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Editorial Page. i ! Saving Garden Seed at Home. S A HTLE. I DO NOT think that it pays th** private gardener to endeavor to pave see l Certainly not of those that demand a dtf f* rent climate from ours in the South Seeds men have long since learned that many of the crops grown demand certain climatic conditions for their bept development. Early garden pern* are produced in Canada and Michigan mainly, and cannot be kept to standard in earliness aud free dom from weevil in the South. Radishes of the early varieties are best grown in France In this country they soon develop the habit of making big tops and small root* instead of small tops and good roots. Cauliflower seed are mainly grown In Denmark, though fairly good seed can be produced In the State of Washington Cabbage p«*ed for American planting are best grown In this country, as the English seed are \ery uncertain about heading In our sunny ell ! mate But the early cabbages are best grown in ! the cooler climate of th* northeastern S ates. Jjite cabbage-- ran be w*dl grown In the mountain s<**' tlon of the South If selected stok plants are used. Sugar corn, like field corn, should he grown In the Immediate section where it is to be planted If the best results are to be eipected The general failure of sugar corn to give satisfaction In thej South Is due to getting the seed sold by seedsmen, most of which Is produced in Nebraska and is not suited to the South Hut If every Southern gard ener would carefully grow and save ht» own seed of sugar corn. It could I" a* well grown In the South a* ep ewhere Not sating the refuse after eating the best. but saving plants that are of the. most t>k i(.4l character and Keeping the** for seed.! letting them get perfectly dry on the stalk Tomatoes, too. w« i an sate at home by getting seed from the most smooth, solid and productive plants, and a!) should endeavor to sate the *«*d j wanted Eggplant seed also can be saved from choice specimens In the South and will develop! better productiveness for our use I^ettu< e seed can be gr<>at!y Improved by get ting seed from selected heads and not from re , fuse left letter cutting the t»e*t Years ago ! work-j <-d on the Ho*i»«n Market lettuce till 1 had a strain that would head a* Hat a* a Elat Dutch cabbage, and wft' better than any lettuce I have e.er grown from the *e«»d men T’nfortunately, i lost the strain: but any one by careful selection can vast ly Improve the quality and heading capacity of his let t UC e With 'be ev option of the few species 1 have named, 1* is fur letter to buy seed for the garden from *be seedsmen of reputation: but do not: v aste money on the hoi seeds at the country rtore Field Selection of Seed Corn — IXKCTINfi Cults In the field In far better than neb ctlng dimply the boat earn In the bin in nprlng. provided the aelectlon i wliedy done The difficulty in the general field « rop 1? that the plantm that w« find there which , «,u.e near our Ideal of what a corn plant nhould 1 e, will have had mo*t «>f their grain net by the pollen from Inferior Mtalk* all around them, and the retaining crop will rarely follow the type of the plant* the i «*<-«! came from Still, by selecting K-e«| from prolific plant*, that have earn hanging down from a abort but alender alem, we will be more apt to get a prolific corn than by taking the big hhowy eam In flu* bln, for they are the nln g|e earn on the plant and uaualy borne hlgli up from the ground, and you will get a far better yield from ear* aelocted from Ideal plant* even If tin* earn are not ho hhowy iih thoho you would lake Iti the bln. Hit now In the time to determine that another teiHon you will plant a patch by ltnelf for need. Mid will m*o that no barren htalk, or ungainly I hint with an ear out of reach, Hhul! ripen pollen '1 hen hy taking need from the bent plantH you will haye them act by the bent pollen