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*,^FyrriiflyT} Tlie Wooing j of “Buster” I Tale of a Maid’s Way With a Man | BIRDS of a feather may flock togeth er, but they do not always fall In love with each other. As a rule, It takes birds not of a feather to do that. At any rate this was the case with Miss Chris tobel Merlin and Peter Tunston; and yet, so different were they that the whole affair seemed altogether hopeless up to the time that Miss Merlln'scatboatcame between them. It is strange that any thing coming between two people who love each other should bring them to gether, yet this may happen if the wind be in the right direction. At Sandheaps, where Miss Merlin’s father had a cottage, and where Miss Merlin, with her diminutive catboat, had learned to be one of the best sail ors among the summer contingent, there had been a lack of visitors owing to bad w’eatlier, and the hotel, usually crowded, looked lonesome up to the first of July, w'hen the guests all seemed to come at once. And among them came Peter, or, as his class familiarly called him, “Buster.” They met at a Saturday evening hop. He was brought up and Introduced by Christobel's cousin. Jack. He bowed awkwardly. “May 1 have this dance?” he mut tered. “With pleasure,” she replied. In a moment they were whirling around the room, or, rather, they were trying to whirl, for Tunston, with his 180 pounds, was not the best dancer in the world. After awhile they stopped. “I’m not much of a dancer,” he ob served, apologetically. His partner tried to smile. “Never mind,” she said; “wTe will sit It out.” They strolled on the piazza, where the wind from the ocean, cool and refresh ing. fanned their cheeks. The contrast between them was striking. Tunston, I heavy, clumsy, almost a giant, towered | above his slight, ethereal companion, whose delicate, classical, sensitive face could express every shade of meaning. She looked up at him half shyly, even in the semi-darkness. His stature awed her. She knew instinctively that he was : everything she was not, and the : thought made her love him. As for Tun ston, he could not have described his ; feelings if he had tried. Self-analysis ! with him was an unknown quality. He i only knew that he felt uncomfortable. | “I’m a beastly dancer,” he half ; stammered, as they sat down. “I never j tackle it if I can help it, but Jack said that—” “Said,” she repeated, “that I was dying to dance, I suppose. Well, Jack doesn’t know everything. How do you like it here?” “Bully beach. Good surf—seems like a decent sort of place,” said Tunston. “Do you sail?” “Not much. I play ball a good deal in the spring and fall, water polo in the | winter, and in the summer—well, these dinky little boats don’t appeal to me." She smiled. “That’s what I’ve got—a dinky little I boat.” He colored. “Oh—beg your pardon. I didn’t know it.” | “Don’t apologize. It’s all right. I can ; understand how you feel. But I enjoy it j hugely. Papa got me my boat last year. ' and I go sailing in it every day.” “Alone?” “Oh, yes. That’s the fun.” The propriety of a young man go ing sailing with a young girl alone in a small boat has often been discussed, and probably never will be determined. It is all right, of course, to take a girl for a long stroll up the beach when the elder people are having their afternoon nap and where there are plenty of shel tering rocks, though the prudes sniff even at this. But to go out in a boat alone with a young man, at the mercy of sea and wind and tide, is quite a differ ent matter. Miss Merlin’s father might have ob jected to such a proceeding, had he not such confidence in his daughter’s judg m out Qr Vior caiUnrr nnwcun A n Miss Merlin, she was more or less above such things; American to the core, she HARVEST TIME AT HOME. Somehow, when business has a lull about this time of year, My thoughts take their vacation back among the scenes once dear. I stray about the harvest flelds where long and /ong ago I watched the cereal ocean In its golden ripples flow, While now and then upon some blade a tired reaper bore The sunbeams flashed and! then went out like thoughts recalled no more. As faint as falling echoes of a signal far at sea, The clink of scythes and wbetlock come in rhythmic harmony; Among the brooding hills near by, in evening shadows dim, One would not start to catch a glimpse of winging seraphim; For sweet the ways with tinkling bells where browsing cattle roam. And all of nature hints of Heaven In harvest time at home. How pleasant then the journey home along the country road, Where larkspur blooms beside the fence like knots of lovers glowed— Now listening to the whip-poor-will be yond a darkling field. Or tarrying where the berries tempt—a shower of wine congealed; And long before we reached the gate to hear the watch-dog's bark, And see the distant windows gleam like blossoms of the dark. It seems so long since those old years—so long indeed, that I Now wonder that a time could be without a sob or sigh. And yet, enough do I recall to vow that In the end— When the no more and evermore In death’s twilight shall blend— It would suffice to know that life beyond the gathering