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The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, September 19, 1908, Image 4

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1908-09-19/ed-1/seq-4/

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Get Up Your Seed Corn Now.
II<'ll» t«* Save the State a Year—Pn»|*er Selection Now
Means a llitcgtT Yield Next Year—Select the llesf Kars I nnn the
ll«'s( stalks, and in the Winter Pick Out the M«**t perfect «»f These.
Hy €'. It KiIlium*.
m Th#> nrartlro of loli’rtitiL' mmmJ corn Si•:«*« t tMls that .ir<‘ boillO ilt it Util*
from the barn late In the spring
costs the farmers of the Smith,
in decreased yields of shelled corn,
an amount equal to more than five
million dollars annually.
The proper place to select seed
for planting purposes next year is
in the field this fall. One day sjw'nt
In the field selecting seed corn prop
erly will pay better in increased
yields than most any labor perform
ed during the entire }oar.
<to Through liiur Field and <•« I
the llo*t.
There are many says In which this
work might be done satisfactorily,
the exact method defending upon
local conditions and practise* Econ
omy in j>erfornianco of the operation
is alsa}s to be looked after but not
at a sacrifice of efficiency. Where
corn 1* gathered from stAlks in the
field In the u*ual wa>. a good teeth
od for the corn-grower to use l* to
sling a cotton-picking bag over the
shoulder or take a basket In the band
and go through and make the selec
tions from the field of corn which
he has that is a little above the
average in productivity, Take two
row* at the time and select seed
from those stalk* which have two
wHI developed ear* {H<r »!alk. re
member Ing that in the neWtion of
weed one nhould ielerl from th*'
►talk* that will yield the largest
amount of *hejjed corn per *talk
The reaeof) why it l» ftdviwcd ►eject*
Ing from («o«arr4 *t*lk* 1* berauie
in t* *ting and *tudying uri* i*» of
rorn during the pawt eight year*, on
the Ktperlttteot .Station farm and
eUewher*. it ha* l*e« r» found that th*
t»«**t yieldef* of *he||e 1 rorn |cf
*taik. and hence per acre, were tho**
that averaged near two ear* |*rr
• talk Take both of the ear* if they
are g<*o4 one*, reject both Jf not
Take \ **ur lt*iy» With \ **u
Ik* not give murh de!alle4 atten
tion to the *bape of the *or» and
grain* during fl«-ld *election. but re
»cr*e thl* for Mime rainy or *no**>
day during the winter and have the
young boy* around to help, a* there
l* no form of farm work that will
Interest them more or lead them to
take a deeper Interest In the work
of the farm tine reaaott why *o
many boy* leave th* farm I* bee a u we
they are not taught that there I*
aomethlng more In farming than the
mere drudgery connected with It
When going through the Reid select*
Ing th*'»e ear* It might be well to
hn\o the boy* along, too. if they are
and Importance of «u< h work.
M«k r «t) Abundant S« le* I lot).
A cart or wagon might be at one
end of the row* and when >uu get
there each lime empty the basket or
bag Ktiough corn ahould be gath
ered In Ibla way *o that when the
more careful selection i« made dur
ing the winter at the barn, having
In mind the boat ahape of ear* and
kernel*, enough will be left for
planting after throwing out the ear*
of poor iihape and thoae having ker
nel* not up to the proper type It U
w tubed to u*e for planting. Keli-ct
from the field three to five time* a*
much corn u* It la expected to he
needed, *o that a very rigid aelectlon
may be made oomo winter day.
t "ho**»e from (i«M»«l Stalk* ttnly.
M*ke aelectlon* from atulk* that
not only bear two well developed
eai«, but those that have n good leaf
development and large root ayatem.
lor in anu convenient noignv, iwr succ
ears are easily and cheaply gathered;
they ripen more uniformly, and art
less liable not to have the embryc
grains fertilised, as the tasselllng ol
ail stalks will bo practically at thi
aam<> date and the pollen from al
will be given off at about the same
time. The ears should be held nol
upright, but in a rather drooping
position. Such ears are less liable
to rot. as they will shed the rain
rather than admit it Into the ears,
as they frequently do when held In
an upright position, especially is this
so if the busks <shucks) do not cov
er the tips of the ears completely
Also, It i* w. ll to discard all ears that
have the tips poorl) covered with
husk, even if all the other charac
(eristics are up to requirements.
