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MEN WHO FORM PRESIDENT TAFT'S CABINET
JACOB At. Z?/CXJ//SOM fRA/VJC « POfTS7AS~r£ GZA/E-fQAJ w \seoeaz iv. w/ckbrjmm λττο*ϊλ/δυ~ — QZ /V£& zfZ—_> GEORQ£ you/.. MZYE1Q ^SZC&^T/tty fjc/1 . 7è/CH/)7&-£> Λ. £/)/. Λ/zV >SJ=C&£ ΤΛ/Ο,γ /A/y-£73/û/^S> GLm <55— «S^sizj yv/lfûA/ <iJJEC/Z£.T^/^y of Λ GR./C^-U/ .TUfc./? . CASA/QL£j Λ//)β/.£—> <ZJ£C*Z£ -rshçyCôaime*>jC£—. -» ^«D /. ASOQ.J? President Taft's cabinet of nine men is headed by Philander Chase Knox, secretary of state, who was born in 1853 at Brownsville, Pa. He graduated from Mount Union college, Ohio, in 1872, and three years later was admitted to the bar. During the years 1876 and 1877 he served as as sistant United States district attorney for the western district of Pennsyl vania. In the latter vear he formed a law partnership with James H. Reed which still exists and which has rep resented many large corporations, in cluding the Carnegie Company. Mr. Knox entered President McKinley's cabinet as attorney general in April, 1901, serving until 1904, when he was elected United States senator from Pensvlvania. The latter position he resigned to become the head of Presi dent Taft's cabinet. He was a candi date for the presidential nomination in the Republican national convention of 1908. Mr. Knox is recognized as one of the foremost constitutional lawyers in the country. MacVeagh for the Treasury. Franklin MacVeagh, secretary of the treasury, was born on a farm in Chester county, Pennsylvania, gradu ated from Yale in 1862 and from Columbia Law school in 1864. He be gan the practice of law in New York city but ill-health forced him to aban don it and in 1865 he went to Chicago and engaged in the wholesale grocery business. In this and other commer cial pursuits he has amassed a large fortune. Before entering the cabinet lie disposed of his holdings In the big grocery firm and resigned as director of the Commercial National bank of Chicago. Mr. MacVeagh has always lippn interested in movements for the public welfare, locally and nationally. Wilson Retains His Place. Only one member of the Roosevelt cabinet retains his portfolio under Mr. Taft. That is James Wilson of Iowa, secretary of agriculture. So ex cellent had been his work in that posi tion that there was no serious talk of making a change. Born in Scotland in 1835, Mr. Wilson came to the United States in 1852 and three years later settled in Iowa. In 1861 he engaged in farming in Tama county. He was a ABE LEE AT LEADVILLE. Said to Have Made First Discovery of Gold in California Gulch. "When the history of Leadvllle is written," said Max Boehmer of Den ver in talking of the early mining de velopment of the district, "there should be no mistake as to who actu ally made the first discovery of gold In California Gulch. The man was Abe Lee, who died In Park county a few years ago. He was one of the best known characters in this section. He was the ilrst recorder of Lake county. "The first prospecting party that en Îtered the gulch was under the leader ship of Abe, and they had not been very successful. They worked all the way up the gulch from below Granite without finding any values, and all of them were nearly blinded by the snow. They were about ready to quit when Lee suggested that they try another pan. He dug down until he struck a layer of cement, and below thia the gravel was softer. Lee, although suf fering terribly from snow blindness, IB. ··',»·.« I member of the Iowa assembly for three sessions and speaker of the house for one session, and also was a member of the Iowa state railway commission. In 1873 he was elected to congress, serving two terms, and was sent to the national legislature again for one term in 1883. He was regent of the State university of Iowa In 1870-74, and in 1890 was made director of the agricultural ex periment station and professor of agri culture at the Iowa Agricultural col lege, Ames, la. In 1897 he became secretary of agriculture. Dickinson Is War Secretary. Jacob M. Dickinson of Tennessee and Chicago, the new secretary of war, was born in 1851 at Columbus, Miss. He graduated from the Uni versity of Nashville in 1872 and after ward studied law at Columbia college, at the University of Leipsiz and in Paris. He served several times by special commission on the supreme bench of Tennessee and was assist ant attorney general of the United States in 1895-97. Postmaster General Hitchcock. The first cabinet officer selected by Mr. Taft after his election was Frank H. Hitchcock of Massachusetts, who gave up his place as first assistant postmaster general to manage success fully the Taft presidential campaign. He has been given the office of post master general in the new cabinet. Mr. Hitchcock was born at Amherst, O., in 1867, and graduated from Har vard in 1891 and from Columbia Law school in 1894. Since 1891 he has been a government official. Nagel Has Commerce Portfolio. Missouri has been rewarded for its switch to the Republican column by the nnnmntmpnt of Charles Nasrel n.s secretary of commerce and labor. Mr. Nagel is a leading lawyer of St. Louis and the west. He was born in Texas in 1849, moved to St. Louis when a child and graduated