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A 6ong with the title ‘There's a Sigh In the Heart” was sent by a young man to his sweetheart; but the paper fell Into the hands of the girl's father, a very un sentimental physician, who exclaimed: "What wretched, unscientific rubbish Is this? Who ever wrote of such a case?” Ae wrote on the outside: ‘Mistaken diagnosis; no sigh In the heart possible. Migbs relate almost en tirely to the lungs and diaphragm!”— Smith's Weekly. The Use of the Hump. ^ "Can you tell me, said the seeker after knowledge, ‘ what the hump on that camel’s back is for?” “What's it for?" ‘Yes, of what value is It?” "Well, it’s lots of value. The camel would be no goml without it.” “Why not?” “Why not? Yer don't suppose people 'ud pay sixpence to see a camel without a hump, do yer?”Bostou Budget. The Fault of Nature. He dots his t's and crosses his i’s In wonder we are lost. Until a glance at him m ikes us wise— We see his eyes ara crossed. —J udge. THE FALL CHRYSANTHEMUM. It is now in full bloom —Kansas City Journal. The Goods Delivered. Mary Ann—I thought ye wor wurkin’ fur Mrs. McBluff at foive dollars the week. Bridget—No. Shore 1 hov a nice job now wid Mrs. Jenkins at four dollars the week. Mary Ann—But a four-dol'ar job ain't as good as a foive-dollar wan. Bridget—Faith, ’tis better if ye get the four dollars.—Philadelphia Press. An Unfortunate State of Mind. “Have you ever felt that you would like to hear the public clamoring your praises and making the echoes ring with your applause?” “No.” answered Senator Sorghum. “1 used to feel that way But I have ob served that the public will extend the same recognition to a trapeze act in a circus.”—Washington Star. ’ Her Way. Mrs. Nagger—Are these stockings a pair? Mr. Nagger—I don't think so. Mrs. Nagger—What's wrong with them, then? Mr. Nagger -Why, the two are quite different. Mrs. Nagger—No, they're not; it’s only one that's different —Ally Sloper. Her Trouble. “Does your wife ever borrow trouble?” “Well, she’s always worrying over what she’d do if she were traveling in Europe and should be locked up with a crazy man in one of the compartment cars they have there, although the pros pects are that she’ll never get to Europe unless she can swim over.”—Chicago ] Record-Herald. Woman’s Way. She put her new dust coat away; . She said: "It’s pretty gusty, I shall not promenade to-day— 1 My dust coat might get dusty." —Chicago Tribune. CAUSE FOB CONGRATULATION. , . ,-r\ iv. ^ 1 J . «rev" W * ^ 1 Old Gentleman—I’m certainly not so 2eaf as people make out. I hear a little bee hamming quite plainly!—Punch. ] - 1 Her Only Trouble. Mr. Stubbs—Goodness, Martha, the baby has been crying for two weeks. < What is the matter with him? Mrs. Stubbs—Why, Nature is giving him his teeth, John. Mr. Stubbs—Well, Nature may be all right in some ways, but she is certain- i ly a slow dentist.—Cuicago News. i A Wise Turkey. 3 “Really, Gobby, you shouldn’t run 1 about so much. You’re as thin as a rail i and your drumsticks will get as hard as nails.” “You bet they will. That’s what I’m after. It’s the fat and tender thing l that gets it in the neck around Thanks giving.”—Puck. I Using Her Experience. 3 Employer—And now that we are en gaged to be married, I suppose I shall have to engage a new typewriter? Typewriter—Not at all, dear. I shall 1 ittend to the engaging o£ your type writers after this!—Chicago Journal. e - I Mystified. “I do not understand ze American,” said the astonished Frenchman. “In what way?” asked his friend. a "Why, he say If I take ze stuff In ze bottle I croak. Should he mean I turn r into ze frog?"—Chicago News. c He Had the Booty. Lawyer (to defendant, who has been accused of stealing a pair of boots)— It's all right, you’re discharged—you can go now. Defendant (nervously)—Don’t be In such a bloomin’ ’urry. Lawyer—But what are you waiting for? Defendant—For the plaintiff to get out of the way. I’ve got the bally boots on, and ’e might recognize ’em.—Ally Sloper. Unnecessary Noise. Mrs. Church—I see there’s has been a new society formed which will be a great blow to your husband’s business. Mrs. Gotham—What society is that? “The Society for the Suppression of Unnecessary Noises.” “I can’t see how that will affect my husband’s business.” “Doesn’t he sell phonographs?”— Yonkers Statesman. No Use. Stern Parent—I tell you what it is, Martha, I’m tired of seeing that young fellow coming here two or three even ings a week. I think I shall have to sit pn him! Martha—I wouldn’t, pa; ’twould be of no use. I've done it myself several times, and I think he rather likes it.