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DOWN THE POTOMAC.
Sailing Trip That Has No Equal in United States. History and Nature Combine to Make It a Moat Fascinating Outing —Charms of Chesapeake Bar. [Special Washington Latter.] Til EKE is u popular expression, “Ouce a man, twice a child.” having reference to the petu lant, querulous second childhood of the very aged. The brain of an anonymous poet coined a more com prehensive expression for the entire race: “Men are only boys grown tall, aud hearts don’t change much, after all.” They whose lives are directed in to (>aths of such prosperity that they 0 may have a couple of weeks or months of vacation every year speud many happy hours planning the out ings which are doubly enjoyable be cause ot the pleasures of anticipa tion. And their ideas of pleasure are as different as are the provincial isms of their speech and manner. The people of New England have their times for camping out in the dense forests, or of spending their leisurfe days along the seashore, where clam bakes are almost daily feasts of which they never grow weary- Going to the coastwise places is also a fad with the people of contiguous states, in small num bers, as compared with their popula tions. In the west and northwest the principal purpose seems to be to “go somewhere,” no matter where, so long as it is away from home and gives a restful change to tired bodies and weary brains. The peo ple of the southern states have a fad of hitching up teams and taking families to the mountains for camp ing out periods. The folks with wealth enough to travel and enjoy all of the beauties and won ders of this wonderful imperi al country usually turn their backs upon Yellowstone park, the Yosemite* and all other of the grandeurs of nature in America, and puck themselves off to Euro|>e, w here they are smilingly ami hilariously welcomed by aycophuuts who are after their money. A few workingmen of the national capital with a little time for recrea tion recently spent their playtime sail ing down the Potomac river and out into Chesapeake bay. It was only a lit tle bit of an outing, but ten days on •alt water, sometimes in salt water, and all the time, day and night, breath ing the air so impregnated with ocean's virtues, sufficed to invigorate and strengthen everyone in the party. From the time of heaving anchor un til its final casting there was a con stant studj- of history, albeit the ob ject lessons were easily learned as in a kindergarten, one of the boatmen having been familiar with story and legend of the river for more than two generations. The start was made from Easby’s point, where stands the old ltraddock rock, now inclosed by an Iron railing, the work of the Colonial Jtanies. It is not now an impressive eight. The river has been filled in all around it. The waters of the stream had receded, leaving the historic rock in a marsh. X'ot only did Braddock land here, but upon this rock George Washington landed when lie came to examine a site for the future capital. When the waters were around it and trees sheltered it the rock was as ar tistic as it was attractive, because of Its history: “The British troops sailed up the Potomac in barges until they PARADE GROUND, FT. MONROE. came nearly opposite to what is now the foot of Twentyrfifth street. Here a big bowlder reaching out of water 12 or 14 deep deep stood forth like a great buttress. The barges touched at this rock and upon it all of the troops were landed. Thus it became knowm as Braddock rock.” Sailing between the piers of long bridge myriad memories of the civil war were recalled. Across this bridge tramped hundreds of thousands of men who have faded from the earth, and become members of that “cloud of witnesses” referred to by the author of the epistle to the Hebrews. Over on the Virginia hills were seen the re mains of the earthworks wherein other thousands were located to de fend the capital city. Inside of 20 min utes we were sailing past the arsenal grounds. Standing forth above the trees is the tall mast from which the flagfloats. Hightonthatspot stood the gallows oti which Mrs. Surratt and the other conspirator* were hanged for complicity in the crimes of Lincoln’s assassination and the attempts on the lives of members of his cabinet. PRESERVE WEDDING GOWN. Kept toy Many Women as a Memento o( the Moat Important of All Events. A woman’s wedding gown is seldom worn except on anniversary occasions after the day upon which the nuptials are celebrated. Most woman regard this garment as especially sacred and tako extraordinary means to preserve it in all its pristine purity. The wed ding gown box is a recent fad for the well-to-do bride to adopt, and it bids fair to have quite a vogue. That every bride possessed of any sentiment wishes to keep her wedding gown in a Four miles down the river, ou out right, is Alexandria, and looking up King street we can see the Marshall house, where the glllant young Coi. Ellsworth was killed, the spilling