gloam Would really prove as care free as—the harvest time at home. —Will T. Hale, in N. Y. Times. Blitl Photography. In the new method of the study and photography of birds, . . . instead of attempting to go to the bird, the bird is brought directly before the ob server—nest, young, branch and all. The nest, whatever its original posi tion, is moved with its supports to a favorable place for study. A green 1 tent is then pitched beside it, and un- I der this perfect screen the observer ( can watch by tbe hour and accurate- I believed In doing as she pleased—and generally she did it. At the end of a week she felt that she j had no more power over this great fel ; low than when he had first come into her ken. She knew that she loved him, and in some subtle way it was conveyed to her that he must love her; yet all her arts were in vain. They had walked the beach; they had plunged into the surf together; they had sat on the piazza for hours. And after each one of these tete a-tetes Tunston found himself alone, discomforted, uncertain. “Hang it, old chap!” he said to him self, "I wish I could keep away from that girl. I’m gone on her, sure, and the worst of it is she doesn’t care a hang for me; I know it. If I told her I loved her, she’d guy the life out of me.” One morning, after one of these in terviews, when the wind blew fresh from the southwest. Miss Merlin ap proached him on the bathing beach. “Don’t you want to go for a sail?” she said. “The boat Is at the end of the wharf now.” Tunston submitted. In a few moments they were sitting in a boat. “Make fast those halliards," ordered Miss Merlin, as she grasped the tiller “Now cast off!” The breeze caught the sail, and thej were away. It was a strange sensation for Tur. ston. For the first time in his life he felt thoroughly cowed. This frail cockle shell that almost with a movement of his body he could overturn, was not to his liking. “I wouldn’t go too far out,” he said. “No, I’m not,” smiled Miss Merlih, as she eased off the sheet. “I'm going to run along the shore. Sit more in the middle, please.” Running before the wind, the boat righted itself, and they bowled along merrily. “How do you like it?” asked Miss Merlin. “I’ll be the captain and you’ll be the first mate.” “Pretty good,” said Tunston. “But I suppose I ought to be the captain and you the first mate. I don’t like to have anyone else do the work.” In the distance was a steam launch that had grown nearer and nearer. Miss Merlin, with her eye upon it, now suddenly hauled in the main sheet and brought the boat up into the wind. The effect was apparent, for the wind, which had been increasing, was now quite strong. And then something happened—so suddenly, to Tunston. that it was all over before he had a chance to move. A puff came over the water, the boat went lower and lower and in an instant she capsized, leaving them both floundering In the ocean. I unston dove, and, coming up on the other side, put one arm around the cap tain, while with his other he reached out and grabbed the centerboard. In another moment he had worked his way toward the bow. The steam launch seemed miles away. “Are you all right?” he said, as they recovered their breath. She clung to him desperately. "Don’t let me go!” she cried. "Don’t be afraid,” lie replied. He kept his arm around her, with the roar of water in his ears, and, conscious of his superb strength, he felt a sense of exultation. Somehow, as he saw her look Into his eyes, he realized the truth. I love you,” he said. "If we get out of this all right, will you—will you—?” “Yes,” she replied, and clung to him closer than ever. And then the steam launch rescued them. The next night they sat together on the piazza. Her head was on his shoul der. Her hand was in his. He looked off into the dark, distant W'aters. “I’m glad that thing happened,” he said. “Why, if it hadn’t happened ’ I might have gone away without know ing. I never should have had the cour age to ask you, because, somehow, while you said nice things to me, I thought you were only playing with me. It was only when I saw that look in your eyes that I felt, after all, you might love me. Dearest little one, what a lucky accident that was!” She looked up suddenly. “Peter, dear,” she replied, “will you forgive me?” “Forgive you!” he repeated. "For what?” She smiled. “Didn’t you know,” she said, “that wasn’t an accident? I capsized the boat on purpose.”—Town Tonics ly record the shifting panarornic scenes of nest life. One might suppose that birds would desert their homes urnler such conditions, and thus promptly end the matter; but. instead, they fofgci the old site, adopt the new one, and defend it with all their customary vigor and persistence.—Century. Roanon for the Fit. The work of the regimental tailor may orrcaynotbeaddressedtostyle. It all de pends. as in other lines of soldiering, on his superior officer. When the late Sir George Grove was a foung man in the West Indies, superin tending the erection of lighthouses, he met an English army officer, who was so exceedingly weli-dressed that he was moved to say: “You don’t get those clothes here, I suppose?” “Oh, yes!” replied the officer. “The regimental tailor made them for me.” “Is it really possible that the regi mental tailor can fit you so well?” ex claimed the young engineer, in sur prise. “I should think so!” the officer an swered. “He had better fit me! I would give him three days' heavy drill if he didn’t—and he knows it!”