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_L__IUlimMI _ % HE public men of the nation are little, if any, behind the proverbially resourceful American business man in the extent to which they are now saving time and labor by means of mechanical aids and office appli ances. This tendency to economize in minutes and muscle is manifest to a surprising and constantly increas ing extent among men engaged in po litical, professional and even artistic pursuits—vocations that are not com monly supposed to quicken the quest for maximum efficiency with mini mum waste as does the fierce com petition of modern industrial, com mercial and mercantile life. Under the new order of things, however, the visitor to the office or study of the progressive statesman. lawyer, preacher, musician, artist, lecturer. Physician, librarian or educator may I ments are sent to more than 50,000 ad dresses in all parts of the United States. Tn one government office where envelopes are addressed by means of chain apparatus, employing links in which the necessary type is held, a young man devotes his entire time to setting up new addresses in the mov able rubber type as names are added to the mailing list, and in making cor rections of street addresses, etc., in the addresses already in type. Not only are envelopes mechanically ad dressed to Uncle Sam’s regular corre spondents, but said envelopes, after thp.ir dpstined contents are in place. GJijH.C GAUSS I /at ATS PltSK f /'SHOWING / HIODERN Jc OjrvTTfl EIfC^3^ g o v e mment phone to be transmitted later to the president, business. This scheme has been found very convenient The nation’s when other duties prevented the president officials are from listening to the long distance conversa fully abreast tion as it came over the w'ire. the times in Speaking of the use of the talking machine the extent to in governmental practice, it may be added which they that in all branches of the federal establish make use of ment the business phonograph is finding ex tensive employment. Many officials now talk into phonographs all their replies to correspondence and even reports and public addresses pre pared in advance, thus effecting a clear saving of all that portion of the stenographer’s time that would, un der the old plan, be devoted to the taking of dictation. One of the most interesting exemplifications of the ad _vontoffos tn rinriveri from the use are sealed by electrically operated en velope sealing machines, each of which does the work of a dozen men. Our public men, if they used postage stamps on their official correspondence, would undoubtedly follow the example of pri vate business houses in utilizing me chanical contrivances for moistening and af fixing postage stamps, but this is unnecessary because governmental mail is transmitted un der frank or in penalty envelopes, which are impressed at the time of manufacture with that “dead head” inscription in the upper right-hand corner which answers in lieu of postage stamps. It is significant that the demands of the government service for mechanical aids for economical business administration has be stirred many inventive minds among the fed eral employes. In some instances government officials have found it most satisfactory to have the manufacturers of book typewriters, adding machines and other standard office helpers simply vary or modify their stock models in order to meet the specific require • ments of the government service, but in other P/C JfTfV^La-Pt expect to find the brain worker sur rounded by an array of filing sys tems, desk devices and other para phernalia of rapid-fire office adminis tration that would do credit to the most up-to-date capitalist, merchant or manufacturer. Whereas state and municipal head quarters in all sections of the coun try afford interesting object lessons as to the extent to which mechan ical time-savers and labor-savers have invadeu the conservative sphere of public affairs the most convincing proor K t-e revolutionary innuenee nt work Is to be found at the national seat of government. All branches of the federal government—the ex ecutive. legislative and judiciary have improved and systematized the handling of detail under the spur of twentieth-century practice and twen tieth-century utilities. This is more notable in view of the oft-repeated charge by critics of the government that Uncle Sam, enmeshed in red tape, countenanced an extravagance, not to say wastefulness of time, la of this invention is found in the em ployment of the phonograph in the reporting of the debates of the senate and house of representatives. The expert stenographers who in the roles of official reporters make the short hand record of proceedings on the floor of each legislative chamber save much time by simply reading their notes to phonographs and