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Field of Soy Beans.
I'IMPROVING OUR LAND Only by Experimenting Can One Tell What Is Needed. Deep and Thorough Plowing, Good ' Tillage and Fining of Soil and Short Rotation cf Legume Crops and Fertilizer Needed. (By W. F. MASSEY.) Proper use of fertilizers for the im provement of the soil of necessity in volves a judicious .rotation of crops, 2n which the humus-making, forage, |egume crops are brought frequently I’n the land. It is often said that the feouth needs grass. We need legume' fiorage worse than grass. The won tlerful capacity of our soils and cii tnate for the production of these crops that feed the stock while feeding the poil indicates the line of Improvement that should be adopted. With a stand ing pasture of Bermuda grass, the linest pasture grass In the world, we weed not attempt to grow grass on our fields, but get the finest hay from the aowpea, soy bean and other legume "rops, that will enable us to feed cat pie economically and get a benefit to pur soil by the growing of the crop. ’Then by feeding the forage-- we can recover the larger part of the fertil izer value of the crop. It is only in Ie first start, in the improvement of ; worn piece of land, (hat it can pay e farmer to return the whole growth the legume to the soil, for when e land is capable of producing a ton two tons of pea-vine hay per acre, 5 feeding value is too great to make pay to use it as a manure direct, hen we can make a profit from the, timals fed and get a large part of e manurial value back on the land, ie of the most common questions ked us by farmers is: what fer iztr formula shall 1 use on my soil? a one can tell you the need of your il. The chemist can tell you what contains, but you cannot say in hat condition the plant food is. Only ' experimenting on the soil itself n you tell what it needs. As a gen al rule, I believe that our red clay ils seldom need any application of itash. if a proper rotation of crops practiced and lime is used in mod REAT DEMAND FOR COTTON jrty-two Million Bales of Staple Re quired Each Year to Clothe Whole Human Family. “To clothe the whole of humanity ould require 42,(100,000 bales qf cot n each year.” This statement was made by Presi >nt Hobbs, of the National Associa m of Cotton Manufacturers, at its cent annual meeting in Boston, r. Hobbs said that, of the 1,500,000, 0 inhabitants of the world, only 0,000,000 are completely clothed, hile 750,000.000 are only partially othed and 250.000,000 are practically >t. clothed at all. As civilization ad- j mces. the proportion of the partial- j clothed and the unclothed will de ca-e, and this, with the increase c.f ipulation in civilized countries, will 1! for an increased supply of cotton, be cotton bit of the United States >w furnishes fully two-thirds of the orld supply of cotton, and. as the mand Increases, will be called up- j I greatly to increase its annual pro-; ;tion. j rbe problem that confronts us Is to >p the cotton production of the ith abreast of the demand by bring ; about the adoption of those cul al methods which will result in ger average yields per acre, thus reasing the profitab'eness of cot , growing and leaving surplus lands be devoted to other crops and the »wing of live stock. It is clearly re profitable to a farmer to pro ;e fifty bales of cotton on fifty es than to produce the same ount on one hundred acres, for will receive the same amount for cotton and will have fifty acres other uses. Under ordinary cir nstanees, every increase in the av ge yield of cotton per acre reduces cost of production per pound and Ids the farmer a larger margin of ,fit between the rest of growing crop and the selling price. Second Early Vegetrbles. Second early vegetables may be m in fla.ts and cold frames at the tie time as the earliest sowings of dy ones are made in the open crate quantities at intervals. Then If a proper short rotation is practiced and legumes brought frequently on the land, I do not believe for the purposes of the cotton o- grain farmer there will ever be need for his buying an ounce of nitrogen or ammonia. Tit is will bring us down on the red clay lands to the one element of phos phorus in the form of phosphoric acid. Now, if we use on these lands a lib eral application of acid phosphate on the pea crop, the peas will do the rest, you may depend upon it. In many sections of the tobacco belt the growers are of the opinion that peas preceding a crop of tobacco will in jure the quality of the tobacco. They certainly do not injure some kinds of tobacco, ami in the bright tobacco section 1 am of the opinion that the trouble arises from the fact that the growers do not realize the amount of nitrogen the peas give them, and they apply the same fertilizer they would without the peas, and thus get too rank a growth. It may be well to put another crop between the peas and bright tobacco, or use a f rtllizer with a smaller percentage of ammonia, or none, after the peas. But if I could not grow tobacco and improve my land with legumes and the feeding of stock, 1 would grow some other money crop that would let me improve the soil. The same objection is common with the peanut growers, and yet one of the most successful peanut grow ers I know of uses peas regularly for the improvement of his land, and i3 tints enabled to use lime more benefi cially for his nuts, and he grows larg r and better crops than the men who nrr> afraid of cow neas. To sum up, then, the improvement of our