— Youth’s Companion. TarKets Like Men in Battle. An extensive system of targets that fire with blank cartridges upon a firing line using real cartridges was tested the other day on the drill grounds in Ber lin of the Queen Elizabeth regiment, Grenadier guards. The targets, which are shaped like the bodies and heads of men armed with rifles, machine guns, and artillery, appear and disappear at the will of the commanding officer on touching a button. The trials are adapted to instill composure in the fir ing line. Will Help a Little. An expert accountant has discovered that New York street railway corpora tions owe the city $12,183,805.34 in back taxes. It is thought, remarks the Philadelphia North American, that the 34 cents may be collected. THE LIFE-DIVINE. When mid thy common days God sends thee one, A day whose radiance of earth and sun la mated to thy soul's responsive mood, And thou with open eyes seest all things good; When the Lord speaks to thee In flower and bird, And opens up to thee His hidden word, And grants the long-held answer to thy prayer. A day when suddenly thou art aware Of truth's own message to thy heart re vealed And leaping to thy lips by love unsealed; Oh, then give thanks and praise, for come what may, The Holy Uhost hath shared thy life, one day. Hut If the morrow brlngeth thee again Into the world of sinful, needy men. Eager to tell thy message and to give A Gospel whereby dying souls may live; Ar.d io. the earping world will not believe The heavenly sign, nor yet thy words re ceive; \\ hen thy new- speech thy brother doth of fend And thou art but a dreamer to thy friend— Then, as thou seekest comfort from thine own And tinde.s; thou art left with God alone, llejolee with joy that none shall take away. For thou hast shared the life of Christ, one day. —Ellen Hamlin Butler, In Congregational ism RAILWAYS AND SABBATH REST One Great System Finds It Profitable to Give Its Employes One Buy in Seven. The cause of Sabbath rest has been injured in years past by the running of Sunday trains, which necessitated and endless chain of Sunday labor. It will rejoice everybody who is inter ested in this reform to learn that it is now being strengthened by the rail ways themselves, which in times past have done so much to weaken it. The principal officials of the big trunk lines have long appreciated the fact that it was business wisdom to give a uuc-ocicmu ui iiis nine tor re cuperation and that of all vocations this is more true of the railway service than of almost any other. Where Sunday traffic has been largely sus pended more work has been actually accomplished in six days than was for merly done in seven, and even the roll ing stock of the roads seemed to show the benefit of complete cessation from toil. The result was no perceptible de crease in earnings, but a decided de crease in wrecks. Considerations of this nature, no doubt, have led the of ficials of the great Chicago & North western system to notify all of its connecting lines of other railways that hereafter no "dead freight” will be re ceived by that company on Sundays between seven a. m. and seven p. m. As a consequence, says the Ram’s Horn, fully 6,000 of the men employed in the operation of freight trains on the Northwestern system spend their day of rest at home, and the general offi cers of the company do the same. Ac cording to the latter the innovation of providing a Sunday at home for em ployes t>f the operating department has proved a great success. One of the of ficials says: “Reports received from all over the system show that the men ap preciate the rest, and go to their work Monday in a happy frame of mind and ready to hustle. We do not experience any inconvenience from reducing freight movement to live stock, perish able shipments and fuel, and find that we are in good shape Monday morning. VVe do not see why the plan cannot be followed from this on, and believe that it will result in benefit to our men and to the company, as well.” On all branch or “country” divisions of the system scarcely any trains are moved, and on the main line divisions the movement is reduced by at least 60 per cent. In the terminals of the com pany at Chicago and other large cities fewer freight engines are at work on Sunday than at any time in the last 40 years. When all the railways of the country follow this splendid example 1,000,000 toilers will be released from seven-day bondage. If something now could be done to suppress the screech of the Sunday newspaper we might dare hope that the delightful days were returning when the Sabbath of our fathers, with its restful quiet, could be enjoyed once more. Dinnppolntment. Dr. Theodore L. Cuyler, speaking of the blessing of disappointment, says: “God keeps a school for His children here on earth and one of the best teachers is Disappointment. My friend, when