then going back to their duties on the floor, leaving the record to be transcribed by typewriter onerators. The fountain pen, one of the most familiar of time-savers, is held in high esteem by every member of the president’s cabinet and will probably continue to be so long as custom de crees that the head of each govern ment department must sign in auto graph every letter dispatched from his office—a volume of correspon dence that reaches hundreds, mayhap as much as a thousand letters a day. Signatures in typewriting or by auto graph rubber stamp, such as are so common in the business world, are strictly tabooed in the higher offi cial circles. The president escapes this ordeal because of the fact that the great preponderance of the mail sent out from the White House bears _“Trvori W Carnenter. Secretary V IA O V . O Hi V-- LA VJll LIliVIO kJUlU □ paj lull liu > U AAA vented apparatus that was adopted in pref erence to anything evolved by outside experts. A notable case in point is the new style card punching machine invented by James Powers, mechanical expert in the service of the depart ment of commerce and labor—a type of semi automatic apparatus that will be employed for compiling the greatest card index in the his tory of the world, namely the federal census of 1910, which will require more than 90,000, 000 individual cards. Other examples of the products of inventive genius when bestirred in behalf of the government are found in the unique numbering machines at the United States bureau of engraving and printing—a sort of gigantic outgrowth of the familiar hand dating machine found on almost every office desk. The machines designed and con structed for the treasury department not only print in red ink but set their own type and number consecutively from 1 to 1,000,000,000. The flat-top desk, with its numerous con veniences, not to mention sanitary advan tages, is rapidly gaining vogue in officialdom as in the business world. As specimens of costly furniture the desks of most of our pub lic men will not bear comparison with the massive mahogany pieces to be found in some banks and in the offices of some wealthy cor porations, but your progressive public man has his desk equipped with all those attach ments which grease the grooves for high ten oloti vv*r’lr Thoro 1 o o otir^rcrintr oton/1 tn cViiff Dor ana maieriai in me aiscnarge or ms DUS1 ness that would not be tolerated in any pri vate business. Naturally some sections of the governmen tal machine are much more advanced than others in their adoption of business aids and office appliances. For instance, there is the forest service, which under the direction of that hfiman dynamo, Gifford Pinchot, is the peer of any private business establishment in the country in point of record keeping, ad ministration and celerity in the dispatch of business. Some institutions under the gov ernment are yet a long way behind this prize example in the matter of office equipment, but the point is that practically all of them have made a beginning in the right direction. With business men and corporation lawyers being drafted, as a matter of course for cabinet posts and the most important responsible po sitions under the government, there is every reason to expect that mechanical assistants will continue to make their appearance in in creasing numbers as aids in the discharge of the ever-increasing volume of government business. The presidential business establishment, for all that a certain dignity must be main tained in all procedure, is thoroughly up to date both in methods and equipment. The rule (and it is by nc means a dead letter) that every communication shall be answered on the same day on which it is received might be adopted with advantage by many private business establishments that do business with far more fuss and fluster than the White House. A word should be said in favor of the White House system of securing the mail at frequent intervals during the day by special messenger and having all incoming letters opened by one man, who sorts the communica tions and so distributes them among the office force as to insure speedy response. The White House uses approved card index sys tems for a considerable portion of its record keeping and for its very important “mailing lists," including those of a social nature, car rying thousands of names and addresses which are used in sending out invitations for the card receptions and other functions at the presidential mansion. Incidentally, it may be mentioned that the card index and its next of kin, the vertical file installation are now in practically universal use in the government offices at Washington and no factors have helped more to simplify the whole routine of me leiepnone ana teiegrapn in rne transaction of business and few if any captains