lands depends on the deep and thorough plowing, good tillage and fin lug of the soil, a proper short rota tion wtth legume crops for forage and soil improvement, and an economical use of fertilizers, simply using them to help the crop that helps feed the stock and land alike. Cement Buildings. The time Is coming when cement will be the universal building material on the farm. A concrete floor and wall eliminates the rodent and most vermin, and in a few years a well-con structed building with bin attachments will save enough grain to pay for the cost of construction. HAULING WATER MADE EASY Ordinary Barrel Makes Excellent Wagon and Is Quite Useful Adjunct During Dry Spells. An ordinary barrel makes a fine wa ter wagon, a very useful adjunct dur ing a dry spell when water must be brought from a neighbor's well, says the Popular Mechanic. Two plates of metal are drilled entrallv to admit bolts, and also small holes drilled and countersunk to admit common wood screws. Two bolts are ihserted in the plates and one plate is attached The Earrel Is Easily Drawn. on each head of a barrel exactly In its center with the thread end of the bolt sticking out. Secure a piece of iron two inches wide, thick enough to not bend easily and three or four times the length of the barrel. The iron is bent in the shape of a U and the ends drilled to fit over the bolts. The Iron Is then placed over the bar rel with the ends on the bolts. A handle can be fastened to the iron, or the barrel can be drawn with the iron alone. A vent hole and a filling bole are also required, but these must be plugged up when rolling the barrel. The barrel filled with water can be easily drawn on a smooth level sur face by one person. Wasting Manure. The manure that lies around the stable yards Is wasting away without doing the fields any good. More Litter for Ducks. More litter must be used for bed ding ducks than for hens, as tile ex crement from the duck contains much more moisture than that from the hen If the elevator to success is stopped —try the stairs. Nobody without some pepper in him 1b worth his salt. Don’t call on your neighbor Just to borrow something. The doors of opportunity are marked “Push” and "Pull.” It is well to look on the bright side, but it is better to look on both sides. Hoping' for the best doesn't pay debts that a man has foolishly as sumed. Tell your wife how w'ell her cooking tastes and what good butter she makes. v He mortagaged his farm to set his son up in business in the city; the son failed, and now the sheriff has the farm. A little milk in the can makes a great noise sloshing around and the less a man knows the more noise he makes. The wheels of Progress must be greased with the hand-oil of Common Sense in order to make the age move forward. The man who contents himself with saying. “I’m not as bad off as my neighbor” will never amount to a hill of beans. Things are not always what they seem. Most of the "quail” served on hnlol tnhloc nrA incf nnmmnn horn yard guineas. It may be true that “they also serve who ouly stand and wait,” but success comes to the person who hustles out and starts something. Sending money to the heathen in Africa and allowing the needy of our own church to go shabby and hungry Is not doing God's work. Cultivate the friendship of every farm animal, from the deg to the horse.t The man who has not friends of this kind ia not apt to have many elsewhere. The man who keeps track of his own time and whether or not it is spent in valuable effort is likely to re spect the time of others, and to have the respect of his neighbors. FARMERS’ SOCIETY IS UNIQUE Development of Co-operative Idea, at Dassel, Minn., Being Watched With Much Interest. (By C. R. BARNS. Minnesota University Farm.) The division of agricultural exten sion is watching with much interest the development of the co-operative idea among the farmers in the vicinity of Dassel, Minn. Beginning as an old inary farmers’ club, it has become an unique farmers’ corporation, with an authorized capital stock of $50,000, and operating three special departments— a cow-testing association, a stock shipping business and an egg-selling department, it has also made a be ginning in the co-operative shipment of produce; having marketed, up to a recent date, six car loads of hay; and it is looking lorward to arrangements for supplying its stockholders with selected seed corn and other seeds. OVJiiic pcv unai iv cuui ' o ui vuc «u ization—which render it unique so far as our • iniormation goes, and which make is unusually attractive to intie pendent farmers, who object to associ ations likely to be dominated by one or two men making a larger invest ment than the others—are these: 1. No stockholders, whatever the number of shares he may own, can have more than one vote; and no per son can hold more th,.n 100 shares (5500j of stock. 2. Instead of dividends, the stock draws interest at the rate of six per cent, per annum; but the payment of such interest may be annulled by a vote .at the annual meeting following its accruing. 3. Dividends, instead of being ap portioned according to the amount of stock held, are apportioned according to the amount of business each stock holder has done with the department from which the dividends are derived. 