you and I reach our Father’s house, we shall look back and see that the sharp-voiced, roueh-visaeed teacher. DisaDDointment. was one of the best guides to train us for it. He gave us hard lessons; He often used the rod; He often led us into thorny paths; He sometimes stripped off a load of luxuries; but that only made us travel the freer and the faster on our Heavenward way. He sometimes led us down into the valley of the death shadow, but never did the promises read so sweetly as when spelled out by the eye of faith in that very valley. No where did He lead us so often, or teach us such sacred lessons, as at the cross of Christ. Dear, old, rough-handed teacher! We will build a monument to thee yet, and crown it with garlands, and inscribe on it: ‘Blessed be the mem ory of Disappointment.’ ” How to Enrich Character. Who doubts that Christian character would be far richer, and church activi ties tenfold more successful if Chris tians generally would put in practice the most familiar suggestions concern ing the use of the Word of God? I sub mit these: 1. To read the Bible regular ly every day. 2. As nearly as possible at a fixed hour. 3. Alone in your room. 4. Never when in haste. 5. The morn ing is the best time; but if you have found no other opportunity during the day, take time immediately before retir ing at night. 6. Read in course. 7. Se lect, in addition, from any part of the Bible such passages as you especially need. 8. From time to time, read large ly—several chapters, or a whole epistle or other book, at a sitting. In this way give your Bible a chance to pour into your soul its great tides of truth. 9. Above all, read devoutly, as for your soul’s life. Prayer is the key that un locks the Word.—Bishop C. D. Foss. A SCHOOL OF HAPPINESS. Advice to Founder of Unique Insti tution in London—Spiritual Life Cannot Be Ignored. Dr. Paul Valentin is about to establish a school of happiness In the great city of London. The school includes a course of lectures, and of course it must have Its organ, so there will be a publication called “The Normal Life.” The school should certainly have a large number of students, for it must be confessed that the seekers after happiness form the largest army in this unhappy world. And the difficulty is that most of these seekers seem to feel that the possession of one thing or another is all that is needed to complete happiness. If there is one who can teach an unwilling world that possession is not happiness, that being is greater than having, he will do the world a great and lasting service. This was just what Jesus tried to do, and has been seeking to do through all these years, says the Baptist Union, both by the teaching of His faithful servants, and yet more by the wonder ful Word which He left behind—the record of His own sayings. It was He who said that a man’s life did not con sist in the things which he possessed. But not even His own followers all be lieve that; indeed, if one were to know the truth, it would have to be admitted that the large part of His own people do not readily accept this part of His doctrine. For saints and sinners are on the “make,” everywhere; seeking to “get,” more than they are seeking to be, or seeking to do. The whole cry of the Gospel was to an age that was wearied in the search for the golden fleece, the possession of which was supposed to complete the circle of happiness in the world. They had not found it, they never would And it—and in despair they were committing suicide, by order of the sages and philosophers! It was Jesus who cried to men,saying; “If any man thirst, let him come to Me and drink!” And he said to them that if they came and drank they should have no other thirst, wandering desires would cease, and the complete satisfaction of the happy life would be theirs. But they heeded Him not then, and they will not heed Him now. If the founder of this new school of happiness wishes a sub ject for his first lecture, or for the open ing address of the institution, he can find it in no better place than that por tion of the Sermon on the Mount which urges men to seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness—which is the outer gateway to happiness, the only door! It is a cheering sign to read the following from a secular paper, the writer of which evidently realizes some things in his own life which he is not unwilling to express in the columns of a paper like Harper s Weekly: That an intelligent, civilized man should find a permanent measure of positive happi ness without some basis of religion to support him does not accord with expec tation. If the London professor tries to conduct a school of happiness without including a certain kind of religious in struction, his work will necessarily be superficial, and fail of the best results. He may teach manners. He may teach the greedy the folly of over-eating, and the bibulous the folly of over-drinking. He may teach husbands to be civil to their wives, and vice versa. He may lay stress on the importance of keeping ex penditures well within incomes, on the need of work for the idle, and of altru ism for the selfish. All that is impor tant, and