of w hose blood thrilled millions of hearts and filled the armies of the union with young men anxious to avenge that death. Hack of Alexandria, rising above the dense foliage which crowns the hills, we see the cupola of Fairfax seminary, where hundreds of devoted young men have been prepared for the ministry of the Kpiscopal church; and where upwards of 30,000 sick and wounded union soldiers were treated during the civil war, for the seminary was used as a general hospital for the army of the Potomac for almost four years. On the left hank of the river i& the site of Camp Stoneman, which was known as the cavalry dismount camp FOREVER MAY IT WAVE! of the army of the Potomac. Here were gathered all of the convalescent cavalrymen who were ready to be re turned to their regiments, after hav ing been sent forth from the hospitals. Thousands of horses were purchased by the government and sent to this point for the purpose of keeping the cavalry corps well equipped. The piers of the once busy wharves are rotting away, and only a few of them rear their jagged heads above the surface, for, at last, it is “all quiet on the Po tomac.” Fort Washington and Fort Foote are passed. They are harmless reminders of the great war which culminated in the victory for human freedom. Mod ern guns would crush and crumble them. But further down stream where the river deepens not, but wid ens, we come to Fort Sheridan, an in nocent looking place, but the strong est defense of the national capital, riverwards. The luxuriant foliage and velvet sward conceal the 13-inch dis appearing rifle which covers the chan nel, an instrument of destruction which could dispose of an entire fleet, as the vessels must come up stream in single file, because of the narrow ness of the channel. We pass Mount Vernon on our right, where all of the bells of passing steam ers are tolled, and a few miles beyond we come to the broad river three miles wide, where the channel was mined during the war with Spain, to prevent the incursion of hostile fleets. No cheap mining work was done here, such as the corrupt Spanish officials did for their ports. The river was checker boarded here, and in certain squares tremendous mines were placed. They were anchored securely, and electric wires connected them with shore batteries. If any hostile vessel had entered one of those squares its destruction would have surely ensued. As the river broadens into the bay, and beyond the ripraps, we see the smoke of ocean steamers, we swing about to the right past Fortress Mon roe and into Hampton lioads, where the greatest naval battle of the nine teenth century was fought; the bat tle which relegated wooden fighting ships to the junk shops of history along with the galleys of the Caesars; the battle in which the ironclad Mer rimac attacked a powerful fleet of bat tleships, sunk the Congress, captured the Cumberland, set the Minnesota on fire and returned to her anchorage, intending to complete the work of de struction on the morrow. After that this city would have been at the mercy of the guns of that invincible marine monster. But the Monitor w'obbled into the lioads that night, and the Mer rimac’s mission was ended. Fortress Monroe is a valueless relio of half a century ago. Any moderi battleship could steam along eight oi ten miles away and batter the old stone walls to atoms. Fortress Mon roe is no protection to this city or the surrounding country. But in the im probable event of another war with a foreign foe plans are ready which could be developed rapidly, so as to make a modern defense on that site Useless as it is, the old fort looks dan gerous enough to frighten off foes. Historic old Norfolk we pass as we swing out into ocean and around into bay, not having time on this occasior to visit the numerous interesting revo lutionary relics of the town. While in the bay we enjoy oysters in everj style, fresh from the water, although it is claimed that the bivalves should not be eaten between April and Sep tember. We visit Annapolis, view the naval academy and the interesting revolu tionary sites of interest. We stop at Fort McHenry, where the “Star Span gled Banner” was born in the brail of Key; and with greater pride thar ever we salute that banner “so gal lantly streaming” over the rampart* of the ancient fort. • So you see that during our entire ten vacation days we have been en joying a study of history, as well as be ing invigorated by the unusual outing SMITH D. FRY. state of preservation is a foregone conclusion, and this elegant receptacle is admirably suited to the purpose foi which it was designed. It is made oi light wood enameled white and having the bride’s initials in silver letters op the outside. A lining of tufted white satin is revealed on opening the box. and locks of silver and white leathei straps fasten it. A photograph of the wedding gown is often taken by the modiste before sending it home and making a collection of the photo graphs of wedding gowns or any other