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The Tupelo journal. (Tupelo, Miss.) 1876-1924, September 05, 1902, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065632/1902-09-05/ed-1/seq-6/

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DOWN THE POTOMAC.
Sailing Trip That Has No Equal in
United States.
History and Nature Combine to Make
It a Moat Fascinating Outing
—Charms of Chesapeake
Bar.
[Special Washington Latter.]
Til EKE is u popular expression,
“Ouce a man, twice a child.”
having reference to the petu
lant, querulous second childhood of
the very aged. The brain of an
anonymous poet coined a more com
prehensive expression for the entire
race: “Men are only boys grown
tall, aud hearts don’t change much,
after all.”
They whose lives are directed in
to (>aths of such prosperity that they
0 may have a couple of weeks or
months of vacation every year speud
many happy hours planning the out
ings which are doubly enjoyable be
cause ot the pleasures of anticipa
tion. And their ideas of pleasure
are as different as are the provincial
isms of their speech and manner.
The people of New England have
their times for camping out in the
dense forests, or of spending their
leisurfe days along the seashore,
where clam bakes are almost daily
feasts of which they never grow
weary- Going to the coastwise
places is also a fad with the people
of contiguous states, in small num
bers, as compared with their popula
tions. In the west and northwest
the principal purpose seems to be to
“go somewhere,” no matter where, so
long as it is away from home and
gives a restful change to tired
bodies and weary brains. The peo
ple of the southern states have a fad
of hitching up teams and taking
families to the mountains for camp
ing out periods. The folks with
wealth enough to travel and enjoy
all of the beauties and won
ders of this wonderful imperi
al country usually turn their
backs upon Yellowstone park,
the Yosemite* and all other of the
grandeurs of nature in America, and
puck themselves off to Euro|>e, w here
they are smilingly ami hilariously
welcomed by aycophuuts who are
after their money.
A few workingmen of the national
capital with a little time for recrea
tion recently spent their playtime sail
ing down the Potomac river and out
into Chesapeake bay. It was only a lit
tle bit of an outing, but ten days on
•alt water, sometimes in salt water,
and all the time, day and night, breath
ing the air so impregnated with
ocean's virtues, sufficed to invigorate
and strengthen everyone in the party.
From the time of heaving anchor un
til its final casting there was a con
stant studj- of history, albeit the ob
ject lessons were easily learned as in a
kindergarten, one of the boatmen
having been familiar with story and
legend of the river for more than two
generations. The start was made from
Easby’s point, where stands the old
ltraddock rock, now inclosed by an
Iron railing, the work of the Colonial
Jtanies. It is not now an impressive
eight. The river has been filled in all
around it. The waters of the stream
had receded, leaving the historic rock
in a marsh. X'ot only did Braddock
land here, but upon this rock George
Washington landed when lie came to
examine a site for the future capital.
When the waters were around it and
trees sheltered it the rock was as ar
tistic as it was attractive, because of
Its history: “The British troops sailed
up the Potomac in barges until they
PARADE GROUND, FT. MONROE.
came nearly opposite to what is now
the foot of Twentyrfifth street. Here
a big bowlder reaching out of water 12
or 14 deep deep stood forth like a great
buttress. The barges touched at this
rock and upon it all of the troops were
landed. Thus it became knowm as
Braddock rock.”
Sailing between the piers of long
bridge myriad memories of the civil
war were recalled. Across this bridge
tramped hundreds of thousands of
men who have faded from the earth,
and become members of that “cloud of
witnesses” referred to by the author
of the epistle to the Hebrews. Over
on the Virginia hills were seen the re
mains of the earthworks wherein
other thousands were located to de
fend the capital city. Inside of 20 min
utes we were sailing past the arsenal
grounds. Standing forth above the
trees is the tall mast from which the
flagfloats. Hightonthatspot stood the
gallows oti which Mrs. Surratt and the
other conspirator* were hanged for
complicity in the crimes of Lincoln’s
assassination and the attempts on the
lives of members of his cabinet.
PRESERVE WEDDING GOWN.