of indus try rival Uncle Sam’s best-paid employes in the extent to which they make use of the wire less telegraph. This .is but natural since practically all government vessels of any im portance are equipped with the wireless and the government maintains its own shore sta tions for wireless work at various joints on the seacoasts and will ultimately have at Washington a station of 3,000 miles radius that will enable communication direct with almost any ship in the Atlantic. The federal government parallels the precautions of the most alert private business houses by having its own secret codes for telegraphic communi cations. There are more than half a dozen of these. The navy department and the war department each has several codes; the state department has one; and the president has a special secret code for his own use. These codes are changed if suspicion is aroused on the part of the officials that a key to a code has fallen into alien hands. At the White House offices there is a tele graph and telephone department that more than measures up against any of the similar adjuncts provided at the general offices of wealthy corporations having branches in wide ly separated localities. The president’s “intel ligence office,” as this communicative nerve center is called, is, first of all, the “central” for privaite branch exchange of a telephone system with upward of a score of stations at differ ent points in the White House building and grounds. Similarly it is the hub of a system that enables the president to talk confiden tially at any time with any of the members of his cabinet. Finally it is a clearing house for long-distance telephone and telegraph work handled by means of direct wires. Up ward of two dozen telegraph wires enter the White House offices and the expert telegra phers who, working in shifts, are on duty every minute of the 24 hours are enabled to secure a direct wire to any point at any time and to reserve it for executive business as long as may be desired. These White House telegraphers have, under stress of unusual press of business, employed some unique ex pedients. Graphophones of carefully .gauged speed have been used to record long messages clicked off by the telegraph instruments—to be transcribed later—and, on occasion, long distance telephone messages have been re peated word for word as received to a grapho to the President.” This plan of signing corre spondence by proxy has also been employed by other high officials, notably army and navy officers of high rank, who are served in this capacity by aids, flag lieutenants, etc. A phase of governmental work which has called into requisition a great number of mod ern business aids, representing a wide diver sity of types, is the issuance of the daily and weekly and monthly bulletins, announcements, reports, statements, etc., which constantly emanate from all government departments and the purpose of which is to make notifica tion of changes in various branches of the public service, the condition of treasury funds, etc., etc. It has lately been proposed that Uncle Sam shall follow the example of various foreign governments by issuing a gazette or official daily newspaper, in which shall be published all of these governmental announcements of whatsoever character, but up to date there has been no other method than to allow each public official to make his announcements in his own way. Some of the daily statements of what Uncle Sam is doing in various lines of activ ity are now printed from metal type on ordi nary printing presses, just as circulars or pamphlets are printed, but for the most part these daily broadsides are prepared in the office where the information originates, by means of some one of those numerous new inventions for duplicating or reproducing typewritten sheets. Some of these impromptu printing outfits In the government offices are operated by hand, but for the most part they use electrical energy and this is often well nigh essential, since in many instances an “edition” of thousands of copies has to be printed within a few hours. In most instances young men set the type or prepare the wax stencils that are necessary for this duplicat ing operation, and since statistics figure in almost every one of these governmental an nouncements extreme care is necessary to insure accuracy. A close second to Uncle Sam's printing and duplicating equipment, both In number and variety, is the array of governmental ap paratus for handling the mailing lists to be used in sending out these various bulletins. That the machines for mechanically address ing envelopes and wrappers must be qualified for rapid work may be appreciated from the fact that some of these government announce the typewriter out of the way when the ma chine is not in use; a balanced arm, adjust