distinctive costumes is one of the pres ent fads, the idea being to preserve the pictures as mementoes for future gen erations and also as illustrations of present-day fashion*. AN INDIAN TRAGEDY. Havasupai Youth Falls a Victim to His Emotion. Takes Hla Life Beeaaaa forced to Leave the Place Where He lom otoied with Hla Brother'a Spirit. [Special Arizona Letter.) FEW people imagine the Indian to be as full of sentiment as he real ly is. Fewer still, looking at the apparently dull, stolid, heavy faced youths of the Havasupai tribe would deem one of them capable of commit ting suicide, purely for grief at the death of his brother and his inability to remain and weep for his loss. Here is the true story as told to me by the Havasupais whom I visited but two days ago, down in the heart of their glorious Havasu (Cataract) can yon home in northern Arizona. The boy was known to the whites as Patsy. His Indian name—not now to be breathed to anyone—was Ja-a-demi ya. His father was Hock Jones, the leading medicine man of the tribe. Patsy was about 20 years of age. A few months ago he and 14 other boys were taken from their canyon home and removed to the Indian school on the Wallapai reservation at Truxton. A little over a month ago Patsy’s young brother, down in Havasu can yon, was taken sick. He and Patsy had been excellent friends and com rades, despite the disparity of their ages, and both keenly felt the parting when Patsy ras sent to school. Hence it was natural that the sick boy should crave the presence of his brother. He asked that he be sent for. His father did not accede to his request at first, but, as the days went by and the sick boy rapidly grew worse, he went to the industrial teacher who was acting ttifa he could not bear. Bo be btggei to be allowed to remain awhile. Hia parents and friends wished him to stay, but the acting agent was inexor able. He was a good man, according to his knowledge. As a farmer he baa done more for these Indians than all his predecessors of several years, but as a dealer with tender human hearts he is entirely out of place. He knew nothing but his orders. They were that Patsy waa to return in 30daya. It never occurred to him, poor man, thAt the instincts of the human heart, when bowed down with grief, are immeasur ably above all red-tape orders,and that his higher duty was to write to hia su perior. Explaining the circumstances and asking for a further leave of ab sence. This never once entered hia thought. Patsy-must go back, and if he would i.ot go back willingly he must go under arrest. A younger broth er, knowing his feelings, offered to go in Patsy’s stead, but the man oi red tape would not listen to such a thing and never deemed it necessary to write and find out whether such a course would be acceptable. He was in authority and he determined to use his power strictly and lit erally. Fear of losing his “job” was a far more potent influence in deter mining his conduct thau humanity and the common instincts of sympa thy for sorrow and bereavement. He was dealing with a mere brutal, ig norant Indian, who had no feelings, no sentiments, no real sorrow. The policeman was sent for Patsy. He was bidden leave that very day or be sent back a prisoner. In vain were Pats}-’s excuses and pleadings. Finally his father was called upon to provide a companion and two horses, with whom he could go to the railway, about 90 miles off, and there he was to take train to Trux ton, while the companion was to ride back the horses to the village of the Havasu. Sadly and sorrowfully Patsy bade L •< : - - - •.-- • ... ^ A BIT OF THE HAVASU RIVER IN NORTHERN ARIZONA. as agent and asked that Patsy be sent for. The request was forwarded to the agent at Truxton, and Patsy was granted 30 days’ leave of absence to visit his sick brother. Their meeting was joyous and yet exceedingly sad, for Patsy could see, more than those who had watched the sick boy day by day, how much he had faded. In less than two weeks ne had passed away and the rocky walls of the Havasu canyon echoed and reechoed with the sad wails and loud laments of the fa ther, mother, brothers, sisters, rela tives and friends of the dead boy. Several times have I heard these sad and doleful wailings. They sink deep into one’s heart. However perfunc tory civilized mourning may have be come, there is no mere outward show in the wailing of an Indian family when one of its number is carried away by death. But in all this wailing and loudly expressed sorrow poor Patsy was almost silent. His was a deep and PATSY AND HIS PET COON. bitter grief. He had looked forward with such keen delight to the time when he should be emancipated from school and allowed once more to ram ble in freedom with his young brother that his death came as an awful shock which hurt him too deep for any outward sorrow. He mourned in se cret and when his brother’s body was taken away he hid himself and was not seen for some time. Poor Patsy! Day after day grieved. Then he was rudely