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How the Government Can Help.
Toni Watson point* < hit the Need of Hotter Foreign Markets, Better Ih'gulatfon of Trusts, arul More Cotton Manufacturing at H‘*me. Much enthusiasm *>« shown when the audience caught sight of Tom Watson, of Georgia, during the last session of the Farmer* Union meeting at New Orleans, and hi* happy way of »taUng what he wishe* to impress on an audience kept up en*hu*iaam to the end of his speech. «hlch, in part, is as follow*; "Mr Barrett tell* me that no one ha* alluded to the fact that the farmer 1* the backbone of the coun try. Probably thl* I* *o because no one baa been able to explain shy there i* so much backbone That we hare got spinal trouble of a eery complicated sort Is very plain. Year after year, for many year*. I have devoted my time to atudy of govern ment a* It relat'-a to the farmer 1 believe It Is generally known that I am the friend of the farmer, and 1 believe that the Southern farmer is my friend (except on the Unit Tuesday In November in Presiden tial years). "I take it that this Is a gathering of serious men for a serious pur pose. and I will try to explain whs* is the trouble with the backbone The Heal Function of (enersorat. "In cirlllxed government there are three gr**at departments upon whi'-h prosperity depend*. Agriculture Is one, manufacturing Is another and WHS UITIVT IS SMVUfVV, II » eminent keep* hand* off and merely protect* each man In the pos*e**ion of bit property. It la an open field and a free fight, root hog. or die* The Government can do thla. or It can protect each and every one of these department*. In which c**e the result would be about the «atne •• In the drat. Hut when the Govern ment taken up one at the expense of the others, the other two are In jured When It taken up two at the expense of the third, the third lan guishes and suffers Analyse this situation and you will begin to real ise what la the matter with the backbone of the country.” The Protective Tariff sad the Farmer Mr. Watson reviewed the hlstor» of protection in thl* country, and de dared the manufacturer* have n**t only made * per cent, but also cleared |2 000.000.000 be*.dew He said that the farmer has never asked snrthing but a free field and a fair fight, and had been denied these; that he had never naked to have other mmm«d ttkt ta**%d to put money In hia own pocket; that no more unselfish man a as ever made In Goda image on • this earth; that when there la a pea tUwntial swamp to drain, the farmer drains it; that when there a re taxes to pay, the farmer pay* them; that In the early hutory of the country when there were savages to drive back It was the farmer who shoul dered bla musket and did the work The capture of Andre was referred to and It was stated that the farmer* * ho captured him could not he bribed The Trusts and Furrift Hsurhete. "We cotton farmer* of the South are the only people In the world *ho have a monopoly and don't know what to do with It,” continued the speak er **The steel Tru*t ha* a monopoly and knows what to do It eell* you plow*, and hoes and rakes, and you have to pay the price. The Harves ter Trust makes you pay the price And all the lime they are selling tn South America and Kmarfa at cheap er prices than at homo. The Coal Truat fixes the pries of the coal It la their business to fli the prtew and >uurs to pay th* price 'Ton*r«**» mold have said: ‘So I won't burden the agriculturist with ^nch toads a« these Congress could have broadened your markets, ob tained greater mercantile trade by reciprocity and other treaties One commodity could be exchanged for another on terms fair to both. But Its policies have caused the other nations to adopt retaliatory tactics and narrowed the foreign markets to the products of the American ag riculturist President McKinley sent a Commission to France to negotiate a treaty that would hate meant the entry into that country of cottonseed product* from the South, valued at $20,000,000 a year Hut*the Senate killed It. and killed it because It contained a clause favoring the im portation of French hosiery. Some little old New England mill would hare ?>een affected, and so $20,000. 