able in all directions, that lifts the telephone aside when it is not needed; special desk lamps that focus their rays on the work while sheltering the eyes of the worker from the glare, and rubber stamps with clockwork attachment, which print not only the date but the hour at which each letter or report has been received or been given attention. The improved pencil sharpeners and the cutting devices which open a whole package of let ters at one sweep by clipping the ends of the envelopes deserve mention in the same cate gory of time savers; So, likewise, do the vari ous forms of printing telegraphs which record orders or bulletins simultaneously at various points. The newest wrinkle in the conduct of Uncle Sam’s business establishment—namely, the scheme for purchasing the supplies for all the government departments at Washington through one general purchasing agency—is expected to bring to the attention of our pub lic officials many new office appliances and numerous improvements on old devices de signed to adapt them to governmental require ments. With Uncle Sam’s purchases thus lumped, the contracts to be awarded will be enough to stir inventors and manufacturers to the greatest energy in producing novelties that federal officials will include in their office installations. The central purchasing agency will also insure quality in all supplies by means of thorough tests. It is safe to say that under this new. regime there will be no repeti tions of the experience of the official who re cently ruined more than $50 worth of rubber stamps through the use of a new "quick-dry ing” which he had not had an opportunity to try out ere it was introduced in his offices. New York's Literary Girls. The young man who said he’d never eaten any, to somebody who asked him if he liked Trollope, was outdone the other day in a Fifth avenue book store. A girl of 17 came in and asked the clerk for “Prometheus,” "by a man named Kelly or Sheets, or something like that.” “Oh," said the clerk, “Shelley’s 'Prome theus Unbound’?” “Yes,” replied the girl, “that’s It. But, if you please, I’d rather have It bound. It’s so easy to lose the pages, you know, if it isn’L” GLADDENED HEART OF CLERK Outspoken Appreciation of Hotel Guests Something New in His Experience. “They must have been a delight to the hotel clerk,” says E. B. Hamlin, telling about the two women he met in an Indiana hotel, recently. “After liearii s i> all day long from drum mers ; r .j rest of the traveling pub lic, it --,t have been like a breath of r April air on an August day, when the two quaintly dressed old women came along expressing their almost childish enthusiasm over everything. Undoubtr edly it was their first stay at a hotel in a good many years, if ever. “I was standing near the desk when they came down after their first night at the hotel. Both came up to the desk fairly beaming and the one whose hair was a trifle nearer the white than the other’s said to the clerk: ‘I want to tell you that I never slept better In my life than I did last night. Why, those beds are lots bet ter than what we’ve got at home. And then this morning there was a woman came In and wanted to make ’em up for us, but I told her I guessed I didn’t need any one to make a bed for me.’ “ ‘That’s what she’s hired for,’ the clerk explained, smilingly. “ ‘That’s juBt what she said,' the woman nodded, ‘but I didn’t believe I her because I never heard of folks not makln’ their own beds. Well, you certainly have things nice here. Meb by we’ll stop here on our way back home next week. If nobody else is going to use that ro^m you might leave the same sheets on the bed, for I think we’ll be back for another.’" ' ‘I wish they were all like that/” the clerk sighed, after they had gone. —Cleveland Plain Dealer. Prussia supplies about one-half of the world’s demands for zinc. Maine Hunting Romance. There was a tingle of romance in the wedding of Miss Alice May Rounds and Charles Edmundson Som ers at Baldwin recently. The cere mony was performed in the early fore noon in a quint log cabin on the home farm. The cabin was decorated with red berries and fir and a rousing fire in the fireplace made things cheery. The young couple first met on a hunting trip in the Maine woods two years ago.—Kennebec Journal. SMART MAN LEFT PONDERING For Once He Had Asked Question and Received Answer That Floored Him. He was a regular patron of the res taurant. Perhaps that Is why he felt justified in making clever remarks to the waitresses, remarks which they were puzzled hoy/ to answer. One day, however, the smallest and tiniest girl happened to be serving this irri tating customer, and It fell to her to answer him in kind. “I’ll have some steak,” he said, com ing in late for dinner, “and some squash, and some—got some baked po tatoes, fine, brown, baked potatoes?” “Baked potatoes are all over,” said the girl. He leaned back in his chair and gazed at her quizzically. “Baked potatoes all over, are they?” he repeated. “All over what?” “With,” she replied, simply.