4. Operating expenses are defrayed by a tax of a certain percentage on tbe amount of business done in any department. These provisions are supplemented by others in the by-laws, and In a very just and well-drawn code of regu lations concerning the shipping of Btock, etc.; the whole giving the im pression that the spirit of fraternity and mutual good will so dominates tbe organization as to make certain Its steady growth and prosperity. Co-Operative Siio Building. A good example of co-operation is shown in the case of five farmers in the vicinity of Litchfield, Minn., who purchased building material in large enough quantities to erect a silo on each of their farms and helped each other in the construction. One of the farmers gave a detailed account of the cost of his silo as $228.78, although the actual cash out lay did not exceed $200, the owner and his boya doing much of the work. It is estimated that by contract, such a silo could not be built for less than $275. Why Suffer From Eczema? A Georgia Man Tells His Ex perience. I was afflicted with a very bad case of Eczema for twenty-five years, which was in my feet, legs and hips. Through all this time I tried different remedies and Doctors’ prescriptions, ob taining no relief until I used your HUNT’S CURE. One box (50c) cured me en tirely, and though two years have elapsed I have had no re turn of the trouble. , Naturally I regard it as the greatest remedy in the world. Yours, J.P. Perkins. Atlanta, Ga. Manufactured and Guaranteed By A. B. RICHARDS MED. CO., Sherman, Tex. Sold by Pound-Kincamon-Elkin Co. NORTH BOUND. No. 106 Southeastern Limited. 5.08 pm No. 104 Frisco Limited, due... 3.58 urn No. 912 Mississippi ) n,,„ , ,AK Accommodation } Duo-1 45 pm No'. 908 Memphis j Arrive... 5:05 am Accommodation ( Leave ... 5:10 am SOUTH BOUND No. 105 Southeastern Limited. 11.28 am No. 103 N. York Limited, due.12:36 am No. 911 Alabama Accom_10:55 arr. No. 907Aberdeen | p. Accommodation \ Due.1010 pm Let the Frisco Ticket Agent helo you plan your route for a trio to the Pacific coast and Golden West during the sum mer moncns. iu>una trip rates to points on the coast as low as $57.50. You can never appreciate the grandeur of the western scenery until you see for your self. Write me or call Stantonville phone No. 27 W. H. Cunningham, Ticket Agent. Tupelo, Miss. Public^Works Notice. . Notice is hereby given that the Board of Supervisors of Lee county, Miss., will on the 1st Monday in July, 1911 within legal hours, let the contract or contracts to the lowest responsible bid ler or bidders, in front of the court louse door in said county, in the city >f Tupelo, for the following fiufilic works, to-wit: New wood bridge over slough in Flat •reek bottom, on Uclatubba and Tupe!< , oad. New wood bridge over Flat creek, on same road. New wood bridge over ditch in IJcla ubba creek bottom on Saltillo and Birmingham road. New steel bridge over Sand creek or Saltillo road. Repairs on steel bridge over King’. •reek on Tupelo and Pontotoc rord. New steel bridge over can: 1 in Twen ty .Mile creek bottom on Baidwyn ant 'Ji.rietta road. New steel bridge over Garrett cr<.e! n Abeid.cn and Tupelo io^d. Ail work to be according to plans am’ * purifications on file. Right reserved n reject all bids. June 7th 1911. i NorLin Jones, C!e:k. Commissioners Sale. Ex Parte Petition of William Shan on. et. al. No. 3048. By virtue of a decree of the Honor file Chancery Court of Lie County, -hate of Mississippi, rendered in vaca ion June 6ih A I>. 1911 thereof, or ierirg a sale of ce-tain lands mentioned therein. Norfiin Jones the uniersigned ppoirded commissioner to execute aid decree, w ill on t Monday, the 3rd day of July. 1911, expose at public auction to th highest bidder for cash, in front of th •curt house door in the city of Tupelo within the hours prescribed by law th following described lands, being in sait Cnurty gnd State, to-wit: bw acres or 'ara. rrsor- or less, on o; fhe West side of the West half of th northeast quarter of section 35, town -,h'p 11, range 5: and 100 acres of lam eff ol the West side of the soothwes' quarter of section 2ft, township 11 'at so ft. East. Said tracts of land will b« sold ard deeded sep irately. Together with the aprnrtenanc es and heredita ments theri unto arptrtaini'-g NORBIN JONES, Commissioner. Dated 7lh day of June 1911 J. E Bright, Clayton, Mitchel’ <L ('ay ton, A tty a. 11 TIME OF TRAINS AT TUPELO. NORTHBOUND. No. 2 Express, daily, leave... 5:'\ft arr No. 4 Express, daily, leave... 6:43 pm No. 6 Express, daily, leave... 1:05 pm SOUTHBOUND. , No. 1 Express, daily, leave. .10:18 pm No. 3 Express, daily, leave... 9:21 am No. 5 Express, daily, leave... 2:u8 pm R, V. TAYLOR, JNO. M. BEALL, Y.-Pre*’t andCien’lMgr.. Cen'l Pajrcrge Agent. MOBILE. ALA. ST. LOUIS, MO ‘.A ' :K :•* .- ^4 FOR SALE My Residence at 342 Broadway. This is a modern 6 room cottage, equipped with electric lights, hot and cold water, bath room adjomg living room, hydrant in front yard, nice chicken yard enclosed with 8 foot chicken wire with 3 foot chick wire at bottom, mak ing it practically rat proof. This house was newly papered last month; was painted 18 months ago. Also have new 6 eye range already con nected for hot water. Ceiling fan in dining room; chan delier in parlor. Will sell as it stands and can give pos session at any time, for $3000. This is a^bargain. I will take pleasure in showing the property at any time. BROOKS MARMON Trust Co. Building Rooms 7 and 8 - Tupelo, Miss. V > „ m Mi ' 9 The Tupelo Journal wants | a good correspondent who will $ als^ act as agent at every post office in Lee County. For par ■ ticulars address TUPELO JOURNAL Tupelo, Miss. ■' _ ; ■. ’’ ■ - *_ ... : , • . v ' r- •' /.■ - t ■ i .