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The Southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1895-1909, March 06, 1909, COTTON SPECIAL., Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065613/1909-03-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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$500 More a Year Farming: How to Makelt I
X—By Making More Money Out of the Cotton Crop.
O THE AVERAGE farmer the selling of
the lint for n higher price, through some
sort of control of the market. Is a much
more attractive means of “Getting More Profit
From the Cotton Crop.’* than that of Increasing
his profit by reducing the cost of production or by
utilizing the by-product, cottonseed, to better a I
vantage While believing that cotton Is worth
more than 10 cents a pound to the consuming
world, and that it should nlwav* sell above that
figure, and while believing that very much may l»e
done to Increase the profits by better marketing,
we are most thoroughly convinced, beyond n
shadow of doubt, that very much more ran be
done by the farmers. Individually or collect Irely.
In increasing their profits from their cotton crop
by reducing the cost of producing a pound of cot
ton and by properly utilizing the by-product.
Cottonseed, than by any influence which It Is j*»s
slble for them to evert towards controlling the
price of the staple Not only are w«» sure that
more can be done In this way than by efforts to
control the price, but we are equally certain that
It can l*' done much more easily
iiy inose AJrmrnta do not *l*h to convey
the Idea that combination* of speculator* an 1 many
other unjust Influence*, have not deprived »he
farmer of a fair price for hla product*, nor that
th*“e evil* »hould not be corrected, but the Indi
vidual farmer acting alone, or without the help
or co-operation of other*, can very material!* re
duce the coat of production, wherea* the market
can only be controlled by the united effort* of a
aery large proportion of the rotten grower* of the
*ho|o country. Moreover, concerted action. e»p«*.
dally ihe holding of cotton to control the market,
U evtremely difficult. If not Impossible wo long a*
a large proportion of the grower* are not Inde
pendent, hut wholly dependent on Other*, whose
Interest* may be different, for the financial aup*
port necc*aary to continue tbelr farming opera
Reduce the Price of Production.
t&BUN'Q that It I* **aler to po/rit out how
. our "ISOO More a Year Fa.mlng* can be
made through reducing ths coat of produc
tion and through a better handling of the cotton
seed, the remainder of thl* article will be devoted
to these phase* of the question The coat of pro
duction may be reduced In two way*: Flrwt. by
cultivating a given area for lee* and. second, by
'iini mr* j rmnr iur rn«r-| nnm <i
In our method* *»f rtilliMlimi which have InrnwMd
• he owl of pr*t<)urtlnn hair been iBiufflrh'Bl
nrwllon of ll»r land wtilcli ha* made cultivation «*f
llii' crop difficult ami ct|wn*lii'—tim jrr »t cost In
making bed*. putting In fertlllrer* an I planting.
and Hie failure to u*r <*urh m<'tln**|« and (ihi|*
In cultivating the crop a* would pcmdl five *ul»
stituf i«>n of horw for man latM.r.
For instance. the writer Is acquainted with two
good cotton growers One of them describes hi*
pi* partition of the land a* follow*
"The land hating been previously pro
pared by plowing ffu*h. furrows are made
from three to four feet apart with a wide
shovel (plow) a* the fttiindatlon of the bed*
on which the weed are to he planted and the
plants are to stand The fcrtllltrr I* then ap
plied In these o|w>n furrows and well mlt*d
with the soil by running oner or twice with
a coulter or long woo ter Then list with hoi
furrows of a turn plow M
The other, who Is a very aurrnssful cotton grow
According to Ihc last census each tsrm In lit*
MdtTII (antral Matts produced 9icrrg * »r»r. sod
each (arm In (ha h* in II ( « ulrsl mate* *»i»lr S*»* «*r
|f.> a rear Ua*» t<>r the stnstfr Isrtnrr in the Wouth
rrn Karin uarritr * territory thsn lor fits brother
fsr it.* r Just north of him. 1 hr nhj«M t of tin « srt trie#
Is to ** t forth the plans t»r * hich *« rnsr bring up
our Houlbwrn larmtng to Northern profit*, the ueal
tour artlrtc* in this s* rl«* Im tng as fullow s
March IS. —hr better t are and I ng of the
Kami W ork Mm k.
