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The Tupelo journal. (Tupelo, Miss.) 1876-1924, January 04, 1907, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065632/1907-01-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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There was a lively scrimmage in Con
gress just before the holidays over the
proposition to make a specific appro
priation to extend the market for our
cotton and goods manufactured from It
in foreign fields. The resolution passed
by (he Southern States Commissioners of
Agriculture at Jacksonville was read and
made a part of the record and the dis
cussion centered upon the cotton portion
of the bill under consideration. The op
position was led by Mr. Sullivan, of Mas
sachusetts, who defeated it with amend
ments including specific aprpopriations
for boots, siioes, onions, cabbage and
miscellaneous articles. Mr. Livingston,
of Georgia, w-as in the forefront of the
champions of cotton, and was given able
backing by Messrs. Livingston, of Geor
gia; Thomas, of North Carolina; llieh
ardson, of Alabama, and others. The
vote in the house was very close, 86 to
77, and it is still hoped that the appro
priation may be replaced when the meas
ure reaches the Senate and be concurred
in bv the House. Letters from Wash
ington hold out hope for this. In the
meantime it would be well for all inter
ested in this measure, and every man
who is interested in cotton should be, to
write the Congressman from your dis
trict and the Senators urging upon them
unusual effort to have this measure
made a law. More than 65 per cent, of
our raw cotton is exported and $100,
000.000 in foreign gold received for it in
return. It is larger than the combined
exports of all other agricultural prod
uct# in the United States. It is the ex
port that throws the balance on the
right side of the export ledger and makes
ours a creditor nation and absolutely
safeguards the financial institutions of
the country against monetary punks.
Every man in the nation should be inter
ested in the extension of the field for its
use, and when the Congressmen from
there seems to he every reason why they
should readily aid our own Congressman
to secure the recognition at the hands of
our government that it so richly de
• • •
W. M. Bamherg, special agent of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture, recently stated that the boll weevil
was sure to cross the Mississippi river
during the coming year into the cotton
fields of Mississippi, and that it was
time that our people were beginning to
arrange for its reception. lie said:
“With these facts before us, it be
hooves our cotton growers to adopt a
. method of planting and cultivating cot- |
ton which provides conditions unfavor
able to the cotton weevil, for this is the
only means by whtoh that insect can be
combatted. It cannot be poisoned or
stamped out. This has been demon
strated. Planting early maturing seed,
and at the proper distances in the drill
and between rows, and cultivating shal
low and frequently, is the only means
of making a crop when the weevil
reaches us. It will not do to await the
invasion of the weevil before commenc
ing this work. It should be commenced
at once, for by so doing, the advent of
the cotton weevil will not bo followed
by devastated fields, the abolition of
credit and its consequent paralyzation
of business.”
* * *
Some uneasiness has been caused cot
ton planters about the propositon of ,
English spinners to purchase large tracts !
of land in the South for the purpose of j
raising cotton for their mills. The \
writer believes that our people should j
have no fears from such an attempt. It I
is hardly probable that any great sue- i
cess will attend such an effort, and even
if it does succeed it will be under the su
pervision of an experienced cotton grow
er and worked with the regular cotton
labor. It is much more likely that these
gentlemen will be brought to the belief
that it will be better to remove their
mills to the South, which is the logical j
place for the manufacture of cotton. I
rrsi . _ _;_1 Ihs. I
mills and would be more successful in
running them than our home people, who
have not had the training necessary to
make it successful in the face of such
keen competition. We welcome the Eng
lish capitalist in either capacity of grow
er or manufacturer.
* * *
Fancy poultry raising is a growing in- j
dustry in our State. Those engaged fn j
the business are finding it profitable and
others are encouraged to go and do like
wise. The show annually held at Aber
deen has proven a great stimulus to fan
ciers and it grows in extent and patron
age from year to year. There is money
in it for those who know how to get it
out, and this number is increasing very
* * *
Greenwood has granted a franchise to
home people for the construction of an
electric street railway. An expert en- |
gineer has gone over the ground and |
made an estimate of the cost. The citi
zens of that delta city are very enthu
siastic and it would not at all l>e sur
prising to see a railway in operation be
fore manv more moons.