Kept toy Many Women as a Memento
o( the Moat Important of
All Events.
A woman’s wedding gown is seldom
worn except on anniversary occasions
after the day upon which the nuptials
are celebrated. Most woman regard
this garment as especially sacred and
tako extraordinary means to preserve
it in all its pristine purity. The wed
ding gown box is a recent fad for the
well-to-do bride to adopt, and it bids
fair to have quite a vogue. That every
bride possessed of any sentiment
wishes to keep her wedding gown in a
Four miles down the river, ou out
right, is Alexandria, and looking up
King street we can see the Marshall
house, where the glllant young Coi.
Ellsworth was killed, the spilling of
w hose blood thrilled millions of hearts
and filled the armies of the union with
young men anxious to avenge that
death. Hack of Alexandria, rising
above the dense foliage which crowns
the hills, we see the cupola of Fairfax
seminary, where hundreds of devoted
young men have been prepared for the
ministry of the Kpiscopal church;
and where upwards of 30,000 sick and
wounded union soldiers were treated
during the civil war, for the seminary
was used as a general hospital for the
army of the Potomac for almost four
years.
On the left hank of the river i& the
site of Camp Stoneman, which was
known as the cavalry dismount camp
FOREVER MAY IT WAVE!
of the army of the Potomac. Here
were gathered all of the convalescent
cavalrymen who were ready to be re
turned to their regiments, after hav
ing been sent forth from the hospitals.
Thousands of horses were purchased
by the government and sent to this
point for the purpose of keeping the
cavalry corps well equipped. The piers
of the once busy wharves are rotting
away, and only a few of them rear
their jagged heads above the surface,
for, at last, it is “all quiet on the Po
tomac.”
Fort Washington and Fort Foote are
passed. They are harmless reminders
of the great war which culminated in
the victory for human freedom. Mod
ern guns would crush and crumble
them. But further down stream
where the river deepens not, but wid
ens, we come to Fort Sheridan, an in
nocent looking place, but the strong
est defense of the national capital,
riverwards. The luxuriant foliage and
velvet sward conceal the 13-inch dis
appearing rifle which covers the chan
nel, an instrument of destruction
which could dispose of an entire fleet,
as the vessels must come up stream
in single file, because of the narrow
ness of the channel.
We pass Mount Vernon on our right,
where all of the bells of passing steam
ers are tolled, and a few miles beyond
we come to the broad river three miles
wide, where the channel was mined
during the war with Spain, to prevent
the incursion of hostile fleets. No
cheap mining work was done here,
such as the corrupt Spanish officials
did for their ports. The river was
checker boarded here, and in certain
squares tremendous mines were
placed. They were anchored securely,
and electric wires connected them
with shore batteries. If any hostile
vessel had entered one of those
squares its destruction would have
surely ensued.
As the river broadens into the bay,
and beyond the ripraps, we see the
smoke of ocean steamers, we swing
about to the right past Fortress Mon
roe and into Hampton lioads, where
the greatest naval battle of the nine
teenth century was fought; the bat
tle which relegated wooden fighting
ships to the junk shops of history
along with the galleys of the Caesars;
the battle in which the ironclad Mer
rimac attacked a powerful fleet of bat
tleships, sunk the Congress, captured
the Cumberland, set the Minnesota
on fire and returned to her anchorage,
intending to complete the work of de
struction on the morrow. After that
this city would have been at the mercy
of the guns of that invincible marine
monster. But the Monitor w'obbled
into the lioads that night, and the Mer
rimac’s mission was ended.
Fortress Monroe is a valueless relio
of half a century ago. Any moderi
battleship could steam along eight oi
ten miles away and batter the old
stone walls to atoms. Fortress Mon
roe is no protection to this city or the
surrounding country. But in the im
probable event of another war with a
foreign foe plans are ready which
could be developed rapidly, so as to
make a modern defense on that site
Useless as it is, the old fort looks dan
gerous enough to frighten off foes.
