Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Newspaper Page Text
THE WAY TO CLEAR YOUR LAND OF STUMPS
Uhe Case for tHe Stump-Puller. Home %ilvnnfaKt*«. IC Hah and Hon>«* of flic AdvantAgr** of <Hhrr McUmnIh. "First of all, dynamite la dan gerous. Few people without ex perience are competent to han dle It. Secondly, It la expensive. The coat runa from ten renta per Mump up. Probably It will av erage near twenty cents, and that ia more than the average farmer who la clearing land feela that he can afford. "But aside from the matter of danger and expenae. dynamite |a not the heat method of removing atumpa. becauae It apllfa and ahattera the atump but does not remove the roota from the ground. Any one who has had experience In atump dynamiting will bear witness to Ihla fact. The roots are left In the ground and they quickly acnd up shoots and a thick growth of sprouts and brush results It require* a large and long-continued use of the grubbing hoe, which I* avoided If the stump*, roota and all. t#e pulled In the flrat place " Kdl«**rtal Conanrat: The above t* a quotation from an article sent out by the manufacturer* of a atump puller; and has In It much of truth Still there !• another side to the ques tion. A stump-puller will do good work where conditions are facomble; that. Is where the slump* are not too large and there are stumps or trees to brace to. We hare also pulled stumps two feet and more In diameter with a big chain and a stout pole sixteen f«*et Jong The chain would be fasten ed to one end of the pole and then to a root or about the stump, wrhtch was made the fulcrum for the pole Then a good team was hitched to the other end of the pole and the stump twisted out This work* well where the stump* are dead, but the strong ewt chain can stilly be broken by s stump that Is green or that has a strong tap-root When stumps get past a certain Site or degree of "toughness/* dytia m11e Is the most effectual way of g«ltjng rid of them It doe* leare some mots in the ground; but It also • hatter* and splits th« stump up so that If is. as a rule, much easier to manage when out Of course, one must has* had *otne eipertenc* to get best result* With it How I Cot Rid of Stumps. !•«*» m Tt»**r»»«s!» M Wiu «m1 flow l« l*«Ut—c»f *lvr Ib.l W> I *rr M^rlr,” h*;« %|r. Atvfurthf. Mc«r» Editor*: A few year* ago our farm had a great many itump* on It. In ©very field w©r© thousand* of them, and never haring *e^n a stump-puller that we thought sue re«*fu), we were itt a dilemma to know what waa heat to do We could not uae improved farm machinery to get our crops in. and when In we could not use machinery to bsrv©*! If. whit© to get labor to cultivate the field# without breaking tool* wa# out of th© question rf»r*|ier to full Tiiaa llrcak Tool*. One day when we were hoeing with a force of hands an agent for Im proved tool* came along who said he had been In New York where farmer* considered It cheaper to take up their stump* than to work around them and break up their tooia. Thla put me to thinking and figuring We had over one hundred acre# of land that had not been cleared long We began to figure first as to cost of broken tools, th© Jerking about of our mules, th© dread of laborer* plowing in tho*>© field*, how much more It cost to work stump field* than those that had non©, how much nicer It was to work them with stump# out, how many tool* it would save, and how much better our help would like to cultivate them, and how much more grain we could make and save by having the slump* out We figured It out that the saving of our t<Mils and stock, th© cheapness of cultivation by Improved tools, and the larger crop* we could make and gather would soon make up for th© cost of taking out our slump* Hence we mad© up our mind to face the tank of taking up the stump* from one hundred arnw of field* that had only a few years ago stood In heavy timber Koine E»|M-n*lve Kkpertinent*. I determined that alt should come. Not on© wa* to b© tuft, no mnttar If ua Uni© a* a man's lug or i* blue whit© oak four feet across th© stump A* i have said, 1 had never seen a* I • tump puller that I had faith Itt. »o It waa up to me a* to hoar | vu to **t the work done f hired no me good hand*, giving them twenty Ore cent# on an average for the (dump* Ihee would ral*e after We went otef with a *Hteet> pound hammer nod knocked down all we routd We found thin uc^atlafartOry. an the hand* would take out the nmy onew leaving the wor»t casing they would go hark after them They would get their par for what they had done, and then go llenrw we ahandone>d that method of lifting them We then g**t *ev«*ral good matttork* and •hovel*, and began with hired hand* by the day to lift them Thin we found etj*rnalve frv»m the fart that the work wan burd*nnomo and dirt* T«»o murh hard work too long at on* place and not making a ahow. wa* tbe cry from them frliM and Inamite. Finally we made a play Job out of It and we lifted •tump* to bent the band, and never will we regret wbat we have done from the fart that not a •tump ran now be «een In our Dynamite on tHe Farm. flow to t ar* It In touting IU«I of Hlunt|Hi amt KUHira—Itpmmitirr Ttmf It W*»rka (town* ant na \V «-ll mm t'ltwnrd. i nere j* roiiAiuorauie ignorant <* waste in the ordinary u*« of dy* natnlte in removing Mump* and rocks. Few reallte. and some do not know, that Ha most effective actlou U downward. Ha Instantaneous ac tion making a buffer of the atom* pbere almost equal in rewtstanro to that of the more or le«* solid earth below. I ha%e placed half of a cart ridge () pound) on a small stump (tboitt 2o Inches across ami the name In height), covered with a few shov elfuls of earth and laid a 150-pound stone on the earth and the rock was only moved half a yard, while ths stump was blown Into three parts that were separated In a few minutes It) wedge* no that a team pulled them ea*ny I h«* same piece or dynamite would have accomplished little more than disturb a bushel of earth hnd It been applied underneath W"ii« Uosnsanl «* Well m t pwartl. Ml advise a long bar or nettling an auger welded to a long shank; get the powder (and plenty of It) under the stump and then touch It «»(T I tried this way when I first es sayed Its use twenty five years ago. i hul In addition to wasting a lot of time and much more explosive am! fuse than was necessary. 