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g-aHES THB SriUKCT for this
Mv] article «a« assigned, nearly ^TtfU a year ago. cottonseed was gelling for very much less than it is now bringing The causes for the present high price of cottonseed, from 127 to 1.10 a ton. are generally given as a short crop of seed and the high price of cottonseed oil, meal and hulls. During the last ten years the writer has at scons and score# of farmers’ institute# tried to #how the farmers that cottonseed is on the basis of the ruling price# for fer tillterg and feeds, worth from $2 7 to ISO a ton on any farm, regardless of what the mills may 1** paying, and the fact that the mills are now pay ing that price doe* not in the least lessen the need of the farmer to know the real value of his cotton seed. Cottonseed is used In three dis tinct ways, for fertiliser, for feed, and by the oil mills for converting into oil. meal, hulls, etc While these ar» three distinct use#, the re* cutting TaJur# can not t*e so nearly separated. For Instance, when used as feel there is a *< nl or fertiliser value in the dablo manure of at least three-fourth* of the original value. Again, when converted Into oil. meal. hull*, etc . the oil which ic of no value for fertiliger and of a comparatively lo* value for cattle fsed. I» given a feign value amount* lug at prevent prtc« t a trout US in a ton Jt The Three Values of Cotton* Fieei NY FMtMKIt who know* th« value of a ton of seed when «M*d for fertiliser or fec-d. and knows the cost of hauling the seed to market, and what It it worth on that market, ta in a potiliui) to easily decide what disposition ht should make of hlc ared In other word*. he should know what the seed U worth to the mills, what it U worth for feed, and It* fertsi Ucr value With tbl* *lrnple Infur* tnatlon he I* in a position to handle hi* cottonseed Intelligently, hut without It he In entirely in the dark When treated by the oil mill* a ton of cotton** «d yield# about Hull*. 100 ft,« at |30 a ton. t 4 00 M«tl. ?t0 n.M . at S30 a ton.. II 26 Uttter*, to JbB . at 4c. 2.00 OU. 200 |t* , at 4 5c a gallon. I * 00 Ixaa (dunt. etc >, 100 T!»*. Total. 2.000 It* value .125 25 Tfoa the above figure* It appear*. lhat cotton** < d l» not worth much tnora than 9 3<i a ton to the in Ilia; for 11 Probably »,.*!* 93 to ft to work th« ton of *e»,j( leaving very little for profit or eniupeiiaation for buslne** rlska and in\**Miinent Thc*e figure* • re raaaonabl) a< curate an<l arc glv* for the general Information of Tbl* a*rtM U| artlelea. will run ihfoufhoul rnr, ih* »«u lour article* In lb* aacta< *•*«* a* follow* I**C, « — Hjr Making and Having Karin M* aora l*ee if.—It|* Kn«|i||tg in Health and Havln* |»,KrU.r«' Kill* |* ti, Making the old Kleld* KroduOi i 'fo»*a. J,ec r a, ..fowtni jrucking <‘r«*|ia lol Hal* jour roader*. but really, the question of what the cottonseed Is worth to tbo oil mills. Is of little direct Inter to the farmer. The farmer Is directly and chiefly Interested in J knowing how the feeding value, with the manure value added, compare* *lth the price at the mills less the cost of hauling. AH other matters are purely Incidental. Jl Feed and Fertilizer Values. HK FIRST STKP In learning >1 I be farm value of a ton of — cottonseed Is to ascertain It* fertiliser value that Is. the value of the plant food It contains at the rul Ir.g prices for plant food In mlsed commercial fertilisers A ton of cottonseed contains about: to lbs nitrogen, at 20c.$12 00 • t lb* phosphoric acid, at Sc. 1.30 2i tbs potash, at 6V»c. 1 33 *r^ti .. -—.. » ; bine© th© question of trading *©©d ft 7 m©*l frequently com©# u|* it will b© well to not© th© f©nilli©r value of a ton of cottonseed meal. that Jl tr.ay b«* compared with th© 'alu© of a ton of *©©d. A ton of cotton*©*wl meal contain* about: ( 1 7 f. n.» m* &€ lb* |.hc**t»horlr aci4. at ic 2 *0 3€ Jb* f*ota*h. at &4c . 