Historic old Norfolk we pass as we
swing out into ocean and around into
bay, not having time on this occasior
to visit the numerous interesting revo
lutionary relics of the town. While
in the bay we enjoy oysters in everj
style, fresh from the water, although
it is claimed that the bivalves should
not be eaten between April and Sep
tember.
We visit Annapolis, view the naval
academy and the interesting revolu
tionary sites of interest. We stop at
Fort McHenry, where the “Star Span
gled Banner” was born in the brail
of Key; and with greater pride thar
ever we salute that banner “so gal
lantly streaming” over the rampart*
of the ancient fort. •
So you see that during our entire
ten vacation days we have been en
joying a study of history, as well as be
ing invigorated by the unusual outing
SMITH D. FRY.
state of preservation is a foregone
conclusion, and this elegant receptacle
is admirably suited to the purpose foi
which it was designed. It is made oi
light wood enameled white and having
the bride’s initials in silver letters op
the outside. A lining of tufted white
satin is revealed on opening the box.
and locks of silver and white leathei
straps fasten it. A photograph of the
wedding gown is often taken by the
modiste before sending it home and
making a collection of the photo
graphs of wedding gowns or any other
distinctive costumes is one of the pres
ent fads, the idea being to preserve the
pictures as mementoes for future gen
erations and also as illustrations of
present-day fashion*.
AN INDIAN TRAGEDY.
Havasupai Youth Falls a Victim to
His Emotion.
Takes Hla Life Beeaaaa forced to
Leave the Place Where He lom
otoied with Hla Brother'a
Spirit.
[Special Arizona Letter.)
FEW people imagine the Indian to
be as full of sentiment as he real
ly is. Fewer still, looking at the
apparently dull, stolid, heavy faced
youths of the Havasupai tribe would
deem one of them capable of commit
ting suicide, purely for grief at the
death of his brother and his inability
to remain and weep for his loss.
Here is the true story as told to me
by the Havasupais whom I visited but
two days ago, down in the heart of
their glorious Havasu (Cataract) can
yon home in northern Arizona. The
boy was known to the whites as Patsy.
His Indian name—not now to be
breathed to anyone—was Ja-a-demi
ya. His father was Hock Jones, the
leading medicine man of the tribe.
Patsy was about 20 years of age. A
few months ago he and 14 other boys
were taken from their canyon home
and removed to the Indian school on
the Wallapai reservation at Truxton.
A little over a month ago Patsy’s
young brother, down in Havasu can
yon, was taken sick. He and Patsy
had been excellent friends and com
rades, despite the disparity of their
ages, and both keenly felt the parting
when Patsy ras sent to school. Hence
it was natural that the sick boy should
crave the presence of his brother. He
asked that he be sent for. His father
did not accede to his request at first,
but, as the days went by and the sick
boy rapidly grew worse, he went to
the industrial teacher who was acting
ttifa he could not bear. Bo be btggei
to be allowed to remain awhile. Hia
parents and friends wished him to
stay, but the acting agent was inexor
able. He was a good man, according
to his knowledge. As a farmer he baa
done more for these Indians than all
his predecessors of several years, but
as a dealer with tender human hearts
he is entirely out of place. He knew
nothing but his orders. They were
that Patsy waa to return in 30daya. It
never occurred to him, poor man, thAt
the instincts of the human heart, when
bowed down with grief, are immeasur
ably above all red-tape orders,and that
his higher duty was to write to hia su
perior. Explaining the circumstances
and asking for a further leave of ab
sence. This never once entered hia
thought. Patsy-must go back, and if he
would i.ot go back willingly he must
go under arrest. A younger broth
er, knowing his feelings, offered to
go in Patsy’s stead, but the man oi
red tape would not listen to such a
thing and never deemed it necessary
to write and find out whether such
a course would be acceptable. He
was in authority and he determined
to use his power strictly and lit
erally. Fear of losing his “job” was
a far more potent influence in deter
mining his conduct thau humanity
and the common instincts of sympa
thy for sorrow and bereavement. He
was dealing with a mere brutal, ig
norant Indian, who had no feelings,
no sentiments, no real sorrow.