from the St. Louis Law school in 1873. He has been senior member of the law firm of Nagel & Kirby, professor in the St. Louis Law school and a trustee of Washington university. In 1881-83 he was a member of the Missouri house of representatives, and in 1893-97 was managed to pan the gravel, and the re sult was that they at once recovered confidence. He worked the gulch for a long time and made plenty of money. "The question has alào been asked," continued Mr. Boehmer, "where did the millions of dollars taken out of the California gulch placers in early days go? "If I remember rightly, no one made a very large pile, but there were scores of men who left the gulch with $25,000 or $30,000 and went back east to es tablish themselves in business or to buy farms. As a rule they were sober, industrious men, and the fortunes they made in the gulch gave them a com petence which enabled them to pros per in their undertakings in other parts of the country."—Denver Repub lican. Plan Large Mexican Canal. Civil engineers are said to be busy near Reynosa making the plans for a large gravity canal from the Rio Grande into the Mexican territory. It is possible that the water may be ta ken from the river for a distance of about thirty miles into the interior. president of the St. Louis city coun cil. He is a member of the Repub lican national committee. Navy Under Meyer's Charge. President Taft's secretary of the navy, George Von L. Meyer of Massa chusetts, has had wide experience as a business man, legislator, diplomat and cabinet officer. He was born in Boston in 1858 and graduated from Harvard in 1879. He then entered business and has been prominently conected with a number of financial and mercantile concerns. His career as a public official began in 1889, when he was elected to the Boston common council. He then served on the board of aldermen, and in 1892-96 he was a member of the Massachusetts legisla ture, the last two years being speaker of the house. In 1900 Mr. Meyer was sent to Italy as American ambassador, and in 1905 was transferred to Rus sia. In January, 1907, President Roosevelt called him home to enter his cabinet as postmaster general. Ballinger Secretary of Interior. After about one year's service as commissioner of the general land of fice, Richard A. Ballinger of Seattle, Wash., has entered the cabinet as secretary of the interior. He is a native of Iowa, having been born in Boonesboro in 1858. After attending the University of Kansas and Wash burn college at Topeka, he went to Williams college, graduating in 1884 and afterward studying law and re moving to Washington. He was United States court commissioner in 1890-92 and later was judge of the supreme court in Jefferson county. Wash. Attorney General Wickersham. George W. Wickersham, who be comes President Taft's attorney gen eral, has had the reputation of being one of the ablest lawyers in New York city. Born in Pittsburg in 1858, he studied civil engineering in Lehigh university and in 1880 grnduated from the law school of the Ui iversity of Pennsylvania. For two years he prac ticed law in Philadelphia. In 1884 he became associated with the law firm of Strong & Cadwalladare, to which Henry W. Taft, brother of the presi dent, belongs. T-urn to the Right Naturally. The Philadelphia Record recently quoted an observant street car conduc tor to the effect that the right hand seats are always filled first. He could not account for this except on the theory that as most persons are right handed and accustomed to turning to the right, it might be simply force of habit. "There is another probable reason which he did not think of," says the Record. "It is generally be lieved that the right side of a car Is safer. An old traveler once said to the writer: 'In traveling always sit la the middle of a car and on the right hand side. The middle is safer than the ends in a collision and the right side is nt likely to be "side-swiped" by projecting objects on trains, cars or any vehicles passing on the adja cent track.'" Innocent Johnny. Visitor (from the city)—I am euro we'll be great friends, Johnny. Hostess' Little Boy—You bet! I like your looks first rate, Miss Tiggs. What nice golden hair you've got! And what pretty black eyebrows 1 SNOW STORM MARS INAUGURAL Great Crowds Which Had Gone to Washington to Witness Ceremonies Were Disappointed. Day Was One of Continuous Ovation to the New Chief Ex ecutive—Ex-President Roosevelt Leaves Capital City Immediately After Taft's Inauguration. Washington.