only. I'rnctlce I thin for a few yearH, taking the \ery beat for a new heed patch and the next bent for the crop, and you will coon find that the whole crop in com ing nearer to your ideal plant You do not need tc> stunt corn to get it to grow lower, f >r by select-j ing the low growing ears for «e#»d you can reduce the stature of the plant in a way that will do it »'> ( harm, w hile the stunting requires that you wav to fertilizers to make it recover. Notes and Comments. oriin.Kss. AS MR HUDSON aaya. it pays * *t > -.i.oiujlate the soil f<>r crimson clover in sections where clover has not been grown Hut wherever red clover has been commonly grown there Is rarely a failure with crimson clover. This week, meeting farmers from the Valley of Virginia. « \«• r of rtient asked me if I bad ever known a failure to get a stand of crim son clover, as the) never had failed In their sec tlon 1. of course, told them I had known many I failures In the cotton section where clover had not been grown Hut here around me no one * •• • r thinks of inoculating f--r crimson dottr at failure Is hardly ever heard of It Is evlden*. then, that the vatt.e bacteria that live on red clover will thrive on the rrim*o<i clover, and any one can get soil from either a red t lover Held or a crimson clover field ami have equally good results If you failed to g«-t a *fa* ! of crimson clover last year, sow the same land What Southern Soils Can Do. I \ KM t It WIIITKH that hr rvjH'.fs Inn and one-half hales of roit«»n | nr r arre, Now nine cotton farm ers on! of fen in the *s*«uth, after getting their land to ilo that, would want to plant that land In cotton again, an*! would sa) that they could not afford to grow corn on It. lint this man wisely says that that land goes Into corn the coining year, am! lie ho|*es to make ItMt hnshrls |*er a* re with his carefnlly selected seed, for hr has Improved til* cotton an*! com l»oth hy selection. Ami yet. hundred* of farmers write asking for fertiliser formulas for making land that only makes ten hnshrls i t corn prodm e .*»o Imshels, when they could do just as well as (tils man has done with his corn and cotton, hy Improving j the land gradually and selecting their seed In an Intelligent way. til# fall and the chance** are that you will fltul that the first wowing ha* brought In the iuocula tlon .* It IUK t ltlMN4»\ not I It Falrvlew l# right nbout crimson clover #«»ed Kvery farmer can save hi# own need even If ho ha# to wow It in the rough In fact. I have noticed that It #4»<*m# to germinate better In the rough, a* the hull# hold mo|»ture in their d*< Hut if every farmer In a neighborhood would lay off enough to ripen for hi# own wowing. It would pay aome one to get a huller and travel an* tnd and thresh for the whole weclton That Is done now on the eastern shore of Maryland an I Delaware where nearly nil the M-ed wold Iw now grown. The failure of the crop here from the rain# ha# made the need unusually high thlw season jl sow ruVF.lt mops.—There I# still time to lake the advice that Dr Duller give# about win ter cover crop# All over the South the winter rain# wash out almost a# much fertility a# the hummer cropping, for lark of green plant# on It to catch the fleeting nitrate# #o that they enu be returned to the Hull to again go through the pro « "»h of nitrification when there are crop# that »««*ed the nitrogen One of the greatewt advantage# In a wisely planned rotation I# having a winter risen crop alway# on the land jt DINTIM I! TO FMillT FidKS—The fly ,1Ue« tlon I# one of the greatest importance, for It ha# been demonstrated that flic# are great carrier* of typhoid I have my house windows and door# screened, hut un occanlonal fly get# In. ami l keep one «»f the fine wire fly shippers, and «ha#e every fly I #ee and kill him on the spot. Then. If manorial nrrumulat ;r.j « ire not allowed I ' Can kae I down the fly post to a gr**af oxteir M s|-:TTIX<» STII.WVIIMUMI s —I is all vpfy e to a fall gr >wth If yo • early ya|j • ’fin* !