The policeman was sent for Patsy.
He was bidden leave that very day
or be sent back a prisoner. In vain
were Pats}-’s excuses and pleadings.
Finally his father was called upon
to provide a companion and two
horses, with whom he could go to
the railway, about 90 miles off, and
there he was to take train to Trux
ton, while the companion was to ride
back the horses to the village of the
Havasu.
Sadly and sorrowfully Patsy bade
L •< : - - - •.-- • ... ^
A BIT OF THE HAVASU RIVER IN NORTHERN ARIZONA.
as agent and asked that Patsy be sent
for. The request was forwarded to
the agent at Truxton, and Patsy was
granted 30 days’ leave of absence to
visit his sick brother. Their meeting
was joyous and yet exceedingly sad,
for Patsy could see, more than those
who had watched the sick boy day by
day, how much he had faded. In less
than two weeks ne had passed away
and the rocky walls of the Havasu
canyon echoed and reechoed with the
sad wails and loud laments of the fa
ther, mother, brothers, sisters, rela
tives and friends of the dead boy.
Several times have I heard these sad
and doleful wailings. They sink deep
into one’s heart. However perfunc
tory civilized mourning may have be
come, there is no mere outward show
in the wailing of an Indian family
when one of its number is carried away
by death. But in all this wailing and
loudly expressed sorrow poor Patsy
was almost silent. His was a deep and
PATSY AND HIS PET COON.
bitter grief. He had looked forward
with such keen delight to the time
when he should be emancipated from
school and allowed once more to ram
ble in freedom with his young brother
that his death came as an awful
shock which hurt him too deep for any
outward sorrow. He mourned in se
cret and when his brother’s body was
taken away he hid himself and was
not seen for some time.
Poor Patsy! Day after day
grieved. Then he was rudely awakened
from his sorrow. His 30 days’ leave of
absence had nearly expired
must go back at once to school.
But how could he go ? His heart was
yet full of sorrow. His days of weep
ing and wailing were not expired. He
must stay and lament until his heart
was empty of grief. It was sad enough
to have a heart broken, but to have it
grief laden with unexpressed sorrow,
V
good-by to his parents and friends
and started on his journey. He took
with him a shotgun for securing food
on the way. His companion, Ma
tu-e, went on ahead, as Patsjr clearly
wished to be alone. Every now and
then Ma-tu-e would look back, to see
tears rolling down Patsy’s check.
For an hour and more they rode
up the wash of Wallapai canyon, the
red walls towering up into the pure
blue of the sky, but neither walls
nor skv had any attraction for either
of them.
Ma-tu-e was distressed at Patsy’s
sorrow, and Patsy’s thoughts were—
ah! who could tell? Slowly they
rode on Ma-tu-e every now and then
looking back to see that Patsy fol
lowed. They reached the hilltop and
now Patsy seemed to lag behind more
than before. Ma-tu-e went over a
ridge down into a small canyon, up
and out on the other side and there
waited for Patsy. Half an hour, an
hour, an hour and a half passed and
he did not come. So, feeling some
thing akin to fear, Ma-tu-e went
back to see what was the matter.
Half a mile or so back he came upon
Patsy ;■ horse, shot through the head.
Thoroughly alarmed he called aloud
for Patsy, but nothing save the echo
from the walls of the canyon be
neath gave him answer. He walked
back a little further and there under
a chimiwoia (mountain rush) bush
he saw Patsy, his gun in his hand,
dead. He had sat down and delib
erately placed the shotgun under his
face and fired.
When Ma-tu-e returned with the
news to the village the excitement
was intense. Few would have re
garded the Havasupai Indian as
stolid had they seen the wonder and
awe and distress depicted on every
face. Suicides among Indians are
comparatively rare—far more so
than among the higher civilized peo
ples. At first the Indians could not
ueiicve it. iucu a uurnuci vjl mem
went up to the hilltop to see the
body. They could find no traces,
either of horses or men, except those
made by Patsy and Ma-tu-e, so they
were compelled to the conclusion
that it was a case of deliberate sui
cide.