II«*W III Main \«'ur I Inal Selection.
When, during the winter, the^c »rn
thus gathered is gotten out for more
careful selection, choose those ear*
of cylindrical *haj»e and th<»se which
possess deep wedge shaped and
large-germed grains which complete
|y and deepl) cover the cobs and
which are arranged in parallel rows
Select heavy, well matured ear* that
have medium-Siled Cobs with kernel*
that are heavy in weight and medium
rough In indentation, and which have
th«* butts and tip* falrl) welt filled
out Keep |be seed stored in a dry
..hill I» • I „ ««„
If you hate not your weed
before from the Cold In the way
indicated al»«*e try It thl* fall \<*vj
ti.ay be a little doubtful of the iaUk
of th*» ntra effort, but gt»e ll a fair
trial and WO fee} sure that you will
never go barb to the old and |e*a
profitable method <»f •electing *eed
r«»rn from the barn
lilt) ( aflrnh ItUulptiltle Kill tile |'r*»
Two?
If«a«r* Kdltorv I * i*h a little in
formation on the effect* of rarbon bl
aulphide treatment on cowpea* A
friend of mine planted three arrea
of pea* which had been treated with
th< ftuiphld< and not a {h a *prou?od
Me think* It »a* due to the prepara
t|on« b« Ing In the jwa* tm> long I*
there danger from thl* notirre? I
will *ay that the weather wa» Ideal
Tor the growth of need. **» It rannoj
be laid to that r W BK18KR
Kotlejr. Ala
.save >our med corn nu* wuc ui
the most Important Item* In g»H»d
corn raiding If* g***d •*••*•<1. If the wed
'I* poor the stand I* poor always If
ther*' are vacant space* In the row
i there will he vacancies In your crib.
\ srsm iro in Vour lt<»w* Are Kxpcii
«i%e.
Ten per cent poor seed will make
a Joss equal to seed corn at eight
to ten dollar* per bushel put on good
ground and well tended. The blank
Space* cost just a* much to plow,
seed, plant, cultivate, tale* or rent,
as the full space*. A poor crop costs
just as much to raise, except to har
vest a* a good one Hood seed corn
l* cheaper at I i 00 to 110.00 per
bushel than poor seed at five to ten
cents
Hot* to S<»ir torn Iron* (It r I >r|d.
The following Is a good method of
saving seed.
\fter the earliest ear* are glared
and the outer husks begin to dry, the
grain U ripe enough for seed Tie
the end* of a large sack together by
two corners, put this oxer the shoul*
d« r. select )ouf best corn field and
pas* through the held row by row
►..“.titering the largest, emrtlewi ear*
only. Those hanging Up* down are*
«V I 1 M«r/ P *Utn
«« aiher lx iter and also are not w
sot-'/eef to bird*, etc , a* upright ear*
K. r* should be Riled out full, small
COb. dee P kernel*, and the beat ear*
preferably from strong upright
•talk* carrying two or morw g**od
ear* (0 each stalk
l|<»w to t are f«*c it %fler <*»t|»ert»*iC
Jieed ear* should be husked and
braid* I up at once after gathering
and dried out thoroughly. Home,
tic «»*rr a wire or cord and some
trice a shingle nail or large tack In
the r«*h to hang up by In damp sea
son* artificial heat may be employed
In fart, the great seed corn rai*er*
and fancy corn breeder* u*e It In
tn<»st at) season* as It Is sure to get
corn well dried out before It gets
froien. moulding or freeting tramp
corn Is sure to harm the germination
and often destroys u entirely If
hung on a wire m the dry gable of
the barn, crib *»r granary where rat*
and squirrel*. mice etc . can not get
to it. it wilt |»e secure until neit
*ear«m
Trs* Your Ved-It (• Simple.
Then lest your seed by planting
lake a counted lot and Sts’ how
Put both in and mix
OTASH
The Last Call
We have !«cen telling you all
along to u»e not leas titan
*> Ml tent of Potash in \ ni
wheat fertiliser
We hate lnhi you how to add 4 |»er cent of Potaah to bone or phoa
pbate, hy mi ting ldi Iba. of ciihrt with IS ll« of Muriate of Potash.
