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The Tupelo journal. (Tupelo, Miss.) 1876-1924, October 20, 1905, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065632/1905-10-20/ed-1/seq-3/

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Author of “Twenty Yoars of
Hus’ling,” “ What Happened
to Johnston,” Etc.
An Old But Successful Method of
Swindling Wealthy Farmers —
Plan So Intricate That Few Have
Understood It—The “High Mark”
and His “Gang”—An Indian, a Cit
izen and an Assayer Play Their Re
spective Roles—A Small Part of the
Brick Pure Gold—Haul of $7,000
for the “Gang.”
(Copyright. 1905, by Joseph B. Bowies.)
The old-time “gold brick scheme,”
although familiar in name, to almost
everybody, nevertheless is a game of
whose inside workings few people
have the vaguest idea. Even men
buncoed out of thousand of dollars by
it have been unable to understand or
explain every phase of the play.
The sharpers engaged in this risky
work are careful, educated men; in
fact just the class one would suppose
would keep clear of such danger
ous and atrocious work.
In my investigations of all sorts of
bunco schemes, it was many years be
fore 1 was able to understand how it
could be possible to sell an intelligent
farmer a gold brick for from $3,500 to
A man might stop at the same hotel
with a dozen of these confidence men
for six months and never suspect what
was their business, or even that they
were interested in one another.
Always supplied with money, well,
dressed and educated, they disarmed
! : 1 _ * 1, „ « MfAPA t }"» A
OUOJOiCtV/ii, «**U lUi *•**»*- » vuuwm ■ ---
more dangerous.
Even while working up a gold-brick
job. no two of them were ever seen to
gether. Nothing would be knowm of
their work until some farmer had been
swindled out of several thousand dol
lars. The newspapers could give only
a vague account of the affair, because
of the farmer's inability to explain
how he had been duped. Besides not
one in ten victims would let it be known
that he had been gold-bricked.
Had I not accidentally discovered
that an old acquaintance was in the
gold-brick business, and had been for
years, I never should have fathomed
the mysteries of the game.
Having naturally a good physique
this grafter developed into a magnifi
cent specimen of manhood. When 24
years of age. he weighed 230 pounds,
was handsome, well proportioned and
a fluent talker with the vocabulary of
a college professor. After leaving col
lege he was first with a large St. Louis
tobacco house, as a traveling sales
man. While on the road he began
playing poker and eventually neg
lected his business. Later he began
frequenting gambling houses, and this
brought him in contact with the sport
ing element. He lost his position, and
being without funds or influence to pro
cure another he had recourse to gam
bling as a business.
For many years I supposed, as did I
many others of his old townsmen, that j
he had turned out to be an all-around j
sport, a frequenter of race tracks, a |
bettor on baseball games, pugilistic
encounters, etc. However, we were
all mistaken.
While I w’as In the jewelry business
in Chicago he made frequent calls at
my store, and on different occasions
purchased a watch and several dia
On one of his visits he was accom
panied by a bright looking fellow with
whom I happened to have a few mo
ments’ conversation. In reply to e.,
question from me as to the direction
in which they were going next he sa'd
that they had plans all laid for a Job
up, in Wisconsin.
“What are you fellows working
now?” I asked.
“The gold brick,” he replied.
“Charlie has been wQrking the gold
brick game a long time, hasn’t he?”
“Yea; and he is one of the finest
in the country. No doubt he has
turned the trick for bigger money than
any other gold-brick man in the
A few moments later I invited
“Charlie” into my private office, and
surprising him with my knowledge of
his business, got him to tell me the
story of his life, from the time he had
left college. I
He and his gang, of which he was
considered the h!ad, never played for
small stakes; $7,000 being the maxi
mum. and $5,000 the minimum. They
had three plans of “'putting up the
Job.” one of which he explained in de
tail, as being very successful.
Their first step was to locate their
victim, and this required skillful work
on the part of the “advance man.”
When a substantial farmer, with plenty
of property and a good bank account,
had been selected, the “tjigh Mark.” as
the head man was called, would visit
the locality. Calling upon the farmer,
or ‘“Rummy" as he was known to the
gang he would explain that he was
a business man from Massachusetts
and was looking around with a possi
ble view to buying a small farm, upon
which to spend his remaining days.
They had turned their last trick in
southern Ohio, working it as follows:
“Charlie” as “High Mark,” called
upon the farmer, who had been care
fully selected by the advance man.
