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Problems of Southern Farmed
An Interesting and Profitable Meeting, at Jackson. Mias of the Southern States Association of Commissioner* of %rrirnlt..~. and Other Agricultural Workers. Mro —““EPRKi'ENTATIVES of those working in the Southern State for the increase of agri cultural knowledge, for the extension of better agricultural practice and for better la w a more effectively ad ministered for the protection of the farmer, his live stock, and his crops, met In Jackson. Mias., November 16. 17, and 1 sth. The program published in a recent issue of this paper, shows that the Association takes for its work the whole field of agricultural endeavor, aed Includes In Its membership all those who are in any way engaged U opbuilding the agricultural inter ests of the South This, so far as w# know, is the only organisation which takes for its exclusive field the Urge and special agricultural prob lems of the South. The scope of its work U varied and e*ton#ixo. and its opportuniib* for off«*ctHe work are Iwrm The session opened Tuesday. the Klh, in the Senate «'lta«»kr of the beautiful Capitol building, which wa« tb* admiration of ail the visitors from other State*, with addrp*N* of welcome by Governor Noel on behalf of the State, and hy Kt-Governor Vardaman on behalf of the city of Jackaon Governor Noel, in hi* addrmw. e*. pecially itrcoed the nM for a meant of car/ying to the farmer the iarg# amount of inf'rn ation which eaperl men ten have developed |£i-Goworaor Vardaman marveled at the Indiffer enca of the public to such meeting* and those thing* which were of *uch great and fundamental interest He plead for better road* and tuck nl h0r , roadman* a* would keep the people of the South on th« farm* lie elat ed that the blatory of the nation* show* that every country that ha* gone do*n baa done wo w*use of the men leaving the land the farms A healthy sentiment and love for rural life and Ita inspiring and puri fying Influence* were declared the grwaiewt protection of the Nation, "for." and the speaker. 'sentiment I* more powerful than ail the armies and more potent than all the wealth of all the age*,** For tho first time T«*u* had a Comtttaioner of Agriculture at the meeting of the Association in the per •on of Judge K tt Kono, who re •ponded In fitting manner to the ad 4ream of welcome Progress in Mississippi (-arming. President If. K. Illftkeilsc, Coro mlaaioner of Agriculture fur Miasta •Ippl. delivered an iddreM dealing »lth many of the important que* Uons no* before the farmer* of the Bouth Among other topic* discuss ed were agricultural fair*, agricul tural high schools, farmer*' Institute* »ud oiler means of teaching agri culture, ti< k eradication, feed and fertlllior law* and highway improve Went; hut no more Important sub Ject was treated In thf* address than tha one of ae<-d and nursery regula tion or control Pnquestfonably some mean* must be devised for the pro tection of the farmer from Ignorant *ud dishorn t seed and nursery deal Fertiliser and feed control law* *ra now generally In operation which tlva protection to the farmer and wbl<*h him millions of dollar* *0d the same sort of control must b« extended to the nursery and seed business A* an evidence of progress In agri cultural matters In the South, Pres Went Htak”f)o<i cited the progress tu Ml.-sbalppl as follows: iian«yt,C<!rn c,ub» *1907. 5 clubs; , 19 ,S* 2“ c,,lb',; 19«9. 36 clubs. County agricultural high schools have been built or are now building In between 15 and 20 counties. Four years ago four agricultural fairs were held in the State, while IS were held this year, and 30 are In sight for next year. Four years ago only 25 counties had I discontinued the old overseer system of working the roads, whereas at present 6S have broken away from the old. Ineffective method 1 he *ci«fiion Tuesday afternoon was - devoted to live stock matters. Or. J. A. Kiernan. Nashville. Tonn . who has charge of the tick eradica tion work for the United States Bu reau of Animal Industry In the States of Alabama. Mississippi and rennessee. delivered an excellent and # nn uraclne m» *'ik« Progress of Tick Kradlrntlnn ** Dr. Tall Butler, editor of The Southern • arm timetlr, discussed the noco*ji|tjr for uniform laws for the control of litre slock disease* and lire stock traffic |« Pajrs in Feed Steer* on Pasture. \ tery Interesting addreiui and one of great value to the South. If the results related are sustained bjr Uter experience, was delivered bjr Prof l>an T Cray. of the Alabama Agri cultural College, on ’ The Feeding of Beef Cattle on Paatur*.'* Three Iota of CAttle were wintered as follows l«ot ] On thu range of Held* with out other fe*d. lent 3 On 3 S pound* cottonseed «u<l I* » !