Newspaper Page Text
TAFT AND SHERMAN Λ·'ν«' y.'" fWI—mi'VJHHI.'J'Îd» m PRESIDENT TAFT BY EDWARD Β. CLARK. Washington, Mar. 4.—Standing on the east portico of the capitol, just after noon, William Howard Taft took the oath of office as president of the United States, an immense throng of his fellow citizens witnessing the im pressive ceremony. James School craft Sherman already had been sworn in as vice-president, in the senate chamber, and the people acclaimed the new chief executives of the na tion. Notwithstanding the fact that Mr. Taft has been in civil pursuits all his life, the military display which accom panied his induction into office was greater than that which marked îlie inauguration of the militant rougfe. rider president, Theodore Roosevelt; four years ago. Washington was filled with civilians and soldiers and sailors. From the earliest daylight hour the streets were crowded with people. Pennsylvania avenue, the cen ter of all things in Washington, was packed with the crowds, every man and woman in which sought, by an early arrival, to obtain a place of van tage from which the great procession, which for hours passed through the broad thoroughfare, could be seen. Meet at Executive Mansion. Early in the day the president-elect met the out-going president in the White House. About an hour before noon, the congressional committee of arrangements, consisting of Senators Knox, Lodge and Bacon, and Repre sentatives Burke, Young and Gaines, arrived at the executive mansion and informed the president and the presi dent-elect that congress was in readi ness for the ceremonies of the actual elect were escorted by the congres sional committee into-the senate wing of the capitol through the historic doorway of bronze on the east side of the building. They went directly to the president's room where they re mained until the committee of ar rangements came to them and an nounced that the senate was in readi ness to receive them. Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Taft then walked to the sen ate chamber, taking the seats re served for them !n the first row di rectly in front of the vice-president's desk. Vice-President Fairbanks and Vice President-elect Sherman drove to the capitol together and went directly to the room of the vice-president. In turn they were escorted to the senate chamber as the two chief figures of the occasion had been escorted before them. Mr. Fairbanks went at once to his place as presiding officer of the senate and Mr. Sherman took a seat at the left of Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Taft, just across the center aisle of the chamber. Edward Everett Hale, the veteran chaplain of the senate and one of the most picturesque figures in the Uni ted States, offered prayer. Immedi ately following the prayer, the oath of office was administered to Mr. Sherman by the outgoing vlce-presl dent, Mr. Fairbanks. The new vice president next delivered his inaugu ral address, and then at once, as the first duty of his new office, he admin istered the oath to the newly elected senators of the United States. March to East Portico. As soon as the senators-elect had been sworn into office, a procession Photograph copyright by Clinedlnst, Washington, D. C· BLACK HORSE TROOP OF CLEVELAND, O. inauguration. At half-past eleven President Roosevelt and President-to be Taft entered a carriage, Mr. Taft sitting at the left of Mr. Roosevelt. In the carriages immediately following were the members of the congression al committee of arrangements. A body of veterans of the civil and Spanish wars acted as an escort for the out going and incoming chiefs of state. Escorted to Senate Wing. The president and the president INSULT DROWNED IN BUBBLES. Old-Time Enemies Drink and Forget the Stormy Past. Two men who had been introduced in the last days of the campaign, one of whom lived in Washington, the other in New York, harked back to the civil war. The Washington man had enlisted in the First Iowa infantry when he was 15. The New York man had bushwhacked with Quantrell. "Your regiment," said the ex-bush whacker, "was the first Yankee regi ment I ever saw. You came through tny town and camped until you were ordered to the front. The sight of you fellows in your new uniforms, marching away to fight the south, cre ated in me my1 first longing to shoot as many Yankees as I could." The man from Washington, still a commanding figure, who became col onel of the regiment in which he went out as a private, answered: "I re member our visit to your town. We had been warned that it was a rebel hole. I recollect that the first in sult to me as a Yankee soldier oc curred in your town. I was walking was formed to march from the senate chamber through the rotunda of the capital to the platform on the center portico of the east side of the build ing. The sergeant-at-arms of the sen ate and his fellow officials of the house of representatives led the way. The platform upon which President Taft took the oath of office