After giving the above explanation to
account for his visit he inquired
whether there was auy kind of good
hunting in that section. When in
formed that there was excellent squir
rel hunting and that the season wa3
then open, he became enthusiastic and
asked the farmer if he ever hunted.
The reply was that he scarcely ever
did, principally for the reason that he
had a poor gun.
“Now, see here,” said the grafter,
“I have at my hotel several fine guns
and plenty of ammunition, and I want
to have a little fun. If you will give me
board for a week or two. I'll bring out
my guns and will pay you $20 or $25
a week with the understanding that
you are to give up your personal time
to go out with me. What do you say?”
To this the farmer agreed. The ioI
lowing day the grafter returned, bag
and baggage.
The first day they went to the woods
to erect a blind under which to hide,
while waiting for squirrels. After the
blind was finished the grafter hinted
that he had a bottle of “good stuff”
in his pocket, and producing a quart
bottle of choice wine and whisky
mixed, took a drink and passed it to
me lairnei, wuu aisu iuur. a a'juai
smile. Then, to make the blind more
attractive, he hid the bottle under a
log, remarking that it would come in
good play hereafter.
Being an experienced sportsman the
grafter’s success in bringing down a
fine mess of squirrels every morning
made things doubly interesting; be
sides a swig from the bottle created a
good appetite for breakfast.
After the “High Mark" had estab
lished himself in the good graces cf
the farmer and his family, one of his
pals appeared. This accomplice was a
full-blood Indian, who had been edu
cated by the United States govern
ment. He had joined the gang in the
west and had been with them for sev
eral years. He was a shrewd, foxy
fellow, quick to detect a weak point in
the game, or to appreciate a strong
On going to the blind one morn'ng
the grafter happened to notice, a short
distance away beyond the fence inclos
ing the farmer’s property, a man who
seemed to be digging a hole in the
ground. He immediately called the
farmer's attention to the stranger and
both watched the outcome with much
When the man had dug a hole, about
three feet deep, he placed a chunk of
something in it and covered it up;
after which he scattered the surplus
dirt broadcast and then covered the
top with pieces of sod, very carefully
pressed down.
Of course during all this perform
ance Mr. “Grafter” and Mr. “Rummy”
were fairly staring their eyes out and
speculating as to what the fellow,
could be doing and where he came
Having finished filling up the hole
the man cautiously looked around,
then hid his shovel in a .clump of
bushes, and climbing the fence, started
back through the woods near enough
to the blind to enable the hunters to
see that he was an Indian in full buck
skin suit.
When satisfied that the Indian was
safely out of the way the grafter sug
gested as investigation. The farmer,
overflowing with curiosity, was only
too ready to look into the matter and
the two started for the spot
Of course the fjrst thing to do was
to procure the sbibvel and dig. Very
soon they came upon a hard substance
wrapped in a gunny sack. Opening it,
what did they find but an immense
chunk of what appeared to be gold.
Why should the man have hidden it
if it were not gold?
With such a prize in their posses
sion, what course should they pursue?
Who wa3 the Indian? How had he
come by the gold?
Should they report the case to the
authorities? Neither the grafter nor
the farmer suggested this course.
Possession being considered nine
points of the law, they felt no disposi
tion to give up their extraordinary
Finally the grafter proposed burying
it in the farmer’s wheat bln for the
At this point Charlie explained
that under no circumstances did he
call it a “gold brick,’’ but always a
“chunk of gold.”
The wheat bin suggestion was fol
lowed, and after filling the hole and
placing the shovel where it had been
found they carefully concealed the
gold underneath three feet of wheat
in the barn. The farmer now became
anxious to make certain that it was
really gold. The grafter felt no doubt
on this point, but agreed it would be
best to have it tested.
At last che farmer suggested Just
what the grafter had been waiting
for—that they look up an assayer, pro
vided it could be done with safety, and
let him test it. So the next day they
•drove to town, left the team at a liv
ery barn and together went by train
to Columbus to have the material
Having reached Columbus they
started uptown, and very soon met an
intelligent looking man, who, of
course, was one of the gang. Stepping
up to him in a businesslike way, the
“High Mark” asked if he could tell
him whether there was an assayer s
office in the city.
“Oh, yes,” said the man. and di
rected them to a certain building
where an assayer's office was on the
top floor.