00O a y car to the South bad to be v*cri fired Why Not Manufacture III Onion at Home? "In 1*07, the *a»o of edition abroad amounted to 9,70S.000 bale* Thl* cotton »« manufactured and ship ped bark again and sold at higher prices, so that the net profit to our country «a« only f? 000.000. Don’t that show that »e at# selling cotton too low 7 Why not manufacture ev ery bale right here* W ar»-t*n**■ I'Ua 1 W»t f«*c Immediate RHM. The high tariff and trust system has restricted and narrowed the market, rut off the demand and left a surplus The remedy lie* Jn a low er tariff l^et the foreigner in. re duce the price of American goods that are now protected, and thereby increase the demand for raw cotton for the greater the demand la the greater will be the price That’s the permanent remedy Sow for Im mediate and temporary relief ! like that * a rehouse plan That takes It off The coffee grower* wer# con fronted with a situation almost slm liar to that which now confronts the cotton farmer IHd they swamp the market »lth their over production* Xo, they pul all their surplus in warehouse*, raised the price and compelled the consumer to pay for not only what was marketed, but also for what was never sold at all llird* Th*i H 111 Help V<w l the Weevil. According to the Mississippi Au dubon Society the following birds eat the boll weevils and are valuable In the order named 'Cliff swallow, bank swallow, olive sided flycatcher, barn swallow, night hawk, least flycatcher, alder fly cat* her. orchard oriole, American kingbird. plpplt, yellow-breasted chat, pboebe, Carolina wren, kll deer. meadow lark, dirk sense!, pur ple marten painted bunting, tow* hee, shrike, field sparrow, savanni sparrow, cardinal, mocking bird, white-throated sparrow, yellow warb ler. tufted titmouse, cowblrd. red winged blackbird, brown thrasher, bronsed grarki#, lark sparrow bob w hlta." Forty-sev*n weevil* have W#*n found In tba stomach of one cliff swallow. OATS =. and ===== PEAS Will enrich roar land. fatten roar stock, and put nionev In lour pocket. The best war vo plant tame crop* is to u»e The Cole Grain Drill and Guano Sower IIKUK ARK MIRK KKASORK: V >u can *>w oat* anr time in fail or winter and the oats trill not freer* out. _»od The open furrow* *t the winter ra;a» sink into the earth and thus enrich the •oil instead of w»*h:n* It aw*r Jr*i. Heasdr-.i d a « U th.s machine yie'd more full pods, the trines do not fall down so had i and the drill seres its cost tr ustn* fewer roet) eeed. tth Os^s will rle.d toorr jier arre ofwn twice a* much AC. Tbr Dru. is • rth :u cost »» e Guano Distributor for all purposes The pr-.c* is low enough for earbodj and ret the bi* farmer* cannot bur anrthsn* wiser They u*» t so preference to the costir two-horse *r*tn drills Now .» the time to bur Writ* st once for further information THE COLE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. Hot 400, i liiArlofte, N. C. wmmmmmmmmmmmMmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm■ REVERSIBLE DISC PLOWS For Two or Three Horses Do Their Work “A Coinin' and a Gotn#’ Thr Plow* that do thr bnt work anywhere and everywhere—hillside or Irtri land hard ground or soft ground sticky ground or trashy ground arc thr Chattanooga Reversible Disc Plows OmIUwi»|(« Plow* arc thr only entirely *urrr**fui Reversible Disc Plows simple »n design few in part*-sturdy in construction- as durable as _dulled workmandup ami thr finest material* can make thrm- guaranteed for t«rl*c month* agam»t any breakage caused by defects in material or work manship. Chattanooga Reversible Plows turn corner* either right or left, puhr: / thr soil thoroughly, cover weeds, leave a clean furrow, and save time, labor, money and horse flesh. Write today for free postpaid catalog which tells the whole story. ^ CHATTAN006A FLOW CO. In every par bone power. « e also make Boden; Tanka and Towers; Smoke Stacks; Mill, Engineers', Machinists*, and Steam Fitters’ Supplies; S*w and Cane Mills; Syrup Kettles. We solicit your correspondence. l»o vou haul them to the depot, aell them at ten I to fifteen dollars per ton, buy the meal at twenty I to twenty-five per ton aad five away your hulw I In the trade? Why not make your meal and bulls at I your g n and save this enormous kim? 1 Wa build a line of plantation cotton aoed hulkrs and ■ aavaratom. < I to 13 tens daily capacity >. that can bo ■ run in connection with any gin or aaw mill and will ■ grind your erud Into meal and hulls ss thay cotnefrsm ■ the gin. Thay ar« fully guarantasd aad are la sun ess ■ ful oparatkun all oyer the South. Writs for catalogue ■