extended well out from the portico until It overhung the broad plaza to the east, where directly to the front were gath in a street where there was a crowd. An urchin spat on my new uniform, and I slapped his face. An assem blage gathered, and a young woman punched oft my cap with the end of her parasol. Fortunately for all of us, several members of my company came round the corner. The south ern chivalry disappeared, and the mudmulls of the north beat retreat to camp." "Yes, that's right," replied the New Yorker; "I was the chap who spat on your new uniform." They went out of headquarters to gether fnd across the square, where they sat down to luncheon. "I have often wondered who the spirited southern belle was who knocked off my cap," said the Wash ington officeholder. "That was my sister," said the ex bushwhacker. "Ah, wpn't you please give her my compliments, if she Is living, a· I trust she still may be." "She is still living," said the ex bushwhacker, "and it may interest you to know that when the cruel war was over she married a Yankee btiga dier. I'm in bis business ae manager." ered the cadets from the military and naval academies, to the rear of whom were the other military bodies. Be yond the cadets, extending to the right and left as far as the open ground reached, were gathered the thousands upon thousands of civilians. Taft Takes Oath of Office. The white-haired chief justice of the United States. Melville W. Fuller, ad ministered the oath of office of Mr. Taft, who, when he had taken it, bent and kissed the Bible held in the hand of his country's chief jurist. Imme diately following the taking of the oath, President Taft delivered his In augural address. The president's speech frequently was interruDted by applause and at its close the greatassembly broke into cheers. The president was congratu lated by those who were close to him, including the retiring president and the other chief officials. President Taft then entered a carriage which was at once surrounded by the mem bers of the Black Horse troop of Cleveland, O., which formed the spe cial guard of honor. The president's carriage was driven north and then down the hill by the senate wing of the capitol until Pennsylvania avenue wrns ronrh£»r1 Prnni that nnint thp president drove slowly to the White House along the thoroughfare filled, save for Its center, with crowds of his cheering fellow citizens. Make-Up of Parade. The guard of honor attending Presi dent Taft was followed immediately by a mounted police guard and a full mili tary band. Then came Maj. Gen. J. Franklin Hell, chief of the general staff of the United States army, who was the parade's grand marshal, and hie staff. The military division had the right of way after the president's es cort. At its head were the West Point cadets in their gray uniforms, march ing with the perfect alignment for which the military students are famed. Behind the stripling soldiers came the stripling sailors, the midshipmen from the naval academy at Annapolis. Im mediately behind the future officers of army and navy came the regulars of the military service, veterans most of them, who had seen service In Cuba and in the Philippines, and, many of them, upon the plains In the days be fore the Indians had left the war path for the ways of peace. In the line were the 2,600 men who had formed the Cuban army of pacification. Atlantic Fleet Sends Men. In the waters of Hampton roads for ten days the fleet which had made its record breaking journey around the world had been assembled. The bat tleships, the cruisers, the destroyers Vice-Preeident Sherman. and the torpedo boats were drawn upon for "jackies" to give the sea service an adequate representation in the inaugural ceremonies. There were 3,000 sailors from the Connecticut, the Illinois and the other ships of Sperry's fleet in the parade. The marines fol lowed the sailors. The regulars of the government service led the way, their conceded right. Behind them came the men who, in time of war. form first the re serve force, and later when brought into real soldiers' c,hape, the backbone force of the government's army—the National Guardsmen of the states of the union. Many Civic Organizations. In the rear of the military division came the civic organizations. There were in line more than 100 clubs and political associations from all parts of the country, nearly all of them wear ying some unique and distinguishing uniform. The American club of Pitts burg acted as personal escort to Thomas P. Morgan, the chief of the civic organizations' committee. Among the organizations which had a place in the parade were several from President Taft's state—Ohio. Among these were the Citizens' Taft "I want you to have a bottle on me," said the ex-rebel, in the wind-up, "as reparation for the insult of 40 years ago. Bubbles are better than bullets."