MarchS. Hr Making More l*ork at I east oat
March IT.—Mg starting thetrop* flight.
April 1 hr Making liar a Money as Well as a
Ke*«*l < *rop.
<*r nn<J ha* made considerable money farming
h;i j a:
I u*e a rotation of crop* that make* my
cotton follow pea# that have been sown after
small grain. I cut the pea# for hay. except on
the |K»or spots, and after fr<*M turn under any
stubble gras*, etc . which may he on the land,
with a reversible disc plow I u*e the rever
sible disc plow because with It one man and
three mules can do more work than one man
can do with any other plow I ever used I
follow the plow with a seeding of one-half
bushel of rye per acre and harrow In Next
spring when the land I* dry enough to work
and before the rye begin# to head. 1 take a
dl*c harrow and sharpen earh disc well, then
set the disc# to run at>out three Inche* deep
and run it over the r>e Thl# cut# It up and
Thil Wffk'a fftiiirle Post trr
More a YeAr.
N Ol II territory ‘2 $»7 arm* arr re*
qulmd to produce a bale of r«»t»«»n.
Unr laic J*er arm |« an agri< ultural
l*ro|M>«|iion which any man of average In*
t« illgenrr anil with omgr land can aolvr,
OixMliIrd «»f the land in mU"n can. tn f|«r
y**«ra. |ir economically made to produce a*
niu«l» a* all of It n«n pc'xluro*.
While wr txllrvr that c,f1t* n la w<»Tth
mom than |tt cent a, atul that much may
hr d**nr to Iturraar the profit* of cotton
growing |»y better marketing, wr am con
vinced beyond thr aha«S"W of n d"aN much
n»*«rr can be door by mdnclng thr r**at of
producing n pound of r+Hfon and by prop
erly utilising the rottowared.
The chief defect* In our mrtboda of ml*
tlvatlon have hem Insufficient preparation
of the land, which haa made cultivation
of the crop difficult and evprwalve. and
•hr failure to tt»r aurh metbala and toota
aa would permit the aubatitutiou of borwu
f»r mnu labor. *
W'e know two cotf<»w grow era. Ow> gvww
onm or twice armw the Arid to mlt the
ferflllrcr with the *o|| and thru twice
more to f'-rtn the bed; the other, a more
amrmaful farmer. g«»m only once to do
what the llrat take* three or four tflpa |o
The time to lay by depend* on the «tage
of gr«»wth and weather condition*, not on
the day of thr month.
work* It Into the 1 a n 1 In alumt nn» l
I run (he harrow in the opposite direction,
setting the discs to run about five Inches deep
In many Instances two harrowing* will do.
but sometimes, and on some land*. It takes
three This Is all the work that Is necessary
before putting In the fertlllrer. when I open
a furrow put in the fertlllrer and cover with
disc harrow. throwing all the dirt to the ern
ter This at one trip makes the bed upon
which the cotton l* to be planted.**
I Note the difference jfrre is one man Who goes
1 *M,rr or twice across the field to mil the fertlllrer
w|;h the soil and then twice more to form the bet;
whereas the other, goes only once across the field
!•» do whnt tho first mak<,s three or four trips to
Different met hod* will, and should. Is' used un
der different conditions, but one thing Is certain,
i hat right here Is one place at which the cost «>f
production can he very materially reduced on the
atrrage farm.
The Preparation of the Seed Bed.
