OCR Interpretation


The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, November 21, 1908, Image 2

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1908-11-21/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

THE WAY TO CLEAR YOUR LAND OF STUMPS
Uhe Case for tHe Stump-Puller.
Home %ilvnnfaKt*«. IC Hah and Hon>«* of flic AdvantAgr** of <Hhrr
McUmnIh.
"First of all, dynamite la dan
gerous. Few people without ex
perience are competent to han
dle It. Secondly, It la expensive.
The coat runa from ten renta per
Mump up. Probably It will av
erage near twenty cents, and
that ia more than the average
farmer who la clearing land feela
that he can afford.
"But aside from the matter of
danger and expenae. dynamite |a
not the heat method of removing
atumpa. becauae It apllfa and
ahattera the atump but does not
remove the roota from the
ground. Any one who has had
experience In atump dynamiting
will bear witness to Ihla fact.
The roots are left In the ground
and they quickly acnd up shoots
and a thick growth of sprouts
and brush results It require*
a large and long-continued use
of the grubbing hoe, which I*
avoided If the stump*, roota and
all. t#e pulled In the flrat place "
Kdl«**rtal Conanrat: The above t*
a quotation from an article sent out
by the manufacturer* of a atump
puller; and has In It much of truth
Still there !• another side to the ques
tion. A stump-puller will do good
work where conditions are facomble;
that. Is where the slump* are not too
large and there are stumps or trees
to brace to.
We hare also pulled stumps two
feet and more In diameter with
a big chain and a stout pole sixteen
f«*et Jong The chain would be fasten
ed to one end of the pole and then
to a root or about the stump, wrhtch
was made the fulcrum for the pole
Then a good team was hitched to the
other end of the pole and the stump
twisted out This work* well where
the stump* are dead, but the strong
ewt chain can stilly be broken by s
stump that Is green or that has a
strong tap-root
When stumps get past a certain
Site or degree of "toughness/* dytia
m11e Is the most effectual way of
g«ltjng rid of them It doe* leare
some mots in the ground; but It also
• hatter* and splits th« stump up so
that If is. as a rule, much easier to
manage when out Of course, one
must has* had *otne eipertenc* to
get best result* With it
How I Cot Rid of Stumps.
!•«*» m Tt»**r»»«s!» M Wiu «m1 flow l« l*«Ut—c»f
*lvr Ib.l W> I *rr M^rlr,” h*;« %|r. Atvfurthf.
Mc«r» Editor*: A few year* ago
our farm had a great many itump*
on It. In ©very field w©r© thousand*
of them, and never haring *e^n a
stump-puller that we thought sue
re«*fu), we were itt a dilemma to
know what waa heat to do We could
not uae improved farm machinery to
get our crops in. and when In we
could not use machinery to bsrv©*!
If. whit© to get labor to cultivate the
field# without breaking tool* wa# out
of th© question
rf»r*|ier to full Tiiaa llrcak
Tool*.
One day when we were hoeing with
a force of hands an agent for Im
proved tool* came along who said he
had been In New York where farmer*
considered It cheaper to take up their
stump* than to work around them
and break up their tooia. Thla put
me to thinking and figuring We
had over one hundred acre# of land
that had not been cleared long We
began to figure first as to cost of
broken tools, th© Jerking about of
our mules, th© dread of laborer*
plowing in tho*>© field*, how much
more It cost to work stump field*
than those that had non©, how much
nicer It was to work them with
stump# out, how many tool* it would
save, and how much better our help
would like to cultivate them, and
how much more grain we could make
and save by having the slump* out
We figured It out that the saving of
our t<Mils and stock, th© cheapness
of cultivation by Improved tools, and
the larger crop* we could make and
gather would soon make up for th©
cost of taking out our slump* Hence
we mad© up our mind to face the
tank of taking up the stump* from
one hundred arnw of field* that had
only a few years ago stood In heavy
timber
Koine E»|M-n*lve Kkpertinent*.
I determined that alt should come.