Suicide for grief; suicide because
the days of his sorrow were to be
passed away from the scene of its
origin: suicide because his brother’s
spirit would hover around his for
mer home and never hear the wail
of Patsy’s voice. The white man
may and does laugh at such explana
tions. They are absurd and ridic
ulous. Indeed, when talking with
the acting agent the other day I
never even suggested such ideas be
cause I knew they would sink jnto
stony ground, yet I know, and so
do all who intimately know the In
dian heart, that these are the only
real causes for poor Patsy’s tragio
and awful act.
The agent came from Truxton, the
deputy United States marshal, the
Wallapai policeman and others came
to investigate. The body was cre
mated, but nothing else was done.
And now Patsy’s spirit has joined the
spirit of his brother and together
they have gone to explore the mys
terious regions of the beyond. The
Havasupais seem to have settled
down to the even tenor of their way,
and only the flowing waters of the
creek where Patsy used to sport and
swim and play sing a sad and mourn
ful requiem for a young life ruthless
ly slain because the white’man did
not, could not, would not understand.
G. WHARTON JAMES.
FARMER AN D PLANTER.
SHREDDING VS. PULLING.
It la Cheaper to Cut and Shred Cora
Fodder Than to Fall It, and
ia Better For the Corn.
It is now clearly settled that there
will be a shortage in food stuff in
very many parts of the south. This
will cause high prices for everything
that man and beast consumes, so it
is plainly the duty and to the lnter;
est of every southern farmer to save
all that he has made.
That the cornstalk is a valuable
hay plant has been settled. It is no
longer a matter of controversy.
Shredded corn hay is about as good
as any other hay. This crop does
not have to be planted and made, but
is already made. It is simply a ques
tion of taking care of what you have
on hand. There are millions of dol
lars’ worth of cornstalks standing in
the fields of the south, ready to be
made into first-class food. There is
from one to two tons per acre of this
hay standing in every corn field in
the south. It is plainly your duty to
cut and save it. To those of you who
have not yet pulled fodder, we wish
to say that it is cheaper to cut and
shred, than it is to pull fodder. It
does not injure the corn to cut the
cornstalks, but actually helps it.
Numerous experimen s carefully
made, prove conclusively that the
corn fills out better and weighs more
when cured this way than when per
mitted to stand in the fieM. The
stalks made into hay are worth near
ly as much as the grain, so that you
about double the value of your corq,
crop by shredding the stalks. If you
have two dollars lying before you,
why not take them both instead of
taking one and leaving the other.
To those of you who have already
pulled your fodder, we wish to say
that the stalks are yet worth saving
and shredding. While it is true that
you have lost something and spent
something in pulling the fodder, j'ou
can yet save your stalks. Prompt at
tention to this matter will go a long
way toward supplying roughage for
the cattle through the craning winter.
So we again say with all the em
phasis that we know how, cut your
corn and shred it into hay instead
of pulling fodder. Learn a new and
better way instead of following in the
old one.
We are not able to go on with our
old-fashioned, wasteful ways of farm
ing. We must learn to practice more
economy. By this we do not mean to
learn to spend less, but learn
to make more that we may
have more to spend. We mean
to learn to save what you have al
ready made, and spend what j'ou
have made to better purpose. He that
makes two blades of grass grow
where one grew before, is said to be
a benefactor to the race. He that
learns to save two blades that he has
already grown, where he has been
saving one before, Is equally a bene
factor to the race.—Southern Culti
vator.
FEEDING THE PIGS.
An Expert Gives Some Pointers ns
to How to Obtain the Best
Results With Swine.
Having bought or bred our ideal
foundation stock, we have only solved
half the problem.
The highest skill in breeding must
be supplemented by some system of
feeding which will perpetuate the
quality already secured and dupli
cate it many times at a minimum
cost.
In feeding we have a double
problem.
Our first and greatest considera
tion is economy.
We must not sell for six cents,
pork which cost us six and one-fourth
in the home pens.
