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The Southern Farm Gazette
Coniohdilrd, l'**V with I hr Southern I mmrr, Birmingham. Ala ” Vm < an t« II bjr a man'« farm w hether he rea<1* It or not.” I fuin the l.iiitorial and fiuunea Management of DR. T A IT BUTLER. STARRVILiZ. .... MISSISSIPPI. ' \ I ■ s < I M 10 \ **' •* i a t r l hi tom a n t* VI * a u>r m I i » u I. M vssi v..AMneurt Knm>« I It 1 S |«»T M A | \ ( ntt'Aun It MR »"**» T ATI \ * omcMi It \ I » Mill. V C. HTARKVIM.lt, M1HH. e11h* r ' «lil« I < n.n miration* rrfaMln* \<1irrtl*lnf > r S thwrlt*thm* m»» h** Addnaawi < IIK \t.u OKI ItT: Ain DKARIIOKS HTRKKT. More Cotton Per Acre, the Easiest Mean* of Increasing Profits. „ UK rttern, < |>r<»dt|r tlofi <*f mttnn per arm - 1 . Ilie s nihttii In mi l.amOe i»rrU-*ri ■ —> Miliar;... I<mii*iana. and \la 1 n.a according to the last fVnsu* Keport, wa* '* 1 of a halo. In other word*. 2 3-7 acre-* are r» c 11 red to product a hale of cotton While thl* I* ' h< aver. ge. w «• h:n< no hesitation in stating that one halo of cotton p« r acre on an entire farm i* tot a difficult agricultural proposition, and one v* 1 soh > man of average intelligence and with average land car. *.« «*n *«*!re We know that |t i« ‘ .‘ v »!"! that the average mn can do it. lw*<au»e *« have never visited a r «dght»orh«*«»J in the Cotton I'1 ‘ ( t 1 We ha*. '.e< t) over all of it eveept va**. w h* re we did not find worn® man doing Jt hi* i* *h* best and m»»*t f«o«M|ve evideri re that • then* c an do it lb w is thin |ncre**« l vi.-ld to he brought about* !*> a g'*od crop rotation, more stable manure »n<l proved Varieties* and Itc-'i f cultivation I -’ <1' d of cr p rot at;.,n ? • t It< »t t*»n farmer $ !.<■* 1 oc a U * e of the plant fo*»d which 1* remove 1 f'*• t i Ilf soil through the sit In fact, if th« • » nd seed are all returned to the soil the ' ' - I tak< u *rr.m the lar d b* a i ale of r<>ttnn 1 ver v small at d doew not ni ■ < d !»0 rents jn value ..t ruling commercial price# T h« reason that m*p rotation i* *-»K-,ent lal (<> in ‘ ea*e(j production on the average farm In that cotton being cultivate*! until late In the *»«• .1 toft **.«’< s t*o burnt)* making material left t<» turn : d< r for r« ph ni hlng the supply which otif long I .1 n<1 mole! r< iM>ivi *o rapidly «vhvu»t The •at f««<i of «, sr e*»| 1 ** |* humu*. or roiling v«-g< » M* mmt«-r. an ! without a humu* xipply roUlloti > h< average farmer will not fornluh hu r<>ii » h *» thi* B<«1 * H»e-tJ»lrd tin land n*>W plant<w| fttt 0*tl«n « an. in five )e,,r*, !►»- »•» ally made to |»r*Him e ««* im.i li mlton a«» all of it non pr« m1u< cw, eo there u t <• etru^e for n failure to rotate our crop# in »m h n '.n- r an will h* »t Increase Mill fertility A Victory for Southern Farmer*. I I W w e< kh ag » TIm- Southern I arm !.«/• tt« Rent t*» each Southern Senator an earnest appeal tor a larger appropriation for the T.irnjerii* t’o-openitfvo Demount t at ion Work whlrh 1 ateomplhhlng aurh marvelou* re#ult* In the South tinder the general direction of i>r H*'itman \ Knapp We believe that no money wpetit by State National (ioverniuont Ik doing more for ’!**■ • ■< « of agricultural progrewn and Southern n p I, it I! i| i nan«l we appealed to «*m h Senator to tori 1 <• a light t*» Inereane the iipptopriatloii from I : .0,000, an provided In tin* llotiMe hill, to $250. ""0. an naked for by Dr Knapp. Nearly every Sei,.,!(,, replied, heartily approving the Idea, a ml S* nator Simmons, of North Carolina, who led th* flcht for the Increase when the Joint < •nimlttee of th»* twd Houses naet Monday had enthusiastic sup port from all Southern members. The following telegram received Just as The (In/cttc go* to J press Indicate* the result: Held for denionst rat Ion work ITT*.000 of I n - crease asked for Hill agreed on carries $22f».OOo F. M SIMMONS.