All this looked plausible, and when
they reached the top floor sure enough,
there they found a sign over one of the
doors: “U. S. Assayer's Office.”
A man, in short sleeves, with no col
lar. and wearing a duck apron—another
member of the gang—greeted them
“Could we have a piece of metal test
ed?” asked the grafter.
“To be sure,” said the assayer.
“Can you positively tell us whether
or not it is gold?”
“Why not? That is what I am here
“Now,” said the grafter, producing
the chunk of metal. “I wish you would,
first show us how you test metal, and
then test this in our presence.”
“Very well,” said the assayer. “To
give you a demonstration, I will produce
three or four pieces of brass and copper,
then a piece of gold of such low karat
that it will not stand the test. After
this, I will test pieces of gold. Here is
some acid that nothing but pure gold
can stand.”
So saying, he picked up a piece of
brass and placing a drop of the acid
upon it let them see how quickly it be
gan to boil and turn green. Then he
tried a piece of copper and a piece of low
karat gold with the same results. Then,
picking up the “chunk of gold,” he
placed the acid upon it without affecting
it in the least.
“Now,” said he, “we have tested the
outside; suppose we drill into the in
side.” After drilling into the metal an
inch or two he filled up the hole with
acid, which did not in the least affect it.
“Gentlemen, you needn’t worry about
this, it's all right,” he said.
“What is the value of that chunk?”
asked the “High Mark.”
“I can tell by putting the needles to it
and weighing it,” said the assayer, and,
after a moment’s figuring, ne said:
“That is worth a little over $16,000.”
“How much do we owe you?" asked
the farmer, excitedly.
“Oh, about 50 cents,” the accommo
dating assayer replied. "We never
charge much for information.”
Thanking him for his kindness, the
“Grafter” and “Rummy” placed the
“gold bar” (as the asBayer had called
it), in the bag. They returned to the
farmer’s home in high spirits, and again
buried the gold bar in the wheat bin.
In the estimation of the grafter, the
most feasible way to dispose of it was. for
one of them to go alone to some large
city and have the bar made into several1
ferent dealers. He even hinted that he
would be willing to do it.
“Two men together,” he said, “would
be likely to create some suspicion, as of
fering the gold for sale is different
from calling upon an assayer for infor
This suggestion was Intended to make
the farmer suspect that his partner was
working a scheme to beat him out of his
half of the gold.
The following morning a telegraph
messenger came to the farmer’s house
with a telegram for the grafter, which
read: /
"Mother very sick; given up to dl»
Come immediately.
(Signed) "Mary."
Half beside himself, the grafter
showed the telegram to the farmer, and
"See here, I haven’t the money to buy
your half of the gold bar, and I haven't
time to wait to have It melted and di
vided, so I’ll tell you what I’Tl do. If
you will give me $7,500 you can have my
Naturally the farmer hesitated, if for
no other reason than to get a better
deal; whereupon the grafter showed
him that by accepting his offer he would
be getting $500 the best of the bargain.
"Well,” the farmer said, “if I can raise
$2,000 more than I have on hand, I’ll
give you $7,000 cash for your share.”
“All right,” agreed the grafter.
“Take me to town and settle with me
and I’ll start for Massachusetts on the
first train for the east.”
The cash was, of course, forthcoming,
and would have been had the farmer
been obliged to mortgage his farm.
“Now, Charlie,” said I, “suppose I
should step into another room and call
the chief of police, and turn you over to
him, what would be the outcome?”
“Well,” said he, “I haven't given you
the name of anyone we have buncoed,
and as none of the ‘rummies’ have
kicked or made any kind of a squeal,
what could they do to me? I’d simply
say that I had lied to you, and that would
end it.”
During the grafter's stay with the
farmer, the Indian had come every night
with letters, which he had left at a given
place under the porch, and taken from
the same place letters from the "High
Mark” to different members of the gang,
thus keeping them in perfect touch
from first to last.
I asked Charlie what average of fail
ures they had in such a wonderfully
strong play and learned that something
would turn up to spoil about one in
every five or six jobs.
When asked if he had lost all feel
ing of conscience, he declared that he
was as sympathetic as anybody, except
when it came to selling a gold brick.
When dealing with a rich man, and one
w’ho was as avaricious as himself, he
had no feeling whatever, and, aside from
the satisfaction of' making a bunch of
money, he wras glad to see the greedy
old wolf get buncoed.