may be helpful. But the spirits of thinking people have got to be satis fied in some way if they are to be happy. Nature gives us cravings—hunger anrt thirst to insure due care for the bocy, mental aspirations to insure activity of the mind, spiritual aspirations to insure something else. If the mind rusts we grow dull, and can’t have much fun. Neither can we be happy if the cravings of the spirit find no response.” The truth is that happiness is never found in the seeking. It is an inner pos session—we carry it with us, or we never get it. And it is likewise true that it is not a possession which comes through earthly channels; it is the spiritual life that only can measure happiness, and that spiritual life can be touched by none other than the Infinite—God Him self. There is no need for a school of happiness other than the one great school founded by Jesus Christ, who in vited all tired and worn souls to come to Him, and to learn of Him, RELIGIOUS TRUTHS. Don’t wait for great things; for while you wait the door to the little ones may close.—Galax Leaf. Though we travel the world over to find the beautiful, we must carry it with us or we find it not.—Emerson. The surest method of arriving at a knowledge of God’s eternal purposes about us is to be found in the right use of the present moment.—F. W. Faber. The mark of a saint is not perfection, but consecration. A saint i1? not a man without faults, but a man who has given himself without reserve t® God.—B. F. Westcott. Pause, you who read this, and think for a moment of the long chain of iron or gold, of thorn or flowers, that never would have bound you but for the formation of the first link of one memorable day.—Charles Dickens. Salvation finds us in the dark, but it does not leave us there; it gives light to those who sit in the valley of death. After conversion God is our joy, com fort, guide, teacher and in every sense our light; He is light within, light around and light to be revealed to us.— C. H. Spurgeon. If we knew the secrets of the lives of those—alas innumerable—who seem to have no real apprehension of anything, none of the light which it is said light eneth every man that cometh into the world, it would probably be found that, they have not been born without, but have forfeited their noblest human her itage by repeated practical denials of the things which they have seen.—Coventry Patmore. To-Day and To-Morrow. Part of to-day belongs to to-morrow, as the seed belongs to the shoot, as the foundation belongs to the building. So to-day owes its best to to-morrow, for not to do right to-day may ruin to morrow. But the reverse is not true. To-morrow cannot ruin to-day. Time’s wheel does not run backward. Banish, then, foreboding and anxious forecast! and fill to-day with faithful work, with kindness and courage and hope; and so you will keep to-morrow from being a marplot, and make it a good, honest tO l day when it comes.—M. D. Babcock. i * BIG LEVEE CONVENTION TO BE HELD IN NEW ORLEAN8 ON TUESDAY, OCTOBER 27. Questions of Incalculable Interest to the People of the Whole Nation Will Be Discussed. On October 27th will be held In New Orleans the convention of the Inter state Mississippi River Improvement and Levee Association, and at the ses sions to be held then many prominent men will advocate government control of the Mississippi levees, in order that the vast tracts—some 20,000,000 acres of now useless swamp lands in the States of Mississippi, Louisiana and Arkansas—may be reclaimed and brought into cultivation*. It will be argued that State and private control of the levees will never result in the reclamation of this vast and rich ter ritory, for the reason that the neces sary funds are not and cannot ue avail able for many years to come; that within a decade or so the world will require twice as much cotton as it does today; that the cotton fields of the South are now producing practically all the cotton they can be made to grow; that this now useless territory, which is about three times as large as Holland, and as rich as the valley of the Nile, is America’s only hope to con tinue supplying the world with all the cotton it requires; that the question of government control is purely national, because every State in the Union will be benefited either in the sale of the new crop or the sale of supplies and manufactured articles to the new popu lation ; that the State revenue, now go ing into levees, should be turned into educational channels, where it is badly needed. It will also be shown that wherever the government has taken charge of the Mississippi levees absolute ■ access has followed; government levees do not break. The State levee boards will not be criticised for the reason that, considering the difficulties they encounter, their work has been all that any reasonable mind could expect. Delegates to the convention are ex pected from at least thirty States apd Territories. Tbe railrorads have grant ed one-fare rates for the round trip. Special invitations have been sent to nvimr nrnminont mnn nnd these, warm advocates of the plans and purposes of the levee association, have advised the committee that they