We must further consider the effect
of the various foods upon the quality
of the finished meats.
In this respect our home markets
are not so critical as those of Great
Britain or Canada.
Fortunately in dealing with the hog
we are not limited to any narrow bill
of fare; he is an animal of healthy
appetite and wide range of taste.
It seems to us that many feeders
make a most serious mistake in serv
ing like rations to hogs of all ages.
It pays to “baby” your hogs while
they are still babies.
The first three months of a pig’s
1UC air me uiutat uui-a.
A right start means everything.
Without any question com is and
must continue to be the staple food
of the corn-belt states.
Any system of feeding which at
tempts to ignore this fact is not ap
plicable to this wide territory.
But feeders make a mistake when
they make a hog out of a baby shoat.
Every tendency of corn feed is to
develop fat.
What the youngster needs is mus
cle-making food, something to make
him grow and build up1 bone, sinew
and lean meat.
Nothing has yet been found which
fills the bill so well as a ration of
which the basis is skim-milk in con
junction with shorts, middlings and
finelj'-ground oats or barley.
All these are flesh-formers.
We know a skim-milk diet is not
possible upon a majority of farms in
a oorn country, so we must find a
substitute.
We have found that for the first
eight weeks of a young pig’s lifs it is
both safer and cheaper to feed him
through the medium of his dam.
The youngster weaned at six weeks
is likely to carry a harsh coat and to
have serioua trouble with his diges
tion.
We provide creeps, or private rung,
for the young pigs, permitting the^
to reach shallow pans or troughs in
which we place a little skim-milk or
butter milk.
We have had most excellent results
from the addition of oil meal to the
young pig’s ration.
By this method the young pigs are
early encouraged to eat, so that when
weaning time comes there is no check
to their growth.
We feed no corn until the pigs are
three months old.
By this treatment, coupled with
plenty of yard exercise, they develop
good* healthy, frames.
The amount of exercise required
▼tries with different breeds.
Tamworths and Yorkshires would
pine away where Poland-Cbinaa would
lie still and grow fat.
Breeding stoek especially should
have abundant yard room at all
times.
We believe in the separate lot and
yard system, allowing the breeding
stock to have unlimited exercise.
Thousands of pigs are lost every
year, being born with weak, flabby
, development, owing to their dams be
ing confined for weeks to small, fil
thy, poorly-lighted and poorly-bedded
pens.—J. J. Ferguson, Agricultural
College, Michigan, in Americ n Swine
herd.
HANDLING THE CORN CROP
How to Do It and Realize the Most
Vrom It—Slot All (he Value la
the Grain.
The most profitable way to handle
the corn crop is to harvest it with a
good cornbinder and shred the stalks
with a good husker and shredder. By
harvesting the corn with a binder the
stalks are bound into well-shaped
bundles for convenience in shocking
and sacking. It is important and
very desirable that corn intended to
be shredded should be cut with a
cornbinder. When bound into bun
bles corn can be handled easier and
in much less time than is possible
when the stalks are cut and placed
loose in the shock; moreover, double
the amount of corn can be fed to a
shredder if the stalks are bound into
bundles instead of being cut and
shocked loosely. The practical utili
ty of the cornbinder has been well
demonstrated and established, and
this machine is rapidly coming into
general use wherever corn is grown.
Until within recent years, the grow
ing of corn was primarily for the
grain, the stalks and fodder being
generally considered as having little
value. Great opportunities, however,
are now offered to agriculturists of
corn districts for profitably increas
ing or doubling the value of the crop
by shredding the stalks and fodder.
When properly shredded and utilized
the corn stalks and fodder have a
feed-value equal t« the grain value of
this great cereal. For feeding pur
poses corn stover is better than hay.
With the aid of the husker and shred
der, that portion of the corn crop
which in former years has gone to
waste, can now be utilized and trans
formed into feed which is equal to the
grain value of the corn, and by using
the husker and shredder the agricul
turist is therefore enabled to double
the value of his crop.—Dixie Farmer.
Variety Far Young Poultry.