awakened from his sorrow. His 30 days’ leave of absence had nearly expired must go back at once to school. But how could he go ? His heart was yet full of sorrow. His days of weep ing and wailing were not expired. He must stay and lament until his heart was empty of grief. It was sad enough to have a heart broken, but to have it grief laden with unexpressed sorrow, V good-by to his parents and friends and started on his journey. He took with him a shotgun for securing food on the way. His companion, Ma tu-e, went on ahead, as Patsjr clearly wished to be alone. Every now and then Ma-tu-e would look back, to see tears rolling down Patsy’s check. For an hour and more they rode up the wash of Wallapai canyon, the red walls towering up into the pure blue of the sky, but neither walls nor skv had any attraction for either of them. Ma-tu-e was distressed at Patsy’s sorrow, and Patsy’s thoughts were— ah! who could tell? Slowly they rode on Ma-tu-e every now and then looking back to see that Patsy fol lowed. They reached the hilltop and now Patsy seemed to lag behind more than before. Ma-tu-e went over a ridge down into a small canyon, up and out on the other side and there waited for Patsy. Half an hour, an hour, an hour and a half passed and he did not come. So, feeling some thing akin to fear, Ma-tu-e went back to see what was the matter. Half a mile or so back he came upon Patsy ;■ horse, shot through the head. Thoroughly alarmed he called aloud for Patsy, but nothing save the echo from the walls of the canyon be neath gave him answer. He walked back a little further and there under a chimiwoia (mountain rush) bush he saw Patsy, his gun in his hand, dead. He had sat down and delib erately placed the shotgun under his face and fired. When Ma-tu-e returned with the news to the village the excitement was intense. Few would have re garded the Havasupai Indian as stolid had they seen the wonder and awe and distress depicted on every face. Suicides among Indians are comparatively rare—far more so than among the higher civilized peo ples. At first the Indians could not ueiicve it. iucu a uurnuci vjl mem went up to the hilltop to see the body. They could find no traces, either of horses or men, except those made by Patsy and Ma-tu-e, so they were compelled to the conclusion that it was a case of deliberate sui cide. Suicide for grief; suicide because the days of his sorrow were to be passed away from the scene of its origin: suicide because his brother’s spirit would hover around his for mer home and never hear the wail of Patsy’s voice. The white man may and does laugh at such explana tions. They are absurd and ridic ulous. Indeed, when talking with the acting agent the other day I never even suggested such ideas be cause I knew they would sink jnto stony ground, yet I know, and so do all who intimately know the In dian heart, that these are the only real causes for poor Patsy’s tragio and awful act. The agent came from Truxton, the deputy United States marshal, the Wallapai policeman and others came to investigate. The body was cre mated, but nothing else was done. And now Patsy’s spirit has joined the spirit of his brother and together they have gone to explore the mys terious regions of the beyond. The Havasupais seem to have settled down to the even tenor of their way, and only the flowing waters of the creek where Patsy used to sport and swim and play sing a sad and mourn ful requiem for a young life ruthless ly slain because the white’man did not, could not, would not understand. G. WHARTON JAMES. FARMER AN D PLANTER. SHREDDING VS. PULLING. It la Cheaper to Cut and Shred Cora Fodder Than to Fall It, and ia Better For the Corn. It is now clearly settled that there will be a shortage in food stuff in very many parts of the south. This will cause high prices for everything that man and beast consumes, so it is plainly the duty and to the lnter; est of every southern farmer to save all that he has made. That the cornstalk is a valuable hay plant has been settled. It is no longer a matter of controversy. Shredded corn hay is about as good as any other hay. This crop does not have to be planted and made, but is already made. It is simply a ques tion of taking care of what you have on hand. There are millions of dol lars’ worth of cornstalks standing in the fields of the south, ready to be made into first-class food. There is from one to two tons per acre of this hay standing in every corn field in the south. It is plainly your duty to cut and save it. To those of you who have not yet pulled fodder, we wish to say that it is cheaper to cut and shred, than it is to pull fodder. It does not injure the corn to cut the cornstalks, but actually helps it. Numerous experimen s carefully made, prove conclusively that the corn fills out better and weighs more when cured this way than when per mitted to stand in the fieM. The stalks made into hay are worth near ly as much as the grain, so that you about double the value of your corq, crop