—William H. Taft, of Ohio, and James S. Sherman, of New York, were inaugurated at noon Thurs day as president and vice-president of the United States. The ceremony of the inauguration was accomplished with all due formality and finality, but ilnder most unusual conditions, owing to a ter rific blizzard which swept over the na tional capital, paralyzing street traffic, destroying communication with the out side world and bringing dismay to the thousands of assembled visitors who had gathered in expectation of the usual spectacular demonstration. The main change in the program was in the inaugural address, usually deliv ered from the cast portico of the capitol, but pronounced by Taft in the senate chamber. Same Simple Ceremony. Mr. Taft's induction into office was the same simple ceremony devised in the early days of the republic. He swore to uphold and defend the constitution, to enforce all laws and to protect the re public against all enemies, both foreign and domestic. The oath was administered by Chief Justice Fuller, who was officiating at such a ceremony for the last time in his notable career as the chief presiding offi cer of the country's highest court. President Roosevelt, who had become again a private citizen of the United States when President Taft had kissed the Pible in consummation of his oath, was quick to congratulate his successor in. office, beiu«r second to the chief jus tice in exercising that privilege. Mr. Taft delivered his inaugural ad dress in abbreviated form in the senate chamber. Escorted to Carriage. When Taft had concluded he was es corted to the waiting carriage outside the senate wing, and there was joined by Airs. Taft and Vice-President Sherman and Airs. Sherman for the return ride to the White House. President Koosevelt walked out of the capitol amid a cheering throng, and, es corted by nearly 1,000 members of the Xew York count}' republican committee, was driven to the Union Station, several blocks away, and boarded a train for Xew York and Oyster Bay. Sherman Takes Oath. Taft's inauguration immediately fol lowed that of Vice-President James S. Sherman, which was carried out in ac cordance with the original program. The distinguished company which gathered in the senate to witness the inauguration of the vice-president, and which after ward was to have been escorted to the immense inaugural stand on the east front of the capitol, simply remained in their places in the chamber to view the more impressive ceremonies attending the induction into office of the new chief executive of the nation. President Roosevelt, arm in arm with President-elect Taft, entered the crowded senate chamber shortly after 12 o'clock. Outburst of Applause. The appearance of those two chief fig ures in the day's events was a signal for a spontaneous outbreak of app'ause on the floor and of cheers in the galler ies. Speaker Cannon entered the senate chamber at the head of the house of rep resentatives and took a place on the pre siding officer's bencjtfby the side of Vice President Fairbanks? Prior to the entry of the members of the house and the distinguished invited guests, the senate had adopted a resolu tion of thanks to Mr. Fairbanks, who re plied with a farewell address. He then „TVfv Shormnn flip hripf oath of office prescribed by the constitu tion and turned over to him the presid ing officer's gavel. Swept by Blizzard. Washington was swept by a blizzard early in the day, and although Taft in sisted up to almost the last moment that his inauguration should be held in front of the capitol building, as planned, the committee on arrangements finally de cided that the ceremonies should be held in the senate chamber. Taft said he did not mind the snow and the wind in the least, but Senator Knox, in charge of the program, declared it would be unwise to subject the aged chief justice and the oldest members of the senate to the adverse weather condi tions. President Roosevelt and Taft were es corted to the capitol promptly at the hour set, their progress through the blinding snow being met with cheers from a thin fringe of hardy spectators who braved the elements and stood ankle deep in snow and slush along the dis tances of Pennsylvania avenue.. The presidential party entered the cap itol building at 11 o'clock and were es corted to the president's room in the senate wing. Up to the time of leaving the White House, Taft had his heart set upon taking the oath of office in front of the multitude gathered on the capitol plaza. Ceremonies Indoors. After reaching the senate, however, the counsels of the older members of the senate prevailed and it was decided that the ceremonies, for the first time in a score or more of years, should be held indoors. A wet, clinging snow, driven before a stinging northwest wind, fell throughout the night and wrought havoc with tele phone and telegraph wires, completely fitting off the capital city from com l. mication with the remainder of the country for many hours. Snow and slush filled the streets to the depth of a foot or more in places. The wind thrashed many of the city's prettiest decoroations to threads. The immense reviewing stands along the line of march were made well-nigh uninhabit able by the swirling snow. Thousands Delayed. Street car traffic was impeded to the extent of seriously delaying the arrival of thousands who had planned to attend the inaugural ceremonies. President-elect and Jdrs. Taft spent last night at the White House as the guests of President and Mrs. Roosevelt. "I always knew it would be a cold day when I was made president of the United States," was the smiling remark of Taft, as he looked out of the White House windows on one of the prettiest winter pictures ever seen. The snow, clinging to trees and shrubbery, had transformed the White House grounds into a veritable fairyland of dazzling vhite and fantastic forms. Cuts