(7X71 •''* 1"* I'A’I KD. the land I* not ununlly stHTlcl
pn,,)r prepared before planting to
t make the u*e of labor-saving tools practi
cable In the cultivation of the crop, and hoeing and
man labor, the moat eiponslve factors In the pro
duction of a cotton crop, cannot be reduced to a
minimum, which ahould always he the aim
As an Illustration of how one very successful
!cotton grower cultivate* hi rop w,th a
r*f man labor. and conarqu* ntly with a ,
of w,. quote th- f .V;ng d^!!1 ®,lia»
hlh method* Me flrwt *• •.* that h„ *»
abundance of *e.d on light unJi from * aa
die and a half btj*h"l« per arr«>, an(j on wtl#_°|n<? **
two bu*hel*. and then *n>*
When you *e«. the ground beKiD lo c
along the r«»w«. then commence u,e culti
vatlon lu, not wait for th* cotton to come UL
Where you have a rru*t formed by rain* r
arrow* the mw* with a light irondrJth
amoothlng harrow with teeth art *o they «||l
not drag up the cotton In four to *»i day*
run diagonally nrroo the row* again, and rw
pent In a few day*, going )n oppoalte direr
tlon*. now take the wccder and run H
*tralght ncro*n the row*, then diagonally |«
n »«’«•)( until tW
cotton Is four or five Inches high If thb
work Is well done, it need* no hoeing up to
this time Now. go over with h‘>c*. thinning
to stand and clearing all grasa left by harrow
and weedcr On light land* and where there
Is no cru*t. u*e the weedcr from the start
After hoeing. If your land Is aurh that rultlff.
tors can l*e u*» 1. by a|J means use them; cul
tivator* that will work a row nt one trip,
use these as Jong a* you can straddle the cot
Ion. then finish with the open and shut kind
•ttl plow a middle at one trip All cab m
ti vat ion should be shallow, deeper when tho
cotton I# small. u«lng great care not to break
the small feeding root* as they eittm)
through the land They are doing the work
for you. searching for plant food In every
square Inch of soil, so break a* few of them
a* po*s ' Je Keep the middles clear of grM*
at all times "
When To Lay By.
UK absurd practice, ao common all ovar the
t otton Melt, of atopplng cultivation on •
certain date Instead of baaing the length of
time the crop should be cultivated on the sUg*
of Its growth and the weather conditions, la par
tially responsible for our small average yield li
many <*n*cs tbe yield can be much Increased or the
crop saved from great injury, by breaking the
crust and preventing the evaporation of the
ter. that is. bv saving it for the roots of the plant*
Instead of emitting it to go off Into the air
< *f course, suggest Iona can he offered or plan*
made only for normal conditions, and If from any
Cause the «r>i< -_. _ .._. .. _ ...
™ -- — ■ ' v man. mr n rvutr
and the harrow will have to be laid aside and Oth
er tools used, but the met hod* of cultivation beat
| "tilted to economical cultivation that I*, the um
of the wreder and harrow are also the beat tool#
for preventing the gras* getting a start either la
wet or dry weather
How Wc Waste Our Cotton Seed.
N '»| || discussion of the better utilisation
of the cottonseed »« shall Indicate how
much more *tub!e manure can be obtained;
and in our previous article on fertiliser* the llBSf
nlong which a more Intelligent fertilisation are to
come were pointed out In our article on ‘ Iletter
s.*ed We called attention to the Increased yleldf
< f icrtaln varieties over the average varieties
planted, but we cannot refrain from again calling
attention to the great Importance of every grower
obtaining the beat varieties for h!s *<vtlon. and
then Improving their yield by proper selection
I b.e tests of varieties made by the impertinent
Hattons are the moat extensive and tn<»- t carefully
conducted and are therefore the most tru«t worthy,
and we Insist that any man who Is In r« il earnest
In his effort to get "1500 More a Year” from his
farming cannot ufford to neglect to get the two
leading varieties In the test* made by hi* Kxperb
tnent Station and test them In comparl*<”. wi'h the
variety ho 1* now planting. Ily this me..ns alone
« good share of that “1500 More a Year” may be

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