— Smith’s Weekly. A Brown Taste. Cannibal Chief—Who was that I ate ast night for supper? Cannibal Chef—That was a Mr. Brown, your excellency. “Well, that accounts for it.” “Accounts for what, your excellency?” “The Brown taste I have in my mouth this morning.—Yonkers Statesman. Vicarious Charity. After the Charity Dinner: Muggins— rhat was a fine speech of Lord Jawkin’s. Juggins—Yes; it even affected Sting man. Muggins—Go on! Juggins—Fact. And he borrowed half i rrown fmtn nip tn nut in thp nlatp — Vlly Soper. Making More Room. “So that's the subway, is it?” asked the Philadelphian. “That’s it,” replied the New Yorker. “But why do they want to put the :ars underground?” “Oh, so there'll be more room on the streets for the automobiles.”—Yonkers Statesman. How the Dye Worked. Clerk—That gentleman you sold a oottle of hair dye to three weeks ago A'as here again to-day. Chemist—Was he after another bot ;le? Clerk—No, sir; he wanted to know f we kept wigs.—Smith’s Weekly. A TRAGIC ROMANCE. KNIT. SMIT. HIT. “GIT.” Efficiency. The candidate is pretty sure To stand in wondrous grace If he works as hard to hold it As he did to get the place. —Washington Star. Showing Marked Improvement. “Willie Tomkins failed in his fresh nan year, did he not?” “Yes.” “Has he improved this year?” “I should say so. They’ve trans erred him from the scrubs to the reg tlars.”—Cleveland Plain Dealer. Had Tried It. “Dad,” said little Reginald, “what is i bucket shop?” “A bucket shop, my son,” said the fa her, feelingly—“a bucket shop is a nodern cooperage establishment to rhich a man takes a barrel and brings lack the bung-hole.”—Tit-Bits. A Reward of Endurance. “How many bottles of this will I tave to take?” asked Parmer Corntos el. “Before you’re cured?” said the med cine man. “No; before I get my picture in the laper.”—Washington Star. The Difference. 'Arry—1 say, Bill, wot’s the diff’rence >etween them 'ere gins as the bloke at he ’all was a-tellin’ us about last night -the oxy-gin and the hydry-gip? Bill—Blowed if I know, ’Arry—unless ine’s pure gin, and the other’s gin and vater.—Ally Soper. In the Suburbs. Mrs. Yeast—Nathan, the roof is leak lg, and there is a stream of water com ig In on my new carpet! Mr. Yeast—Well, Martha, yo-u know ou’ve wanted running water in the ouse for some time!—Yonkers States man. _i—_ The Father’s Tune. “You fell into the creek with your new ireeches on?" “Yes, pop. You see, I fell in so quick hadn’t time to take them ott.” “A smart answer, my son. So suppose ou take them on now.”—Golden Days. Horrors of the Stockyards. The foreigner was inspecting the og killing department. “Zey don’t speak softly here,” he aid, “but zey are all in favor of ze ig s,tlck."—Chicago Tribune. Man Behind the Bill. Simklns—I don’t see how Owens can fford to wear a $50 suit Timkins—Oh, he can afford it, all Ight; but I don’t see how his tailoi an.—Chicago News. ODD FACTS FOR FARM FOLK. Tokay and Syrian Grapes Grown in Northern Idaho—All Grains Are Over Weight When Properly Grown by Irrigation—White Flax Seed—Corn Wheat in Place of Corn. It is a big surprise to World’s Fair visitors to find that tokay grapes glow in the United States as far north as Duluth, Minn. The particu lar place where this may be done is Lewiston, Idaho, on the banks of the Snake river. Whatever is done along the Snake river in the matter of agri culture and horticulture must be done with irrigation, however. The remarkable things done under irrigation are portrayed by a number of states. Colorado has a relief map of the Arkansas valley. Utah shows a diorama of one of her irrigated val leys. California exhibits her products from lands worth a thousand dollars an acre. Oregon displays her beauti iul fruits and grains from irrigated districts, while Idaho, her next doot neighbor, won twenty gold medals on her agricultural showing. iuu ujivtiy grapes iiuui ajcwiolwu «*** only one of 62 varieties now success fully grown at that far northern point where the climate is almost as mild a* Italy, for the tokay cannot flourish where the winters are cold. Along with the tokay is a fine sweet grape from Syria, in which every grape and fruit grower will be interested. The name is Hunisa, or Antab late, from Antab. It is large, very dark, and a fine keeper, the last being its most important quality. After traveling over 1,500 miles to the World’s Fair it opened up in as line condition as the tokay, and made a good show. These grapes are from the first vine of this variety fruited in America. Another fact not well known is that grains grown by Irrigation in the dry atmosphere of the western slope of