Much of Speech. It was 9 o'clock and Taft had just finished his breakfast. He spent the earlier hours of the morning going over his inaugural address, eliminating para graph after paragraph, which he intend ed to omit in reading the document. Taft said he had never felt better in his life, and, personally, the terrible weather was not a hardship to him, but he regretted exceedingly the conditions that confronted the men of the militia and the marching clubs who had traveled so many miles to have a part in the pageantry of the inaugural parade. President Roosevelt, who always has chosen stormy weather for his most strenuous riding and walking expedi tions, greeted his successor with rare good humor as they met at breakfast, and there was much bantering between the two friends who played such impor tant roles in the newly written chapter of American history. \λ ltli the break υΐ day ttie weatner bureau's prophecy of "'Fair and some what cooler" was found to be but an empty dream. The parade planned for the afternoon was so curtailed as to spoil what prom ised to be one of the most splendid spec tacles of marching men ever .seen on Pennsylavnia avenue. Washington was filled with a record breaking throng whose disappointment knew no bounds. Owners of reviewing stands and ticket speculators lost thou sands of dollars. Worst Storm in Years. The storm—the worst Washington has known in ten years—followed weather which for a time Wednesday was sug gestive of late April. Fog was followed by heavy showers and rising tempera ture. Thunder and lightning played about the city in the afternoon, and then with the coming night snow began to fall. The weather bureau had sent out a definite promise of fair weather for Thursday. Washingtonians were inclined to smile at the snow, as calculated Co send cold shivers down the backs of the government's optimistic prophets. Even Elements Protest. When Taft and President Roosevelt met in the breakfast room of the White House, Taft's greeting to the man he was soon to succeed was: "Air. President, even the elements pro test." "Mr. President-elect," quickly rejoined Mr. Roosevelt, "I knew there would be a blizzard clear up to the minute I went out of office.' Notwithstanding the fury of the storm outside, there was happiness and cheer inside the White House up to the mo ment that Taft and President Roosevelt started for the capitol. Vice-President Fairbanks and the en tire membership of President Roosevelt's cabinet had arrived by a quarter of ten. Roosevelt Says Good-Bye. President Koosevelt and Mr. Taft left the White House at 10:10 on their jour ney to the capitol. As he eaine out of the front door, ltoosevelt bade good-bye to the various officers and attendants who were gathered on the portico. Taft followed. The president was first to en ter the carriage, taking the right-hand seat. Taft Followed and sat beside him. Senator Knox and Senator Lodge, of the committee on arrangements, also entered the carriage, which was drawn by four horses. The two leading horses were unruly and kicked out of the traces, and for a time' it seemed that the driver would lose control. Everything was straight ened out, however, and the president and president-elect drove away amid the cheers of the White House attendants. Officers of President Koosevelt's cabi net also took carriages from the White House to the capitol, being given places in line immediately following the presi dential equippage. Troop A, of Cleveland, the famous Black Horse cavalry of the Ohio Nation al Guard, which has acted as escort to a number of presidents, performed a simi lar service Thursday. The large veter ans' escort also provided for the march to the capitol was on hand promptly, in spite of the storm, and were loudly cheered by the crowds which began to gather along Pennsylvania avenue in the slush and snow after 10 o'oclock. Mrs. Roosevelt was the last of the president's family to leave the White House. Uses Taft Auto. In the limousine automobile purchased for the Taft family Mrs. Roosevelt took her final departure from the White House at 11 a.m. She was accompanied by two other ladies and Capt. Archibald W. Butt, President Roosevelt's chief mil itary aide. The auto car proceeded di rectly to the Union Station, where Mrs. Roosevelt awaited the arrival of her hus band in the presidential suite of rooms. Former President Theodore Roosevelt and party left Washington in a private car attached to the regular Penssylvania railroad train leaving WMhingtoa at S o'clock in the afternooa >■- ·„. L ·: t- νΐ Vi&sàaisiï IRELAND'S SAINTLY SHEPHERD ■HBMII "Ί ¥RE ST.PATRÎCK WORSHIPPED IN HIS YOUTH HILE I was at home in a vision of the night I saw one who seemed to come from Ireland, bringing innumerable letters. He gave me one of the letters, in which I read, 'The voices of the Irish' . . . and while I read it it seemed to me that I heard the cry of the dwellers by the forest of Foclut, by the Western ocean, calling with one voice to me, 'Come and dwell with us!' My heart was so moved that I awoke, and I give thanks to my God, who after many years has given to them according to their petition." Thus wrote Patrick in one of his let ters preserved in