Not on© wa* to b© tuft, no mnttar If
ua Uni© a* a man's lug or i* blue
whit© oak four feet across th© stump
A* i have said, 1 had never seen a*
I
• tump puller that I had faith Itt. »o
It waa up to me a* to hoar | vu to
**t the work done f hired no me
good hand*, giving them twenty Ore
cent# on an average for the (dump*
Ihee would ral*e after We went otef
with a *Hteet> pound hammer nod
knocked down all we routd We
found thin uc^atlafartOry. an the
hand* would take out the nmy onew
leaving the wor»t casing they would
go hark after them They would get
their par for what they had done,
and then go llenrw we ahandone>d
that method of lifting them We
then g**t *ev«*ral good matttork* and
•hovel*, and began with hired hand*
by the day to lift them Thin we
found etj*rnalve frv»m the fart that
the work wan burd*nnomo and dirt*
T«»o murh hard work too long at on*
place and not making a ahow. wa*
tbe cry from them
frliM and Inamite.
Finally we made a play Job out of
It and we lifted •tump* to bent the
band, and never will we regret wbat
we have done from the fart that not
a •tump ran now be «een In our
Dynamite on tHe Farm.
flow to t ar* It In touting IU«I of Hlunt|Hi amt KUHira—Itpmmitirr
Ttmf It W*»rka (town* ant na \V «-ll mm t'ltwnrd.
i nere j* roiiAiuorauie ignorant <*
waste in the ordinary u*« of dy*
natnlte in removing Mump* and
rocks. Few reallte. and some do not
know, that Ha most effective actlou
U downward. Ha Instantaneous ac
tion making a buffer of the atom*
pbere almost equal in rewtstanro to
that of the more or le«* solid earth
below. I ha%e placed half of a cart
ridge () pound) on a small stump
(tboitt 2o Inches across ami the name
In height), covered with a few shov
elfuls of earth and laid a 150-pound
stone on the earth and the rock was
only moved half a yard, while ths
stump was blown Into three parts
that were separated In a few minutes
It) wedge* no that a team pulled them
ea*ny I h«* same piece or dynamite
would have accomplished little more
than disturb a bushel of earth hnd It
been applied underneath
W"ii« Uosnsanl «* Well m t pwartl.
Ml advise a long bar or nettling
an auger welded to a long shank;
get the powder (and plenty of It)
under the stump and then touch It
«»(T I tried this way when I first es
sayed Its use twenty five years ago. i
hul In addition to wasting a lot of
time and much more explosive am!
fuse than was necessary. 1 accom
plished very little The soil was a
rich sandy loam and tbs action being
downward, cavities would he blown
underneath th« tough chestnut
field*. Our la»t and beat method wa*
to go over the field* with a *lxteeu
or eighteen-pound hammer with an
honcat *trntig man. with Inatructlon*
to go to every Mump In the field* and
knock out all that h* could. Follow
ing him wa* a force of three good
hand* with a white oak price pole
•Ixteen feet long and a 6x8 two
foot block for a heel. In front of
thnae men 1 *«nt one with a mattock
and ehovel to make an opening for
price pole. The boy» would follow
him and one not knowing anything
about the buMne«« would be aur
prlaed to *ee how many at urn pa can
be lifted in thla way. To do thl* auc
rewaftilly the ground ahould be wet.
the wetter the better. Ju*t *o It la not
loo wet to go over Following thewe
n»en we had a roan of judgment with
an Inch and a quarter auger In
every Mump that had not be-n lifted
he ^elected the aound*’vt place and
bored a hole, doping It downward
a* much a* poadble toward the lap
rwyt. Following him wa* a man with
dmarolte loading the hole* and
'hooting them flight here | want to
t ,y i* where ! made my luck In get
ting out big Mump*. It made no dif
ference how large or tough they
were, up they came Of eourwe. we
could not at all time* get the entire
• tump out. but we would have from
half to thre* quarter* of It out. and
•ometttne* no tfare of a stump could
l>r rtrcpt a hole In the ground
Sortie of the Very large ORe* We
would haTe to load two or throe
* but they rattie l consider dyna
miting them the quickest and cheap
est way to get them out The only
objection I find to the method la that
some roots are left in the ground;
but t d<»n‘t mind them a* much aa I
do the entire stump, a* we ran culti
vate right over them Just a* If they
Were Rot there
A IT”fit able Job.