• • •
The ruling prices for eggs and chick
ens should prove an incentive for num
bers to go into the poultry business for
a livelihood. There is no doubt but that
a few hens are a most profitable invest
ment for every family, but those who
profess to know say that one hundred
dozen hens cannot be handled as profit
ably as one dozen. Some actual expe
riences along this line would make inter
esting reading for this department. It
would prove a pleasure to give such gen
eral publicity. Let’s hear from some of
those who have made a success of the
poultry business.
Incalculable damage has been done our
State by the wild reports that are great
ly exaggerated and almost without
foundation concerning the trouble in
Kemper county between the whites and
blacks. One of the metropolitan papers
even went so far as to print an account
of a riot in that vicinity which occurred
ten or twelve years ago under a present
date line. Such as this does the South
more harm in a day than all of our good
people can correct in years. Strange
that our own papers will allow such to
appear in their columns.
The tendency toward smaller farms
and those well tilled is growing in our
State, and it is suggested that in this
way will the labor problem finally be
solved. Reports on the number und size
of farms for the past forty years bear
this out. It is generally conceded that"
in a number of years the land in Missis
sippi will bo largely owned by those
who till it themselves, and this is a
happy state of affairs if the owners are
good people who will make substantial
citizens and support our state institu
tions and obey the law. The great delta
would undergo the most revolutionary
change, being owned in larger bodies than
any section of the State, with the pos
sible exception of a few holders of pine
timber lands in the south end of the
State. Editor Chapman of the India -
nola Enterprise sees in this coming
change of conditions a more satisfactory
state of affairs, and expresses this view
in a strong editorial. As stated before,
the only danger lies in getting a class
of people who are not willing to conform
to our laws and customs, it is a mat
ter about which there can be no differ
ence of opinion that a State of small
holders is preferable to one of large
holdings, and at the present rate of
progress Mississippi bids fair to be just
that kind of a State. It will be a radi
cal change from ante-bellum conditions,
but one that is very likely to be for the
best of all concerned.
* # *
Insurance Commissioner Folk of Ten
nessee, aided by the commissioners of
Alabama, Arkansas and other States, is
making a hard fight against the old life
insurance companies for tlu* illegal use
of money that rightfully belongs to
policy holders for the purpose of secur
ing proxies to use in the election of
officers that are to their liking and will
continue in the old ways of doing
things. The commissioners of a num
ber of our Southern States have been
very active in efforts to protect the in
terests of their policy holders and are
deserving of commendation. It was hoped
that the revelations and investigations
of the past few years would purify the
atmosphere around the old companies,
but apparently it is still as foul as
ever. This is a subject that should
deeply interest thousands of Mississip
piatis who are paying millions annually
to these companies as premiums on poli
cies. Past exposures demand that there
be a cleaning out of those in charge of
these institutions, but it looks as if this
would be impossible. Proxies have been
secured to such an extent that it is be
lieved that the administration ticket put
out by these already in charge will be
elected. In that event, our people may
expect a repetition of the disgraceful and
dishonest methods employed in the past.
* «• *
The establishment of an agricultural
school in every Congressional district of
the State would be an excellent move.
Labor conditions demand a change in
the method of handling our farms and
to insure intelligent farming we must
have schools where it is taught handy
to all. By such a method the drudgery
and unpleasant features of farm life can
be eliminated and the farm made more
inviting. Then our young men will not
be so eager to leave the farm for the
professions and homes in the cities and
towns. This is a subject worthy of
thought bv all our people and is one that
will be thought about a great deal in
the future.
• * *
In boring for water at Yazoo City a
vein of soft coal IS feet in thickness
was encountered at a depth of 85 feet
The coal will be given a thorough test
and if found of value arrangements fof
mining it will be promptly made. A
supply of coal would be of inestimable
worth to that town, affording cheap fuel
for manufacturing plants, a matter of
great importance in the industrial (level
opment of our Mississippi cities. Let us
hope that it will prove of sufficieijt age
to supplv the demand for factory fuel.
* * #
The Ripley Sentinel lifts the proverb
ial rag in the line of sweet potatoes.
Editor Anderson received five from one
hill that weighed twenty pounds, only
requiring three hills to weigh a bushel.