1 ** — -I Total 13* 7* It will be not©4 that a ton of rob loftwewd meal haa a f©rtilir©r 'alu© nearly 4ouhl© that of a b»n of cotton #r«4, or that a ton of m©al i* worth two ton# of *©©4 for fetilii©r Owlm to th© di*ta*t© of th© K«*ulh-j ern farmer for IS'© atoek feeding. h© ha# been accustomed to ©*tltnal© th© talu© of a toft of cottonseed by IU fertlllrer a alu© only; but uainx corn at iOc a bushel a# a standard. It j*os.*©#«©a a feedihX 'alu© of about |20 a ton With corn at 7Sc. a buahel. It* feeding 'alu© I* about |30 a ton A fact which tnual n©'©r b© oa©r i. » i- ...i u. m)iii, ii.ii firm % alu© of any product which may be con* turned by H»e ttock It that the full feeding ' alue of the product ran be obtained without the I cm* of more than from 10 to 21* per cent of the fertiliser %alue '! hat It. if the f«r tlllser \a!ue of a given quantity of rot ton teed be $10. It It possible to rr.mor ill the dropping* of the cow at least •» of this fertiliser value In other words, the COW will not re fitin more than one tenth of the for ! tlllser value of the feed I his does not mean that the stable manure which finally reaches the soil of Ihe farm will be equal to nine tenths of the original value of the feed con sumed H properly handled. It may b« worth more to the land than the original feed would have been; or It may not. by the time It reaches the land, contain one-half the plant food which the feed originally con tained Much will depend on the way the manure Is treated. If *!»<’ stable manure contains when put on the land three-fourths the plant food value of the original feed, we have the following ns the full farm value of a ton of cottonseed. Feeding value of 1 ton of cot tonseed .$20.00 Value of manure from feeding 1 ton of cottonseed—^ of 115 00 . 11.25 Total .$31.25 If a ton of cottonseed meal has not this farm value then we are pay ing too much for commercial fer tilizers and corn Is not worth 50c. a husho) f«r feeding J* We Cannot Afford to Use Cottonseed ai a Fertilizer. Hlto\! THE foregoing fact* it is s<*en that the respective val ues of a ton of cottonseed as now used are as follows: Fertiliser value alone, about $15.00 Farm value feeding and ma nure value, about. 31.00 HU mill value, or market price . $27 to 30.00 • M'-PV Wink’’ IV l* 4 AIM UJAl cottonseed should not l>e put m the ground direct as fertiliser, for. In sueh ease, the feeding value and the value of the oil are lost, because the oil has no value as fertiliser When used as fertiliser, not more than no half the full farm value of cot son. however, it must t»e remember e«J that the cost of hauling the seed to market is always to he considered If we eliminate the question of Using • ottonaeed for fertiliser, which cer tainly should t»« done at the present l rlr< s of seed *nd meal. It merely leave* the quenilou as to whether the seed shall be fed or sold to the mills In settling this question. It is necessary to consider the cost of other fe«ds in comparison with the present price of cottonseed and the cost of hauling the *«*ed to market. Ji Exchange Seed for Meal. r-in A TON* OF cottonseed I* equal j in feeding value to about | 3jo pound* of cottonseed meal In mowt place* In The HoufIt em Farm t.awritr territory a ton of cot ton weed wold to the mill* will pur chase a ton of cottonseed meal In such case* It lw plain that we have mvi pounds of cottonseed meal, or «ay $ti.7.1, to pay for hauling a ton of cottonseed to market and for haul ing 1.3So pound* of meal hack to the farm I ni*/" 1 y haul 1* a long one. It Is apparent"that It will pay to sol I the cottonseed to the mills at $2 7 to $3u a ton >nd buy meal at $2s to $3»» a