A small piece had been taken out of
the brass or copper brick, and a suffi
ciently large piece of gold inserted, upon
which to enable the supposed assayer
to place his acid. With the exception
of this small piece of pure gold, the
whole brick was nothing more nor less
than brass or copper.
It will be remembered that the Indian,
instead of burying the metal in the tim
bered lot, "planted” it on the opposite
side of the fence, on land owned by some
one other than the farmer. This gave
the farmer no chance to claim the whole
chunk of gold, on the ground that it
was found upon his property.
There are several interesting bulls In
the following serious paragraph from
the Western News, of Galway, Ireland,
of July 15: ‘‘To rob a man of his purse,
and thgn maltreat him for not having
it, would pass muster amongst pitiless
brutal crimes, but to kill and slay a
man to the point of death and then
murder him for not dying quick enough
is one point better in the catalogue of
human infamy. It is enough to make
Irishmen set their teeth and talk
silently in groups."
Power to Enjoy.
You may think, in looking out upon
the world, that the great difference be
tween people is that some have many
things to enjoy and others very few;
when you know them better you will
find that a great difference is that
some have great power to enjoy and
others very little.—Rhondda Williams.
Lord Minto as Jockey.
When Lord Minto, who is to sivweed
Lord Curzon as viceroy of India, took
his degree at Cambridge, his student’s
gown covered a jockey’s outfit. At the
conclusion of the ceremony he mounted
a kotde. galloped ten miles, and reached
his destination just in time to win the
University steeplechase.
Animals in Shows.
No fewer than 8,927 convictions were
obtained last year by the British Royal
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals. The annual report calls atten
tion to the employment of the lower ani
mals in theaters and circusses, ‘‘often
with more or less cruelty.”
Cur Age.
Every dog has his day, and area a
car may possess courage.
f f" " "por -
Greater Mississippi
Devoted to the Industrial, Commercial and
Agricultural Development of the State’s In*
comparable Resources > Items of Interest
Picked Up Here and There «* A +
By H. E. BLAKESLEE, Jackson.
' ' ~~ J
The editor of this department has re
vived so many letters recently concern
ing the proposed Mississippi Life As
sociation that it is an impossibility to
answer all of them and give the infor
mation asked for. A gratifying in
terest is being shown all over the
State. Numbers of letters expressing
» desire to take stock have been received
and applications for insurance are com
ing in bunches of ten to fifty.
The writer has no fixed plan to pro
pose for organizing the company, more
than that it shall be upon lines recog
nized as just and equitable. A number
of the most prominent and reliable in
surance men in the State are enlisted
in the work and will envolve the plan.
All that we desire is to organize a
company owned and managed by Mis
sissippians, which will be under the di
rect supervision of the State Insurance
Department, paying no enormous sal
aries and returning to policy holders
every cent that the premiums paid
earn. That's all.
Almost all of the present State of
ficials favor the movement and have
signed applications for policies. Gov
ernor Vardaman has signed an appli
cation and in refusing to longer pay on
a policy in one of the old companies,
gave expression to the following.
“I think also that the State should
take a hand in helping the organization
of such companies,” refering to home
concerns. “Life insurance is solely for
the protection of widows and orphans,
and a State could not do better than as
sist in the organization and supervision
of companies for perfecting this pro
tection, cheapening the rate of in
surance and enabling those who would
be otherwise destitute, to educate their
children to the highest types of man
hood and womanhood.
“I think that every Southern man
ought to cease patronizing these mon
ster insurance trusts that are fattening
every day off the millions drained out
of the South, and are using the very
money we contribute in strengthingthe
clutch which they hold on the Republi
can party and in maintaining the com
mercial supremacy of the East, which
is pauperizing the laboring classes of
the country. This money that we
Southern men pay in life insurance
premiums finds its way into Republican
campaign purses, and finds its way into
the gigantic financial swindles, con
cocted in Wall Street, for manipulating
mnnlrAtn f li iltnnl rl nn/i nnnlilh 1 n ir
the operators at the expense of the
laboring man. Every man who holds a
poliey of insurance in these concerns
is practically contributing money to a
fund which is used largely for pauper
izing the South.”
This statement from the Governor
covers the situation pretty fully. Con
tinued investigation is unearthing fraud
and misappropriation of funds every
day. The Mutual is now on the grid
iron and is showing up equally as bad
as the Equitable and the New York
Life. One family of grafters have re
ceived more than $4,000,000 from the
concern on premiums and renewals.