the Rocky mountains are much heavier than those grown in the east, and the yield is far greater. In the Idaho exhibit of the Palace of Agri culture at the World’s Fair are many examples of irrigation results. A sack of oats was received at the ex hibit a few days ago which was graded by one of the machines in the building and tested as to weight. It was found that the third, or poorest grade, weighed 38 pounds to the bushel, while the standard of weight for oats is only 32 pounds to the bushel. The yield is 100 to 110 bushels to the acre, and Idaho oats ordinarily weigh 42 to 46 pounds to the bushel. An acre of ir rigated land yields about three times as much as an acre in a humid cli mate. Wheat in southern Idaho is 62 to 64 pounds to the bushel, the stand ard being 60 pounds, and the yield 50 to 70 bushels to the acre. A bundle of alfalfa hay, second crop of 1004, biought from southern Idaho, is as tall as a man, a six-footer. Five to seven tons to the acre are grown each season, it being cut usually three times. All over southern Idaho, which for the most part is a vast desert, are oases that have been made fruitful by irrigation. The liberal provisions of the Cary Act of Congress have made possible the reclamation of these lands, the state taking over the lands and disposing of them to settleis at 50 cents an acre. The water right is an extra cost, in some cases as row as $25 an acre for a perpetual right, the first one or two crops often paying the entire cost of a fine property. Only a few days ago the state land board of Idaho threw open to settlement 100,000 acres of land under one canal at Twin Falls, on the south side of Snake river. It is in Cassia county, one of the counties that touch the Nevada border. In this instance the total cost per acre is $25.50, and under the liberal terms of the Cary Act entry may be made through another person. The payment is in easy installments. Idaho has the honor of showing in her agricultural display something that very few farmers have ever seen, namely, white flax seed. This variety of flax originated in Idaho, and la said to possess great commercial pos sibilities, because it is richer in oil and produces a grade of very light colored oil that is far more desirable for white paint than the darker grade. Idaho is trying t» do what other mountain states are attempting, that is, to supply the home market with fruits, vegetables, meats, grains and dairy products. The mountains con tain hundreds of mining camps and settlements where everything now pro duced finds ready market, while the demand increases with each new min ing district opened. Corn is about the only thing that does not grow well in the irrigated deserts of southern Idaho, because the summer nights are cool, but a kind of grain is raised called corn wheat that takes the place of corn, and produces over 100 bushels to the acre. It is worth any farmer’s time to take a good look at the odd things in the Idaho display, where there are 47 va rieties of wheat, 41 varieties of oats, 32 varieties of barley, and 34 varieties of grasses, to eay nothing of vege tables, beans, peas, honey and other things worth having. PARAGRAPHIC PUNGENCIES. Harnessing a horse requires of knowl edge more than a bit. You always have to take your chances with a chance acquaintance. A girl can never again feel just the same toward a man who drops in after 3he has been eating onions. “If Heaven were reached, only by the accomplishment of great things it would be a very lonesome place," You can always tell how much a hus band loves his wife by the way he holds in umbrella over her in a shower. A Boston authority states that no woman is an old maid until she is will ing to confess to being one. Ergo, there are no old maida A health journal is telling people “how to lie when asleep." H it could persuade them to tell the truth t/hen awake, it would be doing real service. If young people would only get better acquainted with each other before they marry there would be fewer cases of divorce, but the couple just married In Milton, Pa, he 76, she 71, after a court ship of more than 50 years, seem to have been more cautious than was really necessary. , , „ . . _, . THE THREE WISHES. « Should a good fairy come this way And give me wishes three, I would not have to stop and think, I know just what they’d be. I’d wish there wasn’t any school, So I could always play Out in the yard and fields and woods All day and every day. I'd have a baby sister, too, With shiny yellow curls, For there is nothing quite so nice As little baby girls. Then every day I would have Jane Make