—The Sunday Magazine. Misapplying Music. "I went to a fashionable wedding the other day," remarked a man who has little time for such things, "and I was decidedly Impressed by the character of the music that was played while the assembled guests were wait ing for the wedding party to arrive. The principal number played by the orchestra was an air from one of the most modern operas. It marks the en trance of the heroine of the piece, who is coming on the scene to take part in a wedding of complaisance with the hero, who is generally regard ed as one of the greatest blackguards the world of opera knows. Every character on the stage knows that the Buddhistic wedding ceremony that is to take place is a sham and the mar riage turns out to be a tragedy of the shabbiest sort. And yet that music was played in a church that stands for intelligence if any one congrega tion in this town does." club and the Stamina Republican club of Cincinnati, Uniform Rank Knighte of Maccabeee, Cleveland; the Repub lican Glee club and the Buckeyo Re publican club of Columbus. Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Kentucky, Minnesota and other states of the mid' die west and of the south were repre sented by associations of citizens, po litical clubs, and by prominent state, county and municipal officials. Many veterans of the civil war who served in the ranks of the union or in the ranks of the confederacy were present in the parade. There were more for mer confederates in line than were present at any previous inauguration of a Republican president. Luncheon at White House. As soon as President Taft reached the White House he entered and was greeted by the members of a specially λ w Maj. Gen. J. Franklin Bell. invited presidential party,including the governors of several states, prominent federal officials, personal friends of the president and the members of the presidential family to a remote degree of relationship. A light luncheon was served in the great state dining-room, and as soon as it was over the presi dent walked across the grounds of the White House to the presidential re viewing stand built on the south side of the avenue directly in front of the main entrance to the White House and facing Lafayette square. The presi dent took his place on the reviewing stand, and with him were the mem bers of tl\e presidential party. Vice President Sherman stood on the imme diate right of the chief executive. Across Pennsylvania avenue directly in front of the president was a huge stand for spectators occupying the en tire length of one side of Lafayette square. President Reviews Parade. As soon as the president appeared on the reviewing stand the leading band of the procession, which had been halted to await the appearance of Mr. Taft, began to play "Hail to the Chief." Gen. Bell gave the order to pass in re view, and the great procession, having its head at the White House, moved forward to nass before the chief magis trate. As body after body of soldiers, sailors and civilians passed, they sa luted and the president saluted in turn. It took the procession three hours to pass the reviewing stand. It was a great sight, full of interest and color. Under the direction of the trained mil itary chieftains who had given their time to the perfection of details, the parade passed quickly and in perfect form. When in front of the review ing stand some of the civil marching clubs showed their proficiency in drill by performing evolutions. The regu lars and National Guardsmen, how ever, swept by in perfect military pre cision. The parade was worthy of the occasion that called it into being. Inaugural Ball in Evening. When the last of the parading bod ies had passed the president returned .o the White House for a short rest before preparing to go to the great inaugural ball, which was given in the ['Pension building. The ball was the brilliant affair that it always is. It was attended by a tremendous throng. In the center of the great hall which occupies the lower floor of the struc ture a space was roped off. The vis itors stood outside the open place wait ing the arrival of President and Mrs. Taft and Vice-President and Mrs. Sherman. They came finally and stayed on the main floor for some time, and then retired to the presi dent's box in the gallery above, where they watched the proceedings below. On the great mall on the Potomac side of the White House in the even ing there was a brilliant display of fireworks, a display that was co incident with the continuance of the inaugural ball. lne aay, Willi «"» lus aucuuiug monies, was one that was worthy of the event which made it a time of celebration. Deal in Rotten Eggs. It would not seem that a law against the sale of rotten eggs would be neces sary in these days, but Pennsylva nia seems to think one expedient. It appears that in Philadelphia there is a large trade in "rotit" and "spots"— spoiled, cracked and dirty eggs—and a bill has been offered in the Penn sylvania legislature to make th-Mr sale and use a crime. "Rots" and "spots" are bought by wholesalers, who sell them to bakers at about six cents a dozen. With ,thia fact known, ttae