OCR Interpretation

The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, November 21, 1908, Image 14

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1908-11-21/ed-1/seq-14/

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Filth and ChicKen Cholera.
Sanitary Condition* Will Almost Alwayn IVevent Cholera and
Moct So-< ailed Cholera l» Only I>iarrh<*».
We have two request* (or cures of
cholera in chickens. Fowl cholera
attacks all kinds of domesticated
poultry—chickens, ducks, geese,
pigeons, turkeys, and caged birds. ,
The infection generally occurs by the
taking of food or drink contaminated
with the excrement of sick birds.
Bird* might also become affected by
eating the flesh of others that bate
had the disease. It Is also possible I
for fowls to become affected by In- ,
haling dust containing the germs or
by the germs entering wounds.
The symptoms Include great thirst
and the voiding of droppings In
which the part normally white is yel
low. This Is not a sure indication \
since the same symptoms might be
caused by other diseases. Diarrhea j
Is generally a prominent symptom/
the droppings being thin and fre
quently voided, and In the later'
stages the yellow portion may turn
green. The fowl becomes depressed,
the feathers appear ruffled, the comb
becomes very paie or very dark, and
the appetite is poor. The disease
may run through the flock rapidly,
destroying moat of the birds in a
week, or it may assume a chronic
form and be several weeks or month
in going through the flock Very
soon after the first sy mptoms app* a
the affected bird separates from the
flock, no lengcr stands erect, the
feather* stand on end, the wings
droop, the head is drawn down to* *
ward the body, and the bird leads to
become ball-shaped There u great
weakness now. and the bird becomes
drowsy and may sink into a sleep
which lasts the last day or two of
the birds life It is almost impus
slbl* lo arouse IL If the bird should
be aroused and caused to walk, there
Is at first an abundant discharge of
excrement, followed at short Inter
vals by scanty evacuations. Ins
raoed birds rapidly loose In weight,
they are so weak that a slight touch
makes them fall over, and they walk
with great difficulty.
Hattitary |*rrrs«t)ont Will |*mmi
( Ttolern.
Medication offers little hope for
saving sick birds. Tho best method
of combating tho disease is to em
ploy strict sanitary measures. Total
ly destroy dead birds. They may be
burned, which is best; or be very
deeply buried. Keep the bouse and
the runs disinfected. 1 ho droppings,
also, should be burned or thoroughly
disinfected with a mixture of one
pound of carbolic acid dissolved in
twelve quarts of warm water. A
cheaper but more dangerous disin
fectant Is one pound of sulphuric
acid mixed with fifty quarts of water
Hy having the druggist dilute the
sulphuric acid with twice Its weight
of water, when bought, there will not
be danger of burning the flesh or the
clothing so much if coming in contact
with either. Afterwards the acid
may be mixed with water in the pro
portion advised; but it should- bn
done slowly and care should be used
that it does not splash Into the ejes
t so wood teasels to contain It, as
It would corrode mctAl except wh«n
v« rr diluted I Milo foci the building*
t* raying with whichever mixture
is u*-d elsewhere, and then wbllo
***b it is scarcely necessary to say
•h. t *ick birds should be kept sway
Iron the weil, If they are separat'd
a space of ten feet It will be suf
0 lent.
UlMt •t'Kobea" |{e»l!y |*.
Cholera la much more rare than
most pouitrjmen suppose, most of
th« so-called cholera being diarrhea
^ r|ou» diarrhea is often caused
by fowls eating decaying meal dmd
birds, it may be If it Is not caused
by that, it may often be check'd by
reducing the amount of green and
animal feed and using dry grain
largely, withholding moist mash™
V tabl« SJwsonful of sweet <ol|V » «»|S
maj be given to grown birds, to
carry off any IrrltAtlng matter th»»
may be In the Intestine* In severe
rases of simple diarrhea gtve Die
or ten drops of laudanum to each
grown bird Cholera Is a germ dis
rasa, and cannot get a start in a
ft«*ck utile«ts tho germ Is Introduced.
when new birds are brought in or
something else caries the germ of
cholera to the flock.
Doctoring Chickens.
I »uallj An I llu*inr.stin|.|r< lUntir«)|r« Ural; and
a Miarp Air oflrn I* (hr sttr**i C'nrr.
Messrs, luiltora: Doctoring poul
try Is sn unprofitable business and
doubly so If uno Indulges In expen
sive remedies. The remedies used
In the poultry )ard should be simple.