A number of State Insurance Commis
sioners are arranging to begin a cam
paign in the interest of the policy hold
ers in their respective States. It is
Eredicted that the agitation at present
eing waged will be the entering wedge
that will eventually overthrow the
whole fabric of insurance and finance.
Whether this prediction comes true or
not, it is to the interest of our people to
arrange so that they will not have to
pay tribute to this gang any longer.
A life insurance company organized on
business principles and managed by
honest men can and will pay in Missis
sippi as well as in Kew York. If we
suspicion that any man connected with
it is not doing just as he should, inves
tigate him and throw him out if it is
found that he is not doing his duty.
It will be here in our own State where
we can and will control it. This we
can’t do with the companies at pres
ent doing business here.
We want 2,000 applications for
policies by those who favor the move
ment by January 1. If you are inter
ested, write for blanks and have your
friends sign them and return to the
editor of this department. It is a sub
ject that should interest all loyal citi
zens who desire to see their State pros
per in the future by cutting loose from
the corrupt influences of Eastern noney
• * •
After so many years Mississippi has
a first-class battleship to bear her name.
The vessel was recently launched at
Philadelphia, Senator Money repre
senting the governor, who could not be
present on account of a press of other
duties. The State should do the proper
and usual thing by presenting the ship
with a silver service that will be a
credit to the commonwealth it repre
• • •
Memphis proposes a Tri-State Fair
to be held each year in that city. While
the project might be a very good one if
properly carried out, it will be well to
go slow and investigate fully before go
ing heartily into the scheme. Mem
phis is a centrally located point for such
an exhibition, and the proposition
might be made a success.
• * •
The survey for a branch of the Illi
nois Central to run from Corinth to
Jasper, Ala., has been about completed,
and the people along the proposed route
are hopeful that work will be com
menced shortly. The line will tap a
section of country in Mississippi that
has been without rail transportation.
Itawamba county is one of the two coun
ties in the State at present without a
railroad, and this line will take it out
of that column. Leake, the other, is
promised a road which is to run up
Pearl river from Jackson, and will be
built early next year. So it looks as if
there would be no county without a
road in less than eighteen months.
* * •
Mississippi needs men who are will
ing to work and assist in developing
the wonderful resources of the State
• • •
There seems to be a healthy business
revival at Leland in spite of the strict
quarantine. Cotton is being received,
realizing a large volume of money.
The oil mill is running night and day.
The lumber mills have orders ahead to
run three months and are running over
.time to keep up with the trade. The
merchants have a cheerful look upon
their faces, showing they are sharing
their part in the work. There also has
bden a building boom.
Gov. Vardaman gives out the fol
“To the People of Mississippi—It is
customary for a State after which a
battleship is named to present that ship
with a silver service. That custom I
am very desirous that Mississippi shall
honor, and I prefer that the money to
Eurchase the silver service be raised
y popular subscription. I therefore
call uprn all patriotic Mississippians to
contribute as much as they are able for
the purchase of the service. It will
cost betweed $5,000 and $10,000, the
handsomer the better. The members
of the Governor’s staff, commanding
officers of the different military organi
zations and presidents of the chapters
of the United Daughters of the Con
federacy are especially appointed agents
to take up this collection and report to
me. The amounts as received shall ap
pear from time to time in the public
“James K. Vardaman,
* • •
Frost came to a large portion of the
State last week and now mosquito quar
antines are being loosened and will in a
few days be a thing of the past.
We have been promised that this will
be the last visitation of “yellow jack,”
and even if not, the Marine Hospital
people have proven that they can han
dle the disease, and that it is no more
fatal than smallpox and dozens of oth
ers that are noticed at present. Forget
the quarantines and pull harder and
stronger for a “Greater Mississippi.”
* * •
The Journal at McComb C’ity issued
a handsome Fair number last week
calling attention to the event being
held there this week. It gave a great
deal of pertinent information concern
ing the fair and was largely distributed
throughout Pike and adjoining counties.
The good people of Pike and McComb
deserve especial credit for pushing
their fair to a successful termination
despite the hindering influences that
have been abroad this fall. Just such
nerve as displayed by them will make
Mississippi the greatest state in the
* * *
Many towns in Mississippi are agitat
ing the question of planting shade
trees that the coming generation could
enjoy the cooling shade afforded by
their branches. It is a commendable
work indeed.