There is scarcely a vegetable that
goes upon the farmer’s table that
may not be used to advantage in
feeding chicks, both young and all.
Thick sour milk may be used for
adults, while curds of milk make an
excellent food for young poultry, but
can not be used too often. Green on
ion-tops and garlic are much relished
by both chickens and turkeys, and
will be found conducive to the health
and growth of all kinds of young
poultry. A variety of food is quite
essential to the growth and highest
state of health. Fowls are feeding
from morning to night when provided
with a good range, and this is a very
essential feature. A constant addi
tion to the supply of food in the crop
appears to be one of the laws of
good digestion.—Farm and Fireside.
HERE AND THERE.
—When sheep, or hogs, or cattle,
are low in price, then is the time to
buy. Then when prices are up you
will have some to sell. Many people
reverse this process and become dis
couraged.
—Hogs are adapted to every farm,
for the simple reason that they will
eat almost anything. Even that
which other animals have eaten, but
failed to digest, they will also con
vert into pork.
—The average cost of keeping a
dairy cow is placed by Dairy and
Creamery at $32 per year. But to
feed a cow properly on $32 worth one
must know something of digestible
nutrients and balanced rations.
—As like has a tendency to produce
line, it is gooa policy, wnen a sow is
found to be a profitable breeder,
bringing large litters and affording
them an abundance of nutriment, to
save brood sows from such mothers.
—There is no worse animal to put
intoan orchard than the goat.because
he is a browser of the truest type,
but for preparing brush or timbered
land that is to be put into orchard
or any kind of fruit, he has no eqqal.
—Every farm product should be
marketed in as attrctive form as
possible. Eggs that are soiled are not
attractive and if sold at all only bring
a reduced price. Nice, clean, fresh
looking eggs never beg for custom
ers.
—Wood ashes should never be com
posted, or mixed with an nitrogen
ous fertilizer, but should be applied
separately and only on the surface.
Rains will do the rest. There is no
better fertilizer fot orchards than
wood ashes.
—Any farmer whose land will grow
good alfalfa can make more money
raising hogs than by selling hay, even
at the highest price hay ever brought.
The best results are secured when
small rations of grain are fed with
1 the green alfalfa.
Hogs are raised for a single pur
pose, namely, to produce meat, there
fore we never hear of the dual-pur
pose pig. It follows, also, that the
hog Is in duty bound to make the
popular market weight in as short a
time as possible.
—Men who cultivate land worth
only $2.50 per acre ought not to ex
pect more than $5 per acre profit.
That would be 200 per cent, on the
value of the land, and even 100 per
cent, is considered a good profit on
invested capital.
—The treasury department is kept
busy answering the queries of the
oleo manufacturers regarding their
many proposed methods of evading
the oleomargarinn law. So far the de
siens of the department have been
against the manufacturers.
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
The average salary of clergymen
in the United States is $900 a year.
It is proposed at Duluth, Minn.,
that the local branch of the Salva
tion Army shall add street cleaning
to its many other activities.
A. W. Hanger, leading solicitor for
the Salvation Army in Great Britain,
is blind, but has done some valu
able work for Gen. Booth’s great or
ganization.
Leipsic university has had the good
fortune, unusual for German uni
versities, of receiving a $250,000 be
quest from a private individual. It
was obtained after a complicated
lawsuit with the University of Vi
enna.
Megiddo, the curious mission ship,
has arrived at St. Paul. It is the
first “battleship” of the Salvation
Army, and has comfortable quarters
for several families who inhabit it,
and who helped to build it with their
own hands.
The University of London talks of
the establishment of a new universi
ty degree—that of bachelor of com
merce. Such a degree has, it is said,
already been established at Leipzig,
Germany, in the technical schools
there, but in England the proposi
tion has only been discussed by vari
ous educational bodies.
President Tucker, of Dartmouth,
in his recent address at Newton
theological seminary, after dwelling
on the principle of authority as
found in the Homan Catholic church
and in the Salvation Army, asserted
that no church is equipped for its
ministry that cannot bring on occa
sion authority of a moral kind to
bear.