Estimating the possible yield from an
acre of potatoes like this it would be
thus: Allowing one hill for three feet
each way there would be 4,900 hills to
the acre* and counting three hills to the
bushel the yield would, of course, be 1,
633 bushels. The cake, belt, etc., is
yours, Bro. Anderson.
Mississippi is honored by having one of
her native sons as president of the
Southern railway, one of the greatest
systems in the Union. W. W. Finley
first began his railroad work on the
road, running from New Orleans to .lack
son, now a part of the Illinois Central
system. He began in 1875 and has
steadily ascended the ladder to one of
the most important positions in the
whole country.
* # * _
Centerville has sold bonds for the
erection of an up-to-date public school
building, and it will be in readiness for
the opening next fall. Considerable
money will also be expended in improv
ing tlie streets and sidewalks. Center
ville is progressing along all lines and
is one of the liveliest little cities in the
• * *
Yazoo City is spending $25,000 in the
construction of a city hall, an adminis
tration building for the city officials.
This will be quite an addition to the
number of handsome structures in the.
new Yazoo that has sprung up since the
great tire of two years since.
* * #
Cotton remains a fair price, despite
the manipulation of speculators that en
deavored to hammer the price on the
report made by the government Census
Bureau. The world needs more than
twelve and a half million bales, and not
a pound should lie sold for less than 10
# * *
The improvement in stock is a good
omen for the future of Mississippi. Re
cert ly a number of gentlemen at Crystal
Springs pooled and paid $3,000 for an
imported Oldenburg German coach stall
ion and will use him in the betterment
of the stock in that section. This is a
long step forward, and a most com
mendable one. Our great State is bound
to show progress in the development of
stock and stock raising. Local condi
tions are as favorable as anywhere in
the United States, and it should be made
the ’‘Bluegrass” region of the South.
Netting and How You Can Make It
! 1

/••>•»*> _
Netting is an art easily acquired,
and is a pleasant pastime for both
sexes, the greatest difficulty being to
tear oneself away from the fascination
of the work once the stitch has been
learned. There is just enough move
ment to prevent your feeling wholly
idle, leaving the thoughts to wandeT
over the coming summer season when
your hammock or tennis net will be
put out. Besides, it lends an addi
tional charm to those sought-after ob
jects, to know that they are the weav
ing of your own hand, says the Mon
treal Herald. It may be too early to
start making summer articles, but
there are still things such as fishing
nets, chair seats, and the like, which
may be made for immediate use.
To those who are desirous of start
ing, the first thing to be done is to ob
tain the netting instruments. These
latter consist of a needle (Fig. 1) and
a mesh stick. The needle should be
from seven to ten Inches long and one
inch wide, while the size of the mesh
stick must be regulated by the fact
that the mesh stick will make a mesh
twice its own size, thus a stick half an
inch square will make a one-inch
mesh and so on in proportion.
Any youth at all handy will be able
to make these instruments for himself,
and then the material having been
procured, work may be begun at
once. To wind the cord on your needle
put it over the point In the eye on one
side, then down under the curve, and
up around the point on the other side
again. Fill it just enough to keep
from slipping off. Tie the end of the
cord to a hook screwed in the wall or
to anything convenient, make a loop
two or three inches from the end,
and you are ready to begin the
sftitch (Fig. 2).
The stitch consists of two move
ments, the first to throw the cord
around the mesh stick, and putting
the needle through the loop you tied,
the second to throw the cord to the
left, so forming a loop, after running
the needle under the mesh in the same
direction. (Fig. 3.) When you have
made it as wide as you wish, put a
string through all the holes and fas
ten it to a hook. In the other rows
you can keep the loops on the stick
all the way across. For fastening, tie
a knot like one shown in figure four.
Freshman at Tufts Who Is Only
Eleven Years Old.
There entered Tufts college recently
as a freshman a lad who holds the
record as the youngest collegian in the
country. He is Norbert Wiener, 11
years old, of No. 11 Bellevue street,
Medford Hillside, and the son of Prof.
