming back to "our old home,** back lo the old homestead from which we American* went out to week better futtunc* In a new world, and In ruriiinr back to the anr« »tral d wcllintf tilace nothing has Impressed n»© n**f«- than the fact * that we. too, are playing the prodigal *<>n. and wasting our substance with riotous living The wastes of America would mak© Kurop© rich. So wonder I*rrsld©nt Itoaaevett tailed together th© Governors of all the Hlltrs and some t»f th© coun try's leading thinker* and scientists to meet in Washington City last spring In a "Conference for the Conservation of trur National It ©sources ** #* I saw more gulll«-d. wasted* desolated, heart sickening land in fifteen minutes* time between Birmingham and Memphis last April than I have *©©n in a thousand mile* of Kuropeao travel up to this time The stoop hanks of th© river Khtne ar© us carefully cultivated as a garden Bock lerrar#. aft#.r rock terrace has been built above you to keep the land from washing. I recall counting at one place thirteen distinct row* of •ton© terraces on one hill side, and on others there was aa even larger number. It Is on such land that the fatuous Bhiite vineyards are cull!* vut©d on lands so steep that u horse can not walk, and all the work must be done by hand, And in Germany, us well as in Belgium, France, and Holland, great numbers of mill© are grown, und the land carefully enriched with the manure Mr It. H. Battle was telling me only u short time before I left home of a German tenant he hud some years ago "The man wanted to put ever)* thing buck on the land," said Mr. Battle; "his sole Idea seemed to be to build It up and enrich It “ And this feeling was so different from the usual land skimming Ideas of Southern tenant* that Mr, Battle was naturally amated. The le gume* are largely raised here, too alfalfa and the clovers; and almost every field bear* evidence of a systematic rotation of crops jtf Then take the forest* Over here their owners have come to see what we In America have not >»-t come to understand, namely, that the timber crop is a crop Just as surely as corn or cotton even If It d<»e». take years Instead of months for It to reach the harvesting stage And the Govern ment over bare, moreover. realised long ago the Importance of forest preservation, while our t*on« gressmen In Washington contribute to kill the bills that would preserve the wealth of our gre*? Appalachian and White Mountain timber land In Germany such area* are under strict Govern ment supervision Lumbermen are not permit led to waste the limber, but are allowed to cut out only so much a year and of trees of the pre scribed *Js« . and there are also «trlct regulation* about reforesting And If there are those who object to the ©ipense of maintaining such super vision, let me remind them that It Is the etperi ence of («©rmany that the sating from the pr© v©nt|on of forest fires ab»n© far more than pays ©tery ripens© incurred In this notable and fruit ful work It la Interesting to go through the woods And see bo« the ire©* of th© right Sis© have been marked, rut. and carried out without on© tenth the damage to other timber an averag© American tumb©rman would Inflict Jl Not only ar© the resource* of land and forest thus carefully conserve*!, but the greatest re source* of any nation the minds of its people are trained and developed, as I showed in my last letter, by a splendid scheme of public education universal. Industrial and even compulsory. More earl) her© than In America, too, waa the folly of grinding out the lives and stunting th« bodies of children In factory work, recognised and r©m edl©d. It has been only a few years sine© the great State of Bouth i‘ar«»Un» officially advertised Its own shame by publishing as an Inducement f. i r . . (>tl H I BH.I In. t ... ... I _ . h . ... . - - -- IV HI) law* regulating hour* of labor or age* for em ployment. While Wtaer Kngtand more than sixty }*'®r* *»«o aaw the folly ttf ruining Ita future dll renahlp and adopted a general ten hour policy in her factories providing, too. for a rigid system of factory Inspection, the absence of which has made many a so-called child labor law In the Houlh a snare and a delusion. J* The actual saving of human life Itself also has far more attention here than In America I should be afraid to quote figures from memory, but I knoW that In the matter of railroad wreck* for example, the American lines. In proportion to traffic handled, kill and wound a fearfully and shockingly larger number of passengers and em ployee*. Kuropenn superiority here Is partly due to the use of u better signal and checking service thereby preventing many collisions, partly to the general absence of level crossings, the railroad tracks going either under or over the public road and partly to the trucks being freed from pudes-1 (tains by protecting hedge* or fences. One other Illustration of the greater c*r life and property over here, and I done that division of my subject, I refer to the bette regulations for fire-prevention in towns and cities stricter rules in regard to the erection of build Ings. etc., etc. Only this week an English &„ thority has published the exact figures regarding com pa nit lx# fire losses |n Europe and America for a series of years, showing the per capita loss in America to t»e more than nine times as great as here. * All the*** things, together with other facta that l have already given with regard to agriculture and might give with regard to other things, are enough. I submit, to warrant m> conclusions, first, that we Americans, going from this old European home to the far. strange land of Amer Utk. have literally pla>ed the part of the prodigal son of the parable; and. second, that Europe would make its**If rkh on what America wastes. * Jl \nd as an after thought. I think it not out of pise** to mention here a matter whose importance l« loo little recognised In Amerif-a our wasteful, antiquated, and utterly unscientific method of r. mistering land title* Over here the Torrens s «lrfn In miiti-lr in f«»rc«* »r<! c*rr-'ifiv in i k. tM-nefU of everybody and everything, exrept, po*. •Ibly. a few Jack leg lawyer* With us every time a piece of real estate Is transferred, a law* )er must be paid to Investigate the title -he go* lug to the court house and searching through musty records of wills and deeds for generations bark, and ever) time the land change* hands tha • ame dreary, expensive, and Increasingly difficult task must be repeated the same identical work repeated time after time to po good purpoat whatever. By the Torrens System the State ones j for all makes a thorough investigation of title, reg.sterw It in prescribed fashion, and guarantee! the titles, a small percentage fraction tai from ««ch purchaser sufficing to create a fund largo enough for the State to reimburse the purchaser in the rare case of a mistake. By this system farmers are enabled to borrow money on land And to make transfers of land as easily as of cotton-mill stork, while the saving to person# buying and selling any kind of real estAt# Is enormous A law>cr told mo a short time ago hat he knew of trarts of land one-fourth of *•"***’ total value had been spent la oft repeated title investigations a new investigation being required under our f*Hill*h and unsclentlftc #y» tetu with each change of ownership. Jft \ number of American States hate wisely adopted the Torrens System Investigation and registration every lime an estate passe# through the courts but In the South no strong and nf* grewslvo champion of the plan ha# yet appeared save Hon Kugene C Massle. of Itirhmond. Va. It is an excellent platform on which to send soma strong man to your Legislature some man who is n**l afraid to stand for an Important reform. » ven if through It a thousand or two jack-lag lawyers and Industrial parasites, Othello like, do find their occupation gone, and are thereby forced into work which will he of so mo real service to mankind. CLAKKNCK 11 POK. Hotel llarrer. Heidelberg, Germany. \o tax tliat could l*i' levied fi*r making am! keeping up g*w*d roads will ever equal (tie tax now |iaid for bad ones Put that in your pipe ami smoke It, all you who are •wared at taxation for r*»ad* W. P. Mtewy.