>««•»<•• v* »v • - hull* dally lx»l 3 On * & pound* eowpea hay dally. I Ait 1 — I.osi 97 pound* to weight per Steer. tjnt 2 1 ,osl 6 76 pounds weight per steer. Ix>t 3 — lx»*t 9 « pound* weight per •leer. Tha reault* on p**lure th* negt summer showed that It did not pay to feed during the winter, but that It did pay to feed while th* mill* were on pasture In 190* cattle on pasture m _ ._a r. 4|<tnr» Hi MU *7 M W. W m -'-I rat(|p on pasture and fed cottonseed rake made a net profit of $10.11. The rattle on pasture made a fain of 1.52 pounds a day at a cost of 1.1$ cents prr pound The cattle on collonaeed rake made a dally gain of I 32 pounda at a coal of 3 «S cenla per pound, but the greater galps made by those fed and the better price re r o red for them owing to their hotter condition enabled Iboee fed on pasture to make a net profit of $7 34 per head greater than thoee receiving pasture only. In 1 $09 cattle on pasture alone made a net profit per head of $9 34 Tattle on pasture and cottonseed rake made a net profit of $9.43. Tattle on pasture that received cot tonseed made a net profit of $10 15 Tattle on pasture that received a heavy ration of cottonseed cake and were finished and sold In July, made a net profit of $11.1$. These were ordinary Bouthern cat tin picked up in western Alabama The results show the great profits from feeding our cheapest of all cat tie foods, cottonseed products, to cattle on pasture. The Teachers’ CVot'd. At the night session the Associa tion was treated to clear and force ful laIks by Mias Susie V. Powell President of the State School Im provement Association, and Prof. J. N. Powers, State Superintendent of Education. Miss Powell closed her address with a recitation of the following creed, which is good enough to be adopted by all: I believe in boys nnd girls, the men and women of a great tomorrow; that whatsoever the boy soweth, the man shall reap. I believe in the curse of ignor ance, in the efficacy of schools, In the dignity of teaching, and In the divine Joy of serving an other. I believe In wisdom ns revealed in human lives, ns well as In the pages of printed books; In the lessons taught, not so much by precept as by example; In ability to work with the hands as well as to think with the head; and In every thing that makes life large and lovely. I believe In beauty in the school room. In the home, In dally life, and the out-of-doors. I believe In laughter, and all tho Ideals and distant hopes that lure us on. 1 believe that every hour of (Continued on Page IS.) Fanners9 Meetings, Con ventions and Fairs. We ahall be clad to publish under this heading all notices sent us ol County, State or National agricultural meetings. Georgia Poultry Association, an nual show, Atlanta, January 18-88, 1910; 0. O. Hartwell, Secretary. International Live Stock Exposi tion, Chicago, November 17 th to De cember 10 th, B. H. Helde, Secretary. The sixth annual meeting of the American Breeders' Association la called for December 8, 9 and 10, at Ohmaha, Nebraska, In association with the National Corn Show, held at that place, December f to 18.—W. K. Hays, Secretary. Washington, D. O. National Association Live 8toek Breeders, annual convention, Chi cago Stock Tarda, December 1, 1909; O. N. Fleischer, Secretary. COWSfWANTED I would Ilk* to buy ICO heed of Rr**dlnt Cow* of bwl breed Hereford. Shorthorn or Aberdeen Angus grsdts 2 to6 y*srs old snd bred to beet bull, (juot* bust price* delivered St Vsldrn Mlm No old rows st an? price. Wll.t, hnCKKIlY. Imn’Kery, Miss. Also 600 bus. Cow Fees snd GO Wesnllng Mule Colts. I I I RK& fTlTwIER SEED MERCHANTS StufcTilk. MIm. Clover* Hair? Vetch. Hmnolh Vetch, I tape. Winter Kfe. Winter turf data. lied IL P.Oala Price list on request. Limited supple clean lUd oats and Vetch Mtaed. tl per bushsl. Square Deal Seed Com Won gold medal at Hi. louls World's Pair. Tbs originator «d this vartetr offers 11000.00 fur a corn that will pro duce mure per acre. ** tt " ggl.icr atcMit for sate at H» per bushel, hr « u h y u :: 1 F. EWING • Harrtetin. Miss. RECLEAN ED Rust • Proof • Seed • Oats grown froui thoroughly accllinntnd seed by IIY. M. 8TKWAHT. Uurvl lllll, l». r ^ ea _ _ _| 1 ,,r *«' 1,1 "lamps Wrpp \PRfl topsr coal ul mailing, we || CC tlCDU w„, mal) ytm postpaid 12 pound Johnson's Improved Prolific ( luster Cotton Need, and 12 pound Johnson a Pedi greed Hil l sr C orn, and our ♦» pags m^«1 and ulant catalogue describing all varlotln* of Im proved (ot ton. Corn, drain, < Irassee. Clover. Melon Heed. eta. also Plants. I rult Irecs. Hoses, etc . of all varieties. fiJilaiM Sen I flax Ct., p. e. in in. uenggg. ea Triumph Cotton 1* u*ed almost esclualvely by Ihs (lov er nm on I tn bolt weevil sections. It will revolutionise the Mouth. Try It and be convinced It yields more per acre, turns out more lint, and la earilsr than any other bit boll cotton In the world. S3 selected bolls per pound. I.MO pounds seed cotton make a MO pound bale Sta ple one and an eltbth Inch. Our entire crop is planted each year from selected stalks at.d holla our seed are guaran teed. Write for catalogue and prloce. WAOE MOTHERS, Smd Breeders, Aiesander City. Ala Red bust proof seed Oats I.KMFEDK£A STRIATA MEEl>. Twenty-five grade Red Folia oroaa ed with Devon, springers Orad* Red Foil bulloalvea HAY. car lota or I sea to gull demand. J. BURRUSS McCEHEE, LAUREL HILL P. O.. LA Name this paper. - - - - - - -^.. — RFFRC New Crop Turnip Meed, lira \PPll\ Harley, Turf Oata Vctchea WleLUW wheat, lUpe. Alfalfa Every BHHH thing In the (larden and Field Meed Line. Hyerial FHwe to firmer#* Union, Write lor our Folder on "How to (How Alfalfa" eta Tucker-Mo*by Seed Co* 44 Mouth Front ML. Mam-him. Tenn. SEED MTS g?3f W bushels Oooh*o Improved Cotton Mood at 91.00 per buahel. I'hese seed are grown, ginned and threshed on our own farm where nothing else Is allow* sd to be planted or ginned. Full printed di rections for fertilising and drilling oata by thp open furrow method sent with each ship menL V1NKYAKD FARM, (irtmn. (la When writing advertlaora, pleano mention this paper.