Hat e you arranged to do thU ? To increase your wheat cron at a
coat of leaa than 10 cent* |*er bushel?
If n<*|, telephone to y<»tir dealer t«» get the Potash at once or, to
furnuh you with n li-k 4 fertiliser for your wheat equally gtw*| for rye.
Potash is profit. But neat week we ma\ l*e t»*r Utc to get the gooda
| dehvrreij tu time for use Therefore, do it non*,
Hand for Our Hooka, o nuiiting /*»/» anil,
tiops, nui.uin Mint IcilllOrta Malle<| ft *4,
OILMAN KALI WORKS. Candler building. Atlanta. Georgia
Haw York vj Nassau ttraat Chkago Msaadawk Halldlog
Save Good Seed Corn. *
<»«nh| S'nl ('uni i«* at Than INmr a{ ^ ^
\ IIiihIk-I—H*’r«* !*■ « (»«hm1 MhIicmI «»f S»nli»j{ **,«,•«! ('oru—suv^ |(
H y I m. II nttlr n , ff.i*#../#, 1
n».tn> grow a pftn hft,f fl
with Mind wet with warm water, lav
corn on thn* and cover with a' «pt
cloth, keep in a warm place and a
few daiH will tell the story. Do no,
let It xt! dry While testing and do
net heat It. if more than five or
• *:ht kernels in 100 fall t0 germl
oate vft *r several trials, discard th.
Med . ni.rely os It is too poor t)
plant.
%
I'mrti< ;»| \\ a) to Improve our Vleld
1 never plan* corn from the cr»l»
In Spting It tfoe* not pay. Hett >r
jay Ore dollars or twice that amount
for strictly hirh grade germlnaUtig
S’vd from selected ears every time
H.’Vo the lw»M so d you have and care
for It thoroughly n«»*
If the farmer will follow this rule
rigidly )ear after )*ar he can Im
prove his seed to more than double
his rum crons, and next to sclentiflr
corn breeding It U the practical way 1
to in>pr«»te and secure reliable seed I
corn I
to light C'mtnti (tears. I
Messrs, Editors. I will writ© on 1
cotton tx*ar* and the false reports 1
they take advantage of to rob the I
producer of what h« sweats hard for, I
This robbery. If properly taken hold I
of by the farming world, can be stop* I
ped Make Mr Bear give bond for 1
the damage* he tnay cause to the fl
farming world by over estimating ■
and figuring what the crop ought to I
have brought If It had been properly . I
estimated I believe if the farming I
world would come together and sue I
the bear* for what they have rob* I
!«d the producer of. any of onr courts I
would give the farming world Judg- I
ment for several million dollars for I
each crop they rob the purchaser of. 1
The robbing should be stopped Ini* I
mediately The farming world should I
employ a lawyer to h»ok after the 1
amount of damage bears cause the I
producer and bring suit against (be 1
scoundrels 1 do not know whether I
you will agree with my view* or not. 9
though l believe it can be done and I
should be. We have to fight for 1
our rights by law and rely on the
g«x»d law to support us against rob
bery. regardless of moneved men who
combine to rob the poorer classes. j
These robbers sit back and claim to
t*e as g»x»d or better than the sweat*
lug man. and claim to have hope* of
seeing tiixl when thev die. though I j
hav«- my opinion made up so I can’t
sit on the jury. M A. l.*a
Osyka, Miss S j
I tutorial I’oiumeiit; White It Is
llii|H»»*|ble to see how the proposal
ukm on nears can oe carried o*»
practically, the suggestion* are pub*
ll«he«l f *»r what they are worth.
\\ heu it ct>!ii«-« t«» doing thing*, we
mu*! consider what I* possible, quite
a« much a* what I* just. The best
protection any man can have again*1
rot ton bear* I* the production of
enough other thing* to free himself j
from the wont effect* of bear*.
WheU a farmer raises hi* own sup*
pile*, cotton hear* have little chance
to starve him Into selling at low
prices. The rule should be to com
bat the bear every wav possible,
while giving special care to making
the farmer and his farm Independent,
by the growing of home supplies.
"I heard the bullet* whistle! and
believe me, there w a* something
‘harming In the sound ” George
Washington

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