1 accom plished very little The soil was a rich sandy loam and tbs action being downward, cavities would he blown underneath th« tough chestnut field*. Our la»t and beat method wa* to go over the field* with a *lxteeu or eighteen-pound hammer with an honcat *trntig man. with Inatructlon* to go to every Mump In the field* and knock out all that h* could. Follow ing him wa* a force of three good hand* with a white oak price pole •Ixteen feet long and a 6x8 two foot block for a heel. In front of thnae men 1 *«nt one with a mattock and ehovel to make an opening for price pole. The boy» would follow him and one not knowing anything about the buMne«« would be aur prlaed to *ee how many at urn pa can be lifted in thla way. To do thl* auc rewaftilly the ground ahould be wet. the wetter the better. Ju*t *o It la not loo wet to go over Following thewe n»en we had a roan of judgment with an Inch and a quarter auger In every Mump that had not be-n lifted he ^elected the aound*’vt place and bored a hole, doping It downward a* much a* poadble toward the lap rwyt. Following him wa* a man with dmarolte loading the hole* and 'hooting them flight here | want to t ,y i* where ! made my luck In get ting out big Mump*. It made no dif ference how large or tough they were, up they came Of eourwe. we could not at all time* get the entire • tump out. but we would have from half to thre* quarter* of It out. and •ometttne* no tfare of a stump could l>r rtrcpt a hole In the ground Sortie of the Very large ORe* We would haTe to load two or throe * but they rattie l consider dyna miting them the quickest and cheap est way to get them out The only objection I find to the method la that some roots are left in the ground; but t d<»n‘t mind them a* much aa I do the entire stump, a* we ran culti vate right over them Just a* If they Were Rot there A IT”fit able Job. A goodly part of th>**e stumps we hauled to our wood pile The bal ance we u*e*| to burn up the frag ments left from blasting They make good wood; a dry stump or two In an old time country fireplace make■* an etrellcRt firo Hence it |s that we hate aJl our • tumps out of our field*, and we can farm murh more easily and make much more than before It was the agent's telling me that the New York fanner* look up their stumps that pul me to thinking on the subject and making one of the best Invest tnents we ever made on our farm maybe my writing these Hue* will encourage some one else to go and do likewise, IIOIIT U AHRKXATilY Gaston Co , N C. •tumps, leaving the •tump* wc*rr»\ marred About the **me } neighbor was having great suec*« blowing to pieces Urge Isolated hart head rocks by laying the cartridge on the top and piling loot# earth on them I ***** than two pound* would blow a cubic yard of granite Into pieces that one man could ham die. provided the rock wM moatlv above ground If it was partly bur led. that part above the subsoil would be broken; and he. after experiment* Ing a lltttle. dug trench#* around them he fore blasting. This led me to believe that the upheaval method was not the best way. Hearing Stumps at Trn <>nU Apiece We got out more than forty stumps last spring, a few \m» than eighteen inches |n diameter, and from that up to forty Inches, with an expenditure for exphadve. caps and fu e of 14.IS the dynamite coat twenty cents a pound More thaa one third was used on the three lar* ge»t «tump*. who*e net work of roots each occupied nearly a square rod of ground Our process was very slop pie if there was a cavity. It was sounded with a round bar so aa to get to the bottom of the decayed heart, and a piece of cartridge at* larhe<| with rap and fuse dropped la. !>rr sand was sifted from the hand to Hit the rarity, and sererat shore* fuls of earth, and if conrenleat. a heary rock were placed on top. Th# fu»e was cut off about three Inch## abme the r-arth and trended orer #0 the end pointed down Then a hand ful of pine stlrers was laid around the fu*e and oiled a little with kera» sene from a bottle carried for th# purpose and a match applied How (he Wtwfc !• Made Hale. The match was scratched on • fait of scythe stone carried for th# ptp»-f pose and the oiled wood would Ifni! Instantly, no matter how windy thl weather It should always be fa me inhered that the glycerine la th# eiplosive congeals at about 41 d* grcss. and Is then Inert. It I# at Its best when shore #0 degrees, and If the weather Is chilly It must bt kept warm and only one or two blasts ran he managed at once. 1 carry fuse, dynamite, match##, kindlings, oil. etc. In a market bit* ket and the percussion raps 1* • do*ed tin bo* In my pocket. Th# rap* are compressed on the fui# by laying on a stone and denting oa th# fuse by pressing with the back of # knife blade It c#n also be doa# with a lead pencil and the capped fuse Inserted and the paper tigkilj tint with .trine mi thrjr cannot Mpa* rate Homing Out the Stump. Where there 1* no cavity In the stump 1 select tk place between the huttrcwu** of two root*, punch e shal low hole. Insert the blast and bank with earth. Either way the result Is in strict accordance with lines of lcj»»t resistance and the stump !• generally split into two or more piece* that can be further demolish ed with sledge and wedges and re* lured to fragments which burn read ily and handle easily. Nothing !• more unwtetdty and difficult to han dle than n short, wide stump arith wide root growth blown out entire, tmd then there I* a larye cavity to 1111 besides, owing to the blowing swuy or packing downward of the toll. Where one can do the blasting one teason and the ridding up another, ihe shattered stumps can be burned nit In a dry time and thus by taking tdvautnge of the stump formation in shattering and the weather In re moving, eonalderable labor and e*“ [icnse may be saved 1,. B I’lerce, a Country Gentleman.