housewife who I gets poundcake for 10 and 12 cents a pound may under stand how the baker can make it so much more cheaply than she can. A Traveling Clock. The new traveling clocks are in every sense what their name implies. Instead of the square one· that took several inches of valuable space in the traveling bag, these new ones are a thin model watch, encased in leather about four inches broad and long. They are made to fold flat, just as the leather picture frames do, and can be tucked in the pocket of one'· bag without encroaching on spac·. WHEAT MAY 60 TO $1,25 JAMES A. PATTEN, KINO OF FIT, MAKES PREDICTION. Has Squeezed Nearly Three Million Out of Four New Yorkers, and May Oet More. Chicago—Wheat went to $1.19 α bush el Saturday, but it is expected to «kip by that point within the next forty eight hours, under the careful guidance of James A. Patten and the shorts who have not covered their lines are expectcd to scramble wildly from utter extinction, for Mr. Patton has said forcibly: "Wheat will go to $1.25 per bushel." In tho meantime, while the Chicago shorts are vainly trying to seek a hole whereby they may escape, there is eon sternation among the "wise men of the East," including Reginald Yanderbi1·:, W. II. Moore, Jesse Livermore, Jr., J. Brant Walker and others of tho million aire plunging set who inhabit Wall street. When wheat touched the $1.19 mark on Saturday the Eastern million aires faced losses of millions, and if it goes to $1.25 a bushel, as Mr. Patten predicts, the Wall street bears on wheat will find themselves pinched as they never have been pinched before. The four New York millionaires are •an ill in lii* abort flhnilt 20 000.000 liUsh els. Their combined losses are now fig ured at about $2,720,000. This is based on the calculation that they sold short at $1.00, and could cover at the present time at $1.19 a bushel, showing a loss of 13 cents a bushel. PACKERS SUED FOR MILLIONS Charged With Combining to Control Price of Meat in Arkansas. Little Rock, Ark.—Alleging violations of the anti-trust law, suits to collect penalties aggregating $19,800,000 have been filed against six big packers in the second division of the circuit court by Attorney General Norwood. The defend ants are Swift & Co., Jacob Dold Pack ing Company, Cudahy Packing Company, Morris Packing Company and the South ern Beef and Provision Company. A penalty of $3,300,000 is asked for each defendant. A penalty may be exacted for each day the law has been violated, and the enor mous sums asked are based upon that provision of the law. The packing companies are alleged to have been in an illegal combination to control prices of meats in Arkansas and defeat competition. The combination has existed since Jan. 19, 1907, according to the allegations of the petitions. LIFE TERM FOR 46 CENTS Chicago Highwaymen Get Full Ben efit of Illinois Law. Chicago—Theft of 4G cents, accom plished with the aid of revolvers, brought quick and severe retribution to three highwaymen. They were sentenced to life imprisonment in the Joliet peniten tiary. The severe punishment was made pos sible under the law which provides life imprisonment in cases of highway rob bery committed with the aid of deadly weapons. The defendants were Harry Dalrymple, Edward Schillhorn and Robert McGants. An hour after the robbery one of the robbers was arrested. He confessed, and in another hour his two companions were captured. The next day two of them confessed. The same day all were in dicted. They had been in the county jail only a day when they were taken into court and placed on trial. LUKE E. WRIGHT NOT SLATED Report That He'Is to Qo to the Su preme Bench Is Denied. Washington.-"-''The report from Mem phis that I am to be appointed a judge of the supreme court by President Taft shortly after inauguration is all bosh," declared Gen. Luke E. Wright, secretary of war. "I am not slated for any govern ment position ill the next administration, and it is my intention to return to Mem phis a few days after March 4 to resume the practice of law. The statement that I have taken a five years' lease on the house I now occupy here is not true," added Secretary Wright. ÛJtAXn LÛAflljiW» iïlAJUKli Χ. Third Member of Missouri Legislature Dead This Session. Jefferaon City, Mo.—Ε. M. Kerr, a representative of Hickory county, died Sunday. He is the third member to die during the present session, and leaves the Republicans without a majority in the house. Seventy-two votes are required to pass bills, and, while the Republicans originally had one more than this num ber, they now have one leas. The Demo crate also lost one by death. Four States Name Delegates. Baton Rouge, La.—The call of Gov. Sanders, of Louisiana, for a Southern States child labor conference, to be held in New Orleans March 29, 30 and 31, has brought favorable responses from the governors of Kentucky, Tennessee, Mis sissippi and North Carolina, who have forwarded a list of delegates appointed by them to attend. The convention will be held for the purpose of discussing child labor laws with a view for more thorough uniformity in the several states of the South. Honor "Uncle Remus." Atlanta, Ga.