Inexpensive and ready at hand. For- j
tunstely every one has them In k«r
oM-ne and Hmo with the addition of
olive oil, sulphur snd lard. 1 am
moved to touch upon this subject
through recent warnings In popular
Journals sgslust the use of both ker
osene snd lime. A caution in re
gard to the careless use of all rem
edies Is never out of place. Most
people dearly love to dose something
and the poor fowl makes such au easy
ilctlm, It may be eluded or dosed so
effectually for Its health, that 1 fall
to remember a case whore the doc
toring Is not overdone.
How to t ee Krnarnr,
Yet many years' experience and
observation have proved to me that
kerosene, even In careless bands, is
about as harmless as anything u»ed
in the poultry yard. One should have
too much gumption to pour it spoon
ful of undiluted kerosene down a
fowl's throat. HUH It la often done,
and the poor bird Uvea to tail the
cruel story. In tho article referred
to on the danger of kerosene. It*
blistering qualities are dwelt upon,
and Incident* given of tht* result
upon both man and fowl, all of which
Is very true If the kerosene Is ap
plied freely and tho air eicluded by
bund age* or feathers, but not other*
wise. For *<»ro throat and many kin
dred complaints In people, kerosene
Is effective. It Is also good for chil
blains, It often acts like magic, but
If either the throat or feel were ban
daged with it, blistering would fol* ,
The Ihreventioii of lloup.
For fowls with a wheeling in
the throat and stopped up nostrils,
nothing Is belter. A teaspoonful of
mixed olive oil and kerosene. In pro
portion about two-thirds of the for
mer to one third of the latter, given
to the fowl and the nostrils well
sprayed out with a llko mixture, will
afford almost Instant relief, also cure
Incipient colds and thus preveul an
outbreak of roup. The same course
in roup will prove as successful as
any of the more elaborate and ex
pensive treatment* and remedies.
Scaly lejp anil Their Treatment.
In the article before mentioned, a
case is related of doctoring for scaly
leg by dipping the fowls legs in
kerosene and setting it back on the
perch with the result that the fowl's
breast was blistered. Very likely.
The feathers would exclude the air
and cause blistering, which wiping
off the legs or exposing them a few
nilnut«s to tho air would have pre
vented. In any case kerosene is too
doing in its effects to use for scaly
legs. A salve made of fresh lard
and sulphur with s little carbolic
acid added is the better remedy.
In head or body lice in either ma
ture fowls or chicks where grease is
<» generously recommended, the pro
per thing is kerosene, but the fowl,
should not be dipped or soaked In it.
A clean soft cloth should be dampen
ed with the kerosene and rubbed over
the Infected parts with the lay of the
feathers. It destroy* the insects,
cleans the feathers and leases no bad
results, while grease musses up tho
1 ^1* and of:* n kills the chirks.
- - “ * f• _aa fLAa a* a— _
To repeat: Ikx-torlng fowl* la a
mighty unprofitable buaineaa for the
poultry keeper, and prevention
• houtd be the watchword atrong
•lock, proper feeding and bouatng.
rleanline**. When *kkn©«* d«*ew oc- f
• ur In their flock, the remedies
should be the eitnplo one* Indicated
and the batcher t'NCLB JO
M Inning* at \ arVnj* l *lr».
W C Taylor. Jarkeon, MIm., bad
at Miwaiaaippt tftate Fair in the
A bite Wyandotte cUm. 3. 3. and 4
• <<k. I. 2. and 4 cockerel. I, 3. and
t ben. 1. 3. and 3 pullet. I. 3. and 3
pen At l»a»!a*. Teta*. be bad l *
- ««kefe|. 3 and 6 ben. 3 pen He
• l*o »oi* 2 on White leghorn cock
ere I At Minden. I-a . he carried off
toott of the flrala for both brfwxta
Lime »«eetena the aoil. promote*
nlUifi. atloo. mellow* a city and corn
act* a * a tidy aoil and relea*©* pot*
**b that may be In the aoil in an
insoluble farm.** tHce page *.)
It would be better for tbo land
<»*n«r to let all the land be cannot
manage blmteif grow up m pine*
than to let It out year after year.'
until e«en a negro will not take It/* *
« Hee page >,)
mmm> —«
AOmm. SCI IB ~A* Wimm *i HMbAri
Sam* F*4v (to*
nr»i I**tv. Tutr»l »v*. I’wurth »**a Third .