flaky tarts for me. And little cakes, and then I’d wish— But, oh dear, that makes three. —Mabel Cornelia Matson, in Good House keeping. CAPTIVE SAVED BY STORK. Bird Carried a Message from Moorish Prison to Quiet Town in Distant Norway. The story is told of how. many years ago, some English captives in a Moor ish prison were rescued through the means of a famous old hymn time. A British man-of-war had anchored oft a port near Algiers which was notorious for the pirate craft that it harbored. At night, while all the crew except the watch were asleep, a voice was heard somewhere on shore singing a well- I known air. Some of the ship’s officers ! were quickly summoned, and as they listened and the singers' voices—for others had joined in—became louder and clearer, they recognized the notes of the grand “Old Hundred.” Guessing rightly enough that some of their fellow countrymen lay imprisoned in the Moorish fortress, the captain gave orders for the small boats to get out. Then a strong landing-party of well armed seamen swiftly rowed in to shore, and. taking the guard by surprise, stormed the fortress. In a very short time the captives, three in number, were safe on board the man-of-war. Wonderful as i his rescue may appear. It is perhaps surpassed by the story of how Conrad Jonassen was restored to liberty. Conraa was a Norwegian, and as a boy had made a pet of a stork which regularly visted his town. Year after year the bird returned to where it was always fed, to build its nest upon the house roof and rear its brood of young. While he was hardly more than a boy Conrad went to sea, and had the mis I--1 THEY RECOGNIZED THE NOTES OF “OLD HUNDRED." fortune to be captured by Algerian pi rates. With many of his shipmates he was sold into slavery. For three years he endured all the hardships and indig nities of his imprisonment, buoyed up by the hope that an opportunity to es cape would some day present itself. At the end of this period, when he and his comrades were beginning to despair of ever seeing their native land again, he one day saw a stork flying about over head. The sight of the bird recalled to him his old home, and he whistled to it as he had been wont to do with his for mer pet. To his great joy the stork alighted on the ground near him and came up as if expecting to be fed. Conrad had no food with him at the time. But the next morning he saved a portion of his breakfast with which to feed the bird. For several days he re peated this, until the stork became quite friendly. The thought now flashed into his mind: Why not make a messenger of the stork? It would be flying north ward in a little time and might prob ably find its way to some Norwegian town. He determined to make the ex periment, and having scribbled a few lines on a scrap of tough paper, he tied the latter securely to the bird’s leg. In due course, when the time of migration came round, the stork winged its way from the African shore to the northern regions. As chance would have it, the stork _Ua kn/i AiAotnrl rrtal’O his mPR senger was actually the one that had been reared on his own house at home. When it returned to Norway and sought out its familiar resting place the flut tering paper which it carried soon at tracted the attention of Conrad’s mother. Her joy on reading the mes sage. and learning that her son was still alive, may well be conceived. With the paper in her hand the old dame ran down the street, calling on all her good friends to hear the news. Not only was her Con rad alive, but many another mother’s son from that town, and it was a thankful gathering that assembled' in the pas tor’s house and gave thanks to God for these wonderful tidings. To cut a long story short, an expedi tion was shortly afterward sent out to rescue the captives from their slavery. This was accomplished, though nftt without difficulty, and the long-lost ones returned to their own land. When, in later years Conrad Jonas sen became wealthy and was honored as the leading citizen of his native place, a stork was taken as the town’s emblem. The' figure of a stork was placed upon the church and on the roofs of tha prin cipal buildings. And so the story of Conrad Jonassen’s marvelous release from captivity has been perpetuated for the wonderment of succeeding genera i tlous.