—"Snap Bean Farm and the Sign of the Wren's Nest," as the late Joel Chandler Harris styled his home, is to be purchased by the friends of "Un cle Remus" and presented to the publie as a memorial to the distinguished writ er. The Ladies' Auxiliary of the Uncle Remus Memorial Association has under taken to raise funds for this purpose. The ladies desire that the fund shall be secured, if possible, from the children who have found delight in the writings of "Uncle Remua." I Gossip of Washington What Is Gointf On at the National Capitalr Clerk Weds Prince in Travel Romance WASHINGTON.—From government clerk to princess is the change made by Miss Georgie Jeffrey, former ly a clerk in the office of the auditor of the post office department. She is now the wife of Prince Alfred Ahrenheim-Gagarin, adjutant to his im perial majesty, the czar. The wedding took place in Canton, China. The prince and princess are now traveling In the far east, but will ultimately go to St. Petersburg, where they will make their home. The romance which culminated In the marriage of the American girl and the Russian nobleman had its incep tion on an ocean steamer bound for the far east. Miss Jeffrey, who was re garded as one of the best clerks in the post office department, was transferred at her own request from that depart ment to the Philippine-service. She left Washington early in Octo ber bound ror jvianna, uui suuppeu u· Denver to visit friends before leaving the country. While visiting in Denver she became acquainted with friends ot her hostess who were also bound for the east and who had taken passage on the steamer which was to carry her tc Manila. Miss Jeffrey learned that they were to make several side trips and so she obtained an extension of leave from the Philippines and decided to join the party of tourists. Whether the prince was a member of this party or whether Miss Jeffrey met him after the ship passed through the Golden Gate has not been made known. At any rate, he was a passen ger on the steamer, and the acquaint ance which formed then resulted in a pretty little love affair. The prince con tinued with the party through their travels in China and Japar. and the love story progressed in the most sat isfactory way. While in Hong Chow the party went for an outing. The funny little native rig in which Miss Jeffrey was riding collided with a carriage. Miss Jeffrey was thrown to the ground and injured painfully, but not seriously. It was not long after this that the marriage took place. Capital Is Cordial to Little Countess THE Countess Luise Alexandra von Bernstorff, only daughter of the German ambassador and Countess von Bernstorff, has found the national cap ital of her mother's native land much to her liking. Ever since the arrival In Washington of the kaiser's new rep resentative and his family, they have been entertained constantly. To all af fairs given for the younger set the "little countess," as she is frequently called, has been invited. Countess Alexandra was born and educated abroad, and is making her first visit to this country. She speaks the language with only a slight accent, for her mother, who has lived in for eign countries ever sij»ce she was 15 years old, has never dropped the Eng lish tongue, but has spoken it to her daughter and son, the latter now a student in Germany. A year ago the daughter of the Von Bernstorffs piade her debut in society at Cairo, Egypt, where her father was his country's representative up to a few months ago. She feels as if she were making a second debut since com ing to Washington, for she has taken part in all the affairs given for Miss Ethel Roosevelt, as well as in many of the official functions. Since the dismantling of the German embassy by the Baroness von Stern burg, who recently sailed for Europe with her mother to spend the rest o! the winter on the Riviera, the house has been placed in the hands of dec orators and furnishers, and the ambas sador and his family have been obliged to live at one of the hotels. The em bassy is expected to be ready for oc cupancy in April. The Countess von Bernstorff and her daughter wish to know all about the city in which they live, and they are seen frequently on pleasant mornings, guidebook in hand, learning about historic houses and places. They have strayed already outside the foreign and official circles to meet people of inter est, and it is confidently expected that the German embassy will be thorough ly cosmopolitan and democratic during the present incumbent's regime. House Committee Clerk Courts in Demand THERE is no abler servant of the United States in the capitol build ing than James C. Courts, the diminu tive clerk of the house committee on appropriations. Without him the great committee would be often at sea. It would be almost an utter impos sibility for Chairman