• * *
There is still a premium on honesty
and integrity in.the great old State of
Mississippi.* While others may have
gone in a mad chase for pelf, it is grat
ifying to note that our citizens still de
mand the best men for public places.
May it ever be thus.
* * •
A warning is issued against a widely
advertised plant called lantana. The
dealers advertise it as a plant with
beautiful foliage and flowers. It is
said to be one of the worst land-destroy
ing and pernicious plants in existence.
It spreads with alarming rapidity,
and in Hawai, its home, there are
thousands of acres of rich land which
it became necessary to abandon on ac
count of latana. Better be careful in
springing such a plant into the country.
Jackson has landed several new fac
tories during the mosquito quarantine
period. A coffin and casket factory
and clothing manufacturing concern are
among the number. The Capital City
is hustling.
* * •
Newton is to have at an early date a
large city hall or auditorium. The con
tract has been let and the building will
be completed in the next few months.
Newton is all right, with a big R.
* * *
Manager McKay of the Mississippi
Industrial Exposition announces Col.
Hobson of Merrimae fame as one of the
attractions for the big fair. The exact
date has not been fixed.
* * *
A citizen of Forest reports that one
Mr. Harvey, a fahiier whose home is
i six or seven*miles from that place, has
struck oil in a well he was digging.
When at a depth of nearly 100 feet he
struck earth that was so strongly im
pregnated with oil that he stopped dig
ging for water and is now investigating
the extent of the oil supply. A sample
of the earth has been sent to a chemist
for analysis, and it is among the possi
bilities that another oil company will
soon be organized in the State.
• * *
The governor has received the first
contribution to the silver service fund
for the battleship Mississippi. Cohn
& Bros., a prosperous mercantile firm
of Brookhaven, inclosing their check
for $25. They go on record as the very
first subscribers to the fund. It is
hoped to make this fund go to the $10,
000 mark, says Gov. Vardaman, and he
believes there are sufficient patriotic
Mississippians of means who will make
liberal donations to the cause. It will
be a year or more before the service
can be presented, but it will take time
to get the money in hand and purchase
the service, so that the subscriptions
should be made during the present win
ter if possible.
* * *
Tippah and Benton counties, two of
the poor hill counties, (so called), have
recently decided to spend $4,000 each
on their school houses. They may be
termed “poor counties” at present, but
with such progressive movements as
this being recorded in their favor, it
will not be long until they will be rich
in something that fire cannot destroy
and moths and rust corruptr Union
county, adjoining those mentioned, is
also doing a great deal of improvement
on the school houses, and Superintend
ent W. T. Smith is laboring hard to
make his the model for the whole
State. There is a great future in store
for these communities.
• • •
The Mississippi Central Railroad
sends its annual report to the Railroad
Commission showing earnings for the
year as $361,144.36, and the expenses
were $174,349.36. The capital stock of
the road was increased from $50,000 to
$1,500,000, and it is stated that the
United States Construction Company is
now building an extension from its
western terminal at Silver'Creek to
Brookhaven, a distance of thirty miles.
This road runs through one of the
finest pine and timber regions in the
State, and is bound to become an im
portant line in course of time.
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State Audit4>r Henry has sent the
treasurers of each of the seventy-five
counties vouchers for the amount due
the respective counties on the Confed
erate pension fund. There was a total
increase of 339 pensioners as compared
with the list of last year, divided in
classes as follows:
No. 1, or $125 class, for 1905 . 94
No. 1, or $125 class, for 1904....... 91
Increase. 3
No. 2, or $75 class, for 1905. 260
No. 2, or $75 class, for 1904 . 206
Increase. 54
No. 3, negro servant class, for 1905 392
No. 3, negro servant class, for 1904 252
Increase... 40
Pro rate pensioners, veterans and ~ -
widows, for 1905 . 6,864
Pro rate pensioners, veterans and
widows, for 1904. 6,622
I Increase.. 242
The pro rate pensioners get 930.10
each. Last year they received $32.20.
The total amount distributed was
$249,655.60. _
The crop bulletin for the past week
follows: Over much of the State cotton
suffered some deterioration as a result
of wet weather and injury from worms,
especially in the western counties,
where worms have wrought much in
jury to young cott4m by stripping it of
foliage and destroying young bolls. In
the southwestern counties recent heavy
rains have caused much cotton to sprout
in the bolls; rotting is also reported
from several localities. Upland cotton
is nearly all open, but lowland cotton
continues to open slowly. Picking was
generally hindered by damp weather,
but is well advanced south and east.