by shredding the stalks. If you have two dollars lying before you, why not take them both instead of taking one and leaving the other. To those of you who have already pulled your fodder, we wish to say that the stalks are yet worth saving and shredding. While it is true that you have lost something and spent something in pulling the fodder, j'ou can yet save your stalks. Prompt at tention to this matter will go a long way toward supplying roughage for the cattle through the craning winter. So we again say with all the em phasis that we know how, cut your corn and shred it into hay instead of pulling fodder. Learn a new and better way instead of following in the old one. We are not able to go on with our old-fashioned, wasteful ways of farm ing. We must learn to practice more economy. By this we do not mean to learn to spend less, but learn to make more that we may have more to spend. We mean to learn to save what you have al ready made, and spend what j'ou have made to better purpose. He that makes two blades of grass grow where one grew before, is said to be a benefactor to the race. He that learns to save two blades that he has already grown, where he has been saving one before, Is equally a bene factor to the race.—Southern Culti vator. FEEDING THE PIGS. An Expert Gives Some Pointers ns to How to Obtain the Best Results With Swine. Having bought or bred our ideal foundation stock, we have only solved half the problem. The highest skill in breeding must be supplemented by some system of feeding which will perpetuate the quality already secured and dupli cate it many times at a minimum cost. In feeding we have a double problem. Our first and greatest considera tion is economy. We must not sell for six cents, pork which cost us six and one-fourth in the home pens. We must further consider the effect of the various foods upon the quality of the finished meats. In this respect our home markets are not so critical as those of Great Britain or Canada. Fortunately in dealing with the hog we are not limited to any narrow bill of fare; he is an animal of healthy appetite and wide range of taste. It seems to us that many feeders make a most serious mistake in serv ing like rations to hogs of all ages. It pays to “baby” your hogs while they are still babies. The first three months of a pig’s 1UC air me uiutat uui-a. A right start means everything. Without any question com is and must continue to be the staple food of the corn-belt states. Any system of feeding which at tempts to ignore this fact is not ap plicable to this wide territory. But feeders make a mistake when they make a hog out of a baby shoat. Every tendency of corn feed is to develop fat. What the youngster needs is mus cle-making food, something to make him grow and build up1 bone, sinew and lean meat. Nothing has yet been found which fills the bill so well as a ration of which the basis is skim-milk in con junction with shorts, middlings and finelj'-ground oats or barley. All these are flesh-formers. We know a skim-milk diet is not possible upon a majority of farms in a oorn country, so we must find a substitute. We have found that for the first eight weeks of a young pig’s lifs it is both safer and cheaper to feed him through the medium of his dam. The youngster weaned at six weeks is likely to carry a harsh coat and to have serioua trouble with his diges tion. We provide creeps, or private rung, for the young pigs, permitting the^ to reach shallow pans or troughs in which we place a little skim-milk or butter milk. We have had most excellent results from the addition of oil meal to the young pig’s ration. By this method the young pigs are early encouraged to eat, so that when weaning time comes there is no check to their growth. We feed no corn until the pigs are three months old. By this treatment, coupled with plenty of yard exercise, they develop good* healthy, frames. The amount of exercise required ▼tries with different breeds. Tamworths and Yorkshires would pine away where Poland-Cbinaa would lie still and grow fat. Breeding stoek especially should have abundant yard room at all times. We believe in the separate lot and yard system, allowing the breeding stock to have unlimited exercise. Thousands of pigs are lost every year, being born with weak, flabby , development, owing to their dams be ing confined for weeks to small, fil thy, poorly-lighted and poorly-bedded pens.