Tawney or any other head of that great committee to carry in his mind the vast details of the appropriation bills which it brings into the house, carrying amounts vary ing from a few to more than $100,000, 000. Some member of the house wants to know afcout some item in every bill and frequently the whole house wants to know about a good many of them. Chairman Tawney can answer offhand as many questions as any other chairman who ever stood in his shoes, but it is Courts who, when he sits down, is almost hidden by the desk in front of him, but is the ready prompter when the chairman's mem ory fails. Between Tawney and Courts practically no time of the house is wasted in getting necessary informa tion for all comers. When congress recently voted $800,· 000 for the relief of the Italian earth quake victims, an unusual scene was enacted in the house. A misunder standing had arisen between the presi dent and congress as to the amount ol the relief and the bill prepared by the house committee on appropriations did not fit with the president's mes sage by $300,000. Courts was sum moned by a general alarm and re sponded readily, pen in hand. A con ference was held at the speaker's ta ble lasting about two minutes, and those two minutes brought $300,000 more relief to the sufferers of Italy. Courts and his pen fixed the bill and Courts later rushed the bill to the en grossing committee and had it in the senate in record time. When congratulated by members and civilians alike later, Courts mere ly smiled. When, however, some one ventured to suggest that it was an in spiring sight to see congress act so generously and so quickly, Courts re plied: "I once knew a congressman who made a speech in Faneuil hall, Boston, and bragged about the passage of a pension bill carrying over $100, 000,000 in forty minutes. Finally he swelled up in his patriotism and ex claimed: 'Can you beat that?' some body in the back row replied: 'Lord, I hope not.' There is such a thing as being too quick on the trigger." Secretary Satterlee's Zest for Duty Herbert Livingston satter LEE, son of the late Bishop Sat terlee and son-in-law of J. Pierpont Morgan, recently appointed to suc ceed Τ. H. Newberry as assistant sec retary of the navy, was one of the board of visitors at the Naval acad emy last June and entered into his duties with a zest and interest that was particularly pleasing to the acad emy staff. He insisted upon seeing everything there was to be seen, ate In the mesa hall, went out in the launches and watched the drills. At last he decided that be must slep in a midshipman's bed; so he was assigned to a room on one of the decks. Now at the very time the board of visitors was at the aeademy the West Point-Annapolis baseball game was on and the West Point team were to be given a rousing send-off when they took their departure, which was fixed for very early in the morning of the night that Mr. Satterlee played at be ing a midshipman and slept in Ban croft, or "Bankrupt," hall as the mid dies facetiously call it, apropos of their cronic penniless state. "All out" was called promptly and those who did not turn out quickly enough to Bult the middy officers were uncere moniously dumped out on the floor, mattress and all. The officer of one of the decks rushing hurriedly around at the last moment to see that all had obeyed his summons came to a room whose occupant had not stirred, but with hi· head buried in the pillow was soundly sleeping. "Here, you, get up," called out Mr. Midshipman, and meet ing with no response, said, "Oh. you wont, won't you?" With that he rushed toward the bed and taking hold of the mattress was about to jerto it down on the floor, when a sleepy voice said, "What's the mat ter?" and a sleepy fase, wearing a full beard, emerged from the bed clothes. It was Mr. Satterlee qf the honorable board of visitors who had been so un ceremoniously aroused, and when this fact dawned upon the brain of the en terprising midshipman he beat a hasty retreat. Cocoa Crop Will Be Large. Santo Domingo's cocoa crop will be unusually large this season, accord ing to present indications. The first gathering will be in April, and mature trees will yield a second crop in Aug ust. Santiago is now in wireless com munication with the capital, Santo Do mingo. British Shipping in Bad Way. The output of the British shipbuild ing yards amounted in 1898 to only about $900,000 tons of merchant steam vessels, or little more *han half of the preceding 12 months. The number of British ships now laid up at home and foreign ports Is estimated at 1,000,000 tons. Yacht Buiit of Concrete. Daniel B. Banks, a member of the Baltimore Yacht club, has had In use for 11 years a yacht constructed of concrete re-enforced with steel rods. The craft is a slow sailer, but rides a heavy sea easily. Several years ago the yacht was driven on the rocks in a storm, but was not injured. To Push American Goods. Santiago, Chile, is to have an "ex hibit of American goods" in the fall of 1909.