The yield outlook appears to grow
lighter as picking advances.
The housing of corn continues with
poor to fair yields. Sugar cane is very
promising. Both sweet and Irish pota
toes are generally yielding finely. Tur
nips and fall gardens are doing well.
Pasturage continues good.
Thomas McCraine, a prominent citi
zen of Franklin county, was shot and
killed by Alec McCraine, a negro, who
later met death while trying to elude
Will Jackson, a quarantine guard, sev
eral miles away. The quarantine guard
did not know that the negro had killed
Mr. McCraine. He arrested him for
violating the health board regulations,
McCraine stating that he had come
from Mobile, Ala. Jackson was escort
ing his prisoner to the quarantine sta
tion when the latter, making a gun
play, was shot and killed by the guard.
The assessment of real and personal
property of the city of Meridian for
the current fiscal year aggregates $7,
743,847, an increase over last year of
$669,811. The activity of the real es
tate market in that city is evidenced by
cash transfers recorded for the past
week, which foot up $169,158.69, the
largest single amount paid being $16,
000. Values have advanced rapidly
during the past two years, and are aug
menting now more rapidly than ever.
Superintendent Whitfield has sent
out the following:
“To the County Superintendent—In
view of the fact that the examinations
have been interfered with in many
counties of the State by the quarantine
to so great an extent that many teach
ers have not had the opportunity to
stand their examinations, the State
Board, of Education has appointed Nov.
3 and 4 as another general examination
day for white teachers in the State, and
the 10th and 11th for negro teachers,
for all counties that desire it.”
H. F. Simrall. State manager of the
Woodmen of the World, states that
during the first nine months of the
present year 3,494 certificates of mem
bership were issued in this State. This
brings the membership up to 18.563 on
Oct. 1, and with $27,000,000 of insur
ance in force. Forty-nine new camps
have been organized in the State dur
ing the year, so far, and it is predicted .
that bv’Jan. 1 the membership will
reach 20,000. _
Sid Higgins, a prominent citizen of
Carroll county, and a resident of Hem
ingway, accidentally got his arm caught
in a gin, and before assistance could ar
rive his arm was so badly mangled that
amputation was necessary. The shock
was so great that Mr. Huggins died un
der the operation. He .leaves a wife
and seven children.
Secretary Maxwell of the Railroad
Commission has just completed his cal
culation of the railroad mileage in the
State of Mississippi. He gives the
mileage in the State as 3,440.41, against
3,142.20 on the last estimate, which was
in 1902. _
The New Albany Clothing Manufac
turing Company has increased its capi
tal stock from $50,000 to $100,000 owing
to the increase of business.
A number of citizens of Ocean Springs
have organized a Law and Order
League. The law-abiding citizens aro
aroused and determined to stamp out
hoodlumism in Orean Springs for good
and all. _
Judge Dunn will hold a special term
of circuit court in Choctaw county in
November, beginning at Chester on the
1st day of November, and at Ackerman
on the first Monday in November.
The A. and M. College will not open
until Nov. 1 and students will not bo
allowed on the campus until two days
prior to the opening. —
The Secretary of State has received
a copy of the new code—a dummy copy
sent by the printers. It is an immense
volume, containing more than 1,100
pages. This code is yet to be submit
ted to the legislature, and it is pre
sumed that it will be cut down some
what, but the fact remains that it is
going to be the largest as well as one of
the best the State has ever had printed.
Two thousand persons attended the
camp meeting at Shiloh, in Rankin
county, last Sunday. The Rankinites
were there for forty miles around, and
every one of them brought great bas
kets and boxes of as good things to
eat as were evor gotten together.
The continued C. O. D. shipments of
whisky from non-residents of the State
has thoroughly aroused the people of
Lexington, and one day last week at
tachments were sued out against these
concerns for several hundred dollars.
The express company having refused
to discontinue receiving C. O. D. whis- #
ky for Crystal Springs, Justice of the
Peace Slay issued a warrant directing
the seizure of all C. O. D. whisky in
the hands of the express company. The
officer took possession of about 150
packages, which have been stored in a
warehouse. The writ was made re
turnable Jan. 1

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