** *1 his insure** a notable extension of J>« umn*tra tlon Work In the South and The Southern I arm 4«nn*4tr 1* glad to have pla\*d >m< part in I Ing about this result Co»t of Production the First Con* aidcration. B\ KHo’nthuslastIc supporters of the vnrl ous movement* for the control of the prP <• t>f cotton t*H» often lose sight of the fa*! j that a product ' well bought Is half sold *’ | On one occasion we heard the leader of a gr**a* I cotton growers* movement seriously declare that ;■»< knew enough about making cotton and !ha" all the South needed now W .V' to get *he worth of her great staple produr* We should n*»* tils am ; •opportunity to strengthen and Improve »<ur mar jketifig bvFl js p tfje height of at u* I *v to neglect ■ 11he production sld*' The tf.an who makes hi* rot j ton for € rent» a p- and, n<* matt* r how high th* selling price has Ju,it 4 rents a pound g « t< - ; profit than the man who mak es if at a cost . f J ii c*nfs |.Ike wise the man who make* a bate » th* 1 acre will make a greater profit than th<- man who I makes but half a bale |« t« th* ref Ofr non*' lie*' ' !f not (something wor»#*. f*»r an? man t<> claim that *r kn«*w enough about making cotton a!?< .i,b ' long a« it fecjulren *.n an average tw>» and half acre* of land to j'f* due** a t> »l«* »»f *.»** \\ r liMtr mnrfi jet |.**r« at**«ut mark ftttg ifopa. I.ni n**« m*»r» than wr *tlll m-r^t «,, |, »rn «l"»u« prmluHng llirm :»••• hi',.. I dividual matter while the f. rr < r J» aim . • J ‘ « * Mt the AMU'ar.o- < * ■ ,’ f,-!lo» . * o- »*'l, the other i* largely beimd our In lit (dual inlu enee The one requiring combined action U. *h* *« t no <»ne rsegWi an n|»|»«irtunit? to git*- hl» aid to* an? movement which »in make f«.r c*» >|iera’ire| etjon In the marketing of the setifh 1 great* <*! j h- ritftge Hu! for Immrdla'e, Jarg« and ;»r nt * i« r* *ult». let u* not fail f*» j>re»duc»* «»ur c*>ttm a* i the lea*t poulliU corat by making the high* ** j*r-iws|!.J*> tlrdd J-er acre • • ^ a . ^ now to v umvntr Cotton Cheaply. « •: mask i • *itK»c*tMng harrow broadcast orrr his < ,m| f»< M Just before and for fltne after the crop r.-tne up. would hate been regarded a.» a coming* - * a ltd I date for an insane asvtum. but now th« i sanda are doing tills Very thing And know that |t I »* an •*v< client practice Wi'h the cotton crop l.ow « t«V w«* hate n>»t |irogren<ied so f ar Toward a note econnmicAl s > s * i* m of cultlv at Inn , .»||| the I harrow has a similar place In the !>• » method* of I cotton culture to that In corn production ‘■hart t|.« harrow and the wce|<-r earlv l»on't w.»|t for* the cr«»p to come up, but begin shortly after plant Ing and keep it Up every *U or right day* until the cotton |* four or fi\e inches high There will | then |»e little of no grass and chopping will he done at one fourth the c\|m n*c The stand will not he Injured either In fact, it win usually he 1 better, oil account of the better condition of the sml. hut if util are afraid use n |itt!.- more weed If you ate Still afraid of Injury to the crop just trv an nrrc or two thl* >ear and he convince! it does not Injure the stand for other men, there fore, we feel sure it will not for \ou Do not 11 sine yourself that such method* of cultivation will m»t work on your sol! because of mm** fancied h. cal or peculiar condition It will work In your case and on your soil also, If the land wn* well prepared and the soil well fined before planting \e»t week will lie our "Porn Special,” and for IT we have already sevemt papers of much Inter ' *• one telling of Heed Selection by Dr. I) N. Harrow, one on the sumo subject by Profennor Massey, title telling how a woman made twice a* much corn as her neighbor*, and others of equal help and timeliness The Boll Weevil. CoNSlOKItABI.I-: i f the territory or*-‘! *»> riu« s-uitiMti. i *nn ready lnfm*to<l with • boil weevil ma .1* t.innlnder of the cotton-prod : :ng 8rrtjon'of *he country will probably be |t,\ t \, \ j,y this d s ti\.