—Chicago Record-Herald. ^ > i ANIMATED PAPER SERPENT. ▲ Very Pretty Heat Illusion and More Effective Than Some That Are More Elaborate. The animated serpent is one of the best of heat illusions, being a great deal more effective than many more elab orate. The serpent appears to be tire less and automatic, for, though it has no visible means of motion, yet it keeps whirling for hours without a stop—that is, if you wish to burn that much gas or consume a few pounds of candles. According to the Chicago Inter Ocean, the serpent is made by drawing a spiral like Fig. 1 upon a piece of stiff bristol board. Cut the spiral out with a sharp penknife, so that when you take hold of the terminal portion, which repre sents a tail, you get a spiral of paper with its lower end in the form of a serpent’s head. Stick a pin through the end of the tail and hold the serpent over I FIG. 2 I I_ I THE ANIMATED SERPENT. a lighted candle or gas Jet, sufficiently high so that there is no fear of the ser pent’s burning up, but also low enough for it to be influenced by the draught which ascends from the flame. The pin may be stuck in a wooden sup port over the flame and then the serpent will keep ever on the move. But what maks it go? The flame of the candle or gas jet is in constant need of air to keep it burn ing. The air circles around the flame on all sides. One portion of it (oxygen) is instantly .taken into the flame, and the rest of it (nitrogen) ascends in the direction of the arrows (Fig. 2), ming ling with the heated air (carbonic acid, etc.) which issues from the end of the flame. Now, you probably know that hot air is lighter than cold air, so that is the reason it rises in an attempt to find its own level, just as a cork floats to the water’s surface from the bottom. A stream of air, therefore, plays against the paper serpent, and striking Its slanting sides, gives it a twist which sets it whirling around, and, also puz zles the onlookers, who will always be mystified concerning the source of its hidden power until you see fit to ex plain. CRUDE WIRELESS OUTFIT. Eighteen-Year-Old Iowa Boy Displays Ingenious Skill in Making In struments of His Own. Willie Peeler, aged 18, has completed i set of wireless telegraph instruments from makeshift materials, says the Fort Dodge (la.) correspondent of the New ITork Herald. In July young Peeler attended a lec :ure on liquid air and wireless telegra phy. He was so impressed that he re mained after the lecture for further in vestigation. The lecturer was meeting others, and did not have time to an swer the questions put by the youth, rhis, however, did not deter the lad from making careful inspection of the in struments. “I can make that, and I’m going to have one,” he remarked to a compan ion. And he did. His patience is shown in the induction coil which he made. It has 2Yz miles of fine wire wound by hand on a reel and required all of his even ings for a week. Each layer of wire is varnished and padded with layers of newspaper. Its power is sufficient to pro iuce waves that will carry a mile. Two copper plates were necessary to complete his system, but his limited means derived from clerking in a grocery store, did not permit of his buy ng them at 50 cents each. Nothing daunted, he took two empty lard cans and from the tops of these made the necessary plates. Silver filings in a glass tube comprised another needed part. An aluminium cap and a sewing machine needle were made to answer. DOG REMEMBERS BEE STING Philadelphia Canine, Stung When a Puppy, Develops Peculiar Ha tred for Flying Insects. "Something must have stung your dog,” said a Philadelphia resident to a suburbanite, according to the Press, whom he was visiting a few days ago. as ic noticed the antics of a large collie which, after snapping frantically at a flying insect, lowered his head and care fully licked his right forepaw. “No,” replied the owner of the dog, ‘that is only a little delusion of his. When he was a puppy a bee stung him on that foot you see him attending to, and ever since he has cherished a standing grudge against flying insects. Appar ently, the sight of one not only arouses tils anger, but recalls most vividly his Jrst experience with one, for each time after running after one, whether he matches it or not, he stops and tenderly licks the place where he was stung two rears ago. As far as I know he has never been stung since then.” This Parsnip Wore a Bing. While working in the garden last Bummer, Mrs. William Hawley, of Kokomo, Ind., lost a valuable gold Anger ring. Recently she dug up some parsnips in the garden, and while washing them she found her lost ring tightly bound around a pars nip, which was large at each end, having grown through the ring and in shape resembling a wasp. Football Catches Criminals. The Australian detectives find foot t>all useful. Criminals will hide six days in the week, but they have to come out on Saturday to see