will attend. Elaborate plans for the entertainment of all delegates are now being perfected. These plans of en tertainment will include trips to sev eral of the large sugar and cotton plan tations, inspection of levees, etc. INTERESTS AT STAKE. They Reach From Pittsburg to Mon tana, From Bismarck to the Gulf. The Washington Post, which is al ways well informed concerning South ern matters, as it is about the country generally, in speaking about the big levee convention, has this to say: “Great interest attaches to the forth coming levee convention, which is to assemble at New Orleans October 27, 1903. That interest is felt in nineteen of our greatest States. The immense territory drained by the Mississippi river and its tributaries—among which we may mention the Missouri, the Ohio, the Red, Arkansas, Tennessee, Cumberland, Wabash and Yellowstone —is as large as Europe. Its population is numbered by the tens of millions; its resources are almost incalculable'; its possible development beggars de scription. Yet all this gigantic region and most of its inhabitants are inti mately concerned in the navigation of the Mississippi. Industries too vast for computation are affected. Financial considerations which can hardly be expressed in figures touch the question of inland water transportation from the agricultural, mining and manufac turing districts to the sea. “It is not true, as so many good peo ple in this part of the country too has tily assume, that a levee convention at New Orleans or elsewhere represents nothing more than the comparatively insignificant interests of a few cotton and sugar planters in Louisiana, Mis sissippi and Arkansas. The fact is that the navigation of the Mississippi river and its innumerable affluents is a serious factor in the prosperity of nineteen rich and growing States. Throughout this prodigious area, the dominating question is that of the es tablishment and the permanent main tenance of cheap water transportation for its products. To the extent to which this communication can be es tablished and maintained, the farmers, manufacturers and miners will be profited. Every penny saved in the cost of transportation is a penny left in the pockets of the producer. And that constitutes a problem in arithme tic before which the most vivid imagi nation must surrender. “The levees? In a w’ord, they make the question of overshadowing import ance at this time. Science assures us that hv r*nnfin1np' th*» mirr^nt hrtlrHnir it inexorably within certain fixed lim its, and compelling the entire volume of water to travel to the sea by a pre scribed path, we can best deepen the channel and secure unrestricted and safe navigation at all seasons of the year. There have been controversies and counter claims without number, but the weight of authority is with the embankment theory, and the teachings of experience sustain it. Most of our leading engineers, civil and military, congressional committees time and time again, have declared that a levee system affords the most effective agency of permanent and profitable navigation in our great silt-bearing streams. No other plan has given satisfaction. In no other expedient has a rational or substantial promise been discerned. “It is to consider the question of securing a levee system, therefore, that the New Orleans convention of the 27th instant, has ben arranged. The interests at stake reach from Pittsburg to Montana—from Bismarck to the Gulf.” To which the New Orleans Picayune adds: “It would be difflccult to state the situation more intelligently or more forcibly than it is done in the editorial from the Washington Post, printed above. Too many people take up the narrow and ignorant notion that the levees along the Mississippi river are only of local and private interest, when, on the contrary, they are of na tional importance. This is not only true from the standpoint of industry and commerce, but it is so from the fact that the Mississippi river was the chief factor in inducing the purchase by the United States of the territory of Louisiana, and it was just as import ant an instrumentality in saving the Union as it was in extending its limits and enlarging its boundaries. t‘When the independence of the thir teen English colonies which formed the , original union of the American States had been acknowledged by Great Britain in 1783, the territory ol the new nationality extended east and west from the Atlantic ocean to the Mississippi river, and from the great lakes on the north to the Spanish and French dominions on me south. The people of the United States owned only one-half of the Mississippi river from its source, in what is now Minnesota, to where it entered the French prov ince of Louisiana, but while they pos sessed the right to navigate this vast interior waterway through the greatest part of its length, they could not reach its outlet into the Gulf of Mexico ex cept by passing through foreign terri tory. “It was at once seen that the people of the western portion of United States territory were placed at a most griev ous disadvantage in having their com merce on the river at the mercy of a foreign country. President