the ancient book of Armagh, which dates from A. D. 807. In a dream he heard the cry of the dwellers in the forest of Foclut: "Come and dwell with us!" and his thoughts carried him back to the days when he was a captive and a slave in that self-same forest by the Western ocean. Patrick himself does not tell us the details of his stay in France, as he is hurrying his narrative forward to the time of his mission to Ireland; but there is an abundance of very early testimony in old Gaelic and Latin which makes it certain that he was associated with three great men who at that time dominated the spiritual life of Gaul. The first of these was Saint Martin of Tours, a native of Hungary, son of a tribune in the Roman armies and himself a soldier. Tradition says that Patrick's mother was the sister, or at least a close rela tive, of Martin of Tours, though his father's family belonged to the north of Britain, close to the rock of Dum barton on the Clyde. Another great man with whom Pat rick was associated at this time was Saint Germanus of Auxerre. Like Martin, he was of martial origin and of a bold, warlike spirit. The third great man of Gaul who in fluenced Patrick in the years of his young manhood—he was 22, he tells us, when he fled from slavery in Ire land—was Honoratus. With his broth er Venantius this ardent and aspir ing soul had set forth to the east, to give his life to the ascetic devotion and spiritual seclusion which was the ideal of eastern Christendom. On his brother's death he returned and fixed his abode on a little island off the Riviera, within two or three miles of Cannes. Here, with a group of kindred spirits, he established one of those lit tle religious colonies which play so large a part in early European his tory, and from which so much that was purest and noblest in the life of Europe was destined to come forth. As in all these colonies, a church was built and made the center of the Hie of the place. The teacher and his disciples, as always, were their own builders, masons and carpenters. Then they added dwellings and places ol study, and soon they were immersed in a life of profound activity, spiritual, intellectual and physical at the same time. To the perfect balance, self-sac rifice and devotion of this life is due much of the spiritual power of the great men who went forth from just such religious settlements as that of Honoratus, to bring the light of faith and culture to nascent western Eu rope. To this settlement among the blue Mediterranean waves Patrick came, and here he studied for many years. From his letters we can form a some what precise estimate of what he read. Latin had been his mother tongue; the tongue, in fact, both of his father's family in the Roman col ony on the Clyde and of his mother's people, the family of the tribune in the Roman armies. But, Patrick tells us, he had neglected the study of Latin while he was a boy, and had ap parently pretty well forgotten it dup ing the six years of his slavery in Ire land, where, however, he learned to speak Irish correctly and even elo quently, as his intercourse with the Celtic princes abundantly shows. In the Isle of Honoratus he took up his Latin studies once again, and attained a fair proficiency in the tongue of Imperial Rome, as his Latin letters show. His style is rugged, sometimes r>ha/-nrf> hut alwavR forcible, often elo quent, and with the ring of entire sin cerity and genuine faith. Patrick then set himself to read and reread the sacred books, New Testament and Old Testament alike, in the very imperfect Latin versions which preceded the ac cepted translation of St. Jerome. In his letters he quotes abundantly from many books of the Old Testament. In this Mediterranean isle Patrick was within the spiritual province con quered by the great Irenaeus, the dis ciple of Polycarp, the disciple of St. John; and it is noteworthy that we find the followers of Columba, the Apostle of Scotland, likewise claiming spiritual descent from St. John. A very interesting fact has been pointed out by Mrs. Devenish-Meares. It is that the chapel of Honoratus, in which Patrick worshiped during sev eral years, is dedicated to the Trinity, and is distinguished architecturally by a triple apse, three bays in the east ern end of the chapel, typifying the triune godhead. The eastern end of the chapel floor and celling are, there fore, in form like a trefoil or sham rock; and it may well be this familiiw building which suggested to Patrick the simile of the shamrock to illus trate the teaching of the trinity. It was in this little chapel on the isle ever since dedicated to St. Honoratus that Patrick preparéd himself for his marvelous and fruitful mission to Ire land. THE SHAMROCK Three little leaves of brightest green, united on one stem, On Irish soil are often seen—they form a diadem. One leaf is Truth, and Valor one; the other one is Love; These little leaves each morn are wet with dew-drops from above. When Irish soil received the plant, the Elfin kings can tell; Love, Truth and Valor wandered there, they loved the soil so well. Each left an emblem in a leaf, and these together grew, Sustained by Heaven's warmest balms, and nurtured by the dew. Iès ··>« .