Leo Wiener, of Harvard, and he will
be graduated, if all goes well, three
years before the average youngster
begins to think of entering college, or,
In fact, is through high school. He
Norbert Wiener, Youngest College
Freshman in United States.
knew his alphabet when he was 18
months old, and began to read when
three years old. When he wras eight
he was reading Darwin, Huxley, Ribot
and Haeckfel, along with the works of
other scientists and philosophers. His
father is assistant professor of Slavon
ic languages at Harvard, and young
Norbert is himself well versed in the
languages taught by his sire at that
Although far advanced in his mental
development, says the New York Tri
bune, young Wiener is in every other
way a normal, healthy boy, fond of
outdoor sports, especially swimming
and baseball.
The lad was born on November 26,
1&94, at Columbia, Mo., where his fa
ther was then connected with the Mis
souri State university, but most of his
life has been spent in Cambridge. He
had only three years and a half of
schooling—half a year in the kinder
garten, one year in the elementary
grades and two years in the high
school. He passed all his entrance ex
aminations at Tufts last June, includ
ing those in trigonometry, botany and
physiology. In college he will make
philosophy his major study, and dur
ing his freshman year he will also
take up history ana amerenuai ana
integral calculus.
The father says he would rather
have a boy who is not so brilliant, as
it would be easier to plan for him, but
he adds: “What can I do? He knows
enough to enter college. He is well
and strong. He doesn’t study too
much; he is even lazy at times. What
can I do but just let him go?” Hi3
father has been at Harvard for 11
years, and is a native of Russia, edu
cated at Warsaw, Minsk and Berlin.
He has lived in this country for 25
years. His mother is an American from
the west.
Irreverent Scientist.
Prof. Huxley had a funny way of
rememberi'ng certain anatomatical de
tails of the human heart. On the left
side of the heart there is a valve with
two flaps resembling a bishop’s miter,
and known as the mitral valve. The
corresponding valve on the right side
has three valves. The only means by
which he could remember their re
spective positions, said Huxley, with
his skeptic’s humor, was by the re
flection that a bishop could never be
in the right.
Unlucky Soldier.
Gen. Sir Ian Hamilton, who may
succeed Lord Kitchener as command
er-in-chief in India, has been wound
ed in almost every action in which he
has been.
An Indian Legend That Is Still Be
lieved by Many Tribes.
An Indian story that has been hand
ed down, and is still believed by many
Indian tribes, is one about the trans
formation of leaves into birds. Long
years ago, when the world was young,
the Great Spirit went about the earth
making it beautiful. Wherever his
feet touched the ground lovely trees
and flowers sprang up. All summer
the trees wore their short green
dresses. The leaves were very happy,
and they sang their sweet songs to the
breeze as it passed them. One day the
wind told them the time would soon
come when they would have to fall
from the trees and die. This made the
leaves feel very sad, but they tried to
be bright and do the best they could
so as not to make the mother trees
unhappy. But at last the time came,
and they let go of the twigs and
branches and fluttered to the ground.
They lay prefectly quiet, not able to
move except as the wind would lift
them. v
The Great Spirit saw them and
thought they were so lovely that he
did not want to see them die, but live
and be beautiful forever, so he gave
to each bright leaf a pair of wings
and power to fly. Then he called them
his “birds.” From the red and brown
leaves of the oak came the robins, and
yellow birds from the yellow willow
leaves, and from bright maple leaves
he made the red birds. This is why
the birds love the trees and always
go to them to build their nests, and
look for food and shade.
“You naughty child, what did yon
beat the cat like that for?”
“Mummy, I saw her • spit on her
hand and then rub it on her face!”
Neither Shakespeare Nor Bacon.
A new Daniel has come to judgment
on the Shakespeare-Bacon controversy
and airily declares that neither one
nor the other wrote the Shakespeare
plays. Dr. Karl Bleibtreau, a noted
German authority on literature and
history, is the one who puts forward
this view, coupling It with the claim
that the man who did write the plays
was Roger, earl of Rutland, who was
born October 6, 1576, and who was a
son-in-law of Sir Philip Sydney. Dr.
Bleibtreau has devoted much research
to English history, but he hardly lives
up to his name, which is translatable
“remain true,” for he has previously
written a book controverting the Ba
conian claims and declaring Shake
speare the real author—a view which
he now repudiates.
Short Stature Hurts Kaiser.