Jefferson must have been extremely anxious to secure for his countrymen a right to the free use of the Mississippi river from its source to the sea. “Of all national questions besetting the statesmen of that day the control of the mouth of the Mississippi was the most pressing. At first it was sought to secure by treaty the right to navi gate the mouth of the river, but finally it was seen that the desired result could only be consummated by the purchase of territory, and it was first proposed to secure only a limited area around the mouth of the river. “The negotiations, however, which were started on that basis were en larged until when the treaty of cession was concluded It embraced the whole of the French possessions in North America. This accession to the do main of the United States was in im portance beyond all computation, and as a factor in the development of the great republic, it is beyond all limita tion, and it passes the bounds of the conception of the most brilliant and far-reaching imagination. “But if the Mississippi river forced the American people to seek and se cure control of it throughout its entire extent, it also enabled the United States in the civil war to prevent the secession of the Southern States and thereby save the Union. If the great river had flowed from west to east, fol lowing the course of the Missouri, the Ohio and the Potomac, it is easily seen that it would furnish a most formid able obstacle to the Northern invaders, while it would have left the Southern people a united country from the Rocky mountains to the Atlantic ocean. But unfortunately for the Confederates, ♦ V. ^-*. t ij? < _ _ — - *"*v'** vv/mmu j iu uuu ami cu abled the Federal gunboats to come down from the North, and the Federal naval beets to come up from the sea, and so sever the Confederacy into two sections that were so completely dis connected that communication between the two was rendered extremely diffi cult. “The Mississippi river is an inland sea that perpetually guarantees the solidarity of the Union as far as the northern and southern sections of the country are concerned, although it would facilitate a division into east and west sections. “Enough has been said to show that from every point of view, whether prac tical or sentimental, the Mississippi river is a great national interest, from which no part of the country can sepa rate itself. Its floods, as well as its navigability as a great highway of commerce, profoundly concern the en tire population of the United States, and therefore the New Orleans conven tion merits the fullest consideration from the people of every State in the Union.’’ RECEIVING WARM SUPPORT. Press of Country Trying to Make It the Largest Convention Ever Held. The coming levee convention, to be held in New Orleans October 27, is receiving the warmest support from the press of the country, and if the press can do so, it will make the con vention one of the largest ever held. The Baltimore Manufacturers’ Rec ord, which has given so much atten tion to Southen matters, calls for an earnest support to the convention, and quoting from Gov. Heard’s address recognizes and acknowledges the re sponsibility of the Federal govern ment in the matter. “The Mississippi river,” it notes, “is above al lother rivers in the country a national highway to the sea and to the world’s markets, with its impor tance in this respect to be increased by the construction of an isthmian canal,” and it sees that the advance made in the protection of the alluvial lands of the Mississippi valley by means of levees has been accompanied by increased crops, increased railroad facilities, increased population and in creased business and industries. In habitants of these alluvial sections have for ten years or more been tax ing themselves heavily for the con struction and maintenance of a strong line of levees on both sides of the river, and the work has reached a point where those best acquainted with all conditions are thoroughly con vinced that even with appropriations made from time to time by congress the proper work is beyond the menas or the people, communities and the States Immediately affected. They therefore rightly take the ground that the national government is best quali fied to assume charge of the construc tion and maintenance of the levees. After reviewing the many arguments in favor of the construction of levees by the Federal government, the Rec ord remarks: “Upon such facts as these will be predicated the action of the October convention intended to emphasize the propriety and necessity of a handling of the poblem under national auspices. The convention should have the sup port of the people of the whole Missis sippi drainage basin, as well as those of the whole country, so as to impress congress and the executive with the importance of the project to the coun try and the necessity for prompt ac tion.” Support and encouragement of this kind will prove of material assistance in the work of preparing for the com ing convention.