—J. J. Ferguson, Agricultural College, Michigan, in Americ n Swine herd. HANDLING THE CORN CROP How to Do It and Realize the Most Vrom It—Slot All (he Value la the Grain. The most profitable way to handle the corn crop is to harvest it with a good cornbinder and shred the stalks with a good husker and shredder. By harvesting the corn with a binder the stalks are bound into well-shaped bundles for convenience in shocking and sacking. It is important and very desirable that corn intended to be shredded should be cut with a cornbinder. When bound into bun bles corn can be handled easier and in much less time than is possible when the stalks are cut and placed loose in the shock; moreover, double the amount of corn can be fed to a shredder if the stalks are bound into bundles instead of being cut and shocked loosely. The practical utili ty of the cornbinder has been well demonstrated and established, and this machine is rapidly coming into general use wherever corn is grown. Until within recent years, the grow ing of corn was primarily for the grain, the stalks and fodder being generally considered as having little value. Great opportunities, however, are now offered to agriculturists of corn districts for profitably increas ing or doubling the value of the crop by shredding the stalks and fodder. When properly shredded and utilized the corn stalks and fodder have a feed-value equal t« the grain value of this great cereal. For feeding pur poses corn stover is better than hay. With the aid of the husker and shred der, that portion of the corn crop which in former years has gone to waste, can now be utilized and trans formed into feed which is equal to the grain value of the corn, and by using the husker and shredder the agricul turist is therefore enabled to double the value of his crop.—Dixie Farmer. Variety Far Young Poultry. There is scarcely a vegetable that goes upon the farmer’s table that may not be used to advantage in feeding chicks, both young and all. Thick sour milk may be used for adults, while curds of milk make an excellent food for young poultry, but can not be used too often. Green on ion-tops and garlic are much relished by both chickens and turkeys, and will be found conducive to the health and growth of all kinds of young poultry. A variety of food is quite essential to the growth and highest state of health. Fowls are feeding from morning to night when provided with a good range, and this is a very essential feature. A constant addi tion to the supply of food in the crop appears to be one of the laws of good digestion.—Farm and Fireside. HERE AND THERE. —When sheep, or hogs, or cattle, are low in price, then is the time to buy. Then when prices are up you will have some to sell. Many people reverse this process and become dis couraged. —Hogs are adapted to every farm, for the simple reason that they will eat almost anything. Even that which other animals have eaten, but failed to digest, they will also con vert into pork. —The average cost of keeping a dairy cow is placed by Dairy and Creamery at $32 per year. But to feed a cow properly on $32 worth one must know something of digestible nutrients and balanced rations. —As like has a tendency to produce line, it is gooa policy, wnen a sow is found to be a profitable breeder, bringing large litters and affording them an abundance of nutriment, to save brood sows from such mothers. —There is no worse animal to put intoan orchard than the goat.because he is a browser of the truest type, but for preparing brush or timbered land that is to be put into orchard or any kind of fruit, he has no eqqal. —Every farm product should be marketed in as attrctive form as possible. Eggs that are soiled are not attractive and if sold at all only bring a reduced price. Nice, clean, fresh looking eggs never beg for custom ers. —Wood ashes should never be com posted, or mixed with an nitrogen ous fertilizer, but should be applied separately and only on the surface. Rains will do the rest. There is no better fertilizer fot orchards than wood ashes. —Any farmer whose land will grow good alfalfa can make more money raising hogs than by selling hay, even at the highest price hay ever brought. The best results are secured when small rations of grain are fed with 1 the green alfalfa. Hogs are raised for a single pur pose, namely, to produce meat, there fore we never hear of the dual-pur pose pig. It follows, also, that the hog Is in duty bound to make the popular market weight in as short a time as possible. —Men who cultivate land worth only $2.50 per acre ought not to ex pect more than $5 per acre profit. That would be 200 per cent, on the value of the land, and even 100 per cent, is considered a good profit on invested capital. —The treasury department is kept busy answering the queries of the oleo manufacturers regarding their many proposed methods of evading the oleomargarinn law. So far the de siens of the department have been against the manufacturers. SCHOOL AND CHURCH. The average salary of clergymen in the United States is $900 a year. It is proposed at Duluth, Minn., that the local branch of the Salva tion Army shall add street cleaning to its many other activities. A. W. Hanger, leading solicitor for the Salvation Army in Great Britain, is blind, but has done some valu able work for Gen. Booth’s great or ganization. Leipsic university has had the good fortune, unusual for German uni versities, of receiving a $250,000 be quest from a private individual. It was obtained after a complicated lawsuit with the University of Vi enna. Megiddo, the curious