the football gam* tod the police are on hand. MOLASSES TANK STEAMERS New Method of Carrying the Southern Product Has Proved Emin ently Successful. There is a company in Boston which purchases large quantities of molasses in New Orleans and sells it in New England. Last winter it conceived the idea of employing a new system of handling the product. If the commod ity could be pumped, it could be car ried in tank steamers as oil Is carried, thus saving the packages, the cost of which runs from 10 to 100 per cent, of the cost of the molasses itself, time in loading and discharging, space in ves sels and on shore, and leakage, which latter is a big item with the wooden method of shipping. The cost of hand ling would be much reduced and coop erase would be eliminated by shipping in tank steamers. Nowadays there are tank steamers plying between Atlantic and the gulf ports, which carry molas ses from March to October and oil the remainder of the year, the molasses beipg more economically pumped in th*. warm weather. By battening down the hatches after discharging a cargo of oil it is possible to thoroughly stesm out the hold and then, by scrub bing the tanks, the oil can, it is said, be completely removed. ^hen the plan was first seriously considered, the company's engineers wew> not aware that any such thing was done elsewhere, and were some what in the dark about certain essen tial details. It was necessary, for in stance, to find out about the friction of the molasses, so as to know how much power must be used with the pumps. Experiments of their own gave unsatisfactory results. Then it was discovered that at some of the northern sugar refineries it is custom ary to force the molasses left by the separation of the sugar into tanks There are distilleries, too, in which something of the kind is done. By visiting these places the engineers learned nearly all that was necessary. They then went ahead. The molasses is now taken from the vessels in short order and transferred to enormous tanks in warehouses at the head of their pier. The machinery and pipes are designed to extract 600,000 gallons from a ship in 36 hours, or 227 gallons a minute. After the molasses is in the main tanks on the wharf, another set of pumps are used to send it into the mixing room in smaller quantities. Although the standpipe has a diameter of fully eight inches, the flow is af 1CLLTU UJ WIU " . NOVELTY FOR BALL CRANKS Pennsylvania Inventor Has Invented a Fan and Score Card for the Rooters. Baseball is without doubt the na tional game of the United States and the number of enthusiasts of the sport who attend the games day in and day out is unlimited. Unfortunately, the majority of the games have to be played during the summer, when the weather is hot and uncomfortable, but still this does not tend to diminish the attendance in the least. Thousands find I FAN AND SCORER COMBINED. [.heir way to the ball park every day 3specially so in the large cities. Unless one is a devotee of the sport md attends regularly he is not ac juainted with the players and procures i score card. This he often uses as a :an, but the inconvenient form does not serve the purpose very appropriately. \ unique scorer and fan is shown in he accompanying illustration. It :ombines the principal features of the rand scorer sold extensively at the present time and can also serve as a :an very easily. By a judicious arrange ment of the scoring apparatus enough space is left in the center for an up-to late advertising firm to exploit its pods and, considering the special :lass of patrons reached and also the arge number, it ought to serve as a pod advertising medium.—Chicago Daily News. MOTE-PAPER USED BY KING Imperial Dignity and German Sim plicity Are Both Given a Prom inent Place. The note paper used by the German emperor is of a large size, pale blue in :olor and of imitation linen. A beau iful design in gold and delicate colors s in the left corner of the sheet and ipon the envelope flaps, showing the miser is now above licking them down ike ordinary mortals. In the center >f the design, which we are assured is juite new, are William’s initials and ;he imperial eagle, with the ribbon of he Order of the Garter, and the motto ind the chain of the Black Eagle order ntertwined around. The white Johan liter cross Is just visible and two mar ihal’s staffs are crossed near it, while >ver the whole Is the kaiser’s crown. !f anything more had been put into the lesiga it would cover the entire page, md hi* Imperial majesty thought there Kras enough in that monogram to let •eciplrnts know who had been writing :o