—Times-Democrat. POINTED PARAGRAPHS. Most of the fireproof buildings are insured. He laughs best who sees the point of the joke first. The dealer in umbrellas makes hay while it radns. Truth is mighty and will prevail—it it isn’t suppressed. Apple sauce isn’t good unless the hostess made it “sass.” Decollete bathing costumes are all right as far as they go. Some people refuse to grow because the town doesn’t grow. The greatest test of friendship is to tell a man his faults. The man who, robs Peter to pay Paul sometimes stands Pat. It looks as though Turkey would be somebody’s dark meat. Self-important men seldom get out of the wage-worker class. TILLMAN SET FREE Bl JURY'S VERDICT Not Guilty of Shooting to Death Editor N. G. Gonzales. JURY WAS OUT TWENTY HOURS Venllct RroaKht to nn Eml a Trial Which Ham Kntcroiiiiril Attention of Whole Country—Defendant Wait Confident of tciiulttul. 1 Lexington, S. C., Oct. 16.—Tne ac quittal, Thursday, of James H. Till man, who was charged with the mur der of N. G. Gonzales, editor of the State, in Columbia, on January 15 last, brought to an end a trial that since September 28 has engrossed the atten tion of the public of South Carolina as no other trial has done in the last quarter of a century. The jury was out for 20 hours before arriving at a ver dict. Never was a case in South Caro lina courts more vigorously contested than this. The solicitor was assisted in the prosecution by four other lawyers, while the accused was defended by seven lawyers, an exceptional array of counsel. More than a hundred wit nesses gave testimony, about as many on one side as the others, and lawyers argued before the jury. The jury announced at 10:45 that a verdict had been agreed upon. The de fendant and attorneys were sent for, and the jury then filed into the court room and the verdict was read. “Gentlemen, have you agreed uron n veiuici: was lue uiue-wuru inquiry then made by the clerk. The foreman replied in the affirmative, and at the same time handed the verdict to the clerk. It took but an instant to real it, and the words “not guilty’’ were heard. A demonstration followed the an nouncement, friends of the defendant giving vent to their feelings in a shout. The court, previous to the reading of the verdict, had admonished the specta tors to refrain from any demonstration. Counsel for defense moved the de fendant’s discharge from the sheriff’3 custody. No objections being made by tne state, the court made the order. The defendant shook hands with the judge and members of the jury, and left the court room accompanied by his friends and counsel. JAMES H. TILLMAN. Soon after the jury retired Wednes day, a ballot was taken, the result be ing 10 to 2 for acquittal. After some deliberation one of the two went over to the side of acquittal, but it was not until about twenty minutes before the jury sent word to the court, Wednes day, than an agreement had been reached that the twelfth man yielded. Very few of the jurors got any sleep during the night. The long delay caused apprehension that a mistrial would result. The jury could not have out beyond Saturday night. The count in the indictment charging the carry ing of concealed weapons was lost sight of in the trial, and was not considered. The wife and mother of the defend ant, who have attended the trial daily, were not in the court room when the verdict was announced, but the latter was on her way to the courthouse, hav ing heard the news when her son walked out and met her on the street. His wife awaited him at the hotel, hav ing been informed of the verdict in ad vance of his coming. Senator Tillman was not present, having returned to his home, Wednesday, where his wife i3 recovering from injuries received in a runaway accident. INVESTIGATING^BOODLING. Over Four Hundred Cltlrens of Knn* saa City Sign Petition Asklus Judge to Call Grand Jury. Kansas City, Oct. 16.—A grand jury investigation of the charge of boodnng against the board of education of Kan sas City, Kas., is assured. Over 400 citizens signed the petition, Thursday, drawn up by the Mercantile club, ask ing Judge E. L. Fischer, of the dis trict court, to call a jury. The jury will not only be asked to investigate the charges of boodling, but to stop gambling and stop the dozen illicit sa loons run in violation of the prohibi tion law. A Colored Tragedy. Joliet, 111., Oct. 16.—Edward W. Ruby, of Chicago, colored, followed Dora Williams, colored, from that city to Lpckport, Thursday, and shot, her dead! James Francis, who attempted to arrest Ruby, was wounded. Ruby swam the canal and escaped. Death of Mother Stewart. Springfield, O., Oct. 16.—A telegram has been received here announcing the death, at Auburn Park, Chicago, of Mother Stewart, the temperance cru sader and one of the organizers of the W. C. T. U. Crusade Against Mashing. Denver, Col., Oct. 16.—The women’s Business club of Denver has opened a crusade against “mashing” in the streets, and the more serious offenses to which young women are subjected in offices in which they are employed. Yellow Fever at Laredo, Tex. Laredo, Tex., Oct. 16.—The yellow fever official bulletin for the last 24 hours says: “New cases, 27; deaths, 2; total cases to date, 300; total deaths to date, 1C.” The fever is now in every portion of the citv.