' ** A*f*;*4»d IN>,mh l*«IM
Nc»i m>m»d I hr*tu »t fourth mr t>r**dlo*
** t iti» »w> IttMul It*!* | *m h*t* four i«m
» •■•‘I for the K>«i.>c of I*** *»>r.UkiOiO# in nil
»’***“' *° H*«l« The Mr4* m lo4iit4it«l« or |
k* • whole r<>: tvtion I bfttcmr mttnl *mj M
1**1 *K*«t<r *out>4 All order* forc**» •ithrr
furftin*le ftetiiftfiur Ih <iitatulUM for incub*u>r
ftli*d i>rv.tt.H r A t«o Ihtrxlft btuhftmr- I
i*™r*l *f •’*** nr* *rt under hen
Norn* t»rr choice brmler* for •*!•
Hinton l* r«ntmli» l«x*t*.i twin* nine mi}**
of JttkMn on th* A A V My . convenient
:•> nil *11 re** Ctt>|«*nl»« Nemembr **,* Jgerfe
•re fMwe Alhhtww
if’ * Alt *4 out fttul S*«i- for rvferwne*
» r AMU as* IS 13 In kin M’n»
rru* Writ* your wont*
R- y, ix Wo i kihri. tiii*
from SI.00 lo S2.00 fork.
IIS V. 6 CUV, • InK I. . UMflftAU. MSS.
j Where to Buy
| Poultry and Erie.
The Home oTtheRwE
I hare any or wrwy-fire bead of flaa young
hrt;* and pulleta of the Ml or Barred Ply»ooU
Work* for a»> at Usoo to tUU» per do**®. ow.
loa f'W'ifcl atm when afclppod.
I hare woo * Ft rat Prire at every ,h0,
etblblted UMpt oce and woo aeoood the*.
order early while I bare a floe lot lomu*
froen You re for bvaloc**
Cedar Bluff, • •
Rhode Island Reds.
W tnoera of ai: flnt t rrasluma at State Pool,
trr Show* at AbenWe Mu* («*.'§ 7. aw
at Jerkao* Mia* for «aib« »-ara
vv tnarra at Trt state Fair, vf-trr.hu ew
se 1trmfer saah to October hta tana.
ctCKitus m mum fh sail
Fee* for batching after January ;Sth. tfMi
UAVtirw Mice
For Quick Sale.
T<ncU*a 4pmr roeSerala. alt high tWf>
•«4 WrC* at Ifcf fa.low U.* low pfK«a
%i% % C IhoV I*i«e4 KM mk*mi« at I
«**a > H f*. IS 1 KM* tii rtvrrn mltlBwl,
• W h \r sfeoa «h!W. at ||
♦aril t ml Sar saow «fctlr WtudoUtfOlSI
r**ra Ota. a ft) I f» C Muff l^ttfftorn f<k*rk*
at ft ml; I H t* Itroaa Inborn mkatlUl;
I tt*rr«d Pjatoiiui Kora cur a at*. W ft ft
Kork ml*f»:» at Kmk. Maamofk BnM
lt»»tl* a M'.trr Of tofrMlKttlrerr Scad year
•n)»f la »4ic* Ha Ufa. turn c»arsatd*i «f
• 'W| tma r R Hal.LAKH Pro*..
(Itlw l\M»Urt Farm. T«t«rlo. la* Co . MU*
— e taylorT’
• »• C«#M# •CdkMf. MM
Woo taw In t) ml pnict at MrapiK DallM
aal Jaltua M:«*
riv* Silver Cape. 1907-'OS.
Sis Silver Capa. 190*-*1/7.
And ntoj Special Prise*
White and Buff Rocks.
Win *•*; t4Mt •ftiao breeder* mi St W to IMA
«*«4i My bird* or* lUtcUy Brat-riMB Alii*
Green Re 14 To## . mhow. i**». In cvoifetlUOk *f
fourteen WIIM Hock fcBncier*. I woe t»«kfli|l
am a ft mum, mum
Hkod* Ui«ad tied* Rlbtfict Hock*
Whit* W)*ndot4r* *n4 \\ hue letf
hum.*. It O) «»ck. Ikuv t»r .Umm.
At*o HuS Turkey* of World'* Fhlf
•tr*to. *t rvMuoiMr frier* for tk#
Mil t»o mouth*
J. ff. I ft lit Kill, • Hrnetolk, i>A*
Buff orpikgtons exclusively.
Three yard* Ko*-* frv.ru *11 y*rd» |l OOpW
tk LY»rt*>*fuhdeoce • flr**unB,
URL) l> RII.K V Hou»Uik. MU*
ROSS: COMB R I REDS ' * » to Uf.
«**«h*»d »*F.
Selwinl youtttf «u*-k for »*i* lmpn>**
your Ruck « uh fur* bred m*>«*
Ath e). 4 ofiah 4*0 . MM*
Mrm. R. Jmmmir Krtem. - - l.#*(#rlWr, Ullh
Buff Cochin, Buff Orpington, Barm!, White and Buff Plymouth Rock*
Stiver Laced Wyandotte*, 13 egg a ft. None better Hew a* good. Send
order* at once. Hilled in rotation.
K. B. BACHMAN, Lock Drawer, 137, Winona, Miss.

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