ton. Moreover, there lw an additional reason for feeding meal rather than weed. In that the oil In the weed can only he used a* feed by cattle In small quantities. Therefore. If as much feed value Is to he obtained from 1 ton of seed as from 1,3f»0 pounds of meal, the seed must he fed lu quantities; whereas a larger ration of meal may ! r. fed w uli satisfaction. It should he apparent to any ono that with cottonseed at from $37 to $30 a ton and meal •oiling for only 1! little more per ton the seed should t,« sold to tho oil mill# uuless the haul Is too long; but. in this situation there appears to be greater proba bility of robbing the cotton lands of the plant foood carried off in the seed. With cottonseed far below its farm value we have largely sold It off tho farm and in many instances failed to replace the plant food it contained In any other | form. If we have done this with j seed at from 20 cents to 25 cents a bushel, what Is likely to he done with seed selling at from 40 cents to 50 cents a bushel? k or every ton of cottonseed sold off the farm not less than 1,350 pounds of meal should be returned and fed to live stock, the stable ma nure carefully saved and applied to the land. Wo know that in many cases this will not he done and must conclude that the high price of seed is not nn unmixod blessing. jl $42.00 a Ton for Cottonseed. 10 GET THE MOST out of the cottonseed, then, it should - be sold at tlii> present market price, and meal purchased and fed to live slock. After deducting the cost of hauling, each ton of seed should purchase not less than from l.f»ou to l,sou pounds of meal. Tak ing the smaller amount as a basis, a ton of seed may be given the follow ing value: A pound of cottonseed meal is worth for feed one and three fourths pounds of corn. Giving corn a feeding value of 50 cents a bushel. 1,60o pounds of cottonseed meal would have a feeding value of $2 5. The fertiliser value of 1.600 pounds of cottonseel meal, according to our figure* above given, would be $23.82. If three-fourth* of this total fertil iser value be saved in the stable, .ViY.s u«yvta>.t'W,w^,,ni<?ok,r. and the meal fed to live stock, has a farm value as follows: Feeding value, with corn at 50 cents a bushel.$25.00 Value of stable manure, \ of $23 S2 . 17.86 Total .$42.86 To sum up our figure*, cottonseed may be disposed of in the following ways nt the accompanying values: One ton of cottonseed used as fer tiliser is worth $15.00. One ton of cottonseed used as feed and stable manure, $31.25. One ton of cottonseed sold and the proceeds used to buy meal and (Continued on Page 14.) S50 TO $300 SAVED W« a** ik4 mrubaau. y««c tkwicta. Wfcm i»4nul>'< t- ux r' t I'll Mr« »-a Iran OUltoll<X)MMrHl|k Jitn Ulvl CliullM |!«(tamliuai J to 22 II I*- I’rkr dimt to ym lu»ft tk*« Artir»» o* y-Mvrt tute to po jr l>4 •hattof roi'iM La carload lull M i[v« .uk Dlraat a ALLOW AY »w. I >} utt' v f •* lKfmoct«<| _ Ate) ton AID l» Ite (U » ‘ \ •. |*U v«<te| Ki*«w ten | laiv ft BM..P^t,St10.BO JTwXfcir; ■ ttel !«»*«, Ail T’<U |'teV »»*# k% f*A«* nuifful, I « li o i teHil Our *m«il Sen.I 1*4 mr U< BOOH f BBC. Wn. Gteikiwtey f*nrte. Via ffcteava| ««. DIAUalteeay hubs RiMmi law PI1AIIIFH llaaollne: 3 home |tif>; P NIbINp V H home tlW 00: VI home fllllll L«J teorato; an i krw rwo.oo. muRamiar Holler* and VkiMnea: 2Uhorae wtn*el* 1400.00; '20-home on aklda SttO.00; 10-home portable flfet UO: ID-home traction |«Jf».00: llt-home traction I W0.00. Holl er*. ICnglnea. Haw Mill* all alxea at one-third their actual value. CASEY ENGINE WORKS. Sprt«|fltld. 0kt9. IIAY PDrCC Heat tarin preaa made. IIAI rl\LOO thousand* In uae. Over 400 *old In 3 month*. For 10 year* we've madethem. Shipped on b day*' trial direct Irotn factory. Write for booklet. ' WATKIN HAYS PKKSS CO.. Atlanta. Ga.