The American Tract society is do
ing a helpful work among the thou
sands of immigrants who yearly
come to this country. At Ellis Is
land they are met by a colporter
from the society, and Christian read
ing matter in their own languages is
given them. Particular efforts ar«
being made to reach the Mormons
i ■» t» i •_ . r il.
i uira ciu<i xn/iiciiiiuiio ui "
states. Four million pages of Chris
tian literature have been distribut
ed among Spanish-speaking people
alone, and several millions set to oui
army and navy.
CHARMS AGAINST WOUNDS.
Survival of the Ancient Ilelief in th«
Potency of Spell* and the Vir
tue* of Amulet*.
During the South African war a
number of instances have cropped up
showing that the idea still prevails
that there are such things as charm*
and spells against wounds and death,
says the New York Post. Not long a go
a paragraph appeared in some of th*
papers to the effect that a soldier’*
watch, with a charm attached to it
had been found on one of the battle
fields, and was being held for a right
ful claimant. Earlier in the war a
private’s letter told how a comrad*
had come in safety through a hot en
gagement by virtue, as he thought, ol
an amulet he wore, to be mortally
wounded in a subsequent skirmish,
when, by the merest chance, he wa*
not wearing his charm. A relative’s
letter from the front tells the writei
of a young fellow who wore a charmed
ring suspended from his neck. The
wearer had it from his yweetheart;
he placed the most perfect faith in
it, and, though he had been in several
hot corners, he had hitherto alway*
come out scatheless.
Although this kind of belief is ol
very ancient date, it is. curious as well
as interesting to find it still in ex
istence in the British army. Perhaps
we ought to say “traces of it,” for it
is hard to believe that it is widely
prevalent. And yet it would not be
very surprising if it were so, seeing
that a certain proportion of the rank
and file are illiterate, and come from
a stratum of society wrhich is largely
superstitious. It is curious to com
pare our army in this respect with the
German.
Those who happened to be in the
fatherland during and immediately
after the war of 1870-71 must have
been struck by the amount of super
stition that, hidden under ordinary cir
cumstances, in the then excited state
of the public mind, made its way to
the surface, much as the mud of a
stagnant pool floats to the top when
the water is agitated. Nothing
seemed too absurd to be believed.
Portents and warnings were seen
everywhere. Black erosses, observed
for the hrst time in window-panes of
the houses of the peasantry through
out Baden and the south generally,
were held to be signs of Divine wrath
against the turn things in general had
taken in the fatherland, especially in
regard to the church. The excitement
touching this phenomenon became in
tense, and was only allayed when a
Baden glass manufacturer came for
ward and demonstrated that the warn
ing crosses were marks imprinted on
the glass in the process of making.
Measure. Light'* Pressure.
Recently Prof. Lebedew, of Moscow, ■%
made an experimental demonstration
of the pressure of light. He employs
a radiometer, using a larger and !
more completely exhausted bulb,
from which the heating effect, which
is the principal agent in moving the ^^B
Crookes vanes is excluded. When the ^Bti
light falls upon the vanes they are
driven by it, and the intensity of the
pressure is thus revealed.—Science. B
Pacts In the Case.
1 bear your friend Simkins ■
has taken a wife.
Diggs—Not a word of truth in the
rumor, I assure you. 9,
“Then he ain’t married?”
“Oh, he’s married all right enough;
but instead of taking a wife a widow
took him.”—Toledo Bee. iff
Help of the Poet*. 9
The words “month” and "silver,”
long supposed to have no words to
rhyme with them, have now been
found to possess one rhyme each.
“Oneth," a term in mathematics, and
“chilver,” a ewe lamb, supply the 9,¥
former deficiency.—Cleveland Plain K-''
Dealer
A Hard Task. B;:'.;
Jack—Yes; he used to consider her
very dainty and graceful.
Ned—And doesn’t he still think so? k
“No. I believe he saw her eating ?>'
asparagus once.”—Catholic Standard ’
and Times- pMgS

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