mission ship, has arrived at St. Paul. It is the first “battleship” of the Salvation Army, and has comfortable quarters for several families who inhabit it, and who helped to build it with their own hands. The University of London talks of the establishment of a new universi ty degree—that of bachelor of com merce. Such a degree has, it is said, already been established at Leipzig, Germany, in the technical schools there, but in England the proposi tion has only been discussed by vari ous educational bodies. President Tucker, of Dartmouth, in his recent address at Newton theological seminary, after dwelling on the principle of authority as found in the Homan Catholic church and in the Salvation Army, asserted that no church is equipped for its ministry that cannot bring on occa sion authority of a moral kind to bear. The American Tract society is do ing a helpful work among the thou sands of immigrants who yearly come to this country. At Ellis Is land they are met by a colporter from the society, and Christian read ing matter in their own languages is given them. Particular efforts ar« being made to reach the Mormons i ■» t» i •_ . r il. i uira ciu<i xn/iiciiiiuiio ui " states. Four million pages of Chris tian literature have been distribut ed among Spanish-speaking people alone, and several millions set to oui army and navy. CHARMS AGAINST WOUNDS. Survival of the Ancient Ilelief in th« Potency of Spell* and the Vir tue* of Amulet*. During the South African war a number of instances have cropped up showing that the idea still prevails that there are such things as charm* and spells against wounds and death, says the New York Post. Not long a go a paragraph appeared in some of th* papers to the effect that a soldier’* watch, with a charm attached to it had been found on one of the battle fields, and was being held for a right ful claimant. Earlier in the war a private’s letter told how a comrad* had come in safety through a hot en gagement by virtue, as he thought, ol an amulet he wore, to be mortally wounded in a subsequent skirmish, when, by the merest chance, he wa* not wearing his charm. A relative’s letter from the front tells the writei of a young fellow who wore a charmed ring suspended from his neck. The wearer had it from his yweetheart; he placed the most perfect faith in it, and, though he had been in several hot corners, he had hitherto alway* come out scatheless. Although this kind of belief is ol very ancient date, it is. curious as well as interesting to find it still in ex istence in the British army. Perhaps we ought to say “traces of it,” for it is hard to believe that it is widely prevalent. And yet it would not be very surprising if it were so, seeing that a certain proportion of the rank and file are illiterate, and come from a stratum of society wrhich is largely superstitious. It is curious to com pare our army in this respect with the German. Those who happened to be in the fatherland during and immediately after the war of 1870-71 must have been struck by the amount of super stition that, hidden under ordinary cir cumstances, in the then excited state of the public mind, made its way to the surface, much as the mud of a stagnant pool floats to the top when the water is agitated. Nothing seemed too absurd to be believed. Portents and warnings were seen everywhere. Black erosses, observed for the hrst time in window-panes of the houses of the peasantry through out Baden and the south generally, were held to be signs of Divine wrath against the turn things in general had taken in the fatherland, especially in regard to the church. The excitement touching this phenomenon became in tense, and was only allayed when a Baden glass manufacturer came for ward and demonstrated that the warn ing crosses were marks imprinted on the glass in the process of making. Measure. Light'* Pressure. Recently Prof. Lebedew, of Moscow, ■% made an experimental demonstration of the pressure of light. He employs a radiometer, using a larger and ! more completely exhausted bulb, from which the heating effect, which is the principal agent in moving the ^^B Crookes vanes is excluded. When the ^Bti light falls upon the vanes they are driven by it, and the intensity of the pressure is thus revealed.—Science. B Pacts In the Case. 1 bear your friend Simkins ■ has taken a wife. Diggs—Not a word of truth in the rumor, I assure you. 9, “Then he ain’t married?” “Oh, he’s married all right enough; but instead of taking a wife a widow took him.”—Toledo Bee. iff Help of the Poet*. 9 The words “month” and "silver,” long supposed to have no words to rhyme with them, have now been found to possess one rhyme each. “Oneth," a term in mathematics, and “chilver,” a ewe lamb, supply the 9,¥ former deficiency.—Cleveland Plain K-'' Dealer A Hard Task. B;:'.; Jack—Yes; he used to consider her very dainty and graceful. Ned—And doesn’t he still think so? k “No. I believe he saw her eating ?>' asparagus once.”—Catholic Standard ’ and Times- pMgS