<? \ory uncertain, an-1 .11 leave many l 1. nl a due to dry wont/* r n - large growers n the uppa“ part of t* S. nth 1 i\e found that tl.o boat time *o < t striw h. rrles i in November . fid I>oren»ber Th-y \ero busy last fall planting i ; p .* of§t iR(j f. il ;r*» to grow Is Jen*eno<l. 1 \i*o|;TIM. I » Kill in —l’r f.>r narrow .<•»» th it tho S" ;th pr • I io ! pr> • n enough in her eottitiM-ed la t year to supply six million few In yjg roiith. *h <e n i: <•: * Nor* i 1 in Kurope > t <» fer. ' '■ ■ **• the *'•;! «’ fh • i, •* t!,. ro ion lands. * nn> wonder that P .'torn lar.d run down ■ hei tti«• > hav* been f« r g> • 'Tat n enriching "iher p«t*pl«*’* land? Get Ready for the Census Taker. IV i of que»> • tiotis a’o > .. far *.g op* ra* on*. Prom the a?. w * r • giX• :< *.o t P,« *j .* •.*»n w ill be made up the reports on which all figures and conclu • :,* u i l ;r *, j - . • a: a agricultural ■ oridttion* f' r the m il ten year# n. .it reft. Th« accuracy of th« *• report.* in the p.v*t ha* b#«& 1’iuch «I .ib'* J. a: i j t; . i erhap . many ca*«s; it. no Walla • 1 or *.»>#. th» e report* ar# ; : t « hat the f r ; .<■. a’» •• them Ktery farmer whoso nr. w>r are b.v. l on ac try** «»h*ervatloB *nd car* f i! .it g.c >u will add to the accuracy of the cruei* report*, everyone who depends upon meje p « or» *■ .11 la- ];k«-!. to add to Its inaccuracy Th* ei.aii.era’ r will l*e nrouid about April -lh. aii-1 h« re are of the thing he will want to know T..e acreage and value of your farm nr*a In woodland, area In the cul'.Ua’od crops; the number of acre in the varlou* crops, grains ha>. vegetable*, fruit, cotton, tobacco, etc., sod the amount of each produced this year. 1^05; lh# number and vn! ,e of all farm animals. Including poultry and swarm”* of bees, on hand April IS. 15lo. the number of young animal* raised this year, al'io the number sold and purcU» *M| *nd lh# number slnjghterid f r f«**>d. at 1 t* elr value; the number «>f dairy cows, the production of milk, butter, etc. and al o of *gg . honey, and wai; the amount* paid In 15U1.* for farm labor, feed* and fertiliser* It l* evident that without some kind of record the farmer cann>*t hope to atewr these question* Intelligent!. We believe it will pay every reader, if he ha* not been keeping account of the*# things, to ;»t b»n*t work out an nppr >\imafe sched ule of Ihitln It. fall It U <tl t.i.lv luitn mske the cen« j* report! mil" iu'cura’.c. It will l»e far more Important la helping the farmer himself to ree just what he ha* !>• en «! *ing In fact, no farmer un afford to r.* along without some sort of farm record nnd farm accounts It Is not hard to k< ep «n *Mii tn that will enable one to know what n «i* p has cost him and what profit he get* «»iit of It. and until he Knows this he Is running * gre.it risk of lo-ing mnnev hy his dopendonce upon mere gue* work Second-Crop Potatoes for Seed. Last spring. In lead of planting second crop po tatoes for seed all the largo grow era of early po* tutors around Norfolk and on the eastern shore of \ lri*!nia bought seed from Maine, and they rot ted in the ground, some growers losing their en tire planting nnd other fully half The potatoes s»em to luxe brought a til Meuse with them from ^ line, for New \ ork see 1 potatoes handled and kepi ]a the s.uue cellar did not rot This summer there Is a general effort to grow second crop seed, and the man who plants Maine • ■••d next spring will be considered to have lost I la head The lo s wav tremendous, for there are plenty of thos«* growers who planted i.ood bar • els, and there worn font men near Norfolk whose combined crops took 7.'»00 barrels of seed The second crop seed are the best for the South, and good seed can al-<o be grown by keeping over the second-crop potatoes In cold storage and grow ing a late crap from these, ns Is done around Louisville. Ky.