Kaiser Wilhelm doubtless gave sin
cere welcome to the king and queen
of Denmark when they visited him
a few days ago, but there is equally
little doubt that he felt some annoy
ance over the fact that he had to look
up when speaking to her Danish
majesty, for the queen overtops him
by several inches. She is the tallest
queen in Europe, standing fully six
feet. The German emperor is shorter
than his own wife, but that doesn’t
matter, for he always has her sit
down or stand behind him a trifle
when they are in publiq together.
Necessary to Retain Beauty
- *
Complete Rest Is a Requisite If One
Would Have Bright Eyes, Clear
Skin, and a Cheerful Mind
—How to Procure It.
A woman who leads an active life,
yet gets very little sleep, cannot hope
to retain her beauty or health for
any length of time. A complete rest

Hot Milk as a Night Cap.
for from seven to eight hours night
ly must be cultivated until it becomes
a fixed habit. Have a regular hour
for rising and retiring and do not
deviate from it unless forced to.
Bright eyes, clear skin, cheerful
mind, muscular tone and nervous en
ergy are among the good conditions
promoted by sleep of the right kind,
while broken and insufficient sleep
will tend to produce the very oppo
site states. If a woman would have
the roseate beauty of the dairymaid
it is quite necessary to obtain the
same health conditions enjoyed by
the dairymaid. So, if the sleep is
broken or insufficient, a certain
amount of muscular work should be
gone thrc ugh w ith each night before
retiring. Tax endurance, says a well
known nerve specialist, but do not
tax strength.
The very latest cure for sleepless
ness was thought out by a celebrated
French doctor, who came to the con
clusion that most insomnia was due
to over-fatigue or over-excitement of
the nerves. To counteract this the
doctor believes in a series of mus
cular exercises warranted to relax the
tension of the nerves and bring about
that delightfully drowsy sensation—
the forerunner of refreshing sleep.
Annie Payson Call says there are
five tilings to remember if you want
to rest an overtired brain. “1. A
healthy indiffeience to wakefulness.
2. Concentration of mind on simple
things. 3. Relaxation of the body.
4. Gentle rhythmic breathing of fresh
air. 5. Regular nourishment.”
In New Shapes and Designs
Some Pin Cushions Are Peculiarly At
tractive—Pretty Laundry Bag.
Pin cushions of all shapes and de
signs always make acceptable pres
ents,, and those patterned like apples,
peaches, plums, carrots and various
other garden vegetables in natural
colors are particularly attractive, for
they are so different from the stereo
typed forms of hearts, squares, ovals
and even dolls clad in beruffled frocks
that have been previously used.
These fruit pin cushions in rich red
silk or cut carmine velvet have stems
of twisted silk, a wood color, or a com
position stem with copies of natural
green leaves, that at a distance look
real. Flower-like pin cushions, dupli
cates of roses, apples and peach blos
soms and pond lilies, are also new and
can be easily made by a woman who
has any knack in cutting original pat
Made on the same lines as the laun
dry bag, with the addition of a lid
that closes over the top and keeps out
dust and, incidentally, any view of
soiled handkerchiefs, is a small bag
that, if fashioned of silk, is an adorn
ment to a chiffonier or bureau. With
two ribbon bows holding up the ends,
the bag is really pretty, for over the
top, finished with one oval embroid
ery ring, the shaped lid, covered with
the material, is held in place with rib
bon bows.
Pompadour ribbon continues to be
used for girdles on the handsomest
Among the most fashionable plum
age is that of the owl in natural
Instead of an all-white gown many
Df the lace and chiffon dresses are
made with little boleros of bright col
ored silk or satin.
Both high collar and cravat make
the neck finish that best suits high
vest openings.
Silk and wool waistings come in
very pretty designs. There is one in
tiny corded stripes showing white and
a color just a trifle wider than pin
stripes, and over all this are sprinkled
pompadour flowers.
Another waisting of silk and wool
has clusters of black stripes (very
narrow) on a white ground, with a
tiny green vine and pink buds running
in between each cluster of the black.
While the length of short sleeves
falls about midway the lower arm,
long gloves are still necessary to wear
w'ith them.
Among the darker waistings are
showrn some very pretty invisible
plaids in green or navy blue. These
look well worn with a plain skirt of
the same color as the prevailing hue
in. the waist.