A goodly part of th>**e stumps we
hauled to our wood pile The bal
ance we u*e*| to burn up the frag
ments left from blasting They make
good wood; a dry stump or two In
an old time country fireplace make■*
an etrellcRt firo
Hence it |s that we hate aJl our
• tumps out of our field*, and we can
farm murh more easily and make
much more than before It was the
agent's telling me that the New York
fanner* look up their stumps that
pul me to thinking on the subject
and making one of the best Invest
tnents we ever made on our farm
maybe my writing these Hue* will
encourage some one else to go and
do likewise,
IIOIIT U AHRKXATilY
Gaston Co , N C.
•tumps, leaving the •tump* wc*rr»\
marred About the **me }
neighbor was having great suec*«
blowing to pieces Urge Isolated hart
head rocks by laying the cartridge
on the top and piling loot# earth
on them I ***** than two pound*
would blow a cubic yard of granite
Into pieces that one man could ham
die. provided the rock wM moatlv
above ground If it was partly bur
led. that part above the subsoil would
be broken; and he. after experiment*
Ing a lltttle. dug trench#* around
them he fore blasting. This led me
to believe that the upheaval method
was not the best way.
Hearing Stumps at Trn <>nU Apiece
We got out more than forty
stumps last spring, a few \m» than
eighteen inches |n diameter, and
from that up to forty Inches, with an
expenditure for exphadve. caps and
fu e of 14.IS the dynamite coat
twenty cents a pound More thaa
one third was used on the three lar*
ge»t «tump*. who*e net work of roots
each occupied nearly a square rod of
ground Our process was very slop
pie if there was a cavity. It was
sounded with a round bar so aa to
get to the bottom of the decayed
heart, and a piece of cartridge at*
larhe<| with rap and fuse dropped la.
!>rr sand was sifted from the hand
to Hit the rarity, and sererat shore*
fuls of earth, and if conrenleat. a
heary rock were placed on top. Th#
fu»e was cut off about three Inch##
abme the r-arth and trended orer #0
the end pointed down Then a hand
ful of pine stlrers was laid around
the fu*e and oiled a little with kera»
sene from a bottle carried for th#
purpose and a match applied
How (he Wtwfc !• Made Hale.
The match was scratched on • fait
of scythe stone carried for th# ptp»-f
pose and the oiled wood would Ifni!
Instantly, no matter how windy thl
weather It should always be fa
me inhered that the glycerine la th#
eiplosive congeals at about 41 d*
grcss. and Is then Inert. It I# at
Its best when shore #0 degrees, and
If the weather Is chilly It must bt
kept warm and only one or two
blasts ran he managed at once.
1 carry fuse, dynamite, match##,
kindlings, oil. etc. In a market bit*
ket and the percussion raps 1* •
do*ed tin bo* In my pocket. Th#
rap* are compressed on the fui# by
laying on a stone and denting oa th#
fuse by pressing with the back of #
knife blade It c#n also be doa#
with a lead pencil and the capped
fuse Inserted and the paper tigkilj
tint with .trine mi thrjr cannot Mpa*
rate
Homing Out the Stump.
Where there 1* no cavity In the
stump 1 select tk place between the
huttrcwu** of two root*, punch e shal
low hole. Insert the blast and bank
with earth. Either way the result
Is in strict accordance with lines of
lcj»»t resistance and the stump !•
generally split into two or more
piece* that can be further demolish
ed with sledge and wedges and re*
lured to fragments which burn read
ily and handle easily. Nothing !•
more unwtetdty and difficult to han
dle than n short, wide stump arith
wide root growth blown out entire,
tmd then there I* a larye cavity to
1111 besides, owing to the blowing
swuy or packing downward of the
toll.
Where one can do the blasting one
teason and the ridding up another,
ihe shattered stumps can be burned
nit In a dry time and thus by taking
tdvautnge of the stump formation
in shattering and the weather In re
moving, eonalderable labor and e*“
[icnse may be saved 1,. B I’lerce,
a Country Gentleman.

xml | txt