* insert within th<- n« \» f. t years ***rac* While tho. . • •• M.-. .1 . mi' l**nlc.-*trtcki!n •ho ither h.oS to minimi/.. fh< darn »g. It m .1 . under favorabi! ronditlon*. for *h.> only way prepare to m * till* enemy of rotton produrM •, , in muy apur*. ria'o Its power* for doing !um g.- rn|e*s We d tht fully we ar.< not ,o li) \ to ftrq,nint 0«r ' which U« . f. rts can be redm h! to a The expe* I Otlld be I drawn on to « « u to prepare for its I 1 h* cr°P t: U proo( I *» • the appearance of th" . nol new## I tton than I rr. now making It mav J. ?h- natural In. I ‘r* a««. in rotton production u h h would occur I d dr.g t’e first ?«>w y> a'*. arrival but I that Is aII I Nor should farmers put rmi< h faith in the pr*- I diction* of the alarn tl it mare d* I struct ire tn this or that terrlt ' ■ 1 »* - w hlch B B w< * a lb and iho probability t« *h.at it will not be I • irj ye! to Pj » * - * ui.mi in uii*5 air«Mcr« orerjpiofl* he train I- fnts »h; h w «■ * t’d not forget art U ’ cotton can t»e grown it «; *.> ,f th*> atUr-fcj * the t o!! we y|| Jf at} *’ 5 •* n . .ins of lessen* 8- g It* ravages nr,, adopt* I and that w«* should »«t ■ "tt at i t co preparing ».» ptit Into ef?<*et ever? ’ • '.•■’-*« -orulned f'er for r«*ducjng the . f»< * i of <t* attacks to a minimum ' e • f the most effect i Ve ??: .* k * of (1e«tmy Ilf ge nuniterw of the w.**jt - ! le Honing ’fc# ‘ * 11 If *« -s «>f the other * -!«■ | r g < 11 -fine • Utt!l|t ftfi a* follow * < po*s(b|« I 8J *• ! a'e’v burning the , ", - talk* »a4 ' h 11 % fie! d i Itr c * .nit g up a’l tr k h a! g f- nee ro«» or in other jda< • *< and burning i .1 » H) destroying all vounteer of "sprout col* t**t» “ .|m| i 4* lit planting c»>tton a- far a p sstble fro® od!and« and other hibernating place* of tk# w *evli# f'«> fly not planting cotton two years In succt** * *l‘*n on the same land. tfx IIa pr* curing an early variety. especially < < th kt fruits early. » 7 > Hi using rommer lal fertllls* rs liberal!? and Intelligently f** Hr securing a variety of cotton which c«* J. rience has proved bo*t w 11hstan 1* or escape* Iks I oks «»f the t>o|t weevil and then improving It I hi Selection I t • * IIv planting only heavy . .t'.>n .. I thnt wrlll I t 'e vigorous growing plants I Hy planting a# early as the season *11! p* j lit 11 I «M» Itv thorough preparation of the land *® tlsaf early growth will he rapid I re distant I tnd 1 the rows, or I ' »»V rn.s*t rowing «h**re in*’ k owlh of .talk or weed |<i l;irg«i 3) IIv frequent rtilflv.tTl n It |s peculiarly fortunate that w • V f’ ■ exception of the first three or four of then* no am of coa- j ’ 'tiling th.* boll w ee \ 11 they would alt pay. even j though there were to* t*o!l w> \ Its i combat. U uch method* were followed In the <h senco of the >11 weevil tnuch larger crops of rot *» would be j tend** It l« however. vert much to be re fret ted that anything should arise to enc- nage the old practice of burning of material* which are nee led to supply humus hv all means th. greatest ncel of nearly all Southern soils Thoroughly cutting ■ h». stalks up and plowing them un i* deeply will a! o destroy many weevils, and on prefer this method to burning, but with our ! ■' ent kno'l* • due of the cubjeet |t |s perhaps s if- i to hum all » otton stall.h or trash that will har* ’In1 weevil* during the winter and depend on I uino crop* and stable manure to aupph tin m ! d htitnus There |s om> Import ait le sou whit! the South* ‘•'ti farmer must still learn natm !• i more gen eral ami extensive use of the harrow I1 'he prop*' ration of the Seed hed lltld I tl the . ■ cultivation of the crop.