The suspender or “brace” effects are
to continue in fashion throughout the
winter. The so-called “skeleton”
bodice is but a modification of the
How Velvet May Be Restored
One of the Extravagances of the
Present Season.
The lace veil is one of the extrava
gances of this season and when, as
is often the case, the lace is real, the
cost of one is enough to give the or
dinary woman pause. Even the cheap
est laces, if fine enough to be desir
able at all, are by no means cheap;
but the lace veil has caught the fem
inine fancy and floats from the brim
of many a modish hat. White or
cream lace is almost Invariably be
coming and some women look par
ticularly well behind filmy black lace.
Brown lace veils are also popular,
though not universally becoming.
The draping of one of these veils is
an art, and one should experiment pa
tiently before wearing one in public.
As a rule they are worn hanging
straight and loose in front and sides
and draped slightly in back. But there
are great possibilities in the lines of
that back drapery, and it is neces
| sary to study one's head carefully
from all points of view in order suc
cessfully to adjust any kind of a
draped and floating veil.
I _
Veils Match Gowns.
Not only shoes, but veils, must match
the gowns. A woman who is noted for
her exquisite taste in dress has just
had three charming street costumes
made in purple, green and brown, and
for each shoes of the same colored
leather, with tops extending to the
knees. They are as soft as the gloves
that correspond with them, and are
the same shade as the silk net which
complete each toilet. The veils are
figured with tiny open circles and
edged with a narrow plisse of the net.
Each veil is about a yard and a half
long, completely envelopes the hat,
and is so adjusted that one end is
longer than the other, and falls in i
graceful folds over the front of the
That really covers It all.
When Belinda comes home feeling
“too tired to sleep” there is no use
her trying to go to bed at once.
Let her take a warm bath, letting the
cold water run in until the water be
comes cool, then let her slowly go
through the many different points of
the toilet, manicuring and hair brush
ing, for instance, so often done in a
rush. These help relax and quiet
the nerves and can take up an hour’s
time. Last of all a cup of warm milk
with a pinch of salt. Many people,
this applies particularly to men, suf
fer from sleeplessness because they
are not properly nourished. Ex
hausted or irritated and excited
nerves need nourishing. A bite of
light and easily digested food will
not keep one awake—on the con
trary, it is often just what is need
ed to induce sleep.
Sleep will not come to the train
that is worrying or even to the brain
that is busy with the thoughts of
“How shall I make myself fall
asleep?” Here is where our French
doctor comes to the rescue for his
muscular exercises. Take the mind
off the desired outcome and center it
on directing the bodily movements
which the doctor advises, inducing
bodily fatigue by tiring the muscles.
It sounds as if it would take forever,
but it doesn't. Just try it. Stretch
the limbs in different directions. Lie
on your back and pull the hnees up.
Inhale deeply while doing this. While
the breath is retained stiffen and
stretch the muscles, making the body
as tense as possible. Now relax
slowly and thoroughly, beginning with
the muscles of the neck arm, and
back; exhale at the some time. It
is usually the. neck that is so tense
and rigid that very nervous people
/A t
Avoid Exciting Reading.
as if they were holding their heads
on by main force. These stretch
ing exercises will speedily teach
one how to relax one’s hold on
one’s own tense muscles, which is the
very first thing to learn for those
who suffer from insomnia.
4 I
LESSON TEXT.—Genesis 1:1-26; Mem
ory verses. 1-3.
GOLDEN TEXT.—"In the beginning
God created the heavens and the earth."
-Gen. 1:1. ,
GENESIS.—The title of the book means
origin, creation, beginnings. It belongs
to what la known as the Penteteuch, or
five books supposed to have been writ
ten by Moses.
1:1-5; Psalm 19:1-6; Acts, 14:17; Romans,
1:19, 20.
THE CREATION.—The story of crea
tion is told in the simplest and briefest
and most orderly way, as If to write it
Indelibly on the mind and memory of
man; as, indeed. It has. It gives the im
pression of an inscription on a monu
ment. as some one has suggested, like .
the Ten Commandments on the Tables
of Stone. Its poetic form aids the mem
ory. The more science reveals of God's
works, the more poetic do we find the
acts and facts of God.
Comment and Suggestive Thought.