on sky blue stationery. RIFLE USED BY JAPANESE. It Is a Powerful and Dependable Weapon, Named for Its Inven tor, Col. Arisaka. The rifle with which the Japanese army have been doing such execution upon their enemies is made in the ar senals of Japan, and was invented by a native, Col. Ariskaa, after whom it was named. It is a combination of the best fea tures of the Mauser and the Italian Mannlieher, adding thereto certain orig ual ideas of Col. Arisaka. The rifle has a caliber of 6.5 mill meters, weighs nine and a half pounds and carries a cartridge weighing 22 grams. Its mitial velocity is 2,356 feet per second, 300 feet greater than that of the ri'fle used by the Russian armies. The “danger zone,” the distance to which itoe rifle can throw a projectile JAPANESE ARMY RIFLE with an elevation no greater than the j height of a man is 2.200 feet for the Japanese rifle compared with 1,700 feet for the Russian piece. The Arisaka rifle has a central maga zine of the Mauser type. It is simple in its mechinism and is easily manipu lated. The movable breech includes a cylinder working with a lever, a mov able head and a firing pin, with cock and rebounding spring. The loading of the peace is rapidly executed. Open ing the breech, the central magazine is charged with a metal loader, a kind of small box or clip holding five cart ridges depress a spring in the magazine by which they are automatically raised into firing position. The empty shell is, of course automatically ejected by drawing back the cylinder, the same operation serving to set the firing pin. Both the Russian and Japanese cart ridges are charged with smokeless pow der, the Japanese containing slightly more of the explosive than the Rus sian. The Japs manufacture their own powder, the Itabaska brand. One of the best features of the Ari saka rifle is the velocity of the projec tile. In the old smooth-bore a bullet aimed at an object 900 feet distant would describe a parabola, the highest point of which would be 129 feet above a horizontal line drawn from the mouth of the rifle to the target. With the new Springfield, shooting at a range of 1,000 yards, the bullet rises at its greatest height only 21 feet, while the Krag bullet, under the same condi tions, rises 26 feet, the turning point in the trajectory being midway between the marksman and the target. The Ari saka has a slightly flatter trajectory than the Springfield, and in close fight ing the bullet practically moves In a straight line. This quality adds con siderable to the weapon’s accuracy. The bayonet used on the Arisaka rifle is of the “sword” type, and can easily be detached and used as a hand weapon in close fighting. NEW PROCESS IN ALLOYS. Philadelphian Claims to Have Dis covered a Perfect Way of Unit ing- Copper and Iron. A Philadelphia man claims to have overcome the ditfiuclties besetting those who have attempted to make ailoys of copper and iron, and to have discovered a process of alloying theise metals per fectly homogeneously. The process con sists of melting copper with a mixture of oxide iron and calcium carbide. Any oxide of iron, either hematite or tha black oxide, can be used. A mixture of three parts of oxide of iron and one part calcium carbide is made, and, if it is de sired to obtain a 50 per cent, alloy of copper and iron, 18 parts of this mixture should be used to eight parts copper. The copper is melted in a crucible and the mixture added, a little at a time, the bath being stirred and the temperature _1 r.—1 „ Wl>An f Vin nnorafinn is completed the alloy is found in ingots of any other desired form. If an alloy containing as much as 85 per cent, ol iron is required the process is reversed, a bath of iron being substituted for the bath of copper and a mixture of oxide of copper and calcium carbide being added. The inventor claims that, on account of the fact one of the metals is presented to the other in a nascent condition, a perfect union is formed. Free Gas for Householders. Gas is furnished free of cost in the English village of Heathfield. That town possesses natural gas in sufficient quan tities for practical purposes. Some years ago workmen engaged in sinking a well were struck by the quantity of gas which they seemed to be releasing. As the boring continued the Quantity of gas in creased, and an artesian tube wnich was sunk in the well soon became a gas main, instead of a water main. This gas is now used for lighting various houses in the village. Stay at Home for a Year. The condor keeps its young in the nest longer than any other bird. Fully 12 months elapse before the young condor* can fly.