—Youth's Companion. CHANCE FOR BARGAIN. Fop Sale Cheap—Aeroplane—Owner No Further Use. All Tired Out. Do you feel dull, occasionally—out of sorts? Headaches and Dizziness? The fault is either with your stomach or your liver. The safe, sure and easy way to get rid of either trouble is to take NATURE’S REMEDY. Take an NR Tablet to night— it will sweeten the stomach and regulate the liver, kidneys and bowels. Easy-sure to act. Get a 25c Box. The A. H. Lewis Medicine Co., St. Louis, Mo. Easily Distinguished. “This,” remarked Mr. Cane, “is my photograph with my two French poodles. You recognize me?” “I think so,” said Miss Softee. “You are the one with the hat on, are You not?” Pa’s Sleepy Day. “Pa, what do you go to church for?” “Way—er—to listen to the sermon, of course.” I hats what I go lor, but 1 cant hear it ’cause you breathe so heavy.” For Colds and Gripp—Capudine. The best remedy for Gripp and Colds Is Hicks’ Capudine. Relieves the aching and feverishness. Cures the cold—Headaches also. It’s Liquid—Effects immediately—10, 25 and 50c at Drug Stores. The old proverbs depend largely on the point of view. For instance, you can’t convince a mouse that a black cat brings good luck. ONLY ONE “BROMO QUININE." That is LAXATIVE liUOMO yl ININE. Liok fur tin* signature of E. \V. («KUVK. I’sed the World over to Cure a Cold in One Pay. 25c. Money talks in spite of the fact that lots of men want to keep it quiet. DON’T NEGLECT THAT COUGH | It certainly racks your system and may run into ! someth ng serious. AlUv’* LnnfJ Balaam will check I it quickly and permanently. For sale at all druggists. Most of av man's friends are of the long-distance variety. A Woman's Diplomacy. It was the Chicago naan’s turn, and he told this one: “Diplomacy, you know, is a remark able agent. The other day a lady said to her husband: “ ‘James, I have decided to do with out a new fall dress, and with the money it would dost I shall have mother here for a nice long visit.' “James turned on her excitedly. ‘What, wear that old brown cloth thing another season? I guess not!’ he ex claimed vehemently. ‘You go right down to your tailor’s to-day and order something handsome. Remember, please, that as my wife you have a cer tain position to maintain!’ “The wife bowed her(head in sub mission. On her lips played a peculiar smile.”—Lippincott’s Magazine. Gastronomic. “What belle of the season do you find most attractive?” “The dinner bell.” Constipation Vanishes Forever Prompt Relief—Permanent Core CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS never^ foil. Purely veget able—act surely but gently on the liver. Stop after^ dinner distreB cure indi-1 gestion— improve the complexion — brighten tkr» evM Small Pill. Small i)nu>. Small Prira GENUINE must bear signature : Accidents Will Happen And when they d«*—they hurt. HINT’S LIGHTNING OIL is (he one instantaneous relief and cure for all wounds, bruises, sores, euts, sprains and abrasions of the skin. It forms an artificial skin covering;, excludes the nir in stantly, stops pain at once. There are many oils, but none like HUNT'S. The notion is different, and the effect as well. ••HUN T’S - - m| LIGHTNING OIL Always have it ia the honse. Take it with you when you travel—you never can tell when HUNT’S LIGHTNING OIL mny be most needed. —» cents and 50 cents bottles. For Sale by Druggists A. B. RICHARDS MEDICINE CO., Sherman, Texas BROWN’S Bronchial Troches An immediate relief for Hoarseness, Coughs, Sore Throat, Bronchial and Asthmatic Troubles. An article of superior merit, absolutely free from any harmful ingredient. Price, 25 cents, 50 cents and $1,00 per box. Sample mailed on request. —jOHNJ^ BROWN & SON. Boston. Mass. , ALCOHOL-3 PER CENT A\egetable Preparation for As similatingtheFoodandRegula ting the Stomachs and Bowels of 1 —1 sir Promotes Digestion,Cheerful nessand Rest Contains neither Opium .Morphine nor Mineral Jt: Not Narcotic (jP Reap, of Old DrSAMUELR/TCffER Dl;; Pumpkin Seed • CK A lx Senna \ Pochette Salts • 1 55 Anise Seed. I Peppermint - \ iS Bi Carbon ate SceUx. ( , v Horn Seed - I ]r* . Clarified Suoar t | Winkrgrren Flavor • ’^0 Aperfect Remedy for Constipa >il tion. Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea, £j!c Worms,Convulsions.Feverish vjt® ness and LOSS OF SLEEP t3fj^ -: b|} fac Simile Signature of $$ Tire Centaur Company. & NEW YORK. ~ Bt'Jill ill J1I1BI | wssssmm X,Guaranteed under the Foodanjj Exact Copy of Wrapper* naianBramH CiSTORU For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always Bought Thirty Years mu TNI OINTAUR OOHMHTi RIW TOMB ©ITT. I 1 -----— , * '