All are agreed that the Scriptures
were not given to teach science, and
do not teach science. They do not
use scientific language, they do not
teach science, but state facts in every
literary form, in the common lan
guage of daily life. Hence, the vary
ing theories of science do not affect
Its truth. A good example is the dif
ference between the plain statement
that the “sun sets,” and the scientific
statement about the sun standing still
and the earth revolving. Most of the
objections made to the accuracy of
the Genesis account arise from the
disregard of this principle, either in
regard to geology or language. Rus
kin well says (Modern Painters,' Vol.
IV., "Firmament”), "With respect to
this whole chapter, we must remem
ber always that it Is intended for
the instruction of all mankind, not
for the learned reader only; and that,
therefore, the most simple and natur
al interpretation is likeliest in general
to be the true one.”
Professor Rice, in his latest re
vision of Dana’s school geology, re
peatedly gives the general order of
development. Plants, rhizopods (the
VU1 UVUb UtilUiUt 111 V / ,
reptiles, birds, mammals, man. A
biologist told me that while plant life
and animal life began at nearly the
same time, yet as plant life was the
sum of fewer qualities thag animal
life, plant life was lower in the scale
than animal life, and before animal
life in the sense that1 animal life di
rectly or indirectly depended on plant
life. Professor Rice calls these periods
“the reign,” or “the era,” “the king
dom,” “the group” of fishes, of rep
tiles, etc.; and adds this note: “These
expressions * * *are not to be under
stood as implying that the several
grbups of animals mentioned were
confined to the era named in connec
tion with them, but only that they
w-ere the most characteristic species
of the era.” That note should be
understoood as belonging to the de
scription of each "day” in the Genesis
record, and the word “day” should be
interpreted as freely, as are “reign”
and “kingdom” without any king, in
the common language of a great geo
“The opening sentence of the Bible
is, perhaps, the most weighty sen-»
fence ever uttered. It is a declara
tion on nearly all the great problems .
now exercising scientists and philoso
phers—God, creation, the whole, eter
nity, cause, time space, infinity, force,
design, intelligence, will, destiny.”—
Austin Bierbower.
The unity of God. There is one
God, and only one. In the earlier
theological treatises, up to a very late
date, one of the first things was to
prove by all known arguments the
unity»of God. In our day science has
settled the question. The unity of
creation proclaims the unity of God.
So far as geology has revealed the
past, so far as the telescope and
spectrum analysis, which have marv
eiousiy wuieneu our Kuuwieuge ui
years, can tell us—all parts of the
universe are constructed on one plan
and of the same materials.
The everlasting God is a personal
God, with all the characteristics
which make our souls personal, and
how many more we know not. He
has will, and wisdom, and affections,
and power. He is “infinite, eternal,
and unchangeable in his being, wis
dom, power, holiness, justice, good
ness, and truth.”
This Creator God is our Creator
and our Father. If we sum up In
one ideal all that has been written
or imagined, or found in all history,
of the best that belongs to earthly
fatherhood, we can get some idea of
what the fatherhood of God means to
The fact that we have a God and
Father brings with it certain duties—
obedience, love, worship, prayer. Com
pare the first four commandments.
It also brings great privileges. Com
munion with such a God, the constant
presence of such an ideal, has a
mighty character-forming power.
There is comfort, hope, strength, life,
all good, in the consciousness that
the Infinite God is our Father, guide,
and friend.
Practical Points.
God’s works are a revelation of him
self, as well as his word. Neither
of them can we fully understand
without the other. We need to make
a study of both.
We learn from God’s works of crea
tion something of his wisdom, power,
goodness, and love. The more we
study them the more we learn to love,
to wonder, and adore. This wise and
good God is our father; we look upon
his works and say, “My father made
them all.” We rest in the love of
the strongest; we trust in the guiding
care of the wisest.

Pope’s Skull.
The skull of Alexander Pope, the
poet and satirist, is in the private col
lection of a phrenologist. During
some alterations in the churchyard
where Pope was buried it was neces
sary to move his coffin, which waa
opened at the time to ascertain the
state of his remains. By bribing the
sexton of the church possession of the
poet’s skull was obtained for the
night, and in the morning a different
skull was returned Instead. The cos’t
of the skull, including the bribe, waa
50 pounds.—The Sunday Magazine,

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